UK Government

The British government is a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II has ultimate authority but power is exercised by the Cabinet and Parliament and led by the Prime Minister. Ask questions here about the history, organization and traditions of British government.

1,652 Questions
Political Office Holders
UK Government
UK Prime Ministers

Who is the Prime Minister of England?

Technically, England does not have it's own Prime Minister as the political unit of governance is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The Prime Minister is currently David Cameron, leader of the Conservative Party.

Deputy leader is Nick Clegg, leader of the Liberal Democrats Party.

The two Parties formed a coalition to gain power as they did not have enough votes on their own.

They took over from Gordon Brown, then leader of the Labour Party after Parliament was dissolved by the Queen. Brown resigned at the end of the Parties 5 year duration on 11th May 2010 after the election on 6th May 2010 produced no clear winner.

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History of England
London
UK Government

What is the colour of the number 10 on 10 downing street?

It's got a big black door with white numbers.

The following information is taken from Wikipedia.

Number 10's famous door is the product of the renovations Townsend ordered in 1766; it was probably not completed until 1772. Executed in the Georgian style by the architect kenton-couse, it is unassuming and narrow, consisting of a single white stone step leading to a modest brick front. The small, six-panelled door, originally made of black oak, is surrounded by cream-coloured casing and adorned with a semicircular fanlight-2window. Painted in white, between the top and middle sets of panels, is the number "10". The zero of the number "10" is set at a slight angle as a nod to the original number which had a badly fixed zero. A black iron door-knockerin the shape of a lion's head is between the two middle panels; below the knocker is a brass letter-box-1with the inscription "First Lord of the Treasury". A black ironwork fence with spiked newelposts runs along the front of the house and up each side of the step to the door. The fence rises above the step into a double-swirled archway, supporting an iron gas-lightingsurmounted by a crown.

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History of England
UK Politics
UK Government

What is the Lord Chancellor's seat called?

When the Lord Chancellor presided over the House of Lords, he or she would occupy the woolsack. Now that the functions of the Lord Chancellor as presiding officer have been removed to the Lord Speaker, it is the Lord Speaker who takes up the woolsack during meetings of the House of Lords. The current woolsack (the original was damaged during the Second World War) is a seat with no arms or back, apholstered with red cloth, and stuffed with wool collected from several Commonwealth countries (to demonstrate the unity of the Commonwealth of Nations).

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Economics
Ghana
UK Government

Why is the UK more developed than Ghana?

Answer 1

The UK was the first industrialized country in the world. Today, it remains one of the most modernized and developed countries on the planet. Ghana is a country in Africa, and almost all African countries are undeveloped; Ghana falls in this category. Africa has just recently been independent from European rule since about the 1950s and is currently somewhat out of control due to all the dictators and regimes that flood the continent.

Answer 2

Asking why the UK is more developed than Ghana is a question with many answers. I would suggest readings, Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond and Why the West Rules by Ian Morris offer competing thesis to answer you. However, is summary... LUCK. The UK was geographically lucky. The climate, access to the sea, there are many reasons why. Simply stating that they have more money does not answer the question, we need to understand WHY they have more money. This answer requires much more than I can write, which is why I suggest those readings.

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England
UK Government

Who is England leader?

England does not have a sole leader as it is a constituent nation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (U.K.)

The head of state of the U.K. is HRH Queen Elizabeth II and the Prime Minister is David Cameron of the Conservative party, currently in a coalition with Nick Clegg of the Liberal Democrats serving as deputy Prime Minister.

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Educational Methods and Theories
UK Government

How much money does the British government spend on education?

In the 2011 budget, £89 billion was spent on education in Britain.

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Elections and Voting
UK Government

Could UKIP win the next general election in 2015?

No. The British political system effectively prevents minor political parties from winning elections in all but the most extraordinary of circumstances. Only once in British history has a minor party succeeded in becoming a major party and winning an election - this was the Labour Party, which surpassed the Liberals to become the UK's main opposition to the Conservatives in the 1923 election, due to unique circumstances.

Theoretically and mathematically, it is possible. If everyone who voted Conservative in 2010 voted UKIP in 2015, and everyone who voted UKIP voted UKIP again, then the party would win 331 seats for a majority of 62 (using the provisional constituency boundaries for the next election). However, no British party has ever dropped more than 14.2% in any one election, and we know from polling that about 20% of people would vote Conservative in every election.

If we assume then that 14.2 of the Conservative's 36.1% at the last election went to UKIP, and every other party stayed the same, this would be the result:

  • Conservative [21.9%] - 178
  • Labour [29.0%] - 310 (majority of 20)
  • Lib Dem [23.0%] - 88
  • UKIP [17.3%] - 0
  • Irish Parties - 16
  • Others - 8

So in conclusion, no, UKIP could not win the next general election - and it is never likely to be able to. Most voters only take UKIP seriously in European elections or as a protest vote, and the vast majority who do vote UKIP then vote Conservative in parliamentary general elections. A similar situation to the rise of the Labour Party is not plausible, due to radically different constituencies of support for the two parties.

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UK Politics
UK Government

What is the structure of the Parliament of the UK?

Answer (If there are minor problems with the answer, you should note that I'm in Canada. Our systems are similar, but with some differences.) Quick answer: The Sovereign--The House of Lords--The House of Commons. It actually makes more sense to start with the Commons. Representatives from the entire country are elected to sit in the House. Normally these M.P.'s are members of one of the political parties (Labour, Conservative, etc.), though there are also independent members. If one party has an overall majority, the Queen invites its leader to form a government. In this the Queen simply confirms the wishes of the people. If there is no overall majority, the leader of a large party may be able to command enough support to govern, either informally with the support of minority parties or formally as part of a coalition. The Prime Minister selects several people, usually M.P.'s, to handle important departments These are known as the cabinet. Traditionally they are members of the governing party, but it is possible for others to be part of the cabinet if no party has an overall majority in the parliament. Other people are appointed to run the lesser departments and to assist in so doing. These people are often known informally as ministers.

People can sit in the House of Lords in one of a few ways. The first is to inherit or be given a hereditary peerage and then get elected by your fellow hereditary peers. The second is to be given a life peerage by one of the political parties. The third is to be given a life peerage by the House of Lords Appointments Committee. The fourth is to become one of the 21 most senior bishops, or the Bishop of London, of Durham, of Winchester or the Archbishop of Canterbury or York. So long as the person is over 21, he or she can be a peer. They will have the position for life (unless they are a bishop or archbishop).

Government is effected by the introduction of proposed laws called bills, which are debated and voted on by one House, then the other. The government usually introduces its main policy bills in the Commons. The details of the career of a bill are complex, but are summmarized well in the wikipedia article 'Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom'.

Once the bills are passed by both Houses, they are given to the sovereign for royal assent, though it should be noted that no bill has not been given royal assent since the early 1700's. Check out the Parliamentary website--they can give a lot more info than I can.

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US Army
UK Government

Does the Postal Service work on Weekends?

On Saturdays, yes.

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Wales
UK Government

Who founded plaid cymru?

Plaid Cymru was founded in August 1925 by the Welsh historian and writer Saunders Lewis, along with his colleagues H.R. Jones and Lewis Valentine. They were members of the militant nationalist group the Welsh Home Rule Army. Up until then, no separate political party had existed for Wales, although both the Labour and Liberal Parties supported Welsh home rule.

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England
FBI
UK Government

Does England have an agency like the FBI?

The equivalent organization in the United Kingdom to the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) is known as MI5.

This is in fact a misnomer: the original office for the section was in Room 15, on the mezzanine floor of a government building ... hence M15. This was widely mis-read, and "MI5" has passed into the language. In fact, the 'head office' is no longer in that room.

Like the FBI, its mandate is investigation within the country. The equivalent of the United States' CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) is known as MI6.

The CIA equivalent in the UK is known as the SIS (Secret Intelligence Service or MI6) The MI5 is still the main Secret Service (SS) The FBI and CIA have field agents in the their UK headquarters that operate in The European sector. MI5 and SIS have the equivalent overseas. A large number of FBI/MI5 field agents move from country to country protecting the interest of their homeland securities.

Additionally within the UK the serious organised crime agency SOCA which has been dubbed the British FBI operate but due to the nature of the UK police force and its structure no direct comparison can be directly drawn between UK and US forces

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Politics and Government
Economics
UK Government

Four characteristics of communist economics?

Labour theory of value.

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History of England
England
UK Government

Who is the leader of England today?

England does not have a leader as it is a constituent nation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (U.K.)

The head of state of the U.K. is HRH Queen Elizabeth II and the Prime Minister is David Cameron of the Conservative party, currently in a coalition with Nick Clegg of the Liberal Democrats serving as deputy Prime Minister.

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History of England
Landmarks and Monuments
UK Government

What is another name for St Stephens Clock Tower?

big ben

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Companies
UK Government

What is the role of Chancellor of the Exchequer?

The Chancellor of the Exchequer is responsible for all economic and financial matters. He or she is the second most powerful person after the Prime Minister.
The minister who is in charge of finance, the treasury, taxes and government spending. Usually considered second-in-command of the British Government, and always an MP. The current Chancellor is George Osborne, a Conservative MP.

The full title is: The Right Hon. Chancellor of the Exchequer PC MP

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Labor and Employment Law
US Constitution
Definitions
UK Government

Definition of no confidence vote?

A vote on a motion that indicates that the government has lost the confidence of the House if it is adopted. The government would then normally resign or request the Governor General/Lieutenant Governor to dissolve Parliament/Legislature and issue election writs.

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US Constitution
International Government
Government
UK Government

What are the primary responsibilities of the national government?

The national government for most countries are responsible for things such as the defence, health care, education, transport, law and order, pensions and benefits...

212223
United Kingdom
UK Government
Postal Codes

What is the postcode for 10 Downing Street?

10 Downing Street,

London,

SW1A 2AA.
Unlike other postcodes these have been chosen specifically so you need to specify the house. 11 is SW1A 2QAB 10 is SW1A 2AA

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Australia Politics and Society
UK Government
Australia Government

What are 5 important functions of parliament?

1. Act as check on the government

2. Pass laws

3. Pass supply

4. Represent their constituents

5. Formation of government.
Parliament examines what the Government is doing, makes new laws, holds the power to set taxes and debates the issues of the day. The House of Commons and House of Lords each play an important role in Parliament's work.

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International Government
UK Government

Is marxism a left wing labour or right wing conservative in Britain?

The political theory of Marxism is left wing labour.

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Political Office Holders
UK Government

How many labor mps are there?

There are currently 257 actual Labour MPs in the present House of Commons, plus one Independent (Denis McShane) who was expelled from the party in 2010, making his constituency of Rotherham a notional Labour seat, bringing the nominal total to 258. Furthermore, there are 3 MPs from the Social and Democratic Labour Party of Northern Ireland. All though the SDLP is an independent party that does not caucus with Labour, it has strong links to the British Labour Party, and so its 3 MPs are considered by some to be Labour, in which case the total number of Labour MPs, official and unofficial, is 261.

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Salary and Pay Rates
UK Government

What is the salary for a UK MP?

Around £70,000 per annum.

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Job Training and Career Qualifications
UK Government

What qualifications do you need to become a Member of Parliament UK?

Greed - avarice - nihilism - selectively adjustable hearing organs - enough money to bribe your way to selection - be an expert on fiddling expenses - know how to claim financial payment for an office which is actually in your bathroom - the ability to lie (tell an untruth) - complete skills in failing to keep promises (Naturally these skills will not be expected to be up to Gordon 'I like money' Browns standards to start with) - to be hard-boiled, hard-hearted, hedonistic and haughty - impenitent, impassive, indifferent, inflexible, insensate, insensible, insentient, inured, and above all you must show an absoluteness in your insensitivity.

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Law & Legal Issues
United Kingdom
UK Government

The houses of the lords and commons make up the membership of which institution?

Parliament

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History of the United States
UK Government

What was Britain's law making assembly called?

Parliament

John

Jordan

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