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US Government

Governing bodies of the United States including the Senate, House of Representatives and the President

Asked in US Presidents, US Government, Andrew Johnson

Why was Andrew Johnson impeached?

The main official reason was his violation of a tenure in office law which he was charged with breaking when he fired his Secretary of War, Edward Stanton. There were a lot of people in Congress that wanted him out of office and were looking for some reason to get him out. He was unpopular because, like Lincoln , he did not want to punish the defeated southern states, but rather to take them back into the union as seamlessly as possible....
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

What was the US Supreme Court case McCulloch v Maryland 1819 about and what did it establish?

McCulloch v. Maryland, (1819), was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision. In this case, the state of Maryland attempted to impede operation of a branch of the Second Bank of the United States by imposing a tax on all notes of banks not chartered in Maryland. Though the law, by its language, was generally applicable, the U.S. Bank was the only out-of-state bank then existing in Maryland, and the law is generally recognized as specifically targeting the U.S. Bank. The Court invoked...
Asked in US Constitution, Nigeria, US Government

What are some examples of local government checks and balances?

As one area of their Local Information System, Worcestershire County Council Research & Intelligence Unit are using InstantAtlas Server to deliver a rich set of Ward Profile reports aimed at elected members. They include sections on the relevant local councillor, population, crime, economy, health, children, and place survey results. ...
Asked in Banking, Economics, US Government

When does the US Federal Reserve charter expire?

It doesn't. The Charter was created with no stated date of expiration. However, Congress has the power to dissolve the FED. ...
Asked in US Presidents, US Constitution, US Government

Who presides over the impeachment trial of a US President?

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (real title: Chief Justice of the United States) presides over the Senate impeachment trial. Explanation: Impeachment is a two-step process; the impeachment phase is similar to a Grand Jury hearing, where charges (called "articles of impeachment") are presented and the House of Representatives determines whether the evidence is sufficient to warrant a trial. If the House vote passes by a simple majority, the defendant is "impeached," and proceeds to trial in the Senate. The Senate trial, while analogous...
Asked in Politics and Government, US Constitution, US Government

What power does the judicial branch have?

The judicial branch of government encompasses the court system.
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

Which Supreme Court Justice once wrote that the history of liberty has largely been the history of the observance of procedural guarantees?

Justice Felix Frankfurter wrote: "The history of liberty has largely been the history of the observance of procedural safeguards. And the effective administration of criminal justice hardly requires disregard of fair procedures imposed by law," in the opinion of the Court in McNabb v. US, 318 US 332 (1943). Frankfurter was referring to the fact that the arresting officers in this criminal case failed to follow established procedures by failing to take the suspects before a judge for a preliminary hearing before interrogating them...
Asked in US Presidents, US Constitution, US Government

What limits the number of terms a US President can serve?

The Twenty-Second Amendment (Section 1) to the US Constitution , ratified in February 1951, limits the US President to being elected only two times, or once if he has already served more than two years of a term to which another person was elected. It was passed as a reaction to the four terms President Franklin Delano Roosevelt served. After he unexpectedly died in office in 1945, in the midst of his fourth term, momentum built to limit the number of terms...
Asked in US Government

How many retired US federal employees are there?

According to this data if read correctly, there were 1,572,855 retired federal employees. This was as of 2006 year end. Source- There are also currently over 1,300,000 retired military personnel receiving a pension. ...
Asked in Politics and Government, US Presidents, US Constitution, US Government

Who decides the presidency in case of a tie?

In the US, it would be difficult for this to happen due to the way the election process works. However, in the event that no candidate receives a simple majority of the electoral vote (much more likely, and in fact it's happened twice), the president is determined by vote in the House of Representatives, with each state, regardless of the number of representatives, having only one vote. ...
Asked in Law & Legal Issues, US Constitution, US Government

Should congress ever limit the jurisdiction of the federal courts for political reasons?

No. The limits are set where they are intended to be; once you let politicians meddle with the lines, you allow a precedent that effectively means Congress controls the courts, an imbalance of power that contradicts the very idea of the system. Clarifying information: Putting aside the issue of tinkering with jurisdiction for "political purposes", it is incorrect to say that limits have been set and that Congress should not control the courts. Congress to a great degree DOES control the jurisdiction of...
Asked in Law & Legal Issues, US Constitution, US Government

What is the difference between limited jurisdiction courts and general jurisdiction courts?

Limited jurisdiction courts only have jurisdiction in specific, well-defined areas of law. General jurisdiction courts have general jurisdiction over all subject matters within their local jurisdiction. ...
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

Was Charles Schenck sent to prison after the Supreme Court ruling?

United States v. Schenck et al., 253 F. 212 (E. D. Pa. 1918) Yes. The US Supreme Court affirmed the US District decision. Judge Whitaker Thompson had found both Schenck and Baer guilty under the Espionage Act and sentenced them to remarkably short terms. The maximum penalty for Schenck's alleged crime was 10 years in prison, plus a fine, for each of the three counts charged. Schenck was only sentenced to six months in prison; Baer was sentenced to 90 days. For more information,...
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

How many cases does the US Supreme Court accept each year?

There is no specific number of cases accepted each year. The Court typically hears between 60-75 oral arguments per year, and reviews approximately another 50-60 more cases on paper. The total represents a mere 1-2% of the cases submitted on appeal, due to limitations on the amount of work a nine-Justice Court can handle. ...
Asked in US Government, US Congress

How many Representatives are in the US House of Representatives?

There are 435 representatives in the House, compared to 100 senators in the Senate. This is the number reached when new seats were added in 1913, and the number was locked by the Reapportionment Act of 1929. From 1959 to 1963, there were temporarily 437 seats. There are 6 other non-voting delegates. There are 5 elected 2-year delegates, one each from Washington DC, Guam, American Samoa, the Marianas, and the US Virgin Islands. Puerto Rico has a non-voting Resident Commissioner as a delegate...
Asked in History, Politics & Society, History of the United States, US Government

Who invented the Open-Door policy?

The open door policy was made by THE U.S. so every nation had equal rights to trade with china and prevent them from trying to take over china and to stop the nations to claim china for themselves ...
Asked in Politics and Government, US Presidents, US Constitution, US Government

What is the order of US presidential succession?

Vice President Speaker of the House President Pro Tempore of the Senate Secretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of Defense Attorney General Secretary of the Interior Secretary of Agriculture Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Labor Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Secretary of Transportation Secretary of Energy Secretary of Education Secretary of Veterans Affairs Secretary of Homeland Security Note that that if the vice-president becomes president or otherwise vacates his office, a new vice-president would be chosen as soon as possible. This list would be used only...
Asked in History, Politics & Society, US Government

What is the role of the chief legislature?

As Chief Legislator, the President's job is to give information to Congress via the State of the Union, to recommend measures for Congress to consider, and to sign or veto bills. ...
Asked in US Presidents, US Constitution, US Government

How many terms can a US President serve?

Under the 22nd Amendment, a US President may be elected to two at most 4-year terms of office. However, a Vice President who succeeds an elected President and serves more than two years of that President's term may only be elected to one term. A Vice President who succeeds an elected President and serves two or fewer years of that person's term of office may be elected twice more. This effectively limits a President to a maximum of 10 years in office (two...
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

What are the age requirements for appointment to the US Supreme Court?

The Constitution does not set minimum or maximum age requirements for Supreme Court justices. There are no constitutional age, residency, citizenship, or educational requirements for Supreme Court justices. This does not mean the President could appoint a five-year-old child to the Supreme Court, as some have suggested, only that the Constitution is silent on the subject, leaving the practical questions to the current government. The unwritten requirements for Supreme Court Justices can be quite stringent. In practice, Presidents always appoint highly qualified lawyers, many who...
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

What branch of the US government determines whether laws are constitutional?

The Judicial branch. Any court may declare a law relevant to a case before it unconstitutional, but the Supreme Court of the United States (also called the US Supreme Court) is the final arbiter of constitutional interpretation. By the precedent set in the case of Marbury vs. Madison, the US Supreme Court (judicial branch) can rule laws unconstitutional. ...
Asked in Politics and Government, US Government, US Congress

What special powers do independent regulatory commissions possess?

Independent Regulatory Commissions Regulatory Commissions have a special place in the federal bureaucracy. They are independent of the three branches of government. The President appoints the members with Senate approval. Unlike other bureaucrats, these agencies do not report to the executive branch and the President cannot fire them. Members of the commissions serve for a fixed term. The independent regulatory commissions were created to make rules for large businesses that effect the interest of the public. Not only do they regulate the conduct of these...
Asked in Calendar, US Government

Where is the 2012 federal pay period calendar?

OhMyGov has all the current 2012 Federal Calendars to date.
Asked in US Constitution, US Government, US Supreme Court

How does the US v Nixon decision affect US citizens and politics?

In "U.S. vs. Nixon' (418 US 683 (1974)), America's citizens were assured that the president could not ignore the law, and that he was as liable for any criminal action he committed as much as the ordinary citizen. ...