Artificial Intelligence

In 1956, John McCarthy defined artificial intelligence as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines." Many people think of robots when AI is mentioned. However, it has many other practical applications. Artificial intelligence is used in medical, transportation, music, and several other fields.

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Computer Science
Artificial Intelligence

What is the importance of artificial intelligence?

The importance of artificial intelligence is the ability to create a never-ending thought process and collective that could solve our problems. Accomplishing this by thinking of every possible solution. We are limited now by the number of people who can do this. With artificial intelligence, we could build computers, upon thousands of computers, that could all work in unison to solve our great and most dire problems. One example is global warming. Whether you believe we are the cause or not, the fact is that global temperatures are on the rise. We need a way out or around or an idea to slow the process down. We need something.... Artificial intelligence could, and should solve this faster than we are or could....

Computer Hardware
Software Engineering
Artificial Intelligence

What are some places where a computer is used?

Computers are used in many places:

  • schools
  • colleges
  • banks
  • hospitals
  • railway stations
  • airports
  • children's museums
  • tax accounting offices
  • at construction projects
  • doctors' offices
  • cars
  • stock trading offices
  • computer shops
  • houses
  • malls
Internet Security and Privacy
Artificial Intelligence

How are computers useful in daily life?

With ever increasing availability of more complex and dynamic operating systems, the primary use of a computer is only limited to the imagination and technical know how of the user.

Some examples of use in the home:

  • Network attached storage (Linux distribution named FreeNAS)
  • Media Server (Hewlett-Packard makes a dedicated version of this)
  • Graphics design (Adobe is the forefront in design software)
  • Architectural design (AutoCAD leads this category)
  • On-line banking (savings, loans, insurance, credit, mutual funds...)
  • Gaming (always fun, sometimes aggravating)
  • Social Networking (Myspace, Facebook, Twitter).
  • Knowledge sharing (WikiAnswers, Wikipedia, Lifehacker, Gizmodo)
  • Science (Folding at Home is a great example of home-based cloud computing)

The list goes on. These are just a few examples. Use your imagination, and chances are someone is using a computer in their home somewhere for that purpose.

Computer Terminology
The Difference Between
Artificial Intelligence

What is the difference between data and information in computer terms?

  • Data is raw material for data processing. Data relates to facts, events and transactions. Data refers to unprocessed information.
  • Information is data that has been processed in such a way as to be meaningful to the person who receives it. It is any thing that is communicated.

For example, researchers who conduct a market research survey might ask a member of the public to complete questionnaires about a product or a service. These completed questionnaires are data; they are processed and analyze in order to prepare a report on the survey. This resulting report is information.
Generally they're the same thing. People just use both generally, for example: Hey, I've got lots of data on that pen-drive, don't break it!!

Hey, I've got lots of information on that pen-drive, don't break it!!

But grammatically, I'd never heard of 'a data' but 'a set of data', and for information, you use 'a piece of'.

Hope I helped!! :)

Artificial Intelligence

Difference between breadth first search and best first search in artificial intelligence?

These are the two search strategies which are quite similar.In breadth first search a node is expanded according to the cost function of the parent node. In best first search we expand the nodes in accordance with the evaluation function.This can be understood by the given example.

Suppose we are at two intermediate nodes N1 & N2.The cost function of N1 is less than that of N2.So the breadth first search will definitely expand N1.Now suppose somehow we have the knowledge about the cost required from reaching goal node from N1 and N2.If the sum of the costs of reaching N1 from Start node and the cost (knowledge) of reaching goal from N1 is more than that of the sum of the costs of reaching N2 from Start node and the cost (knowledge) of reaching goal from N2 , then we should expand N2 and not N1.This expansion is done in Best first search

Artificial Intelligence

What is mycin in artificial intelligence?


medical diagnosis system,it check the blood sample and suggest treatment for it...

C Programming
Software Engineering
Artificial Intelligence

How can you reduce no of passes in compiler?

In order to reduce the number of passes in a compiler, all symbols have to be fully declared and defined before they are referenced. That's assuming, of course, that you would want to write a single pass compiler to start with. Most current compilers are very good at what they do, and reinventing the wheel, other than for a computer science class, is meaningless.

Artificial Intelligence

What is the moral lesson in AI artificial intelligence?

Since 1955 ,when the term was coined by John McCarthy

The field of science has been dreaming of creating something ( an Entity ) that would be able to mimic Humans and in most cases Help Humans with their day to day life.

Alan Turing himself could only come up with the "Turing Test" which itself reflects that finding intelligence in machines is not something that can be quantified but has to be "Sensed"

The Moral lies here - after having made millions of promises the researchers realized that it wasn't it ( its still not ) to create something ( like Humans ) intelligent and the researchers have truly understood the complexity that lies behind the simplest of simplest behaviour that we the humans show.

I would personally say -Even if we could recreate the entire human brain artificially - It will take a lot more than codes and chips to breathe Life into a machine that would finally look directly into your eyes and Say "I am Alive"

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Artificial Intelligence

Do you think we inherit intelligence?

There is some evidence that we do, but that is farfrom the whole picture.

Computer Terminology
Computer Programming
Artificial Intelligence

In artificial intelligence testing when three bits are asked when are they One?

when they combined

Computer Science
Artificial Intelligence

What is a word for cleverness or intelligence?



Soccer History
Artificial Intelligence

Did someone set out to create Football or did an accident of some sort inspire the inventor?

English = invented Football in 1863, writing out the rules Ancient forms of football played by chinese...hard to distinguish what it was they were doing as there were no specifications written out.

Java Programming
Artificial Intelligence

Why is java strongly associated with the internet?

  • Internet users can use java to create applet programs and run them locally using a "java enabled browser" such as hotjava they can also use a java enabled browser to download an applet located on a computer to download an applet located on a computer anywhere in the internet and run it on their local computer.internet users can also setup their websites containing java applets that could be used by other remote users of the internet.
  • Java is platform independent. Unlike .net that can be run on only windows systems, Java runs on any system that has the Java run-time installed.
  • As far as uses, java is used in web development, creating front ends for web sites, creating back-end processes that implement the business processes, connecting to databases. It is also used in desktop software development, mobile applications, scientific software, medical software. There are many open source projects that have been implemented in java. You don't need any investment in software to start working on Java programming.
  • Simply because there are lots of contents out there created with Java technology. To actually run this content, you need to have Java installed.
  • Java is popular on the internet because it functions on an extremely wide range of devices, regardless of the operating system. Because of this, users on one type of computer can use a java program on the internet made by a person using a different type of computer without having to download a new operating system or using an emulator.J
  • Java is used to create applets that can be embedded in HTML. It is platform independent and eliminates a lot of security problems.
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Artificial Intelligence

Why problem formulation must follow goal formulation in artificial intelligence?

In goal formulation, we decide which aspects of the world we are interested in, and which can be ignored or abstracted away. Then in problem formulation we decide how to manipulate the important aspects (and ignore the others). If we did problem formulation first we would not know what to include and what to leave out. That said, it can happen that there is a cycle of iterations between goal formulation, problem formulation, and problem solving until one arrives at a sufficiently useful and efficient solution.


Computer Programming
Artificial Intelligence

Difference between artificial intelligence programs and conventional programs?

It is easy. In a conventional program the developer is obliged to define all the ways the program could follow during its life to solve the problems. And there may be thousands, tens of thousands or more. In an artificial intelligence program the developer only defines knowledge to be used (from 100 to 1000 "rules" or more), a software reasoning mechanism finds itself the right way to solve the problem. And these rules are written in everyday language while the conventional program is coded so unreadable.

Therefore, a program that not reasons is not artificial intelligence, even if its designers loudly claim it.

The Difference Between
Artificial Intelligence

What is the difference between breadth first search and depth first search in C programming?

Both algoritms can be build very similary. The difference between breadth-first search and depth-first search is order in which elements ar added to OPEN list. In breadth-first search new nodes are appended to the end of OPEN list

In depth-first search new nodes are inserted in the begining of OPEN list

C Programming
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How To

How to detect binary search tree as depth first search or breadth first search?


Artificial Intelligence

What do you mean by AI techniques?

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

What is the difference between the Test of Nonverbal Intelligence and the Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence?

The Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (TONI) has an age range of 6 y.o. thru 89 y.o. The Primary test (PTONI) is for children 3 thru 9 y.o. Each provides an assessment of General Nonverbal Intelligence which can be reported various ways: Standard Score, Percentile, Age Equivalent. There are many 'nonverbal tests of intelligence. Another one in the TONI line is the Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (CTONI), which looks at analogic, sequential and classification reasoning skills. It provides several scores based on those skills and combinations thereof. +++++++ Both tests measure aspects of perceptual, abstract and conceptual reasoning. The PTONI has 8 alternative language administration instructions in the manual, including Japanese, Chinese (Mandarin), Vietnamese, Korean, and French - among others. The TONI is in it's third edition and may soon be revised to it's fourth edition.

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Artificial Intelligence

How do you use the knowledge of elasticity to increase the revenue of a firm?

To my understanding, theoretically, the knowledge of elasticity can help in the revenue of the firm. However, it can be limited in practical terms as many other factors can affect revenue for the firm. In theory, if we are considering elasticity, what we are considering is the price of the good. You might need a graph to better understand the concepts of elasticity and revenue. Lets say the good has an elastic demand curve. This means that the demand curve is relatively flat, and the goods have a wide variety of substitutes. If this is the case, a good strategy will be to decrease the price of the good. If the price is decreased, and if the demand curve is elastic, theoretically the revenue of the firm will increase. From my interpretation, if the good has got a lot of substitutes, the firm can increase it's revenue by decreasing the price of it's good. This is because consumers are very sensitive to price changes, this means a small decrease in price, will mean a lot of customers will come and purchase the good. This can increase the revenue for the firm. On the other hand, if the demand curve is inelastic, an increase in the price of the good will increase the revenue for the firm. A demand curve that is inelastic is rather steep, and have few substitutes for the consumers. This means that consumers have little choice over product variety. An increase in the price of the product by the firm, will have few customers respond to it. What this means essentially is that the current customers will not repsond to changes in the price, hence they will not reduce the quantity demanded a lot, and they will not mind paying the high price. This can thus increase the revenue for the firm. In summary, if the product that a firm faces is elastic it's wise to decrease the price, as it will increase the revenue for the firm. On the other hand, if the product that a firm faces is inelastic, it's wise to increase the price of the good, as it will increase the revenue for the firm. Hope this helps.

Computer Terminology
Artificial Intelligence

Whats are the differences between artificial intelligence and human?

a human intelligence is creative (thinking) but a robot cannot think it works on predefined methodolgy.

a human cannot be programmed while a robot can be programmed.

a human thinking and ability diminished after a long interval of time while a robot programming remains same.

Computer Monitors
Artificial Intelligence

What are the functions of processor?

A Central Processing Unit (CPU), or sometimes just called processor, is a description of a class of logic machines that can execute computer programs. This broad definition can easily be applied to many early computers that existed long before the term "CPU" ever came into widespread usage. The term itself and its initialism have been in use in the computer industry at least since the early 1960s (Weik 1961). The form, design and implementation of CPUs have changed dramatically since the earliest examples, but their fundamental operation has remained much the same.

Early CPUs were custom-designed as a part of a larger, sometimes one-of-a-kind, computer. However, this costly method of designing custom CPUs for a particular application has largely given way to the development of mass-produced processors that are suited for one or many purposes. This standardization trend generally began in the era of discrete transistor mainframes and minicomputers and has rapidly accelerated with the popularization of the integrated circuit (IC). The IC has allowed increasingly complex CPUs to be designed and manufactured to tolerances on the order of nanometers. Both the miniaturization and standardization of CPUs have increased the presence of these digital devices in modern life far beyond the limited application of dedicated computing machines. Modern microprocessors appear in everything from automobiles to cell phones to children's toys.

Microsoft Windows
Artificial Intelligence

Why there is a several definition of the artificial intelligence?

they are lack an essential,SOUL.only it can unlock the things artificial intelligence can't do.

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Artificial Intelligence

What is an Artificial Intelligence base?

Artificial Intelligence

What are the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence would not need any sleep. This would be an advantage because it would not be interrupted from its tasks for sleep, as well as other issues that plague biological minds like restroom breaks and eating.

Unemotional consideration of problems. While an artificial mind could theoretically have emotions, it would be better for performance if it were programmed for unemotional reasoning. When people make decisions, sometimes those decisions are based on emotion rather than logic. This is not always the best way to make decisions.

Easier copying. Once an artificial mind is trained in a task, that mind can then be copied very easily, compared to the training of multiple people for the same task.

There are some disadvantages to the artificial mind as well ...

Limited sensory input. Compared to a biological mind, an artificial mind is only capable of taking in a small amount of information. This is because of the need for individual input devices. The most important input that we humans take in is the condition of our bodies. Because we feel what is going on with our own bodies, we can maintain them much more efficiently than an artificial mind. At this point, it is unclear whether that would be possible with a computer system.

Which leads to another disadvantage ...

The inability to heal. Biological systems can heal with time and treatment. For minor conditions, most biological systems can continue normally with only a small drop in performance. Most computer systems, on the other hand, often need to be shut down for maintenence.

These are only some basic advantages and disadvantages without getting too technical. I am sure that other answers will vary greatly from mine, but I take an unusual approach to my research.


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