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Medieval Religion

Religion in the medieval period is frequently depicted as a "time of ignorance and superstition," defying reason and logic. While Christianity and its denominations made up the majority of medieval religion, Germanic paganism and Islam also existed.

3,176 Questions
Renaissance
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

What did monks and nuns do during the middle ages?

Generally speaking, monks and nuns lived in monasteries or convents, and did very much the same sorts of things other people did in terms of raising food, cleaning, cooking, and so on. They did not have families, but spent their time in prayer and devotion instead.

Many monks and nuns worked at specialized jobs, and there was a wide range of these from tending the sick and making medicine, to making cheese or wine, copying books, singing in choirs, educating people, and providing inns for pilgrims and other travelers, protecting travelers on the road, and even fighting wars.

There are links below.

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Foreclosure
Deeds and Ownership
Medieval Religion
Knights

Can you auction your own home?

You can, you can even do it on ebay.

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Christianity
Demographics
Medieval Religion

Why do people attend church?

Well, I go to church to get a better relationship with God .Not to be more religious religion is man-made having a relationship with God is spiritual.people attend church to be more in touch with god or gods and to be and act more reglious. Another answerPeople attend church for many reasons -some out of habit or tradition,but church as I know it is an extension of the gathering together of the early Christians to remember what Jesus had done for them,and to express their joy and thankfulness to God through singing,praying ,meditating ,hearing God's word and to share,be encouraged & fellowship with other Christians.Of course,all of this can happen outside of a traditional church building too.It's a good way to connect with others of a similar belief and world view,and to come away from the work & pressure of everyday life for some refreshment.Not that things are always sweet in a church,but that too can be an opportunity for growth . Ignorance of the BibleActs 748"The Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands." Knowlege of the BibleWhy do people attend church? For all kinds of reasons, good and bad. But the Bible makes clear why people should attend church. While the Most High "dwelleth not" in temples, the Most High "dwelleth" in the people who go to the temples, churches, or whatever one may call them (see 1 John 3:24). The gathering may be large or small, but the people are "the church," and they gather because Christ tells them to gather for their own good. A building is just a place where the church can meet. The Greek word for church is "Ekklaysia," which literally means "gathering" or "assembly." The Bible teaches that the primary reason for believers to gather is to encourage one another, which gives every follower of Christ the job of being an encourager (see Hebrews 10:25). The gathering, or assembly, is one of many ways God gives us opportunity to do this. While some churches fail miserably at this, many thousands of churches are doing a great job. If I have a bad experience at a church, God does not allow me to throw the baby out with the bath water and stop attending. I should not judge all churches by what some churches do, anymore than I should judge all people of one race or religion or institution by what a few do.

The third commandment is that we should keep the sabbath day holy. We should follow this by going to church.

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Christianity
Medieval Religion

When did Christianity become important in Europe?

Until the reign of Constantine, only a fairly small proportion of the Roman Empire's population was Christian, estimated by some to be around ten per cent overall. With the state patronage introduced by Emperor Constantine and the persecution by the Christian emperors of the pagan temples, Christianity began to grow strongly throughout the fourth century. By the end of the century, the faith was important in Europe.

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Middle Ages
Medieval Religion
Priests

Were medieval priests put in the stocks?

There were doubtless occasions when priests were put in the stocks, but I would imagine they were the exception and this very seldom happened.

Priests were members of clergy. The legal system of the Middle Ages included what was called "benefit of clergy," which provided for clergy to be tried by ecclesiastical courts when they were accused of crimes. Ecclesiastical courts were prohibited from using corporal punishments on several occasions by the popes (a sign it happened from time to time).

Benefit of clergy, by the way, did not only apply to priests, but to all clerics. Today we is envision this as including monks and nuns, but this vision is incomplete. It was rather hard to determine who was a member of the clergy and who was not, so the question was put to a test to determine whether a person qualified, and the test was whether a person was literate to the point of being able to read the 51st Psalm. Under this system, all literate people were clergy, and this included a large number of students, members of nobility, merchants, poets, troubadours, and any scoundrels who had memorized the 51st Psalm.

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Popes
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

Who was the powerful medieval pope in 1198-1216?

Pope Innocent III was pope from 1198 to 1216.

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Christianity
Catholicism
Medieval Religion
Bishops

Who is the bishop of Lancaster Diocese?

The Reverend Canon Geoffrey Seagrave Pearson BA is the Bishop of Lancaster, in the Diocese of Blackburn (as of 26 July 2006)

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History, Politics & Society
Religion & Spirituality
Medieval Religion

Medieval history what does medieval mean?

Medieval literally means "middle age", because it is between ancient western history (Rome, Carthage, Gaul etc) and modern western history (The renaissance and beyond). It became a trend at the start of the 15th century since many scholars of the time believed they were living in a new age

131415
Astronomy
Medieval Religion

Was the devil known as the morning star at one time?

Yes. In Latin, the word "Lucifer", meaning "Light-Bringer" (from lux, lucis, "light", and ferre, "to bear, bring"), is a name for the "Morning Star" (the planet Venus in its dawn appearances)

515253
History, Politics & Society
Europe
Medieval Religion

Why were monasteries important to medieval Europe?

Monasteries were important because monks schooled people [in them], provided food and rest to travelers, and offered hospital care for the sick. They taught carpentry and weaving and developed better methods of farming. They also helped to preserve knowledge.

Sources:

Journey Across Time [textbook]

151617
Translations
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

How did people communicate during the Middle Ages?

Answerpeople communicated by letters or talking to the person face to face. AnswerThey had mail in the Middle Ages, which was generally provided by monastic orgainizations.

Members of courts who wanted to avoid proof of communication commonly sent messengers who had memorized what to say.

They also had a semaphore system called heliography, which was done by using mirrors to reflect sunlight. There were also primitive semaphore systems used on watchtowers. And they used homing pigeons to carry messages.

There are some links below.

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Religion & Spirituality
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

What problems may arise when religious leaders have political power and religious authority?

Iran, Saudi Arabia...

Take your pick.

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Medieval Religion

What were church paintings called in medievil times?

There were a number of different types of paintings in churches.

In the chancel and on the altar would be small free-standing pictures of the Saints, which today are called icons - Alexander Neckham gives "A Little Mary and other images" in his list of contents of a church around 1180. The word "icon" was not used in England until much later, but this seems to be what he means.

The walls and ceiling of the church would be decorated with pictures of the Bible stories and the lives of the Saints. Neckham does not mention these paintings by name but we know that all medieval churches had them and there are even depictions from the time of wall-painters at work. It is likely that the Anglo-Norman word image was used to describe these paintings since it is the same one that Neckham uses for the free-standing icons.

Church interiors were also painted with brightly-coloured patterns and blocks of colour; the walls, arches and pillars at Rochester cathedral were originally painted in broad blue, green, yellow and red stripes (no trace remains today).

575859
Catholicism
Medieval Religion

Why was the Catholic Church powerful?

Throughout most of the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church had a monopoly for religion in western Europe. Few would challenge the Church for fear of eternal damnation.

Those the Church wished to punish could be excommunicated, which meant the disgrace of being unable to be buried in the church cemetery, as well as being thought to suffer an eternity in hell. The church often also referred those it regarded as criminals to the secular authorities for trial and appropriate punishment, thus relieving the clergy of the stain of blood on their hands. Any secular ruler who failed to implement the wishes of the church in these matters would himself risk punishment by the Church. Thus, the Catholic Church was feared absolutely.

When it was in the interests of the Church to do so, it could invite one ruler to invade another kingdom in order to eliminate a troublesome king, under the promise of the right to annexe territory. The Catholic Church eventually eliminated the troublesome Cathar non-Catholic sect in what is now southern France, by inviting the king of France to invade and annexe the Cathar territory. Thousand of western Christians heeded the Church's call for Crusades in the Holy Land, although the motivation was often for plunder, adventure and sport.

On the other hand, the Catholic Church held to itself the sole right to try or punish its own clergy. After the end of the Roman Empire, even the most powerful kings were not able to move against members of the clergy who challenged them or committed crimes against the secular laws.

The Church built up huge landholdings, worked by serfs or slaves, and its wealth was greater than any one kingdom.

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Catholicism
Medieval Religion

What is a building with nuns and monks called?

Generally, a convent is for nuns and a monastery for monks.

555657
Name Origins
Medieval Religion
Knights

How did medieval kings dress?

Middle Ages clothing and fashion, including the Medieval Kings Clothing, like everything else was dictated by the Pyramid of Power which was the Middle Ages Feudal System. Medieval clothes provided information about the status of the person wearing them. The clothing and fashion during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages was dominated and highly influenced by the Kings and Queens of the era. Only the wealthy could dress in fashionable clothes.

555657
History of Europe
Catholicism
Henry VIII
Medieval Religion

What happened in the major split of the church in 1054 AD?

The split of Chrisianity 1054The title of Pope was not used until the fourth century; until then the title was "Bishop of Rome." The first papal see was traditionally the Apostle Peter, who had been martyred in ROme in AD 67. It is from this that the popes claimed the authority of represtenting Christ in the Chruch, becoming the rulers of all Christendom. For the frist five centruies of Christianity the bishops of Rome ahd shared the leasership of the Church with the other bishoprics in the Eastern Empire, but as these ancient churches were lost to the spread of Islam, Rome found itself at the center of the Chirstian Church. The first significant pope was Leo I (440-461), who successfully deffened Rome from Attila "The Hun" and the Vandlas. He was later follwed by Gregory I (590-604), who reformed the systems and ritual of the Church and who gave his name to Gregorian chants. The Church, now led by the papacy, became stronger in part due to the churches placing themselves under Rome's protection from either the growing Frankish Empire or the comtinued threat of Islamic incasion. The other major center of Chirsianlity was at Constantinople, where the practice of worship had begun to differe from that of the western Christians. in 1054 Chrisitanity separated into two sitinct froms, Catholic in western Europe and Orthodox in parts of eastern Europe, Russia and Near Asia. Doctrinal ReasonThe filioque dispute; in the West at (I think) the Council of Carthage the word filioque, meaning "and the son", was added to the Creed of Nicea to emphasise the dual progession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the son. This was done to highlight the destinction between orthodox Christianity and the hetrodox Arian sect that was very powerful in Visigothic Spain.

The Eastern Church was unaware of this addition at the time as Carthage was not an Ecumenical Council and it became a block to the unification of the Patriarchates of the East with that of the West.

555657
Buddhism
Taiwan
Medieval Religion

Who are the holy people in Taiwan?

There are no 'holy' people in Buddhism. Many people in Taiwan practise a syncretic religion of which Buddhist practice only forms a small part. However, in recent times Tibetan Buddhism has been gaining popularity.

555657
Religion & Spirituality
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion
Knights

Where did friars sleep in the middle ages?

monasteries I guess

545556
Flies
Medieval Religion
Eels

What do eels eat?

In the wild, eels eat such animals as octopuses and fish. In captivity, though, eels will eat almost any meaty food including:

-live fish

-shrimp

-squid and

-chopped fish

In the wild, squid is a delicacy, so be sure to give your eel some once in a while.

Also, be careful when feeding them! Eels have poor eyesight, and might mistake your fingers for a tasty morsel of food!

Ells eat small fish,insect,plantsin the ocean.They are also found in the Atlantic ocean,pacific,and Indian ocean.

eel's eat other sea creature smaller then them, they are omnivores so they also eat plants. It depends on the eels...most are bottom feeders...which means they eat anything that drops on the bottom of the tank...some eat feeder,glassworms,tubifex worms, plankton and krill. Freswater eels can be notoriuosly hard to get to eat.

an eel eats plankton

seaweed

plankton and fish.

eels will eat octupuses and live fish. But in captivity, they will eat shrimp, squid, and chopped fish.

road kill.

Small fishes
an eel eats plankton

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Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

How did religion affect different social classes in the middle ages?

because back then everyone hated jews

535455
Reformation History
Middle Ages
Medieval Religion

What was happening politically in France during the middle ages?

First AnswerRight off the top let's make it clear that there wasn't a "France" in the middle ages. France like the rest of Europe was a patchwork of holdings by strong men. Parts of what we call France today were called Normandy and in 1066 William the Conqueror invaded England and took the crown of England. The Normans reshaped England in their image and for over 300 years no English king or noble spoke English, but only French. Politically, "France" was held by strong men who would battle over lands and to gain power. It was a feudal system with 90% of the population made up of poor peasants and serfs (slaves). The Catholic church was in charge of the society and dictated how people should live. This was the world for a 1000 years. Second AnswerFrance came into existence during the Early Middle Ages as a result of the division of the great Carolingian Empire, the other part being the Holy Roman Empire. France was an area with many problems during the middle ages, but the relationships between the kings of France and the Kings of England were probably the most important issue. There is a link to an article on medieval France below.

The kings of England had large holdings in France after the Norman Invasion put the Duke of Normandy on the English throne. In the time of Louis VII of France, Henry II of England actually controlled more of France than Louis VII did. In time, the kings of England came to claim rightful ownership of the throne of France, and this precipitated the Hundred Years War, in which Joan of Arc played such an important role. This war ended at just about the end of the Middle Ages.

There is a link to an article on the Hundred Years War below.

535455
Popes
Medieval Religion

Why were there three popes in 1414 AD?

Roman Catholic AnswerGregory XII was pope from 1406 to 1415. During his reign there were three antipopes. This was a terrible time in the Church known as the Western Schism when the papacy had moved from Rome to Avignon. Rivals were elected "pope" by different groups of Cardinals. Please see the links below for a fuller explanation:

Pedro de Luna ("Benedict XIII") (1394-1417)
Baldassare Cossa ("John XXIII") (1400-1415),
Pietro Philarghi ("Alexander V") (1409-1410)
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Clothing
Catholicism
Medieval Religion

Why are nuns called nuns?

Nun is a contraction of the word renunciant. However, they are more commonly referred to as sisters in the church.

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