1.The Diary of Anne Frank was written by Annelise Marie Frank who was born in Frankfurt, Germany, on June 12, 1929 2. For her 13th birthday, her parents gave her a diary which she called Kitty. 3. A bit before this, the Frank family (Otto, dad; Edith, mom; and Margot Betti, Anne's sister, who was about four years older than Anne) went into hiding in the attic above Otto's work- place. 4. They hid there for two years. 5. They were found by the German Nazis and were sent to Concentration Camps. 6. Margot and Anne were sent first to Auschwitz, then to Bergen-Belsen where the girls stayed together as much as possible. 7. They were ill treated (given little food and were forced to work very long hours) 8. Seven months after her arrest, Margot Frank died from typhus. 9. Within a few days of the death of her sister, Anne Frank died from Typhus. 10. The only person out of her family to survive was her father, Otto Frank.11. He was given Anne's diary and published parts of it in 1947. 12. It was translated into English in 1952. 13. Only recently (after Otto's death) was the whole of Anne's diary published. 14. Anne Frank was born on 12th July 1929 in Frankfurt,Germany. 15. She had an older sister called Margot Betti, who was born in 1926. 16. Anne was part of the family business which worked by banking and the manufacture of cough drops. 17. In 1933 Anne, Margot, her father (Otto Frank) and her mother (Edith Frank) moved to Amsterdam. 18. By her thirteenth birthday Nazis were taking over Amsterdam and making anti-Jewish rules, and she was Jewish! 19. She went to a Montessori school. 20. Then because of the anti-Jewish laws, she moved to a Jewish Lyceum where she quickly started to adjust. 21.When World War II started, her father and some of his office friends created an annex in the office. The family then stayed there in hiding. 22. Their mother died from starvation because she was giving most of her food to her two daughters.
The causes for each were not entirely the same. Before WWI countries were content to wage war on each other relatively indirectly, for control of the colonies and their resources. After WWI, the possibility of directly attacking other European countries was once again raised. WWI started due to the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. It involved several countries because a lot of countries had agreed to help each other if war came. It was called The War to End all Wars, or The Great War.
World war II started when Germany again began it's expansion into Europe A lot of countries didn't like that, and so there was another huge war. It didn't make sense to say 'The War' anymore, and so they came to be called World War 1 and World War 2. The Japanese, expecting America to be occupied in the European war, and considering America as a threat to it's Asia-Pacific hegemony declared war on the Americans.
World War 1 came first. Technology was relatively primitive, with most of the war being done in trenches. Early airplanes were used. Poisonous gas was deployed for the first time.
In World War 2, tanks were used as the main deployment in many areas. Planes had improved, and bombers and fighters were heavily used. Submarines were also more heavily used. Encryption codes for secret also became more complex.
In both wars Germany was fighting against Great Britain, France, Russia and United States and in both wars Germany lost the war and territory.
In First World War, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) carried genocide against Armenians; in
Second World Germans committed genocide against Jews and Romanies ('gypsies').
But while First World War was mostly the war between countries, Second World War was also the war of ideologies, such as Fascism and Communism.
Casualties and damages in the Second World War were on larger scale.
The Americans did not directly join WW2 immediately; they only joined after they were attacked at Pearl Harbour.
World War 1 came first, but there were a lot of differences. Many of the same countries were involved in World War 2, but the weaponry was more advanced and the idealogies had changed. Also, World War 2 lasted longer, and more people were killed in it worldwide.
World War One or the Great War was mostly a trench war. It mainly consisted of trench combat. One side would wait in there trench while one advanced and attacked. World War Two was a war where the Germans Italians and Japanese tried to conquer the world (Mainly Europe and the Pacific) Then the Allied powers went and retook the land.
they are completely separate wars
On the "Allies" side : Mainly the US, Russia, and Great Britain, along with France, China, Canada. Poland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, the Netherlands, Czechslovakia, Belgium, Denmark and Norway also joined the allies. The Soviet Union was initially part of the Axis Powers but switched sides so did Finland and Romania. By 1945, almost the whole world were at war with the Axis. In all, there was a total of 51 allied nations by the end of the war.
On the "Axis" side: primarily Germany, Italy, and Japan. The axis also included minor powers such as Finland, Slovenia, Hungary, Manchkuo, Romania, Thailand, Persia and more.
~Italy also changed sides half way through the war. (Correction= Italy surrendered halfway through the war and had to give resources to avoid invasion)
~Also To Add To The Allies List Is The German Resistance Yes Germany helped the allies. Most of Them were Originally From the German Empire, but quit when the Nazi party took over Germany
The major axis powers during World War II were German, Japan and Italy. The allies, who opposed the axis powers, were comprised of the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, China, Poland, the Netherlands and Belgium.
The "Axis" powers were a military and political alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan. Its goals were to achieve vast expansion through aggressive warfare. They promised to fight against Communism and never interfere with each other's foreign takeovers. They fought against the Allied powers (chiefly the US, France, Britain, and the Soviet Union) in World War 2.
Major Axis Powers: Germany, Japan, Italy.
Minor Axis Powers: Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Croatia and Slovakia (joined or left the alliance separately).
The three main Axis powers were:
The two main powers originally referred to as the Rome-Berlin Axis were Germany and Italy. They were joined by Japan in the Tripartite Pact signed on September 27, 1940 in Berlin. A number of other nations joined this alliance under various other pacts and all were thereafter generally referred to as Axis Nations. These included Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Croatia.
Axis Powers in World War 2
Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan.
The Central Powers are in WW1 it consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria,The Ottoman Empire & Turkey. The Axis Powers in WW2 consisted of Germany (Adolph Hitler) Italy (Benito Mussolini) & Japan (Emperor Hirohito).
The Axis powers were on the losing side in World War II, they included
Finland fought against the U.S.S.R. alongside the axis, but is usually considered a "co-belligerent" rather than an Axis power.
Iraq was briefly a member of the Axis during May of 1941, but they were destroyed by the Empire of Britain's army within that one month.
Germany and all of the people on the side of the Nazis
WW2 started in 1939. The U.S. joined in 1941. When the war ended in 1945, roughly 416,800 American military personnel had lost their lives.
dont listen to this they dont know what there talkin about
^ya, coming from someone who doesn't know the proper use of "there"
As is typical, there are multiple amounts cited. According to the Oxford companion to Military History, casualties were as follows:
Killed in action: 291,557
other deaths: 113,842
total dead: 405,399
Total wounded: 670,846
Total dead or wounded: 1,076,245
Note that the Washington World war two memorial indicates 404,800 dead, so there are small discrepancies between sources.
416,877 members of the US military were killed or missing during WWII.
Military dead or missing:
[United States Army Air Forces (88,119 number included in Army)]
Marine Corps 24,551,
Coast Guard 1,917, and
United States Merchant Marine 9,521.
US Military casualties were about 408,200 in the Second World War. This was soldiers, sailors. marines, airmen, & coast guard.
in World War II, 416,800 American Troops where killed in Action
Many factors contributed to Allied victory. I'll try to summarize as well as I can.
Nazis were fighting an extremely successful campaign until they failed to invade Britain, since they could not secure air superiority required for successful invasion. By 1942 Nazis lost air superiority almost entirely due to organizational issues with their air force, the Luftwaffe. Many German cities were bombed heavily by Allies, hurting morale severely.
At the same time on the Eastern Front, German army failed to achieve rapid victory over Soviet Union, as their Blitzkrieg strategy of rapid advance was practically cancelled by sheer size of soviet territory and lack of infrastructure. As casualties on Eastern Front started to mount up, especially with disastrous defeat at Stalingrad, Nazi propaganda machine began to fail and more and more German people became opposed to war and to Nazi government.
When Allies opened second front in Italy and Normandy, Nazis had to pull much of their eastern forces to the west, resulting in successful counterattacks by Soviets.
At the same time Hitler was becoming more and more irrational, and his constant interference in military planning led to many failures.
Hitler's allies were out of the picture even earlier. Mussolini proven to be inept leader and commander, and after suffering failure after failure, he almost completely lost control over his country. As for Japan, they failed capitalize on the surprise attack on Perl Harbor and soon ended up in a losing fight with a technologically and tactically superior opponent.
The Manchester Ship Canal an ALLY is the rear passage behind the terraced houses of the area. an other name for which is BACK ENTERY.
The Civil War greatly improved the economy of the North but harmed the economy of the South.
Officially on 'paper works' allies! The biggest two Islam practising countries- how they could not be allies!
But one is fact, other is the formality, the third is the implemention of interests.
Pakistan and Indonesia, except religious bondage, what do they have in common?
Yes, it is proper to capitalize the Allies. who were
1) the United States
5) New Zealand
U.S., Israel, Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia.
Yes it was because the first world war was a caused by many problems that had been brewing for years mainly the alliance system andnationalism in the Balkans caused by Turkish and Austria-Hungarian decline. These were ignited by short term events such as Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand's assassination by the Black hand group.
The Allies (United Kingdom, United States, Soviet Union, France, Poland, Republic of China, etc.) won because of several major reasons including.....
- Germany and Italy tried to expand their empire too much, in North Africa, due to bad morale and Strategy The British And its colonies were able to repel the Axis at the Siege of Malta, Second Battle of El Alamein which was the Turning point in Africa, and the Battle of Britain which stopped the German advance into the west, the Germans and Italians were repelled from the Middle east by the British forces, and the Siege of Stalingrad which turned out disastrous for the Germans and stopped their advance into the east.
- German U-Boats attacked British merchant ships which proved effective at first until the British navy and merchant ships devised new ways of transport and defense of the merchant ships
- Germany and Italy was under constant bombardment by mainly the RAF and occasionally the US air force by the time of 1944 90% of German cities were destroyed.
In the Pacific
- The Empire of Japan underestimated the United States ability to make war in the Pacific.
- The Japanese defeat at the battle of the midway proved decisive for the American navy and turned the tide of naval warfare in the pacific
- The Japanese army lacked the resources to continue warfare and the British in Burma were decisively pushing the Japanese in Burma Back killing some 400.000 Japanese soldiers on their path, the US Army was capturing Island after Island getting ever closer to mainland Japan.
-The Chinese, Russians, And British were Liberating parts of China occupied by the Japanese.
- The Axis Powers were out numbered and out thought . While the Allies were poring more and more Troops into the war, the Axis were loosing ground and resources very quickly. The Germans were virtually surrounded in Europe and blockaded by the British, and the Russians coming in from the east killing 50% of the German army in the war, the Allies landing in Normandy rapidly Liberating France. And the Allies Steaming through Italy.
Japan lost because it fought on three large scale fronts (China, India, and the pacific).
Germany had some advanced technology. their tiger tank was basically a moving anti-tank gun. they lost because they invaded Russia, and they were horribly equipped for winter warfare, and had summer equipment when they invaded Russia. Why? Because Hitler thought they would fall before winter.
The Soviets played a key role in keeping the Germans occupied and taking Poland while the other allies liberated Paris. In the end, Russia invaded Berlin ended the war in Europe. (VE day)
Principal Allies (alongside the US): * USSR the Soviet Union) * United Kingdom and the British Empire and Commonwealth countries: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, South Africa, etc.) Holland, Belgium, Poland, Finland, Norway. * France (Free french, Resistance) * China
The AXIS Powers were the enemy of the United States during WWII. Italy from 1941 until 1943 (Italy surrendered first); Germany and Japan until 1945.
The main Axis members were, Japan, Germany, Italy.
The Axis powers were the enemies of the US and the Allied Forces in World War 2. These are the nations they fought against:
Bulgaria · Croatia · Finland · Germany · Hungary · Iraq · Italy · Italian Social Republic · Japan · Manchukuo · Romania ·Slovakia · Thailand · Vichy France
Germany, Japan, and Italy
It helped the British in the war against Germany. It provided the allies with supplies and weapons.
allied powers:U.S,Great Britain,France,And The Soviet Union
Axis powers:Germany,Italy,and Japan
I know of two who shot Germans:Maj Gen Matthew Ridgeway, whoknocked out several German tanks with his bazooka, and Maj Gen James Gavin, who was always on the front line it seemed carrying an M1. He must have killed at least one German, I would think.
As far as I Know: James "Slim Jim" Gavin, acting as commander of the 82nd Airborne killed at least one German during the fights in the Nijmegen area during the battle of Arnheim, it seems to me that it happened some 2/3 hours after landing.And also during this battle:The commander of The First British Airborne Division "the Red Devils", nonetheless; Roy Urquhart is known to have killed a German soldier with his pistol while hiding in a house in the city of Arnheim where he left General J. Lathbury (who had a shot in his back near the spine and kidneys). They got trapped in the outskisrts of the city and were forced to spend the night in hiding. Urquhart returned to the battlezone next day without having made contact with the troops in the Arnheim bridge, commanded by Lt. C John D. Frost. While Brigadier Lathbury was hidden by the dutch resistance and sent back through the German lines during the last days of october '44.
The Son of World War 1 President Theodore Roosevelt, Brigader General Tedyy Roosevelt Jr. was the assistant commander of several Infantry divisions and was a aprt of the Normandy Landings. In the opening phases of Operation Torch he was the assistnat commander of the Big Red oNe , the first infantry division and was seen chasing riders on his jeep with his crabine and was counted with several kills.
I live in Germany is "Je vis en Allemagne" or "j'habite en Allemagne" in French.
The Big 3 plus France had made the decision to divide up Germany during the Yalta conference because of political reasons, cultural reasons and practical reasons. The basic purpose of the zones would be to accomplish denazification and demilitarization.
On the practical side The French were to control the area where many Germans and other people spoke in French or knew some French. The Russians would control the Eastern part of Germany which they conquered and had more of the Slavic type of people. The Brits and Americans took the rest. It was decided the punishment of the Nazis would be conducted in Nuremberg where there was a large building still intact and capable of imprisoning the accused.
Another political/practical/cultural reason was that it was not possible for one nation to do the controlling and war reparations in the entire country. It was easier when 4 nations did the job of quelling the Nazis who still caused troubles for two years. The fighting did not stop the day the surrender documents were signed. During those two years they either had to kill or arrest those who persisted in carrying on attacks within Germany.
War reparations included feeding the population, getting the rubble cleaned up, establishing a democratic form of government (West Germany) and helping people to get homes, jobs medical care and clothing. In Berlin the US had to fly in food and supplies for the East and West Berliners until Josef Stalin finally allowed the US to enter East Berlin. As you can see the political conflicts did not end at the end of the war. It opened the way to another war that lasted 50 years: The Cold War.
They attacked the Axis invaders that invaded Europe, drove them out, then worked their way North.
The German Army was considerably larger than say, the British. Britain's Army also spread over the Empire, that is, around the world. It is not true that the Germans enjoyed a marked technological superiority. The British (and indeed French) aircraft early in the war matched the Germans' in quality, if not quantity, and much of the French air force was destroyed on the ground. It has to be remembered that the Germans had many obsolete aircraft early in the war, and while they had been effective in the Spanish Civil War where there was little opposition in the air, many aircraft types were found wanting when it came to air defense, the Stuka dive-bomber being a classic example.
The Germans' early successes came about largely due to superior tactics rather than technological superiority. The Allies' early thinking was rooted in the static war of 1914-1918 and few of the Allied generals could come to grips with the Germans' "lightning war".
The Germans ultimately lost for a number of reasons, foremost of which was lack of resources. They had no oil, for instance, and had to rely on oil from Rumania (lost when the fields were bombed by the Allies) and fuel from coal (which is expensive and slower to manufacture). Another important reason was the convoluted chain of command, with essentially, at least two power structures, the political typified by the Nazi party (with its own military arm, the SS, and other units) and the military such as the Wehrmacht. This divided resources and was inefficient. One of the more efficient things the Nazis did was round up Jews and others and send them to death camps- had the efficiency of their rail transport and murderous concentration camps been applied more directly to the war effort, WWII may have had a somewhat different outcome.
Many of Germany's vaunted technological marvels, like the Me 262 jet fighter, were misused because commanders didn't understand the tactics required to utilize them fully, and the Allied bombing onslaught had a severe effect on production. The most potentially dangerous technological advance was the V2 rocket, but this came too late in the war to have much more than a terrorizing effect rather than a useful tactical one. In other areas such as fighters, the Allies matched the Germans (think of the British Supermarine Spitfire, whose engine also powered the superb US Mustang) while Allied bombers were superior. German naval ships were in general superior to the Allies' ships at least early in the war, but were used very little and were in any case too small in overall numbers to have a significant effect.
The entry of the US into the war also made available to the war effort the huge manufacturing base of that country, with factories unaffected by bombing like those in Britain and Germany, and largely uninterrupted supply of raw materials.
Germany did not have a large enough agriculural production to feed her population by itself nor enough supplies of raw materials to produce all the finished goods necessary to sustain a war effort. She had to import these things primarily by sea. The blockade prevented them from being imported. this would have almost ended the war had the Haber Process not been discovered, this process developed by leading German scientist Fritz Haber. turned nitrates into ammonia, which was what the explosives in the artillery shells was composed of. artillery was the key weapon of the first world war. The Germans also imported goods through holland. This could not be stopped as Holland was a neutral country.
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