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History of Europe

~23700 answered questions
Parent Category: History
While not the largest continent, Europe has been critical in the development of the world as it exits today. The development and spread of knowledge, techniques, and culture have effected most of the Americas and Africa, and influenced the rest of the world as well. Join us in exploring the rich history of Europe by asking and answering questions here.
%DETAILS% Answer "Twist" refers to a method of barrel manufacture. Thin wires were twisted together then wrapped around a mandrel and hammer-welded. Although these were quite satisfactory in the days of black-powder shells, they are generally not safe with modern ammunition. HOWEVER, when ma…
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Well, the Germans lost, but that is too simple an answer. A cease fire was proclaimed on November 11th and the Treaty of Versaille was signed thereafter which imposed harsh terms on Germany.  The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War, known today as World War I …
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Gavrilo Princip was a member of the Black Hand, a a Serbian underground resistance group opposed to Austro-Hungarian government and it's occupation of Serbia. They did not want to be part of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and they did not want to pay taxes to them. There is also some indication he ha…
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ANSWER The Powder Keg area was The Ottaman Empire or The Balkans.In the Balkans:Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, Greece and Turkey.
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Britain were the first country in the world to become industrialized, they invented and started world trade and the industrial revoloution,and it was done by boat and sea.I would say the Navy and sea power.
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Allison, You can find that out easily enough in any encyclopedia. And it is probably in your textbook as well. The short answer is that because Henry VIII and Catherine had no sons who lived Henry decided to annul the marriage in the hopes that a new wife would bear him a son. Ordinarily this would …
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The duties of the Knight come from their relationship with Lords and Peasants. A knight is the lowest level of the nobility in the European Feudal system. A knight swears fealty to a more powerful lord (becoming his vassal), who swears fealty to an even higher lord, etc. The knight and his men-at-ar…
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No king reigned in Victorian times since the term refers to the reign of Queen Victoria. The king immediately before her, if memory serves, was William IV, she was succeeded by her eldest son who reigned as Edward VII but it is only her reign that can properly be described as "Victorian". Michael Mo…
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This was an economic crisis, the conditions were horrible and money and supplies were low all throughout Europe. Over this period in History there were some of the greatest changes in the economics of Europe. During the first phase of this conflict The Black Death arrived in Europe and wiped out ar…
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Some of the reasons for the establishment of the European Union (EU) Already in the 1920s some politicians (such as Briand and Stresemann) tried to achieve reconciliation between France and Germany as the basis for establishing a durable peace in Europe. A few intellectuals, such as Fritz von Unruh …
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Irish home rule crisisThe conduct of the Conservative/Unionist party in relation to the Home Rule issue was indefensible in a parliamentary democracy. They indulged in what Carson called an effort to 'degrade the British House of Commoms'. The strstegy of the Ulster Unionists, even the Irish Times, …
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Well first of all you have to figure out what a celt is while many cultures claim to be Celtic few that we think of actually are.As near as anyone can figure as to what a celt is are the galician, halstat and letene most of these cultures existed for years.Reserching into Spanish, German, French and…
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If the family name is of British, Scottish, Welsh, or Irish ancestry, the College of Heralds is the place to seek help. Heralds have, down thru the centuries, been the people who design and authenticate, family coats of arms, and crests. They are the official arbiters of what, who, why, and when, a…
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It would be considered an ideological war from anyone's perspective, not just the Europeans, because it involved a war of ideas, democracy versus dictatorship, freedom versus government control. Many wars have been fought for more or less material reasons - seizing of lands, trade wars, etc., which…
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they were haters They were all dictators. Mussolini and Hitler were fascist dictators and Stalin was a communist dictator they all committed many atrocities in aid of their regimes.
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Czechoslovakia.MLM   The answer of MLM is quite correct but the question is strange. The Czechs are "Eastern Europe"? I have never seen this definition before. That would move the definition so that Germans and Poles, Italians and Austrians, Swedes and Croats would all end up in Eastern Eu…
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Germany had already taken over Czeckoslovakia and Austria. Hitler had managed, by a brilliant combination of threats and diplomacy, to achieve these without war. When he remained beligerant and it was clear that his apetite was not satiated Britain and France made it known that they would not permi…
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In September 1931, Manchuria was occupied by the Japanese Army as pretext to an incident blamed on the Chinese. Their main reason for invasion was Manchuria's large raw material resources. Major conflict started in 1937 with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. Chiang Kai Shek devoted his best German tra…
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The US government's reaction to its entry into WWII was to institute massive deficit spending, and the conscription of all able bodied young men for the war effort, thus creating a full-employment economy which was the immediate end to the Great Depression. A belief existed that another depression …
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Because Romania was allied with Germany against Soviet Union and US and United Kingdom sustained communists.
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Well, all 3 explorers (Joliet, Marquette and La Salle) did not have any "direct" hands-on influence on the ensuing British-Franco conflicts. However, some of their discoveries and following colonizations of the territories in the Americas eventually led to what is known as the French and Indian Wars…
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The Austrian Empirewas not. It was definately the Romans. They had just fought back the Germanic tribes and claimed the entire almost island.
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Tsar Peter changed Russia by modernizing it. He built the great city of St. Petersburg (a modern and splendid city, but one created from a wasteland at an extremely heavy human cost) and adopted many European customs. Some may say he "Europeanized" the nation, causing sweeping changes across all lev…
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Some social forces were evolutionary teachings like social darwinism. It justified competition and struggle between European countries. These countries each thought they were the best, the 'fittest' and deserved most of the world.
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Germany controled almost all of Europe, he already had Czechoslavakia, Slovakia before the war which was against the Treaty of Versilles. Hitler occupied France, Belgium, Poland, Holland, Netherlands, Norway, Italy, Austria. he also conquered Greece, Serbia, lithuana, Latvia, Estonia, belarus, onl…
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The transfer from an economy dominated by central planning to an economy dominated more by market mechanisms was difficult for most of the Eastern Block countries. Generally speaking the closer the country was to the affluent West the better off the country did since foreign investment was an import…
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Metternich did his utmost to try to keep nothern Italy under Austrian control and to prevent the unification of Italy.
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good questionSorry i don't have 5 reasons1) Germany wanted revenge after the way they had been treated at the end of world war one.2) Germany invaded many countries.3) Britain warned Germant not to invade Poland or war was to be declared. Hitler ignored this and invaded Poland.On 3rd September 1939 …
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No-one knows the exact answer, however, it is believed that an arrow was shot through his eye, or he could have been stabbed somewhere else in his body. People believe that he was probably stabbed in the eye because there is a scene on the tapestry of a man with an arrow through his left eye, with w…
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Answer France no longer being a monarchy was probably the biggest change to France. But it also worried the rest of Europe because that meant there were two successful revolutions (the American), so they were worried about even more revolutions sparking up in their own countries. And since France…
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The goal of the Servian nationalist organizations was to rid outsiders from their home. They want self-rule.
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He began the Spanish Revolution.  He led a military coup against the democratically elected government of the Spanish Republic in 1936. The Republic armed the workers, who resisted the fascist takeover. A civil war ensued. Denied the aid of the democratic powers, the Republic sought and obtain…
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Origin of Goth Goths originated in a place called whitby, North Yorkshire. i have been going there since i was a child and it is truely 'home of the goths'. Many people believe it begun in a london alley witch is wrong that is the punks. if you get to visit whitby or search it up you will soon see w…
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The 1919-20 conference that drew up the peace treaties following the First World War. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1333.html A second Paris Peace Conference in 1946 drafted the peace treaties (signed the following February) between the Allies and Italy, Finland, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria…
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martin Luther king's i have a dream speech!!!!! :) ;)
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The important events of WW 2 cannot be answered and fully understood unless it is noted that the Allies failed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles which limited the military build up by the Nazis. In fact the Weimar Republic had already violated the military restrictions of that treaty. That France …
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the answer is it made up most of africa's countries free and independent!
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Europe in the 1920s Answering questions about 'mood' is almost impossible. Despite WW1 and despite problems in Germany and some other countries, Europe participated in the prosperity of the Roaring Twenties. It was also a time of cultural innovation. On the other hand, one country after another a…
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I don't know why
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Gavrilo Princip was a Bosnian Serb who killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.
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MACEDONIAA region of SE Europe occupying the central part of what is now known as the Balkan Peninsula. It extended from the Adriatic Sea on the W to the Aegean Sea on the E, and lay N of Achaia. Although having numerous fertile plains, this is chiefly a mountainous area. Anciently, Macedonia served…
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Humans are thought to have come to the North American continent from the "old" world from about 15,000 to 30,000 BCE. Paleo-Indians followed mega-fauna animals, like the woolly mammoth, for ages. After the decline of the ice-age animals, they started to settle and build communities based on agricult…
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The Khazars were a medieval kingdom in the Caucasus , who were driven west by the Muslim invasions of the area in the 10th Century. It is also historically proven that they settled and infected all of Europe. They continue to exist and have influenced today's world. For further research look up Frei…
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Germanies attack on Poland in September of 1939. That forced France and Britain nto come to the aid of Poland under a mutual defense agreement.
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The European theater in World War 2 encompassed all terrain types from arctic to desert and all others except Jungle.
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(there is an equally comprehensive list of causes at the related question) Answer World War 1 began after the Archduke (Franz Ferdinand) of the decaying Austro-Hungarian empire was assassinated in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914 by a group of Serbian nationalists.(one man, Gavrilo Princip shot the Archduk…
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deleware was founded in 1672 by captain jack sparrow. he stumbled across the land and named it deleware because the land had lots of cotton candy clouds and the rivers were full of tasty freezes in wich can be found at present day speedway. thank you for giving me the oppertunity to write this answe…
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Serbia's AlliesIn WWI the allied forces (Britain, France, and later on America and Italy) were all allied with Serbia against the Austro-Hungarians and the Germans.In the middle ages, the Byzantine Empire was the Serbian Empire's friend. When Serbia was occupied by the Ottomans, Austria, Poland and …
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Note that Africa is a large geographical entity and hence, effects varied from region to region. Some citizens appreciated some of the Western ideas and disliked others. However, some people resented the Westerners because they treated Africans so horribly. An extreme example is apartheid in South A…
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From Vorisek's Shotgun Markings:Either a gun maker or a dealer or both located in Toledo, OH. Actual dates of operation not certain. Some reference to 1871 to 1916. While actual dates appear to be 1915 to sometime in the early 1950's. May be 2 different companies. Whoever made or sold it, it will mo…
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added tension militarism and nationalism militarism urged a constant buildup of weapons and troops. nationalism
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Harold had extremely tough soldiers who had just marched 250 miles in 4 days with full gear having just defeated the Vikings at the the battle of Stamford Bridge. They were the fastest marching troops in recorded history. They fought two major battles in a few days. The battle all came down to whic…
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Country of First Christmas Tree Germany was the first country to start the Christmas tree tradition
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The Triple Alliance, which consisted of Italy, Austria-Hungary and Germany. The alliance was anti-French, and each member was obligated to provide military assistance if any one of them was invaded by two or more other powers, or if they were attacked by France. If France was attacked, this automati…
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After the first World War, there were many global changes caused by the Treaty of Versailles. For one thing, the German provinces of Alsace and Lorraine became independent, and Germany lost the vast majority of it's military force.
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Hereward the Wake, was said to have escaped and then gone back to get the money from the danes, he was never seen again. Whereas, many other noblemen and peasants who joined the rebellion were tortured. The nobles were imprisoned, and the peasants had their hands and feet cut off or their eyes put o…
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Answer here is a good article on your topic. http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/whoshouldbekingextend.pdf
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Yes and no. It took decades, close to a century, for the plague to move across Asia and Europe but when it reached a given region or town then many people would come down with it very quickly because it is highly contagious and they didn't know how it was spread. This sort of progression, and s…
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Answer http://www.britannica.com/dday
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Printing Press was invented by Johann Gutenberg
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Usually, orthodox countries like Russia, Greece...
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1. In the approach to WWII Germany, France, Britain and the Soviet Union (and some other countries) greatly increased spending on armaments. In addition, Germany built a strategic road network and invested vast sums in order to produce oil from coal and making synthetic rubber and other substitutes.…
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Mardi Gras (French for "Fat Tuesday") is the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday. Ash Wednesday, the start of Lent, is the Wednesday 46 days before Easter. Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday that occurs after the first full moon on or after the vernal equinox. The vernal equinox is always on March 21…
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Answer: Like any army the Dutch are well trained but when it comes down to it the British and American armies have incredibly strong war machines, I mean we have the best missiles, most nuclear weapons, bigger aircraft carriers, better tanks, machine guns, training, ect. The American army can onl…
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Imperialism's Negative Effects on Africa NEGATIVE Westerners monopolized resources, owning mines and ports and using all profits to pay for their own government. They destroyed the African ruling system, kicking kings out or telling them to govern a certain way. They denied even the most educated,…
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Answer All industrial nations are rivals with one another. They compete for resources and markets constantly. Britain, owing to political unity earlier than most of the other European nations, was able to gather a huge empire, at one point comprising about one fourth the entire globe in area and…
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The British Empire included many of the colonies that as countries later formed the Commonwealth of Nations (British Commonwealth). The United Kingdom still includes England and most of the British Isles, but the Empire was effectively dissolved during the 20th century. Remaining British Dependent T…
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Answer King Phillip II was known as the "Devil of the South". ANSWER I dunno what your talking about, but the spanish for "the devil" is "el diablo," like in the movie Beverly Hills Chiwawa. (Sorry that I spelled it incorrectly!)
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During the Great Depression, baseball did not help with the economy. During that time, baseball games were extremely cheap to attend, but the fans did not have the funds to go out and splurge on entertainment. They needed to use their money wisely and that means only on necessities, not for enjoymen…
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The European green crab was an accidental species transfer to America. The crab arrived by hitching a ride by hiding in the seaweed bedding of other intended shellfish deliveries such as lobsters. The crab arrived in the mid 1800's during a time when transferring species was far from a concern to hu…
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Yes, they do. These events show the brutality used by the Nazi's and their coldhearted treatment of the Jewish people. Remembering the past is the only way to keep it from happening again, even though that phrase is cliched, it is true
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Soldiers in battle were expected to be nice and respectful to their enemies. The goal was to capture your enemy and make them surrender, not to kill them (although many did die). It wasn't until World War II that European warfare changed and total war was introduced, where citizens became targets.
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They were under the control of the soviet union =]
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The reason for austria's entry into war was that they were on Germanys side, their army's way of looking at war was the same they thought " because they were so close to war that the should not make an effort to avoid it" it was clear that both Germany and autria were looking for total domination ov…
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Answer The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and British Empire from 1812 to 1815, on land in North America and at sea around the world. Some history books refer to this war as the "War of 1812-14", using the date of the peace treaty as the ending date of the war.
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Yes, the Byzantine Empire was a very tolerant society. It was so tolerant, that it even had a synagogue and a mosque in Constantinople, which was a shock for that period. Many Roman Catholic leaders in the West criticized Constantinople for being too lenient with Moslems and Jews, since the West did…
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All appointments, both secular and religious, came either directly or indirectly from the emperor. Either the emperor made the appointment himself or he appointed the person who had the authority to make it.
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The Treaty of Frankfurt ended the Franco-Prussian war and marked the entry of a newly unified Germany which was dominated by the empires of England and France for a long time. This treaty made France pay them an indemnity of 5 billion Francs and kept an army in France until it had been paid. Because…
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Answer 1938-1939 - Austria, Czechoslovakia, part of Lithuania and Poland. 1940 - Denmark, Norway, theNetherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France. 1941 - Yugolavia, Greece, the Soviet Union. Note that in 1936 Germany remilitarized the Rhineland. As this was a part of Germany _ but one where the G…
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Europeans first started exploring Canada circa 1000 CE. The first permanent European settlements were in 1603.EUROPEAN SETTLEMENTS ARE IN 1603.
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A system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw materials and market for their products .but many Muslims were killed
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The more resources, the more economic activity is possible, the fewer resources, the less economic activity is possible. Michael Montagne
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Answer Treaty of Versialles where German lost lots of terretories. German job loss. German embarassment. Reparitions - German economy depressed, war debt repayments resulted in an unstable economy, German people looked for an alternative, stong leader.
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1. We believe in the supreme reality of Spain. To strengthen it, elevate it, and improve it, is the urgent collective task of all Spaniards. In order to achieve this end, the interest of individuals, groups and classes will have to be remorselessly waived. 2. Spain is a destined unity in the univer…
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Answer NovaNET answer; is to unify all people of the slavic ancestry Pan-Slavism was a movement in the mid 19th century aimed at unity of all the Slavic people. The main focus was in the Balkans where Southern Slavs had been ruled over by the two great empires, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Em…
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The Powder Keg of Europe The southeaster area of Europe, the Balkans, was called "The Powder Keg of Europe" because of the nationalistic spirit that was causing revolts and rebellion in that area prior to World War I. It was where "the Great War," World War I, began with the assassination of Archd…
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He held it together by: 1. Terror 2. Propaganda 3. Youth 4. Workforce 5. Religion 6. Racism ANSWER he got to this position in the 1st place because he managed to brainwash the German public into believing his idea of a great Germany by using already placed seeds of racism and propaganda(as the pos…
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The Black Death or the Bubonic Plague and its Medieval World history and origins The deadly disease has been with man and part of world and medieval history for a very long time. It has claimed nearly 200 MILLION lives. The first recorded epidemic of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague was in Europe du…
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So long as you believe in nationalism Australia was invaded. the fact that the whole world was simply going through theprocess of becoming smaller as a result of improving technology and transport and weaponry meant that settlement by the technologically superior was inevitable (can you imagine Aust…
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Approximately 20 million slaves were forced out of Africa, however only 9-12 million made it alive to be forced into the institution of slavery. The majority of the slaves were sent to Brazil, followed by the Caribbean. Contrary to popular belief, the most slaves were not sent to North America. So…
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The colonial powers of Europe divided Africa between themselves without regard to the rights or prerogatives of the African people and their existing cultures. Along with the Amerindian tribes, the people of Africa were not considered the owners or heirs to their lands, although many fought against…
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A biographer during Roman Emperor Hadrian's time summed up the purpose for the wall as " to separate the Romans from the barbarians."
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The number of people who died in the various inquistions across Europe is difficult to determine, but the number of victims can be numbered in the thousands, not the millions as a previous respondent stated. The entire populations of Europe would have been wiped out if inquisitors had killed in thos…
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Answers 1. As economic migrants. 2. To flee religious persecution (or discrimination). 3. As political refugees. 4. Some people who had disgraced themselves in Europe went to the New World to make a fresh start. 5. Until about 1820 many European countries were reluctant to meet the cost of keepi…
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As far as I can tell, there are not any real similarities between Robin Hood and Jesus Christ.First of all, Jesus Christ DID exist. Some parts of the bible (alot of it) are so called "accounts" of his preachings and ect. Those cannot be assured as the Bible is a BOOK, first and foremost, that was wr…
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Imperialism contributed to war because all the European countries were in a scramble to get African colonies; in those African colonies was cheap goods and cheap labor. This made the rivalries between the European nations stronger, which created more conflicts between them. Competition for colonies…
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One of the most important inventions in American history, was the cotton gin which made taking seeds out of cotton 50 times more effective than by hand. Thus, slaves were "needed" by the south to pick the cotton to fit the fast pace of the cotton gin. In fact, right before the cotton gin's invention…
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Appeasement The topic is still controversial and also more complicated than at first appears. Already in the 1920s many British politicians felt that the Treaty of Versailles (1919) had been too harsh and were prepared to consider amending the treaty in Germany's favour. In fact, in the 1920s and …
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new trading markets, military strength, and cultural Superiority
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In Italy, especially central and northern Italy, the Renaissance had started by 1350. It didn't extend to Northern Europe till perhaps 1480 or so. Nowadays, many historians talk about 'the extended Renaissance period' meaning about 1400 to 1700. Renaissance happened between the centuries 14 and 17 i…
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