Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, better known as HIPAA, was a federal law enacted by Congress and President Bill Clinton in 1996. The first piece of HIPAA ensures that workers and their families receive health insurance coverage if they change or lose their jobs. The second part requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for all healthcare professionals and providers.