Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseses are a result of the body producing antibodies to its own tissues, leading to a destructive inflammation. This disease can affect many different tissues in the body. Your questions about the disease, its causes, treatments, and other questions you would like to ask about Autoimmune Diseases are welcome!

4,190 Questions
Skin Care
HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Can HIV spread shaving blade?

it will if you make a wound or an opening to the body.

The virus is very unstable and dies quite quickly if not protected in some sort of medium. so there may be a chance if you are sharing a blade that cuts both users simultaneously.

HIV can survive in dry blood and mucous ( nasal discharge) upto 48 hours.

HIV is also present in sweat and saliva of a person and will cause infection if it gets into blood. Though medical research shows that percentage virus in saliva and sweat is low to cause infection, there are 15 percent of the cases whose cause if unknown. So the answer would be YES.

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Autoimmune Diseases
Pulmonary Health
Immune System

What is a sedimentation rate-westergren test?

Erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR), Westergren method,(Sed Rate) is blood test measures how quickly red blood cells (erythrocytes) settle in a test tube. The more red cells that fall to the bottom of a special test tube in one hour, the higher the sed rate.

When inflammation is present in the body, certain proteins cause red blood cells to stick together and fall more quickly than normal to the bottom of the tube. These proteins are produced by the liver and the immune system under many abnormal conditions, such as an infection, an autoimmune disease, and cancer. There are many possible causes of an elevated sedimentation rate. For this reason, a sed rate blood test is done with other tests to confirm a diagnosis. Once a sed rate blood test is conducted, the course of the disease or the effectiveness of treatment can be monitored.

The normal sedimentation rate (Westergren method) for males is 0-15 millimeters per hour, and for females is 0-20 millimeters per hour. The sedimentation rate can be slightly more elevated in the elderly and is much lower for children.

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HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Can the HIV virus pass through placenta?

"Yes! If the mother is HIV positive, her unborn baby will most likely have the disease!"

Actually, this answer is mostly correct except for the "most likely" part. HIV can cross the placenta and infect the child, but this typically only occurs in patients with uncontrolled HIV or AIDS. When the disease is poorly controlled, the viral count is incredibly high and the child is at a very high risk of contracting the virus through the placenta. HOWEVER, in well controlled HIV, it is not very likely at all (less than 2%.) The risk of transmission doesn't end there. HIV can be trasmitting to the child during the birthing process and is most certainly passed through breast milk. It should be noted that while the risk exists, mothers whose HIV is well controlled with normal or near normal CD4+ counts have children, delivered vaginally without any breastfeeding who do not contract HIV. This risk should always be discussed with your healthcare provider prior to becoming pregnant.

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HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

From which bodily fluids can you contract HIV?

Blood, semen, pre-ejaculatory (seminal) fluid, vaginal fluid and breast milk are the commonly encountered bodily fluids with a sufficiently high concentration of the virus to constitute any viable risk of infection. Cerebrospinal fluid can also transmit HIV.

Whilst tears and saliva can in theory contain tiny traces of HIV, the concentration is so low that you would need simmultaneous exposure to whole buckets full of these fluids to be at any risk of infection - which is why there is no known case of anyone ever having become infected with HIV by being spat at, cried on or kissed (either socially on the lips, or more intimately with the tongue).

Other bodily fluids - such as urine, faeces, vomit and sweat - do not contain HIV.

Similarly, there is zero risk of infection from sharing cups, cutlery, towels and flannels with an infected person.

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Health
Conditions and Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Crohns Disease

Is sweating a symptom of Crohn's Disease?

Yes. It is a common symptom. Low grade fever especially at night can cause extra sweating. This is also called Hyperhidrosis. If you find you are sweating more than usual during a flare up of Crohn's you should monitor and increase your fluid intake otherwise you are at higher than normal risk dehydration.

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Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care)
HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Can you get hiv by someone bleeding during intercourse?

Only if the sexual partner is infected with HIV. there has to be also a way for the virus to enter the body, blood stream. a open wound, cut, bad or rotting teeth for example.

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Dog Health
HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Can dogs get HIV from a human?

Dogs can't get HIV from a human.

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Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus
Doctors

What kind of doctor treats lupus nephritis?

A nephrologist treats lupus nephritis in consultation with the rheumatologist.

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HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Which rappers have publicly stated that they have HIV infections?

Easy E

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Conditions and Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases

Is guillain-barre syndrome treatable?

It can respond to treatment. I was given 3 hours of intravenous immunoglobulin for 5 days and intensive physio. I was in hospital for 2 months. The disease affected me after a streptococcal infection 6 years ago. My treatment was successful, cost the NHS well over £5k but I am reasonably well now. This disease is often misdiagnosed.

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Insurance
Medical Insurance
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus

Can you get health insurance if you've been diagnosed with lupus?

If you are currently covered under a group health insurance plan through your employer you are eligible to get it through a new employer. However, if you leave your current employer and there is a gap between the time you left and when you start your new one (more than 3 months), the new employer does not have to cover you. If that is the case, you'd be better off going with your Cobra coverage if you quit your present job and when you start the new one you'll be all set.

Correction toI think the three month time frame above is incorrect. I believe HIPAA regulations stipulate 63 days. Do take Cobra to keep the continuous coverage in place as long as you can.

Check with your state health department. Many states make arrangements to cover people who don't qualify with private insurers, usually through some kind of high risk health insurance pool. It's expensive (here in Texas, by law, the rates have to be set 2x higher than the average state rates) but probably not as expensive as a catastrophic illness without any coverage at all. The same pre-existing conditions will likely apply, but if you can COBRA or somehow stay in your insurance plan until you get the state one set up, they'll probably cover everything. If there's a lapse in coverage, the pre-existing conditions apply (at least in Texas).

I have lupus and had lapsed coverage for over a year. Basically, in Florida, I can't get individual coverage. Because some states require that there be a limit to the time a condition can be considered pre-existing by an insurance company, some dread diseases and conditions are flat-out refused for coverage. But I was hired by a company which is part of a PEO (employee leasing group) and because the group is large enough, I didn't have to even fill out a medical questionnaire--the group was already underwritten. So the key may be to be employed by a company with a large enough risk pool that the insurance company does not individually underwrite.

In many cases yes. There are a few states that require insurance companies to offer coverage to everyone (guaranteed issue); New York & Mass for instance. Most employer groups will cover just about everyone so that is an option. Finally there are some plans on the market that have 'almost' guaranteed issue. These are generally high deductible plans with only a few knock-out questions. One plan I use frequently has only three requirements: You must be working, you can not have HIV/AIDS and you can not have had over $25,000 in medical expenses in the previous 12 months.

The Affordable Care Act provides a means for people with pre-existing and chronic conditions to be able to get affordable health insurance. In each state, there is a special fund for this. You can find what is available in your state by going to www.healthcare.gov.

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Conditions and Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Crohns Disease

How does crohns disease affect young peoples lives?

A diagnosis of Crohns disease is often a life changing event for a young, otherwise healthy child or teen. Food and nutrition are essential for growth and when a disease such as Crohns interferes with that, normal development can be effected.

The pain of a flare can slow or stop social interactions and even schooling. Fatigue from poor absorption of nutrients can restrict activity. Psychological trauma from constant diarrhea and "accidental" defecation or fear of such accidents can cause social withdrawal.

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HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases

Can HIV AIDS be transfer from blade?

Yes HIV can be transmitted via blades from knives and razors.

This is wrong and you should not worry people without the facts!

I am a real hypochondriac and HIV has worried me for years (since a situation which I thought was a risk but was not, yet it took me a long time to get over the initial shock). I am just beginning to deal with my anxiety over HIV transmission. I work as a nurse and there have been a few times I have been concerned with this, coming into contact with blood, but after educating myself more on HIV I now know it is hard to transmit and very, very rare that someone can become infected in this way (using a razor). HIV ony survives outside the body for a matter of minutes and the high risks are sexual intercourse, sharing needles and direct blood-to-blood contact! Yes it is always good to test to make certain (and to curb anyone's anxiety over this) but people should stop answering questions that they aren't sure of. It causes misery to those that have a problem and are already highly worried.

Emma

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Insurance
Medical Insurance
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus

What insurance company will provide medical coverage for a person with lupus?

The Affordable Care Act, if it is upheld by the courts, makes certain changes in the ability for insurers to exclude applicants from coverage based upon certain preexisting conditions.

Normally, there are preexisting condition exclusions in private health insurance policies. These exist so as to allow insurers to maintain a balance between the cost (premiums) for insurance relative to the magnitude of the risk assumed.

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Conditions and Diseases
Arthritis
Alternative Treatments for Conditions or Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Senior Citizens

How does arthritis affect elderly people?

The same as it does anyone at any age. it reduces the ability to use your joints and causes pain with movement. this can however be especially hard on older people as they are less likely to be muscularly fit, which is always helpful when arthritisis a problem.

Arthritis is a condition that can cause painful muscles, swollen joints, and the inability to move comfortably. It can also cause dangerous falls, especially in the elderly. It is important for the elderly sufferers of arthritis to be protected in the event of a fall, because often a bad fall can cause injuries and broken bones.

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Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus

How many lupus cases are there in the US?

There are an estimated 1.5 million Americans living with some form of lupus. The exact numbers are not known. Lupus is not reported to the CDC or any other data gathering body.

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Health
Autoimmune Diseases

Another name for gillian barres syndrome?

Miller Fishers Diesease?

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HIV and AIDS
Autoimmune Diseases
Headaches

What are the signs and symptoms of HIV?

Just to summarize, following are the main HIV symptoms:

  1. Rapid weight loss
  2. Dry cough
  3. Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  4. Profound and unexplained fatigue
  5. Wollen lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  6. Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week
  7. White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat
  8. Pneumonia
  9. Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  10. Memory loss, depression, and other neurological disorders.

HIV is the virus that causes the disease called AIDS. At first, there can be rash, fever, sore throat, and not feeling well. Later it seems to go away. This is called the latent stage and lasts for a few weeks or more than 20 years. The last stage is called AIDS and a low T cell count is seen, with cancers and various infections which the person can't fight off.
The following are excellent examples of symptoms of HIV: heavy or ragged breathing, a rash in the infected area (usually purple/ yellow), gas, spotty fision, and most importantly an extreme sexual desire toward people of the same gender.
fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, rash, muscle pain, malaise, and mouth and esophageal sores.
turning blue
The symptoms of a HIV infection are fever, fatigue, rash, headache, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat and many more symptoms. However, some of the symptoms are very close to having a flu or cold.
there are many signs with hiv,i cant tell u more details,but you can to datingpoz...C óM to learn more about it.
There are technically no SET signs for HIV. You have to be tested to be sure that you actually have the virus. For some, a few weeks after exposure, mononucleosis like symptoms develop. Then they go away. The virus can remain physically undetected for 7 or more years until AIDS develops. Check the links for details.
Not everyone gets symptoms following infection. About 75% of people get very heavy flu-like symptoms - google 'HIV seroconversion symptoms' for details.
The symptoms of HIV varies depending on the stage of the infection, some of them are: mouth and genital ulcers, joint pain, fatigue, soaking night sweats, rashes, chronic diarrhoea, fever for several weeks, to name a few.
Being HIV positive does not mean that you are going to get sick right away. It might be a very long time, even years, before any symptoms develop.

164165166
Health
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus

What is infantile lupus?

Neonatal lupus can occur when a baby is born to a mother with lupus. In some cases, the infant will only have a rash for several months and it will clear on its own. In other more rare cases, the infant will have a congenital heart block, meaning the baby is born with a problem maintaining a regular heart beat.

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Autoimmune Diseases
Crohns Disease

What is diverticulits crohn disease?

Diverticulitis develops from diverticulosis, which involves the formation of pouches (diverticula) on the outside of the colon. Diverticulitis results if one of these diverticula becomes inflamed. In complicated diverticulitis, bacteria may subsequently infect the outside of the colon if an inflamed diverticula bursts open. Crohn's disease and Diverticulitis affecting the colon can occur at the same sites, at the same time, but usually in older individuals. When they occur in combination they can carry a worse prognosis than either disease in isolation. It is possible that diverticulitis may initiate inflammatory changes which resemble Crohn's disease histologically, but do not carry the same clinical implications of chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

151152153
Autoimmune Diseases
Crohns Disease

What are the symptoms of Crohn's disease?

AnswerAbdominal pain, often in the lower right area, and diarrhea. Rectal bleeding, weight loss and fever may also occur. Also...The symptoms of Crohn's are similar to those of colitis, ulcers, and appendicitis. Medical diagnosis is required to determine if Crohn's is the cause of the symptoms. More informationCrohn's disease causes a variety of symptoms including but not exclusive to the following.

Abdominal pain. Patients may experience cramps, achy or even sharp pains in the affected area.

Most often, a patient with Crohns disease will experience these pains on the lower right of the abdomen just below the bellybutton. The reason this happens is that in the majority of cases of Crohns disease it is the terminal ileum that is involved first. The terminal ileum is where the large and small bowels join. The terminal ileum crosses from left to right just above the belt line.

The type of pain experienced by the patient depends on what part of the gastrointestinal tract is affected.

Disease in the terminal ileum is characterized by sharp pain while disease higher up in the colon is generally noted by cramps and pain. Pain is often relieved temporarily by a bowel movement.

Diarrhea is often associated with Crohns disease. Frequent, loose, watery bowel movements Often accompanied by thick dark blood and sometimes with mucus and bubbly yellow froth.

Because Crohn's is an inflammatory disease one of the key characteristics is fever.

During an acute flare up, one patient will have a high fever while others may present with a low grade but persistent fever, often breaking during the night resulting in night sweats.

A number of symptoms not related to the gastro intestinal tract may also present with a flare up of Crohns disease. These can occur weeks or months before the intestinal symptoms are noticed.

Sores inside the mouth.

Joint pain often migrating from knees, elbows, ankles and wrists (migrating arthralgia).

Reddening and inflammation of the eyes (Irititis)

Skin lesions including sore red nodules on the shins or calves of the leg (Erythema Nodosum)

Symptoms of Chron's disease can come on suddenly and they include: abdominal pain, weight loss, nasea, diarrhea, and cramping. The symptoms change over time and are different for everyone with the disease.

159160161
Conditions and Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases

What is the support ribbon color for rare diseases?

There isn't one for rare or orphan diseases per se.

When it comes to autoimmune diseases, there are various ribbons for a variety of autoimmune illness/disorders. There is not an "umbrella" ribbon but individual ribbon for, for ex., autoimmune hepatitis, crohns disease, MS, etc.

There are "catch all"-ribbons available, however none of these are specifically for orphan disease or the umbrella diagnosis of autoimmune disorder.

157158159
Autoimmune Diseases
Crohns Disease

What percentage of the population has Crohn's disease?

About 0.02-0.04% of the population suffers from this disorder, with men and women having an equal chance of being stricken.

153154155
Sydney
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus

Can systemic lupus erythematosus be cured?

About 90-95% of patients are still living after two years with the disease, 82-90% after five years, 71-80% after 10 years, and 63-75% after 20 years.

153154155
Autoimmune Diseases
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Coconut Oil

Does coconut oil benefit patients with rheumatoid arthritis?

No

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