The Lutheran branch of Christianity was named after one of the earliest Protestants, Martin Luther. His thesis, which asked questions about the beliefs of the Catholic church, was nailed to the cathedral door. Some Lutherans believe 'The Book of Concord,' published in 1580, contains authoritative explanations of Scripture.

2,155 Questions
Classical Music
Johann Sebastian Bach

Was Johann Sebastian Bach a Lutheran?

Yes, Bach was very devoted to the Lutheran traditions.

Religion & Spirituality
Famous People

What Famous People Are Lutheran?

Ann-Margret, actress

Troy Aikman, football player, quarterback Dallas Cowboys 12 years

Loni Anderson, actress

Johann Sebastian Bach, composer, organist, harpsichordist

Orson Bean, actor, game show panelist

Ingrid Bergman, actress

Dietrich Bonhoeffer, theologian

Carl E. Braaten, theologian

Tycho Brahe, nobleman, astronomer

Beau & Jeff Bridges, actors, directors

Rita Mae Brown, novelist, poet, screenwriter, activist

Martin Bucer, Protestant reformer, influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, Anglican doctrines

Robert Bugbee, minister, current President of the Lutheran Church-Canada (LCC)

Gretchen Carlson, Miss America 1989, TV personality, Fox & Friends

Dana Carvey, actor, stand up comedian

Martin Chemnitz, theologian, reformer, confessor

Herbert W. Chilstrom, minister, first Presiding Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

Gary Cole, actor

Lucas Cranach the Elder, painter

Kirsten Dunst, actress, singer, model, Bring It On, Spiderman

Fred Durst, musician with Limp Bizkit

Dale Earnhardt, race car driver and team owner

Myron Floren, musician, accordion The Lawrence Welk Show

Paul "Ace" Frehley, musician, former lead guitarist of Kiss

Janie Fricke, country music singer

Greta Garbo, actress

Lou Gehrig, baseball player, first baseman New York Yankees 17 years

Theodor "Dr. Seuss" Geisel, writer, poet, cartoonist

Paul Gerhardt, hymn writer

Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden

Kirsten Haglund, Miss America 2008 (ELCA)

Dag Hammarskjöld, diplomat, economist, second Secretary-General of the United Nations

Georg Friedrich Händel, composer, The Messiah

Mark Hanson, minister, 3rd/current Presiding Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

Matthew C. Harrison, minister, 13th/current President of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS)

Mary Hart, TV personality, formerly on Entertainment Tonight

David Hasselhoff, actor, singer, producer, bodybuilder, businessman

Marty Haugen, composer of liturgical music

Oswald C.J. Hoffman, minister, broadcaster, speaker for The Lutheran Hour (LCMS)

Felicity Huffman, actress, Desperate Housewives

Hubert H. Humphrey, U.S. Vice-President under L.B. Johnson

William Hurt, actor, Kiss of the Spider Woman

Susan Johnson, minister, 4th/current National Bishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada (ELCIC)

Laura Kaeppeler, Miss America 2012

Immanuel Kant, Enlightenment philosopher

Garrison Keillor, author, storyteller, radio personality, A Prairie Home Companion (NOT LUTHERAN but he plays one on the radio).

Johannes Kepler, astronomer

Søren Kierkegaard, philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic, author, father of existentialism

Chris Kirkpatrick, singer with 'N Sync

Kris Kristofferson, country music singer-songwriter, musician, film actor, A Star Is Born

Tom Landry, football player, football coach, head coach Dallas Cowboys 29 years

Gary Larson, cartoonist, creator of "The Far Side"

J.K. Wilhelm Loehe, minister, writer, founding sponsor of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

Lyle Lovett, country singer-songwriter, actor (LCMS)

Martin Luther, former monk, former priest, professor, major figure in the Protestant Reformation

William H. Macy, actor, writer, Fargo

Betty Mahmoody, public speaker, author Not Without My Daughter

Paul L. Maier, historian, novelist, professor (LCMS)

Paul O. Manz, composer for choir and organ

Martin E. Marty, minister, religious scholar-writer

Edwin Meese III, attorney, U.S. Attorney General under Reagan

Philipp Melanchthon, reformer, collaborator with Luther, first systematic theologian of the Reformation

John Mellencamp, rock singer-songwriter, musician, painter

Felix Mendelssohn, composer, "Wedding March," "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing"

Ethel Merman, actress, singer

Frederick Muhlenberg, minister, first and third Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives

Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg, minister, patriarch of Lutheran Church in the U.S.

Reinhold Niebuhr, theologian, ethicist, public intellectual, professor

Friederich Nietzsche, philosopher, poet, composer

Pat O'Brien, host Fox Sports Radio, formerly Access Hollywood and CBS Sports

Mary-Kate & Ashley Olsen, actresses, Full House, fashion designers, businesswomen

Linus Pauling, chemist, biochemist, peace activist, educator

J.A.O. Preus II, minister, professor, 8th President of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, major figure in the Seminex affair that split the Missouri Synod (LCMS)

Dennis Rader, BTK serial killer (ELCA)

William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, 1986-2005 (LCMS)

Andy Richter, actor, comedian, sidekick of Conan O'Brien

Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher

Carl F. Schalk, composer, author (LCMS)

Mark G. Schroeder, minister, 12th/current President of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS)

Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., U.S. Army general, Commander of U.S. Central Command 1988-1991

Albert Schweitzer, theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, missionary

Jon Scott, TV news anchor, Fox's Happening Now(LCMS)

Eric Sevareid, CBS journalist

Elke Sommer, actress, entertainer

Kevin Sorbo, actor, Hercules

David Soul, actor, singer, Starsky and Hutch

Katie Stam, Miss America 2009 (LCMS)

Krister Stendahl, theologian, professor, Bishop of Stockholm - Church of Sweden

Rick Steves, author, TV personality, Rick Steves' Europe (ELCA)

Ethan Stiefel, ballet dancer/director

Sally Struthers, actress, spokesperson

Tsar Peter III, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias

Liv Ullmann, actress, movie director

John Updike, novelist, poet, short story writer, critic

Jesse Ventura, pro wrestler, governor of Minnesota

Katharina von Bora, former nun, wife of Martin Luther

Max von Sydow, film actor in Swedish, Norwegian, English, Italian, German, Danish, French and Spanish

C.F.W. Walther, theologian, first President of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS)

Roger Williams, popular music pianist

Bruce Willis, actor, Moonlighting, Die Hard

John Woo, film director, Mission Impossible 2

Steve Zahn, actor, comedian (ELCA)


How are Lutherans different from Catholics?

Martin Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practices of the Catholic church resulted in the Protestant Reformation, in which Protestants separated from the church.

Lutheranism is a theological movement to reform Christianity with the teaching of justification by grace through faith alone (which went against the Roman view of "faith formed by love", or "faith and works".) Lutherans believe that humans are saved from their sins by God's grace alone, through faith alone.

Also note that Lutherans do not follow the Catholic Pope, and they do not need to confess their sins through an intermediary (such as a Catholic priest). They can pray directly to God.


Why did lutheranism spread?

because at the time, the catholic church took more from the lower class peasants than they had

for examples, indulgences were documents that released you from your sins, so everyone paid for indulgences which were made up

the church also had simony's-where they would sell church offices

Martin Luther believed it was uneccessary to pay the church anything

as long as you prayed and believed, it would be enough for you to go to heaven

^^^^^peasants liked martin Luther's idea better

and so lutheranism began and spread througout Europe

The Difference Between

How is a Lutheran church different from a Baptist church?

Both Lutherans and Baptists are churches of the reformation. Generally, Lutherans are much more structured, while Baptists are more independent. In fact, there are as many differences between different Baptist denominations are there are between Baptists and Lutherans. Some differences between Baptists and Lutherans include:

Baptism doctrine

For Lutherans, baptism is a sacrament and a means of grace. The mode of application in a Lutheran baptism is not important and it is usually delivered by the pouring or sprinkling of water while it is, nevertheless, considered a total spiritual washing and rebirth. There is no proper, awaited age for baptism, as the work in baptism is seen to be God's, thus infants are baptized as soon as possible. The only necessities for a valid baptism are "water and the Word;" and baptisms must be performed in the trinitarian formula (in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.) Adults previously 'unbaptized' also receive this. Godparents make a vow to spiritually nurture a baptized infant in his faith until he "affirms" a role in his own faith in the vows of his confirmation, which is more accurately called "Affirmation of Baptism." Baptism itself in likened to birth or adoption, where God gives new life and claims the child.

For Baptists, baptism is a testimony of a preceding act of repentance and the decided, personal acceptance of Christ as a personal Saviour, Baptism is not a requirement to be saved, but is an act of obedience. Baptist baptism is administered by full immersion as symbolic of the total washing away of sins. Only persons of an age to decide this for themselves and make a personal decision can be considered saved. If you had been baptized in a Lutheran Church as a baby you would be considered unbaptized in a Baptist context. Therefore if, as a Lutheran, you wished to formally join a Baptist church, they would require that you be baptised. For Lutherans, one Baptism is all that is ever needed - even if a person strays from the church, then returns.

Holy Communion

Another difference is the official doctrine of what the bread and wine represent in Communion. Lutherans hold to the idea that the elements actually and truly are the body and blood of Christ - known as the "True Presence" - (although not going as far as the "Transubstantiation" explanation of the Roman Catholic church).

Some Baptists regard them as a symbolic representation of the body and blood, while other "fundamental" Baptists believe everything in the Bible as literal including communion. Children in the Baptist church are permitted to participate from a young age if they are considered to have reached the age of accountability and accepted Christ as their own Saviour. Typically, within the Lutheran church, a period of specific instruction is required before a young person receives their 'first communion," and is allowed to fully partake in Holy Communion. Religious instruction continues with catechism classes until the instructed undergo their "Confirmation," a rite of passage in which the confirmands are given full responsibility for their own faith life. In some smaller, North American synods of Lutheranism, only after Confirmation, are youth allowed to commune. THis is also the standard practice in Australia.

Other differences

As an historic and confessional Church, Lutherans are liturgical in worship and follow the order of the Mass, though usually (especially outside Europe) without the formality of the Roman Catholic Church. Lutheran liturgy, by principle, is not chanted in Latin, but is expressed in a common language understood by all. Baptists tend to be less formal in worship style. Lutherans are also sacramentarian in theology and worship. This accounts for many of the differences in belief and worship. Both Baptism and Holy Communion are, for Lutherans, sacraments and means of grace working towards sanctification and justification and hold a high place in worship. Since Baptists believe that only acceptance of Christ as a personal Saviour is necessary for salvation, Baptists typically observe the same "sacraments," but tend to be more commemorative than sacramentarian.


Does the Lutheran religion put ash on the forehead?

Not in the Catholic sense. Ash Wednesday is observed as the beginning of lent, but not in the ritual sense you imply. It goes without saying statuary is generally not used in Lutheran churches either, excepting some monumentally royal ones in Scandinavia, some which date pre-reformation and have valuable art, tombs etc.

Reformation History
Martin Luther

What did Martin Luther hammer on the church door to begin the Protestant Reformation?

His 95 thesis (problems with the church). And just so you know, the church door was like a bulletin, so he wasn't being disrespectful when he nailed it to the door.

Religion & Spirituality

Why are Lutheran church doors painted red?

As a reminder you enter the church through the blood of Christ.

College Degrees
Bachelors Degrees
Colleges and Universities

Is California Lutheran University an accredited school?

Yes, California Lutheran University has the preferred regional accreditation by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges and is a College Board member. Therefore the coursework and degree you complete through this institution will be recognized by all other colleges and universities as well as employers.

Reformation History
Martin Luther King, Jr.

What did martin Luther impact about the catholic church?

His 95 thesis statements

The Difference Between

What is the difference between Protestant and Lutheran?

Protestant and LutheranThe word 'Protestant' Comes from the Latin term 'protestari' which means to publicly declare or to protest against. It is a term that is given to those Christians that are members of Christian denominations that broke away from Roman Catholicism during the 16th century 'Protestant Reformation'. Thus, most Christians that are members of churches that are not Catholic are considered Protestant. The exception to this are Orthodox Christians, since the Orthodox Christian faith developed simultanously to Catholicism. This exception also applies to Anglican (Episcopalian) Christians. Since The Anglican Church, or The Church of England declared it's independence from the Pope over politics rather than theology, it retained its Catholicisity which includes the Eucharist, the Sacraments, the priesthood and episcopate and most other basic catholic theology and tradition. Additionally, the English Reformation was completely separate from the Protestant Reformation, despite that it occured semi-simultanously.

The Major Reformers of the Protestant Reformation were John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli, John Knox, and of course Martin Luther. There were several 'reformers' decades and even centuries prior to the Protestant Reformation. Some of the more prominent ones being a former Catholic priest and teacher Jan Hus, as well as an English theologian John Wyckliffe. The descendants of Jan Hus became known as Hussites, and later became known as the Moravians.

Lutherans are recognized by most as being the 'first Protestants' since the Protestant Reformation began primarily due to the German priest Martin Luther, who 'protested' against the corruption within the Roman Catholic Church. Luther posted his 95 theses, or 95 arguments against the Roman church on the door of All Saints Church in Wittenberg Germany on October 31st 1517. This marks the anniversary of the start of the Protestant Reformation. Luther's intent was never to leave the church, but to change the church from within, however, before having the chance to, he was excommunicated by the Pope, for what at the time he deemed 'heresy.' Luther's followers became known as Lutherans. The Lutheran Church, since it was founded by a former Roman Catholic priest, is very similar in structure, liturgy and theology to Catholicism. The main branches of Lutheranism are the Swedish Lutheran Church, The German Lutheran Church the Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Missouri Synod Lutheran Church (Missouri Synod being based primarily in the mid-west United States.) Each mainline Lutheran branch is a member of the Lutheran World Federation, which is a loose federation of Lutheran Churches around the world that share a common heritage and theological perspective.


What do Protestants believe in?

The principal Protestant Churches have many similar beliefs to the Roman Catholic Church. Protestantism really began as a movement to reform Christianity, not to break away and create new beliefs. For example, Martin Luther, a Catholic priest and professor of theology, at first only wished to reform the practice of selling indulgences, a practice that he believed was corrupting the Church. After his excommunication, he formed the church which became known as the Lutheran Church, beginning the Protestant Movement. Protestants believe in the Holy Trinity, and in life hereafter. Protestants do not believe in praying to saints, the use of indulgences or the existence of purgatory. They believe that absolution of sins can be obtained by prayer alone. Catholics believe that grave (mortal) sins need to be confessed to a priest, and like Protestants, they believe that minor, venial sins may be confessed directly through prayer. Protestants believe in salvation by faith alone (Sola fide) rather than by faith plus its resulting good works of charity. They believe that the sacrifice of Christ was sufficient for salvation. Protestants follow essentially the same Bible as Catholics minus the Deuterocanonicals/Apocrypha. Jesus and the Apostles used the Old Testament with the seven books in question included. Years after the crucifiction, Jewish leaders, wanting to distance themselves from the emerging Christians, removed seven books. They kept the books written in Hebrew, and discarded the ones written in Greek. Today's Protestants use the shorter Jewish version of the OT. Catholics use the longer OT that was in use at the time of Christ. The ideas of praying for the dead, and of a place of purging before ultimate entry into heaven are contained within these books. The longer version was used by all Christians until the time of the Reformation. Protestants believe that Scripture alone is all that is necessary for spiritual guidance (Sola scriptura). Catholics believe that the use of Scripture plus Tradition ( ideas and practices passed down from the time of the Apostles and the founding fathers) is needed. Protestants and Catholics observe the same major feasts. Catholics observe seven sacraments and Protestants only observe the sacraments of baptism and communion. Protestants believe that communion is to be viewed as "symbol" only. Catholics believe that the bread and wine, during the Consecration at the Mass become the body and blood of Christ, as in the Last Supper. Protestants and Catholics have more in common than not. There are thousands of different Protestant denominations, each with slightly different beliefs and practices. All Catholics, whether of the Latin (western), Eastern, or other "Rite", share a common set of beliefs.

Arguably Mormons, Seventh Day Adventists and some other Christian groups are also Protestant, however there a greater differences to which the above does not apply.

Reformation History
Martin Luther

What did the 95 Theses criticize?

it criticized the selling of indulgence


How does an adult go about converting from the Catholic religion to the Lutheran religion?

The best way is to go to a Lutheran church and talk to the pastor. Roman Catholic baptism is recognized by the Lutheran Church, so if the convert was already baptized, then membership classes would likely be required. There is usually a new member reception ceremony called an "Affirmation of Baptism" during which the convert is accepted into full membership of the Lutheran Church by making a brief statement of faith. If the convert is not baptized, the process would be a bit different. Unbaptized adult converts go through the Lutheran catechumenate, which is basically a process of education and preparation to participate in the mysteries, or sacramental life, of the Church.

Reformation History

What were the main differences between Luther's ideas and those of the Roman Catholic Church?

Lutheran is a protestant sect and basically follows its beliefs, like the disbelief on the Virgin Mary, the saints, the statues of saints, praying directly to God, confession to priest, etc. More ever Luther dismisses the validity of indulgences and claim it to have corrupted the church.


How do you join the Lutheran church?

Just go to any Lutheran Church in your area. I would suggest the Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod (LCMS). Talk to the pastor and he might help you get enrolled in a new members course to learn about church teachings. I'm sure they'd be happy to have you join!

Wedding Planning

Can a Lutheran pastor perform a wedding ceremony outside of a church?

As for ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) pastors, yes, they can perform wedding ceremonies outside of the church building. They cannot perform ceremonies outside of the church without God being present in the ceremony, but the location is not a problem.

Pastors of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) and of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) can also perform wedding ceremonies outside of church buildings since people, and not buildings, are what make up the Church. However, they will not perform weddings in church buildings of denominations different from their own. Also, WELS pastors should not officiate at weddings in which they would share officiating duties with clergy from other denominations and faiths. Most LCMS pastors will decide dual faith/denomination ceremonies on an individual basis.

New Testament

How many doctrines are found in the Apostles' Creed and what are they?

12 ArticlesThe English version in the Catechism of the Catholic Church maintains the traditional division of the Creed into twelve articles, presenting it as follows:
I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.
I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord.
He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary.
He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.
He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again.
He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and the life everlasting. Amen.

The question was how many Doctrines are found in the Apostles creed?
The answer to that question is one, mans doctrine as our Father nor Christ penned the Apostles creed. Its a creed penned completely by men at the council of Nicaea.

Focus instead on what is written in that biblical text and not the creeds of men. Chanting creeds will not get you to the understanding point needed in order to understand our Fathers word. If you read and study our Fathers word then he is fully aware that you attest to and believe in him and Christ and there is no need of such nonsense as this Apostles creed.

I used to be Episcopalian and I use to chant this same nonsense on Sunday morning. But I was missing something, I felt that something huge was being left out, something very important. Then, I started learning biblical text from a good bible teacher and my faith grew unmeasurably greater than it was when I was simply changing on Sundays. I discovered the rich heritage of our people and the purpose of our Fathers plan. Things changed as did my opinions and view of this earth age. Now I can't attend those Sunday chant services any longer, its no wonder people sleep there.

The apostles creed is a chanted testament to Christianity from the days gone by when belief in Christianity was forced upon men. People could not serve among the many Christian kingdoms of the middle ages if one did not attest one's faith and allegiance to Christ via some creed or open forced testament. Christ taught us to test the fruit of the tree. Simply attesting some creed out loud or chanting it to music does not mean you believe in what it states. Ones works are the testament to their faith in Christ not ones chanting of a creed.

The beauty of being Christian is that it can not be forced upon anyone, everyone is free to choose. That freedom of choice is the very purpose of being human in this specific earth age. It is what this earth age was designed specifically for. Each of us has the free will to choose in these United States. Forcing alignment to Christianity with a creed is wrong. Each of us must be free to choose of our own free will and that freedom must always remain. That light of freedom is being extinguish from every quarter of the world and replaced by mans forced doctrines such as the doctrine of Mohammed or the largest forced doctrine in the entire world, the doctrine of Greek (specifically the Stoic) philos-sophos. This is the doctrine the Apostle Paul warned of in Colossians chapter 2. The believers in Stoic philos-sophos doctrine, who are commonly referred to as Marxists or communists or socialists or progressives, took the word of our Father and spun it into a lie, using their doctrine (Stoic philos-sophos), just as Paul warned they would, that abomination is referred to as Liberation Theology.

In summary, the answer to the question is this: There is but one doctrine in the Apostles Creed, its the doctrine of men. Men who were attempting to do something they thought was good and honorable but something that is not of Christ or our Father. Men don't need creeds and chants we need good bible teachers who will teach the children of our Father his word straight up, without the influence of mens doctrines. We need teachers of the house of Israel who can teach all of our Fathers children the truth which resides in his word. The creeds of men are of little importance and can serve to drive people away from our Father.
The Difference Between

What is the history of the Lutheran Church?

The Lutheran church began with historic Christian reformer Martin Luther, born in 1483. He was a German theologian and leader of the Reformation. The Reformation was a movement in Western Europe during the 16th century, which aimed at reforming some doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches. Luther himself was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic church for his attacks on the wealth and corruption of the papacy, and his belief that salvation would be granted on the basis of faith alone rather than by works. In 1521, the same year in which he was excommunicated, Luther was summoned before the Diet of Worms. The Diet was a general assembly of the estates of the Holy Roman Empire that occurred in Worms, Germany, from January to May in 1521. When an edict of the Diet called for Luther's seizure, his friends took him for safekeeping to Wartburg, the castle of Elector Frederick III of Saxony. It was here that Luther translated the New Testament into German. This was published on 21 September 1522. Luther also began translating the entire Bible, which took him 10 years to complete. He was motivated by Erasmus , a Dutch scholar and contemporary of Martin Luther. As an ordained monk as well, Erasmus saw how the Bible was being withheld from the common people. Like Luther, Erasmus was critical of some Roman Catholic beliefs, abuses and practices. He became a scholar of Latin and Greek, carefully studied the original Greek texts and put together the first copy of the Greek translation of the Bible, in 1516.

This action had further repercussions, giving Luther the foundation, and motivation, to translate the entire New Testament into German. This in turn made the Bible accessible to all people, which was what Luther wanted: to make the Gospel of Salvation available to everyone. For centuries, the Roman Catholic church had free reign on their interpretation of the Bible, as there were no copies in a language available to the common man. Luther's translation was one of the means which made the Bible available to all.

Luther's extensive writing on church matters included the composition of hymns, liturgy, and two catechisms that are basic statements of the Lutheran church. Luther actually died, believing he was a Catholic. He had loyal followers who took his works and doctrines, and developed a new protestant denomination branch based on these. See also the weblinks below.

Ancient History
Explorers and Expeditions

When was fray Marcos de niza born?

fray marcos de niza was born 1495 in a nice house in duchey , savey


Where are Lutheran practiced?

Everywhere. Lutheranism was created in Germany in the 1500's by Martin Luther but there are churches all over the place.


How many Lutherans are there in the US?

The 2004 estimated number of Lutherans in America is around 13.5 million ( Worldwide there are an estimated 70 million Lutherans.


What are the religious orders for a Lutheran Priest?

Bekenntnisbruderschaft St. Peter und Paul (BPP) (Confessing Brotherhood of SS Peter and Paul)

Communität Christusbruderschaft Selbitz (CCB) (Community of the Christ-Brotherhood Selbitz)

Congregatio Canonicorum Sancti Augustini (CCSA) (Congregation of the Canons of St Augustine)

Evangelisch-Lutherische Gebetsbruderschaft(Evangelical Lutheran Prayer Brotherhood)

Evangelische Michaelsbruderschaft (EMB) (Evangelical Brotherhood of St. Michael)

Evangelische Franziskaner-Tertiaren (Lutheran Franciscan Tertiaries, officially "Evangelische Franziskanerbruderschaft der Nachfolge Christi")

Franciskus Tredje Orden, FTO in Church of Sweden,

Evangelical Society of the Cross Franciscan (ESC/F)

The Order of Lutheran Franciscans

Hochkirchlicher Apostolat St. Ansgar (HAStA) (High Church Apostolate St. Ansgar)

Evangelische Humiliatenorden (the Evangelical Order of Humiliati)

Society of the Holy Trinity (Societas Trinitatis Sanctae or STS)

St.-Jakobus-Bruderschaft (Brotherhood of St James)

Theologisk Oratorium (Theological Oratory)


What does the Lutheran Rose mean?

Here is Luther's explanation: "Grace and peace from the Lord. As you desire to know whether my painted seal, which you sent to me, has hit the mark, I shall answer most amiably and tell you my original thoughts and reason about why my seal is a symbol of my theology. The first should be a black cross in a heart, which retains its natural color, so that I myself would be reminded that faith in the Crucified saves us. 'For one who believes from the heart will be justified' (Rom. 10:10). Although it is indeed a black cross, which mortifies and which should also cause pain, it leaves the heart in its natural color. It does not corrupt nature, that is, it does not kill but keeps alive. 'The just shall live by faith' (Rom. 1:17) but by faith in the crucified. Such a heart should stand in the middle of a white rose, to show that faith gives joy, comfort, and peace. In other words, it places the believer into a white, joyous rose, for this faith does not give peace and joy like the world gives (John 14:27). That is why the rose should be white and not red, for white is the color of the spirits and the angels (cf. Matthew 28:3; John 20:12). Such a rose should stand in a sky-blue field, symbolizing that such joy in spirit and faith is a beginning of the heavenly future joy, which begins already, but is grasped in hope, not yet revealed. And around this field is a golden ring, symbolizing that such blessedness in Heaven lasts forever and has no end. Such blessedness is exquisite, beyond all joy and goods, just as gold is the most valuable, most precious and best metal. This is my compendium theoligae [summary of theology]. I have wanted to show it to you in good friendship, hoping for your appreciation. May Christ, our beloved Lord, be with your spirit until the life hereafter. Amen." *


What Christian religion allows remarriage after divorce?

I can't tell you what Christian religion allows for remarriage but I can give Bible scripture on what the word of God says. You must first go back to the cause of divorce. In the book of Matthew chapter 5 verse 32 we are told that "whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality causes her to commit adultry; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultry". In Matthew 19:3-9 the Lord speaks again on the matter. The only reason ever given anywhere in the scriptures is for fornication. Now with that being said there are only two things that can sever or end a marriage. One being a divorce for the cause of fornication, the other being death. Now in this case being divorce, that is , you being the one that divorced your spouse for the cause of fornication or "adultery" then the word of God allows for remarriage. Now this also goes further in the word of God saying in 1 Corinthians 7:39 and Romans 7:2-3. I can go into great detail but this will give a good start to the answer you might be looking for.


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