Paint Jobs

Paint jobs are decorative application of paint to a surface. Some of the popular paint jobs are flames and custom colors on cars and motorcycles, using various techniques such as pearl painting and candy painting.

2,402 Questions
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Auto Loans and Financing

How should you 'break-in' a new car?

Breaking-In a New Car Most manufacturers have recommendations in the handbooks.

You should start off treating the engine very gently i.e. gentle revs and never more than 1/4 throttle. Over time you gradually use more revs and more throttle until you eventually end up using the full range of the engine. It is important to eventually end up using all the power and rev range to wear harden various parts. It is also important that you do not keep to a single continuous speed or gear but vary your speed quite a bit during this time (a long highway journey is NOT a good break in if you just sit in top gear at a continuous speed). This is because things are still hardening up and you can wear a groove into them.

Modern engines break in relatively quickly, often 1000km, older designs took longer as the tolerances were not as precise. The first oil change is often a lot sooner than later ones as during break in rough edges from manufacturing will be worn off and end up in the oil.

Here is more advice from various contributors:

  • Drive it gently. General rule is not to exceed 3000 - 3500 rpm. for the first 500 miles. It is also a good idea to be kind to it for the first 2000 miles.
  • "Breaking in" your cars engine is an old myth, it is also bull. Rule #1 if you want your engine to last a long time, treat it gentle all the time, not just for the first 1000km.
  • Break in is important. All engine bearings and cylinders, etc. must wear evenly and proper. Also, piston rings need to seat. Have you ever seen a new engine burn oil until it breaks in? Some piston ring take up to 5000 miles to fully seat or wear evenly to cylinder bore. Not following proper break in procedures could result in premature engine/parts failure.
  • This depends whether you purchase or lease a car. With a purchase you should break a car in for the reasons and using the methods described before, ignoring the one comment about it being bull. If the vehicle is a lease you may skip the break-in period if you so wish. Since not breaking-in a car may result in improper wear of parts, or even engine failure, during the warranty period it will be covered, and a leased car will be returned to the dealer before the warranty period expires.
  • You shouldn't just break-in your car if you are buying it. Even if you are leasing it you should. Do the next guy a favor. A very inconsiderate answer man. Besides some people lease it and then decide they like it and want to buy it, so I say, you should break it in anyway. No matter what.
  • If you research on how to break-in a new engine on the web, most sites will tell you a procedure to break-in the piston rings (the only thing that matters).
  • The proper way to break in an engine is to drive at 30 mph and accelerate to 50 mph. Do this to break in the engine the proper way. Do this the first 3000 miles or so.
  • Manufactures are making engines with much higher tolerances today. Where cylinder clearances used to be in the thousands of an inch, now its in the ten thousands. Bores are rounder and straighter. There is know reason to baby a newer engine, it will actually hurt. You need cylinder pressure to drive the rings out onto the bore, which actually shaves the bore into a perfect fit. By babying it the rings will only rub and burnish the surface leaving a less then Ideal finish. So ... keep the revs below 4000 the first 300 miles, then drive it ... accelerate with meaning for the next 2500 miles and your all set. This is how all High Performance engines are broken in, and all engines today can be considered a high performance engine since they pull more power out then there predecessors ever did.
  • Most modern car engines are broken in at the factory, before assembly. Therefore the old tradition of breaking in a new car doesn't apply anymore. Just drive as you normally would drive and treat the car the way you would treat anything else of value.
Paint Jobs

What do you need to repair a scratch or nick in a cars paint job?

There are two possible things you can do:

1. Sand the area, then lightly spray your color over it. With newer cars with clear coat, you'd have to also spray a layer of clear coat over the touch up job to make it match.

2. If the nick is small enough, you can take a fine tip brush and brush your touch up paint over the nick.

  • If the paint job has aged, due to oxidation, touch up paint may not match your paint job.

you won't believe this.......but my wife bought a scratch & sm dent cover up kit "As seen on TV" LOL It comes with primary colors and you mix accordingly. just use a plastic putty knife & spread the cream into sm dents (quater size or smaller) or scratches and allow it to dry. dont worry about excess, the "Magic" solution afterwards buffs it up nicely & some how blends your color matching in with the existing color. UNBELIEVABLE!!! BUT can find it on you'll love it, no skills required.

To repair a scratch in the paint of a car is not a easily answered question. It depends on the severity of the scratch. If the scratch is small you can use some of the commerical scratch repair kits or the temp fill in wax. For more severe scratches try sanding the area with 400 grit sand paper and the area around it (about 1-2 inches). Finally @ any Wal-Mart they should have color paint repair kits that will match your paint as long as it's a common color. They have detailed directions on their product. It is best to consult them first. If you dont feel secure sanding your car, I would consult your local auto body repair person and get estimates!!!!!!! Automotive repair ppl are shady so watch yourself!!!

a scratch can easily be sanded out lightly with water using 400 sand paper.then you can buff it out and it will not be noticable

A scratch that's not too deep can be removed with automotive paint thinner and a cloth and some gentle rubbing. NOTE: the area you rub will become much shinier than the rest of the paint. WARNING: automotive paint thinner is toluol, highly toxic to breathe. Use good ventilation.

A slight scratch can be repaired by hand rubbing with a soft cloth and rubbing compound, followed by a fine scratch remover used to take out the rubbing compound abrasions. Rubbing compound is very gritty, and will actually dull the surface when rubbed by hand, but these fine abrasions can easily be removed with a finishing polish.

More severe scratches may need some wet sanding. DO NOT USE 400 grit sand paper!!!! No amatuer at this should sand on their car with anything more coarse than 1200 grit (preferably 2000 grit ultra fine). If you use 2000 grit, you may be able to skip the rubbing compound, and go straight to the finishing polish.

400 grit sandpaper is only for use prior to painting. I have many years of experience in this area, and I stand by what I say.

Be careful using any thinner or solvent on your car's finish. If it is original, it may be ok, provided it isn't lacquer. Lacquer readily reverses to liquid when it comes in contact with solvent. If you have a late model basecoat/clearcoat car, thinner probably won't help repair a scratch, because the finish will not reflow (like lacquer), and therefore it won't have any effect.

Paint Jobs

What is a lightning activator?

Lightning Activator 6854 is designed for use in Transtar's Finish-Tec Clearcoats to provide a long lasting high gloss finish. Ideal for spot & panel repairs and for use in cool/cold temperatures. It significantly accelerates flash and cure times. This product provides low overspray.

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs
Car Buying

What should you do or not do when driving your brand-new car?

To break in your new car, it is suggested to not subject the engine to constant speeds. Better piston ring seating will be achieved by varying the speed and avoiding hard and sudden accelerations at least during the first 500 miles. Gradual accelerations with some decelerations are the most beneficial for ring seating.

I would suggest going to the extra expense and effort to change the engine oil at 500 miles, even when the car manufacturer allows many more miles before the first oil change; most of the metallic residue produced by the initial ring and bearings break in is produced and released in the first hours of engine operation. Using an oil flush to completely remove this residue is the best practice, but avoid products intended for sludge and varnish removal, because there is no need for them at this new engine condition, and some contain extreme pressure additives that will not allow a proper break in. You can use a thinner, less viscous engine oil for several minutes of running the engine with the car stopped, and then flush it out; then, add the proper viscosity oil as specified in your owner's manual.

After this first oil change and flush, for the next one, go by your manual recommendations or slightly sooner if you wish to keep your car for a long time and in top condition. Recycle your used motor oil properly. Synthetic oils can be used AFTER proper ring seating, but there is little economic benefit in using them unless your car has a Turbocharged, Supercharged, or High Performance engine. (In dusty locations, it is better to change the oil more frequently than to use a premium synthetic that will be contaminated in the long intervals between changes.)

Some cars need no break-in period at all, and some do. Your owners manual will list the break-in specs. However, if there is a break-in period, remember that piston rings don't rely on their spring tension to seal against the cylinder bores. Instead, combustion gases work their way between the rings and the piston and force the rings outward. During the first few minutes of engine operation, it's important that the throttle be opened pretty far at lower RPMs to provide this high pressure. Otherwise, the rings won't burnish the cylinder walls properly, and the engine will have high volumes of blow-by, which means excessive oil consumption and shortened engine life. If you've ever seen the car jockeys who drive new cars off the end of the production line into the storage lot or the transporter drivers zipping up and down the car-hauler ramps, you'll realize that this all-important step has been performed for you many times. If you're installing a new engine, simply give it a few seconds of wide-open throttle in a high gear. For the first thousand miles, avoid constant speeds and throttle settings. If you commute in normal stop-and-go traffic, you'll be fine. I advise against cruise-controlled sojourns across Nebraska.

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs
Painting and Staining

What would you call someone that paints cars applys decals and vinyls etc to them?

First I would call them very "Talented" and they are usually called "auto/truck detailer.

Paint Jobs
Painting and Staining

Can you spray clear polyurethane over paint?

what kind of paint?? How long has the original paint been on there?

Many times, the "vehicle" (solvent) in the polyurethane will cause the existing paint to curdle or wrinkle if it is a water based/latex paint. If it has been on there a long time though, you might be able to get away with it.

See if you can test a small spot that is not exposed or visible first. Even if it "tests" OK, it still might have a tendency to pull the existing paint up when you get it on a large area, so be careful

Paint Jobs
Home Improvement
Painting and Staining

Can you paint black lacquer furniture?

You can paint a lot of things. It depends on what you are painting. If you are painting metal then use metal paint if you are painting wood then use wood paint if you are painting something flexible such as rubber, thin plastic, or fabric then use vinyl paint. Some objects require primer which you put on before you put on paint to make the paint stick. Most wood objects require paint to be rolled on such as a house or any another large wooden object. Smaller wooden objects would be easier to spray paint such as a wooden chair. All metal objects and some wooden objects need to be painted with a professional paint sprayer that hooks up to an air compressor. All metal objects have to be spray painted. And all objects need to be sanded before painting to make the paint stick.

Good Luck :)

Paint Jobs

How much to paint a hood of a car?

it all depends on where your from, what color and if there going to blend the hood into the fenders.

typical painters hourly rates are around 48 dollars an hour, so it could be around 300-400

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs

What do you call a person that applys decals vinyls and custom paint jobs to cars?

I am not sure what the actual person would be called but I would assume a body shop is who you would need to call to have this done. Some body shops are better than others and some deal with mostly collision work. I would start calling around and asking you may want to find a body shop that deal is restoration. It may be more costly but a reputable shop that does restorations may be you best bet. Good Luck!!

- - - - -

The person who applies decals and vinyl to cars is called an installer. They work either in sign shops or vehicle wrap shops - both decals and vinyl are considered signage. The person who applies custom paint jobs is either a painter (if he works in a shop large enough to have separate paint and body-repair departments) or a body repair technician.

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs

Does rust stop work?

no, it's a waste of money

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs

Does scratch coat paint on pickups go on the rocker panels only or is it put on the doors as well?

If you are referring to the "rock guard" that is sprayed generally on lower parts of side body panels, the answer will depend on the manufacturer/make/model, etc. Most pickups wont have it on the bottom of doors but there are a few imports that do. If you do alot of off-roading, it would be wise to apply rock guard on the bottom of the doors as well, but it is entirely up to you. Hope it helps.

Paint Jobs
Ford Explorer Sport
Ford Ranger XLT

Do new pickups have scratch coat paint on the bottom of the truck?

Some do. The paint on the lower panel has a sort of blurry look to it.

Find out what car dealers don't want you to know at dealertricks

American Cars
Paint Jobs

Is urethane a rubber?

Rubber is a generic term today. It used to mean a very specific substance.

Today you could call various forms of urethane rubber.

Is it technically ? NO

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs

How can you make your own car wax polish?

Fact: Carnauba wax and Turpentine, some companies also add a polyformer to help fill scratches.

Carnauba wax comes from a tree, which is then processed. Not all companies use solvents like Turpentine either. One company is Zymol, they use all natural ingredients.

The question here is actually two questions in one.

Wax - is a protective layer that you apply to protect your paint.

Polish - is a cleaning "compound" that helps to remove impurities from the paint to prepare it for waxing/sealing.

They are both very different and should not be confused. Although in the retail industry they have mixed them up greatly in their advertising as having a wax that polishes too. Remembering what I explained earlier helps you to realize that you can't have both at the same time as they both do two separate jobs.

Go here for a better explanation:

Auto Body and Interiors
Paint Jobs

Does bacteria help with rust?

Yes, while bacteria can accelerate or even cause rusting or corrosion, this is not necessarily the case (i.e. some rusting occurs due to entirely non-biological and environmental factors).

In presence of oxygen, aerobic bacteria like Thiobacillus thiooxidans, Thiobacillus thioparus, and Thiobacillus concretivorus, all three widely present in the environment, are the common corrosion-causing factors resulting in biogenic sulfide corrosion.

Without presence of oxygen, anaerobic bacteria, especially Desulfovibrio and Desulfotomaculum, are common. Desulfovibrio salixigens requires at least 2.5% concentration of sodium chloride, but D. vulgaris and D. desulfuricans can grow in both fresh and salt water. D. africanus is another common corrosion-causing microorganism.

For example:

* Some sulfate-reducing bacteria produce hydrogen sulfide, which can cause sulfide stress cracking. * Acidithiobacillusbacteria produce sulfuric acid and frequently damages sewer pipes. * Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans directly oxidizes iron to iron oxides and iron hydroxides: the rusticles forming on RMS Titanic wreck are caused by bacterial activity. Layers of anaerobic bacteria can exist in the inner parts of the corrosion deposits, while the outer parts are inhabited by aerobic bacteria. Some bacteria are able to utilize hydrogen formed during cathodic corrosion processes. As well, bacterial colonies and deposits can form concentration cells, causing and enhancing galvanic corrosion. Bacterial corrosion may appear like pitting corrosion. Anaerobic corrosion is evident as layers of metal sulfides and hydrogen sulfide smell. On cast iron, a graphitic corrosion selective leaching may be the result, with iron being consumed by the bacteria, leaving graphite matrix with low mechanical strength in place.

Home Improvement
Paint Jobs

Can you spray enamel paint over tile?

yes you can, it has a rough texture in the tiles though and you may not want to do it as it comes of easily.

Paint Jobs

What color does pink and beige make?

It would probably be something I would call a warm beige.

Paint Jobs

How much for a matte car paint job?

Well depends where. and also what quality you want your paint to be. Some garages in Europe ask you to pay 500-7000 euros. This however also matters on the size of the car and if you want to paint it fully or just some parts.

In US you can get your car painted for cheaper. Some of the other answers on other websites said that it can 350 $, but as i said before its the quality, size and the amount that matters.

Cars & Vehicles
Paint Jobs
Ford Expedition Eddie Bauer

Car wax ingredients?

Car wax ingredeants

Paint Jobs
Painting and Staining

Can you use primer as paint?


The type of substrate (bare wood, unfinished drywall, concrete, metal), the condition of the substrate (stains, damage, previous layers of paint), and how the area will be used (requires repeated cleaning and/or exposed to frequent direct sunlight, water or humidity) all factor in to which paints and primers will do the best job. In general, you would want to use regular paint over the primer since it may do a better job of protecting the surface you are painting - particularly outside or in damp conditions.

Cars & Vehicles
Auto Body and Interiors
Paint Jobs

What are tips for repairing a car with Bondo?

Remove all foreign material, i.e., rust, paint, etc. Apply bondo to clean, rough metal only.

Make sure metal is roughened to ensure adhesion of bondo to metal.

Begin shaping, sanding, just after bondo is set up, don't leave too long, will be difficult to sand.

Apply more bondo, to the sanded bondo, if needed, sand again - apply primer just prior to touch out glaze.

1. Use only fresh Bondo, not some that was opned last year. 2. Don't mix a large amount at one time. It will harden before you have a chance to apply. 3. Make sure your Bondo and hardener are well mixed. 4. Once you are shaped and sanded, get primer on it right away. Bondo and other fillers hold water. 5. Don't leave primer on too long without painting, it holds water as well. 6. When you're are shaping and sanding, WEAR A MASK. The dust can ruin your lungs.

Paint Jobs
Salary and Pay Rates
Painting and Staining

How much money does a house painter earn?

About $14 an hour or so. Here's more broad information, FYI: In 2002, median hourly earnings of painters, construction and maintenance, were $13.98. The middle 50 percent earned between $11.08 and $18.00. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $9.10, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $23.90. Median hourly earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of painters in 2002 are shown below:

  • Local government $17.46
  • Residential building construction 14.01
  • Building finishing contractors 14.00
  • Lessors of real estate 11.62
  • Employment services 10.21
In 2002, median earnings for paperhangers were $15.22. The middle 50 percent earned between $11.52 and $20.38. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $9.04, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $25.64. Earnings for painters may be reduced on occasion because of bad weather and the short-term nature of many construction jobs. Hourly wage rates for apprentices usually start at 40 to 50 percent of the rate for experienced workers and increase periodically. Some painters and paperhangers are members of the International Brotherhood of Painters and Allied Trades. Some maintenance painters are members of other unions. (The info above is from the U.S. Department of Labor.) Answer As with any self-employed person, the amount you earn is dependent on how much you work. Present a proposal to the prospective employer, absolutely show up on time and on the days promised and do a good job. If you use a good quality paint, do not thin it down or take the extra home. You will build your business by word of mouth since there are a lot of competitors who do not pay attention to the small stuff like that.
Paint Jobs
Home Improvement
Painting and Staining

Can you paint urethane over enamel?

Yes, that was the original intention of urethane.

Cars & Vehicles
Auto Body and Interiors
Paint Jobs
Painting and Staining

How do you remove paint from your car exterior due to a painted pole that you hit or swiped?

I recommend first trying to buff it out with a power buffer, but if that doesn't work there is another option. There is a paint cleaner made by the same company that makes "Goo Gone" it is called "Goof Off" (Seriously)(Sold in any major hardware store) It is a paint STRIPPER, so be very careful not to spill any where you do not intend to. What you will want to do is find the softest, cleanest rag you can find, and apply SMALL amounts of "Goof Off" to the rag, and buff the undesired paint out with small circles. Be cautioned tho because too much "Goof Off" and over-zealous buffing WILL take the factory paint right off of your car. In between your factory paint and your "Pole Paint" there are several layers of Clear coat finish applied to your paint job, this is what gives the paint it's glossy can usually get away with removing a layer or two of the clear coat without too much noticeability, but even then you can mask any small problem areas with buffing wax. I hope this helps you out, I have had three cars spray painted in my driveway by little punks in my neighborhood, (not all of them owned by me) and used "Goof Off" to remove it and it worked fine. Just take your time...patience is the key, and don't use too much or you may be even more upset with the end results.

What worked best for me was a "Mr Clean" sponge and a lot of elbow grease. I successfully removed a very large area (approximately 2 ft x 1 ft) of red paint from my white vehicle using nothing more than the two ingredients listed above. I backed into one of the large red posts seen in front of many Target stores, no dents thankfully, but plenty of red paint was taken home. The "Mr Clean" sponge took it right off, leaving the paint underneath only slightly more dull than the unaffected areas surrounding it. That can easily be remedied with a good wash and wax. Hope this helps...

Paint Jobs
Home Improvement
Painting and Staining

How do you paint over epoxy in a garage?

I am guessing this is on the floor. This is probably a two component carbon bond coating. This means it is chemical resistant to even ketones. To recoat, you must use another epoxy or urethane mixture. To prepare the surface, it must be wet sanded with at least 220 grit water paper. After a good sanding, the surface must be cleaned with some sorta tack cloth. If you use a waxed based tack, do not press hard. This will cause transfere of the bees wax to the surface and cause poor adhesion. Anyway, get the surface clean as possible. Make sure the humidity is below 50% before coating the area. If you try to coat with humidity aboue 50%, you may get bubbles in your coating. They are caused by the coating trying to cure quicker than the moisture can escape. I hope you can use this information.


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