The pancreas is an organ in both the digestive and the endocrine system. It secretes juices which assist in digestion, as well as hormones such as insulin.

2,402 Questions
Gallbladders and Bile

Does pancreatic juice contain bile?

No. Bile is synthesized in the liver, stored in the gallbladder and secreted into the intestinal tract at the same entry point as pancreatic juice - through a tube called the common bile duct - but the pancreas itself does not make or secrete bile.


What are other names for pancreas?

An exocrine gland.

Digestive System

What enzymes are produced by the pancreas and what are their functions?

The pancreas is a digestive organ in the abdomen that lies just below the stomach. Its primary job is to produce enzymes required for the digestion and absorption of food. Enzymes secreted include lipases that digest fat, proteases which digest proteins, and amylases which digest starch molecules.


What is the function of a pancrease?

The pancreas stretches across the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach and produces the body's supply of insulin and digestive enzymes. The insulin is essential for controlling blood sugar level. If the pancreas fails the person will have diabetes and have to rely on injected insulin.

Enzymes secreted by the pancreas include lipases that digest fat, proteases which digest proteins, and amylases which digest starch molecules. The pancreas secretes enzymes into your body, such as Pepsin, as digestive enzyme in your stomach, and insulin, which regulated blood sugar levels and is a factor affecting homeostasis.
Completes the job of breaking down protein, carbohydrates, and fats using digestive juices of pancreas combined with juices from the intestines.

Secretes hormones that affect the level of sugar in the blood.

Produces chemicals that neutralize stomach acids that pass from the stomach into the small intestine by using substances in pancreatic juice.


What are two things the pancreas secretes?

it releases insulin and glucagon


Is enterokinase part of pancreatic juice?

i believe enterokinase is formed by the duodenum and makes its way to the pancreas, where it can then activate trypsin.


Which Two organs that secrete enzymes to help the digestive tract?

There are actually three organs that secrete digestive substances into the small intestine to help digest proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

These organs are:

- the liver

- the pancreas

- the gallbladder


What artery supplies the pancreas?

The arteries of the pancreas branch off of the lienal artery, and the pancreaticoduodenal branches of the hepatic and superior mesenteric arteries.


What is pancreatitis?

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that may be brought on by years of heavy consumption of alcohol or gall stones. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the duodenum. The duodenum is the upper part of the small intestine. The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine through a tube called the pancreatic duct. These enzymes help digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in food. The pancreas also releases the hormones insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream. These hormones help the body use the glucose it takes from food for energy.

Normally, digestive enzymes do not become active until they reach the small intestine, where they begin digesting food. But if these enzymes become active inside the pancreas, they start "digesting" the pancreas itself.

Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly and lasts for a short period of time and usually resolves. Chronic pancreatitis does not resolve itself and results in a slow destruction of the pancreas. Either form can cause serious complications. In severe cases, bleeding, tissue damage, and infection may occur. Pseudocysts, accumulations of fluid and tissue debris, may also develop and enzymes and toxins may enter the bloodstream, injuring the heart, lungs, and kidneys, or other organs.

Symptoms include moderate to severe pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, swollen abdomen or tenderness to the touch.
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that could be due to a viral infection or chronic alcoholism or drug use.


What does the pancreas do to your body?

The pancreas is a small (5 to 6 inches) gland that produces insulin and enzymes used for digestion. Insulin regulates the use of blood sugar throughout the body and is therefore necessary for life. The pancreas also produces a fluid that neutralizes stomach acid.

The pancreas produces and secretes digestive enzymes which break down carbohydrates (amylase) and fats (lipase).

The beta cells of the pancreas also make insulin which helps control blood glucose levels and allows glucose to enter the cells to be used for energy.

Pancreas: Function

The pancreas is a small organ, approximately six inches long, located in the upper abdomen, and adjacent to the small intestine. It lies toward your back. Because it is so deep within your body, doctors have difficulty diagnosing disease in the pancreas.

The PancreasCompletes the job of breaking down protein, carbohydrates, and fats using digestive juices of pancreas combined with juices from the intestines.

Secretes hormones that affect the level of sugar in the blood.

Produces chemicals that neutralize stomach acids that pass from the stomach into the small intestine by using substances in pancreatic juice.

Contains Islets of Langerhans, which are tiny groups of specialized cells that are scattered throughout the organ.

  • These cells secrete:
    • Glucagon-raises the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood
    • Insulin-stimulates cells to use glucose
    • Somatostatin-may regulate the secretion of glucagons and insulin.

It has two functions:

1) It secretes digestive enzymes into the intestines.

2) It has hormone producing islands of cells that control the glucose levels in the blood by secreting insulin (to lower it) and glucagon (to raise it). It also secretes other hormones called somatostain and pancreatic polypeptide

Intestinal Health

What does blockage of the pancreatic duct cause?

Blockage of the pancreatic duct causes nutrient malabsorption.


Can diabetes cause organ shut down?

Not directly, but if you allow it to get badly out of control it might in the end. This sometimes happens when people have diabetes without knowing it and collapse with dehydration and severe metabolic acidosis.


What is the difference between bile and pancreatic juice?

Bile is made in the liver while pancreatic juices are made in the pancreas. Bile is stored in the gall bladder while pancreatic juices aren't stored. Pancreatic Juice has lots of enzymes while bile just makes the environment suitable for enzymes to survive.


Does the pancreas have a scientific name?


Cars & Vehicles
Car Stalling Problems

What would cause a car to shut down at 30mph or less when it is warm?

I don't know but I have a 1991 Grand Am LE with nearly 200,000 miles on it that's having the exact same problem. Someone recommended I try cleaning the idle air control valve. I haven't done it yet, but I'll let you know if it works. It's nice to know that someone else is having the same problem.

I would suggest that you take your car in for a computer diagnostic. You may have a computer chip that is going bad. I would also suggest that you use Berryman's fuel treatment in your gas tank. It only costs a few dollars and it might help. If the fuel treatment does not work,the computer diagnostic is your best bet. You can call around to find the best price for a computer diagnostic.

Conditions and Diseases

Why is cancer so deadly?

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells. These cells were at one time normal healthy cells but have mutated to become abnormal cells. These cells undergo rapid proliferation (copying) with out the normal check points to ensure that copies are needed and made properly.

These cells continue to grow until a large mass of proliferating cells is found, this is a tumor. Tumors recruit their own blood supply and tend to take up many of they bodies nutrients making it harder for your body to have what it needs to fight it off.

Eventually the tumor can reach a size so large that it can actually crowd out your vital organs making it nearly impossible for them to continue doing their normal functions. For example. All of your internal organs are sensitive to pressure, especially your heart. If a mass of cells began to restrict the space the heart needs to function normally then the heart can no longer do it's job and the patient dies.

Often Cancer can metastasis as well. Metastasis is when cells stop being only in a clump of tumor and begin migrating through out the body and will eventually form new tumors where they end up. Metastasized tumors have a very poor prognosis due to all the locations that new tumors will form.


What is produced in the pancreas?

The hormones insulin and glucagon. Also digestive juices

The pancrease has both endocrine and exocrine functions/secretions. It produces four hormones important in blood sugar regulation; insulin, glucagon, somatastatin and pancreatic polypeptide. The exocrine cells secrete digestive enzymes consiting of amylase, lipase, and proteases (trypsin and chymotrypsin) as well as as bicarbonate.

In addition to the major enzymes the pacrease secretes phospholipase, colipase,elastase, ribonuclease, deoxyribonuclease, gelatinase and others.

Read more: What_are_the_secretions_of_the_pancreas


Where are enzymes found?

Enzymes are often found in your Saliva, stomach and small intestines.

Endocrine System

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where the body does not produce enough insulin (a hormone made in the pancreas that controls the blood glucose levels) to break down the sugar (glucose) in your blood after calorie consumption. Or, in some people, the insulin is produced, but they have developed a resistance to proper utilization of insulin.

Therefore, your blood glucose goes to high levels and that can cause damage to the circulatory system, the kidneys, the blood vessels in the eyes and retina, the nervous system, and other complications of the disease over time when uncontrolled.

When a person has this type of diabetes, blood glucose levels can be controlled by taking insulin (usually shots), oral hypoglycemic medicine, and/or going on a special low calorie diet that is taken in small amounts frequently throughout the day to keep glucose more stable. Scientists are finding that eating cinnamon also helps to control stable blood sugar levels.

There are different types of diabetes mellitus. The most common are:

  1. Juvenile onset (type 1) diabetes. This is the most severe type of diabetes, onset is early in life; in infancy or early childhood.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - Often your pancreas has not shut down entirely, but your body may have developed insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes normally happens in the age range of 30+ and often in the obese. Dieting and weight loss can be very helpful to control this type of diabetes.
  3. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - Some women develop this type of diabetes during pregnancy even if they have never had problems before then. It often resolves after the pregnancy.
  4. Diabetes Mellitus can be caused temporarily in patients who are receiving steroid medication and some other types of medication.
  5. An entirely different disorder is also called diabetes at times, and is actually Diabetes Insipidus. This is caused by a tumor or other problem in the function of the pituitary gland. It is rare, and treatment may involve surgical intervention, although this is not always an option. Like Diabetes Mellitus, it causes increased thirst and consumption of large amounts of water which not only increases frequency and amounts of urine, the dilution of urine can create other problems. It is not related to the blood glucose and is called diabetes only because the word means excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst which are symptoms that the two different conditions have in common.

For more information about these conditions, see the related links in the related links section.
Diabetes is a disease wherein there is high blood glucose in the body. This could be brought about by low or no insulini in the body to help glucose be absorbed by the cells for use or there is low sensitivity to insulin in the body.

Will eating between meals tend to wear out your pancreas and lead you to diabetes?

only if you are obese and do not eat well. other wise, a small snack between meals is quite good for you and keeps you from eating too much at each meal.


What are the enzymes found in pancreatic juice?

Some of the enzymes that are found in pancreatic juice include trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase, lipase and amylase. These enzymes are important for digestion.

In addition, the pancreas produces and secretes buffers that help neutralize the stomach acids found in chyme.

Stomach and Abdominal Pain

Where is your pancreas located in your body?

behind the stomch in the back of the abdmen

Digestive System

What does pancreatic juice do to the food in the small intestines?



What is the role of bicarbonate ions in pancreatic juice?

the digestive juice

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Where is the pancreas located in the human body?

The pancreas is in the abdomen, behind the stomach. It is shaped a little like a tadpole and is approximately 25cm long. The pancreas is an organ of the digestive system and of the endocrine (hormonal) system.

To visualize the position of the pancreas, try this: Touch the thumb and "pinkie" finger of your right hand together, keeping the other three fingers together and straight. Then, place your hand in the center of your belly just below your lower ribs with your fingers pointing to the left. Your hand will be at the approximate level of your pancreas.

The pancreas is located in front of the liver and kidney, within the lower abdominal cavity.


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