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Thyroid

The thyroid is responsible for controlling your metabolism, blood calcium levels, energy, excess fats, hormones, oxygen, weight loss. Blood tests can determine your TSH levels to see if you thyroid gland is functioning properly. If you have an under-active thyroid, you are said to have hypothyroidism. If you have an overactive thyroid, you are said to have hyperthyroidism. The thyroid can also be related to several other conditions such as Grave's Disease and heart problems.

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Which diseases or disorders affect the thyroid glands?

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Asked by Wiki User

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Several diseases and disorders can affect the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. These conditions can lead to either overactivity (hyperthyroidism) or underactivity (hypothyroidism) of the thyroid gland. Some common thyroid disorders include:

Hypothyroidism:

Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, leading to inflammation and reduced thyroid function.

Iodine Deficiency: Insufficient iodine intake can result in hypothyroidism, as iodine is crucial for the production of thyroid hormones.

Postpartum Thyroiditis: Some women may experience thyroid dysfunction after giving birth.

Hyperthyroidism:

Graves' Disease: An autoimmune disorder where the immune system stimulates the thyroid to produce excess hormones.

Toxic Nodular or Multinodular Goiter: Formation of nodules on the thyroid gland that produce excessive thyroid hormones.

Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland, which can lead to the release of stored hormones into the bloodstream.

Thyroid Nodules:

Thyroid Cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that form in the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Adenomas: Non-cancerous tumors that can develop in the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Cancer:

Papillary Thyroid Cancer: The most common type of thyroid cancer.

Follicular Thyroid Cancer: Accounts for a smaller percentage of thyroid cancers.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer: Originates from thyroid cells producing calcitonin.

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: A rare and aggressive form of thyroid cancer.

What precaution as to thoracotomy should be taken?

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Asked by GaleEncyofMedicine

A thoracotomy is a surgical procedure involving an incision in the chest wall to access the thoracic cavity. Common in cases of lung resections, biopsies, chest organ injuries, and chronic diseases.

Precautions are crucial to ensure the safety and success of the procedure. Here are some general precautions associated with thoracotomy:

1.Patient Evaluation: Thoroughly assess the patient's medical history, including any allergies, previous surgeries, and underlying medical conditions. Also, conduct preoperative tests to evaluate the patient's overall health and identify any potential complications.

2.Informed Consent: Obtain informed consent from the patient, explaining the nature of the procedure, potential risks, benefits, and alternatives.

3.Patient Positioning: Properly position the patient to provide optimal access to the surgical site while minimizing the risk of complications such as nerve injuries, pressure sores, or joint damage.

4.Anesthesia: Ensure the patient is adequately anesthetized before incision. Anesthesia management is critical to the patient's comfort and well-being during the procedure.

These are some of the precautions to be taken while performing the thoracotomy procedure and to know more about it and related concepts, you may opt for this online course - Surgery MS by Prof. Dr. Nilay Mandal on DigiNerve.

This course includes well-illustrated video lectures and printed notes helping in the conceptual clarity of students.

It also comprises benchmark trials, DxTx, OSCEs, surgical tips, SxTools (surgical instruments explained through flashcards), and case discussions.

I suggest this course to every student in this area as it is extremely helpful.

If you take Thyroid medicine can you take msm as well?

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Asked by Wiki User

I found this on another site:

Will it affect my thyroid problem?

No. MSM may be taken if you have a thyroid condition. Although, as always, we would recommend that you do inform your doctor of your desire to take MSM.

http://www.wwhonline.com/pdf/msm-factsheet.pdf

What are the survival rates for thyroid cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

Thyroid cancer is generally associated with very high survival rates. The prognosis for thyroid cancer is often favorable, with the majority of patients surviving the disease. Survival rates can vary depending on the specific type and stage of thyroid cancer. Here are some general survival rate statistics:

Papillary Thyroid Cancer: Papillary thyroid cancer, the most common type, has a high survival rate. The 5-year relative survival rate for localized papillary thyroid cancer is approximately 99%, meaning that almost all patients with localized disease are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Even for regional (spread to nearby lymph nodes) or distant (metastatic) disease, the 5-year survival rate remains relatively high at around 93%.

Follicular Thyroid Cancer: Follicular thyroid cancer also has favorable survival rates. The 5-year relative survival rate for localized disease is approximately 97%. For regional disease, it's about 86%, and for distant disease, it's around 67%.

Medullary Thyroid Cancer: Medullary thyroid cancer has slightly lower survival rates compared to papillary and follicular types. For localized disease, the 5-year relative survival rate is around 98%. For regional disease, it's about 89%, and for distant disease, it drops to approximately 41%.

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer, and survival rates are much lower. The 5-year relative survival rate for this type is generally less than 10%, and many cases are fatal.

How can you tell if an older cat has thyroid problems?

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Asked by Wiki User

Our cat began losing weight while still eating the normal amount. He was also more active than usual. It was confirmed with a blood test. Our cat began losing weight while still eating the normal amount. He was also more active than usual. It was confirmed with a blood test.

Who has the more active thyroid gland cats or humans?

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Asked by Wiki User

Both cats and humans can end up with hypothyroidism, a condition that causes them to have low thyroid levels. Cats typically get this condition late in their life, while people can get hypothyroidism in adulthood.

Why is our chihuahuas pupils enlarged?

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Asked by Sfmf

If you mean why are your dog's ocular globes protruding, that is a genetic inherited characteristic of the race.

However, if you are asking why your Chihuahua's pupil is excessively dilated, you should take it to your veterinarian for an examination. This can be a sign of brain damage, nerve damage or muscular damage in or around the eye.

Can you drink coffee after thyroid surgery?

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Asked by Wiki User

You may drink coffee in moderation without worrying. The latest scientific information shows that 1-2 cups of coffee a day are safe. I'd stay away from multiple super-venti-grand-giganto lattes with extra shots, though! The only problem with too much coffee would be that you'd be more jittery than normal because of the thyroid medication. Basically, you can tell if you've had enough coffee. When you start feeling jittery, it's time to stop and drink less next time.

Can glutathione cause side effects?

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Asked by Wiki User

There are no known side effects from oral glutathione, except empty wallet syndrome.

For a list of the known side effects, for proven methods to raise glutathione, please consult the related link..

What is complex cysts?

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Asked by Wiki User

Complex Cyst is a common problem, it occurs in the childbearing age of a woman. A complex ovarian cyst is made up of fluid and solid contents.

What happens when you stop taking thyroid?

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Asked by Wiki User

Can one stop taking thyroid medicine, and go over to foods such as seaweed, fich oil, or other supplements?

What is echotexture?

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Asked by Wiki User

What is heterogeneous echotexture

Is Cretinism due to a congenital lack of thyroid secretion?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, cretinism is the condition caused by congenital lack of thyroid secretion. Neonatal thyroid testing is an important preventive strategy. Cretinism can be prevented by thyroid supplementation in patients with congenital hypothyroidism.

What does a hypoechoic nodule in soft tissues mean?

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Asked by Wiki User

A thyroid nodule is simply a mass in your thyroid. Hyperechoic is a term used in ultrasound which determines how bright or dark the nodule is. Ultrasound is all black, white, and gray scales, so a hyperechoic nodule would be a mass in the thyroid that is BRIGHTER than the rest of the thyroid tissue.

How do you remove the goiter?

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Asked by Wiki User

A test is done, thyroid radioactive uptake, to see the size of the goiter. There is a possibility that the goiter will shrink without the need for surgery. The other removal method is surgery. Have a doctor determine these.

What hormone is produced by the thyroid gland?

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Asked by Wiki User

There are two important hormones. They are tyroxine and calcitonin.

Can your thyroid make you sleep all the time?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, that is one of the typical symptoms. However, other conditions (e.g. too much of your thyroid medication) can cause the same symptom.

What is thyroid nuclear scan?

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Asked by Wiki User

A thyroid nuclear medicine scan is a diagnostic procedure to evaluate the thyroid gland, which is located in the front of the neck and controls the body's metabolism.

A radioactive substance that concentrates in the thyroid is taken orally or injected into a vein (intravenously), or both. A special camera is used to take an image of the distribution of the radioactive substance in and around the thyroid gland. This is interpreted to evaluate thyroid function and to diagnose abnormalities.

i hope that this answer helped you..!

What does the thyroid function tests reveal?

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Asked by Wiki User

It depends- if you have a healthy thyroid gland, then it just reveals healthy thyroid tissue. It can also tell if your thyroid gland is over-active or under-active, producing too much or too little thyroxin which is a condition correctable by medication.

In the unlucky event of you having thyroid cancer, it will reveal the presence of malignant cells, although it should be added that if caught early enough, this is normally completely treatable. Even if the gland has to be removed, the patient can continue to live normally with regular injections of thyroxin (rather like diabetics with insulin injections).

If a person is having a problem with balance what part would most likely be the cause?

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Asked by Wiki User

Balance problems, or vertigo, are caused by a conflict between what is seen and how the inner ear perceives it, leading to confusion in the brain.

A relatively rare life-threatening condition caused by exaggerated hyperthyroidism?

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Asked by Wiki User

Graves' Disease.

It is the most common cause of Hyperthyrodism and Goiter.

Graves' Disease causes toxic Goiter which than ]will present with symptoms of thyrotoxicosis such as palpitations, hyperactivity, weight loss despite increased appetite, and heat intolerance.

What is diagnostic lobectomy?

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Asked by Wiki User

A diagnostic lobectomy is a term sometimes used to refer to a Thyroid lobectomy in which half of the nodule-containing thyroid gland is removed. The term "diagnostic lobectomy" is in the instance where no clear preoperative diagnosis has been made, and the results can be used to help determine the appropriate diagnosis.

Can thyroid symptoms be misdiagnosed as fibromyalgia?

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Asked by Wiki User

Many of the symptoms are similar and it is easily misdiagnosed.

Answer

Taking the time to research, here's what I've learned about the thyroid and Autoimmune diseases in general. First: can thyroid symptoms be mistaken for Fibromyalgia? Highly unlikely because there are definitive tests and images that can accurately detect a thyroid problem and/or disease and/or tumor of the thyroid. Thyroid functioning tests would be conducted way ahead of suspecting an Autoimmune disease like Fibromyalgia.

A person suffering from Fibromyalgia would have a range of symptoms with a lot of tests showing negative results. There is one 'EXCEPTION'. When Fibromyalgia is in a 'flare up' stage, it's likely at least one or more of the patients immugobulin's (specific test of the immune system) would be off. Most notably, the IgE (immugobulin E) will probably test high. A normal IgE will nest around the 114 number (it's higher for men than women). My IgE is a good example of a immugoblulin in a serious temper tantrum. It's at 1,850. Sounds like I should explode, huh? Anyways...testing immugobulins tells doctors how well or not the immune system is functioning. Doctors can also test to see if an autoimmune disorder is in the rheumatic system using a blood test known as ANA and/or ANCA. It's easy for doctors to know they're dealing with inappropriate immune responses when other trouble makers test negative (like the thyroid).

So back to answering the original question, the thyroid would be an easy and obvious thing to test before suspecting an Autoimmune disease. What makes a Fibromyalgia diagnoses particularly important is the patient getting referred to a Neurologist first and then Rheumatologist to have their symptoms properly evaluated. It usually takes the skill of both doctors, but the Neurologists are an important first stop to help rule out and/or identify any related neorpathy conditions and flush out a more serious illness. These two specialists can usually pinpoint the definitive differences between Fibromyalgia vs. another Autoimmune diseases.

An autoimmune disease is simply a failure of one or more immugobulins in the immune system to respond correctly. The irrational response(s) are a result of brain tranmissions getting their wires crossed. Everyone with allergies suffers with an inappropriate immune response. In those cases the response is mild and responds quickly to OTC or perscription medications. Autoimmune diseases don't easily respond. The inflammation controlled by the central nervous system can be horrific and what parts of the body they attack is how they are segregated by name. Fibroymalgia is not alone in being difficult to diagnose nor is it alone in knowing exactly what causes it. It's difference is not being as consistent with the areas of the body it attacks whereas Lupus, MS, and Vascultis usually have a more definitive pattern that help doctors identify and monitor those diseases as they progress. If those patterns don't develop the doctors have named the mobility autoimmune disease Fibromyalgia. It is not a trash diagnoses nor is it a 'I give up' diagnosis. The disease moves around the body like a pin ball in a pin ball machine and that's what give it a unique identity. But there's the real deal. It's not as important that someone know with certainly which Autoimmune disease they have as it is having the right kind of doctor and monitored treatment.

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Fibromyalgia is an individual syndrome...what works for one is not the same for the next. Yes, Thyroid Symptoms can be confused for FIBRO and same back, and YES you can have them both happening FOR REAL at the same time. My rheumy had me doing labs to follow levels, when I felt best/worst, etc. A couple years of tracking. I was able to move through menopause keeping my Thyroid numbers perfect. 1 week of hot flashes. And when my thyroid level is adjusted to 2.0, I feel my best and that I am in control.

I do not use the latest of the drugs out on the market claiming cure or changes in my FIBRO condition. I have had FMS since I was a little girl, documented by medical records. As a child, they would use penicillin injections to 'make me better'. This is no different that the flooded drug market with the latest. Each has to figure out what works. My mind works hard, even if the body lags behind. Fibromyalgia won't kill you. It can make your life unbearable, tho.

My FIBRO also mimics MS, to the point of full testing to rule it out. MS runs in my family, my generation (6). Followed advice of THEIR doctors and was tested. Symptoms stated FMS related. Had a friend who was Dxed as FMS, later finding out it was MS as she regressed.