Stone Castles

Questions about the stone castles that were built in the 11th century just after the motte and bailey castles. The stone castles still exist today.

2,218 Questions
Castles
Stone Castles

What are the advantages and disadvantages of Stone Keep castles?

Here are the advantages and disadvantages of Stone Keep Castles (Stone Castles): Advantages

  • They don't rot within a few decades but will last for centuries to come
  • They don't burn as the castles are made of stone
  • They are very strong as the stone that the castles are made from are very heavy
  • The Stone Keep Castles have very high walls meaning that any attackers that come can't fire arrows over it, but the defenders are able to shoot arrows back over the walls because they are on top of them
  • The towers in Stone Keep Castles are massive meaning that the attackers not to be able to shoot arrows up but enabling the defenders to shoot arrows off the tower
  • The walls are a few meters thick making it really hard to knock down
  • They have arrow slits in the walls which are useful for the defenders to shoot arrows out of at the attackers
  • The drawbridge are usually thick so the attackers battering ram can't get through
Disadvantages
  • Although the walls are high enough for arrows not being able to shoot over. The attackers can still fire rocks, pigs & other missiles by a trebuchet or a catapult
  • The towers are a one way path up to the top so if a few attackers are coming up the tower, the defenders don't have anywhere to go
  • These type of castles are very expensive to build unlike their previous castles the Motte and Bailey castles
  • Stone Keep castles are also very heavy making them hard to build
  • Once getting through the drawbridge there was an open area where all the attacking soldiers could kill the defenders
  • People can undermine and knock the corners of the castle down
  • They took a long time to build
  • More specialized skills were needed to build them

Basically, all in all, the stone keep castles were a very good castle to have a the time given the circumstances that happened at that time.

If this isn't useful then please edit or feedback as not useful.

Thank you xx

Advantages
  • They don't rot within a few decades but will last for centuries to come (They still stand today)
  • They don't burn as the castles are made of stone (obviously)
  • They are very strong as the stone that the castles are made from are very heavy
  • The Stone Keep Castles have very high walls meaning that any attackers that come can't fire arrows over it, but the defenders are able to shoot arrows back over the walls because they are on top of them
  • The towers in Stone Keep Castles are massive meaning that the attackers not to be able to shoot arrows up but enabling the defenders to shoot arrows off the tower
  • The walls are a few meters thick making it really hard to knock down
  • They have arrow slits in the walls which are useful for the defenders to shoot arrows out of at the attackers
  • The drawbridge are usually thick so the attackers battering ram can't get through
Disadvantages
  • Although the walls are high enough for arrows not being able to shoot over, the attackers can still fire rocks, pigs or whatever they can find out of a trebuchet or a catapult
  • The towers are a one way path up to the top so if a few attackers are coming up the tower, the defenders don't have anywhere to go
  • These type of castles are very expensive to build unlike their previous castles the Motte and Bailey castles
  • Stone Keep castles are also very heavy making them hard to build
  • Once getting through the drawbridge there was an open area where all the attacking soldiers could kill the defenders
  • people burry and nock the corners of the castle down
  • They took a long time to build
  • More specialized skills were needed to build them
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Stone Castles
Painting and Watercolors

What is a print made from stone?

Litho

125126127
Middle Ages
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

What are the weaknesses of a Motte and Bailey Castle?

The Wooden castles were not very strong and they caught fire easily many attackers used fire arrows. A battering ram could be used to breach the palisade. The keep was the last line of defence. As well as this, the wood rots quite quickly.
The walls were made of wood, which made protecting them from fire difficult. The defenders would try cover them with wet hides during an attack, but this would not always work.

They were also vulnerable to attacks by battering ram or catapult.

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Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

What was the stone keep castle made out of?

99100101
Castles
Stone Castles

How long did it take to make a stone castle?

about 1 year

959697
Stone Castles

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the stone keep castle?

Strengths:

  • Hard to shoot arrows through narrow windows
  • Fire can't burn stone
  • Battering ram would have extreme difficulty in damaging walls

Weaknesses:

  • Catapults can tear the stone
  • Ladders can be used to invade castle easily
  • Castle defenders won't be able to see afar from low ground
979899
Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

What are motte and bailey castles?

A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. It was made of wood and many were built in Britain and France in the 11th and 12th centuries. Each took 7 to 14 days to build. There were very few Celtic/pre-norman motte and bailey castles. The Normans brought motte and bailey castles in packages like make your own furniture. The main weakness of the motte and bailey castle was that they were usually wooden and therefore burned easily.

Parts of the motte and bailey castleKeep- The safest and highest part of the castle. The last line of defence.

Motte- usually buily by the local English people. About 15 meters high. There could be more than one.

Wodden Bridge- this led from the bailey to the starts climbing the motte.

Bailey- A large yard with storeroom, kitchens, stables and guardrooms. There could be more than one.

Palisade- the wooden fence surrounding the bailey.

Gateway & Drawbridge- the entrance to the bailey, guarded by the baron's soldiers.

Ditch- when filled with water it was know as a moat.

899091
Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

How has Farnham castle changed?

it has got bigger and that means it has changed.

676869
History of England
Stone Castles

When was the first stone keep castle built?

The first stone castle was built in the city of norwich in the 12th century by duke William of Normandy

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History of England
Castles
Stone Castles

Why was the Warwick Castle built?

To protect England from another war, it was an order from William the Conquerer.

454647
Middle Ages
Castles
Birmingham England
Stone Castles

Whats it like to live in castle bromwich?

Very active. :]

616263
Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

Does Lincoln have any features of a shell keep castle?

596061
Castles
Stone Castles
William the Conqueror

What kind of castle did William build?

=Wooden in 1066 on words because they were cheap and quick but then he built the with stone and brick.=

555657
Castles
Stone Castles

Where were square keep castles build?

stone keep castles were built on large steep hills

hope this helps xxx

495051
England
Castles
Stone Castles

Is Conisbrough castle a typical castle?

== == Castles had some common features, but there was no such thing as a typical castle. They were built over different times by different people with different materials.

535455
Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

What do castles normally have?

Features of castles changed greatly throughout the centuries. A motte and bailey castle, for example, prevalent in France after the viking invasion and England after 1066, consisted of a huge mound of earth with a tower on top. An early stone castle consisted of one stone keep, sometimes huge in size (e.g Rochester) and perhaps a ditch around the outside.
After this, castles got fancy. The idea of a keep was abandoned and a concentric castle was developed- no keep, just really strong curtain walls, with mural towers (towers in the wall) The gatehouse became the strongest point of a castle, with either two or one towers protecting it, depending on the date it was built in. Arrow slits were an early development, and when guns were used, they were often adapted to accomodate guns too. A good example of a castle like this is Caerphilly, built by Edward I in the late 12th century.

535455
History of England
Castles
Stone Castles

When was Warwick Castle built?

William the conqueror built a wooden Motte and Bailey Castle there in 1068. This Motte and Bailey design was replaced with a stone keep castle in 1260. For more details on this question, visit one of the related links below.

495051
History of England
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

What's the difference between a Motte and Bailey castle and a stone castle?

A Motte and bailey castle is made of mud and wood and a stone castle is made of stone. A Motte and Bailey castle sets on fire easily, Rots and isn't very strong. Stone castles, however Does not set on fire easily, doesn't rot and is very strong.

Stone castles also have turrets and extra walls for added safety.

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England
Castles
Stone Castles

Why was Windsor Castle built?

It was built as defensive outpost for the Tower of London about a days

march away in 1070. Henry II converted in to stone 100 years later.

let me know if this helped

454647
Middle Ages
Castles
Stone Castles

How would you attack Warwick castle in medieval times?

First you would perhaps besiege the castle which is to surround it. You could then send sappers in which are people that did under the castle walls and then set fire to the wall with pig fat. on a stone keep castle, sappers would often dig under the corner of the castle as here, their were no windows so nobody could see what they were doing! Next, you could use a siege tower to climb over the castle walls, and then you could use long bowers to shoot arrows over the castle walls. Then, you would use a trebauchet (pronounced: TREBUCHAY) and a mangonel which are both forms of catapults! You would load the catapult with animal carcases, dead bodies and rocks! you could also use a battering ram to ram down a wall or door. A battering ram was a tree trunk with a metal ram head on the front. It would be hauled into walls or doors! Hope this helped!!

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Stone Castles

Why are stone keep castles called stone keep castle?

This is because the keep itself is made out of Stone.

they were built in medieval times.

474849
Castles
Motte and Bailey Castles
Stone Castles

Why were stone keep castles built?

Stone keep castles were built because it wasn't going to burn or rot like Motte and Bailey castles would. Also, it would keep it the castle standing for a long amount of time.Because the Motte and Bailey castles would just burn the stone keep castles were a brilliant idea. They lasted longer, they were better defence though the only down side was that they took a lot longer to build. The wooden Motte and Bailey castles only took a week or two but the stone castles would take months.

Square keep castle are quite strong castles, as for this they built lots of them for defence the stronger the castle the better defence because square castles have round towers in each corner the pressure spreads every where and not in one place so the castle does not collapse.

353637
History, Politics & Society
England
Castles
Stone Castles

Does windsor castle have a ditch?

Windsor Castle did have a ditch (moat) up until Charles II had it filled in in the 1700s.The moat was never filled with water though, as the castle is built upon chalk. Any water would have sunk straight through.

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Stone Castles

Where did they build keeps?

They built keeps on hills like motte and Bailey castles but keeps were more different they were stronger and made of stone unlike motte and bailey castles, motte and Bailey castles were mostly made out of wood.

hope this information helps !

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