Voltaire

Voltaire was a French philosopher, writer, and historian. Voltaire was famous for his advocacy of civil liberties and his wit.

Asked in History, Politics & Society, American Revolution, Colonial America, Voltaire

Who are the enlightenment thinkers?

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John Locke Thomas Hobbes Francois Marie Arouet, using pen name Voltaire Baron de Montesquieu Jean Jacques Rosseau Cesare Bonesana Beccaria Mary Wollstonecraft
Asked in US Constitution, Authors, Poets, and Playwrights, Voltaire

How did Voltaire influence the U.S Constitution?

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His ideas helped in many ways but most importantly his belief in Religious and freedom from government sponsored religion influenced the 1st Amendment to the Constitution. The 1st Amendment (Bill of Rights) protects citizens from having their government dictate religious practices. To paraphrase the 1st Amendment, the government cannot establish a religion and it cannot prevent citizens from establishing a religion. This became known as the "Establishment Clause".
Asked in War and Military History, History, Voltaire

Who was histories greatest Conqueror?

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Genghis Khan. However this is up for debate as some may consider Julius Caesar a greater conqueror, or Napoleon, or Alexander. However those other Conquerors had already a powerful army at their disposal, and were technologically equal or better than the nations/peoples they conquered. Furthermore they had their nation more or less unified, except for Caesar, who had to fight in 1 or 2 civil wars(please correct this stat). Genghis on the other hand had to first unite together the Mongolian warring tribes. After uniting them together, he had to face nations who were technologically ahead of him. They even had to fight against strongly fortified cities, which the Mongolians had never seen before in their lives, let alone have the knowledge to break into them. Lastly he conquered more land on his own, and during his own time, then did any of the other conquerors. The greatest conqueror will always be up for debate, as one can never weigh the different conquerors accomplishments against each other, as each had to face different difficulties during their own time. Lastly, this is not about the greatest conquering nation, it is about who(ONE person) is the greatest conqueror. So if you wish to debate my choice, make sure you have A conqueror to represent and not a nation. ---- The Mongols were the finest horsemen in the known world, if that's not a powerful army I'm not sure what is? ---- The Mongols beat ninety city's in one year many of them walled and on the feild they had superior tactics and skill.
Asked in Founding Fathers, American Revolution, US Constitution, Voltaire

How did the ideas of Locke Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire and Beccaria influence the founding fathers?

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Locke's political philosophy influenced the American Revolution the most. To exemplify this, recall Thomas Jefferson's famous phrase from the Declaration of Independence: "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness". This phrase actually appeared in the writings of Locke in his Two Treatises on Government where he says "no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions." Jefferson changed the last condition from "possessions" (or "estate") because he feared people would claim they have the right to the property of others, so he claimed people have the right to pursue that which makes them happy. Locke also believed in the following political and philosophical principles: (1) government is required to protect people's natural rights, (2) government should have limited power, (3) the type of government should be accepted by all citizens, (4) absolute monarchy is immoral, (5) government has an obligation to those it governs, and (6) people have the right to overthrow government if the it fails its obligations or takes away natural rights (revolution). Montesquieu wrote The Spirit of the Laws. His article described checks and balances on government by dividing the functions of power between three separate branches of government to protects liberty. One can see his ideas about separation of governmental powers reflected in the United States Constitution with the separate branches of government: the legislative, judiciary, and the executive. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was the champion of democracy because he believed that authority lies with the people. In The Social Contract, written in 1762, Rousseau states that (1) man is born free, (2) controls by a freely formed government are good, (3) consent to a form of governments means that the individual gives up self-interest in favor of the common good, and (4) when government is by the consent of the governed the people retain their rights. Jefferson makes implicit reference to Rousseau when in the Declaration of Independence, he states that the King of England no longer has the consent of the colonists which he rules and therefore his power over them is nullified. Voltaire opened peoples eyes to the corruption by officials and aristocrats with his biting satirical works. His writings allowed others to see the injustice of slave trade and religious prejudice. The Declaration of Independence also reflects British government corruption which devastated the American colonies and drove the Founding Fathers to revolution. Additionally, Voltaire was a staunch supporter of the freedom of speech, which is emphasized by the American Constitution. Beccaria was an Italian writer who sought to change these excessive and cruel punishments by applying the rationalist, social contract ideas to crime and criminal justice. His small book, On Crimes and Punishments), was published in 1764 and was well-received by intellectuals and some reform-minded rulers who had already accepted the general framework of social contract thinking. Even more important for the book's acceptance, however, was the fact that the American Revolution occurred soon after this book's publication. These two great revolutions were both guided by naturalistic ideas of the social contract philosophers. To these revolutionaries, Beccaria's book represented the latest and best thinking on the subject of crime and criminal justice. They therefore used his ideas as the basis for their new criminal justice systems.
Asked in Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, Religion & Spirituality, Judaism, Voltaire

What supreme being do Jews believe in?

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God, who created the universe.God is One. The concept of a dualism (as in Zoroastrianism), an independent Satan, multiple gods (polytheism; paganism) or a trinity of three in one, are all unimaginable in Judaism. Also, any belief that an intermediary between humanity and God should be used, whether as necessary or even optional, is considered heretical.He is non-physical, indivisible and incomparable. Jewish tradition teaches that God is beyond human comprehension; and that it is only God's revealed deeds, as He interacts with mankind and the world, that we can begin to grasp.God is omniscient (He is aware of everything), and infinitely wise.God created the universe and all existence, including time and space, in a deliberate, purposeful act of benevolent Creation.God is the mover of everything. No molecule can move without the energy and direction with which God imbues it.God is eternal; and His ways are also eternal. He is not capricious, forgetful or fickle.God is just. He rewards good and punishes evil - whether in this world or in the afterlife.God is ethical and moral; and He expects us to imitate His ways.The God of Israel is the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He is the guide of history, who delivered the Israelites from Egyptian slavery.God is the source of law, who gave the Torah to the Israelites at Mount Sinai.God is immanent and personal, meaning that he relates to humanity and hears our prayers. This is the basis of the Psalms and our siddur (prayerbook).
Asked in Jobs & Education, Voltaire

What is the view for Voltaire for human nature?

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In Candide? He is satirising the relentless ever-present optimism that he noticed during his time period. He belived that humans are naturally sinful and as people try to believe everything Is for the best, they begin ignoring true and real problems. Basically, whatever your opinion may be, he was annoyed by ridiculous optimism. He drank coffee 50-72 times a day.
Asked in Twilight Eclipse, Voltaire

Who plays the Voltaire vampires in Eclipse?

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Michael Sheen: Aro Christopher Heyerdahl: Marcus Jamie Campbell Bower: Caius Dakota Fanning: Jane Cameron Bright: Alec Charlie Bewley: Demetri Daniel Cudmore: Felix Noot Seea: Heidi Hope I helped :)
Asked in History of Europe, Philosophy and Philosophers, Voltaire

What were Voltaire's views on education of the common man?

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Voltaire believed that education was an important thing for everyone to have (not women, but all men) so that they could be free of religion and understand with reason. He believed that the Catholic Church was greedy and wrong in its teachings. He thought that god did not make everything happen but that there was a reason behind everything in nature. He believed that education was the way to understanding the truth and the way to be free of organized religion and to understand the truth (REASON).
Asked in History, Politics & Society, Voltaire

Why was Voltaire so important?

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..."the more enlightened men are, the more they will be free." (Upshur, 2002 p. 469) These are words that Voltaire spoke/wrote during the age of enlightenment. As methods of transportation improved, so too did the concept of the common people becoming more aware of their conditions. Were they treated fairly? Did they have the opportunities in work and education that they wished for? Voltaire was one of many who encouraged the people of the world to think independently and begin to question if they had what the needed.
Asked in History of Europe, Roman Empire, Voltaire

What is meant by the French essayist and philosopher Voltaire when he described the Holy Roman Empire as an agglomeration which was neither holy nor Roman nor an empire.?

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an agglomeration is a group of collectively weak and desperate elements. the holy roman empire was a group of dutchies or masses of lands ruled by princes who didn't get much money from the king so didn't really have to listen to him. so it wasn;t really an empire. rarely would the king have control of rome or anywhere on Italy it wasnt until late in the empire that it straddled the alps. it was rather holy seeing that its kings tried in vein to united western Europe under Christianity but the fact that they would slaughter those who did not accept their religion or the king as their king, charlamagne is said to have killed 3500 people in one day for not conforming, these kind of actions are not so holy.
Asked in Ethics and Morality, Political Theory, Voltaire

What Was Voltaire's impact on society?

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Voltaire spurred the third estates people into revolting along with many others. Voltaire created many satire plays, poems, and books of which were best sellers. Voltaire criticized the governments of both England and France which made people realize the rights of which they did not have and gave them more reason to overthrow. He helped clarify the peasants, city workers, and middle classmen's reasons why to revolt against the over taxing, controlling, unjust, unfair, and wealthy owned government that still resembled Fuedalism in class structure and working conditions. thank you.......... *you're welcome*
Asked in History, Politics & Society, History of Europe, Africa, Voltaire, Imperialism

What is European colonialism?

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A system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw materials and market for their products . but many Muslims were killed
Asked in History of Russia, History of France, Catherine the Great, Voltaire

What was Voltaire's opinion of Catherine the Great?

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Interesting question. Turns out Voltaire and Catherine the Great carried on a long correspondence for about 10 years. Voltaire respected Catherine and referred to her as an "enlightened despot". Although he disapproved of her extravagant court, he admired her strong leadership and rule. He also called her the "Star of the North". He thought so highly of Catherine, he evidently kept a portrait of her in his bedroom. Catherine corresponded with some of the greatest minds of the era and encouraged arts, philosophy and sciences.
Asked in Religion & Spirituality, Voltaire

What were Voltaire's beliefs?

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Voltaire believed that human beings are basically evil and need to be treated that way. He promoted religious freedom and social reform. He spoke out against the French government and the Roman Catholic Church.
Asked in Famous People, Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire

What did Voltaire do for the Enlightenment?

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Voltaire was an french enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for wanting freedom of religion and free trade. His works influenced many thinkers during the American and the french revolutions.
Asked in History, Politics & Society, History of Europe, Philosophy and Philosophers, Voltaire

What are the main ideas of Voltaire?

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It is unclear that Voltaire knew what his main ideas were since he contradicted himself quite often. Voltaire is the pen name for Francois-Marie Arouet who was a French Enlightenment essayist, poet, writer and philosopher known as much for his wit as his defense of freedom, in particular his views on freedom of religion and free trade. Voltaire is often mistakenly viewed as an atheist which probably stems from his assertion that: "If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent Him." But to extrapolate from that a sense of atheism is to ignored the context in which he said it. Voltaire was not criticizing God but rather established religion and Voltaire was a Deist who actually erected a chapel on his estate. Voltaire did not believe that an adherence to any particular religious dogma was required in order to believe in God. Voltaire wrote: "What is faith? Is it to believe that which is evident? No. It is perfectly evident to my mind that there exists a necessary, eternal, supreme and intelligent being. This is no matter of faith, but of reason." His contradictory nature was, however, is evidenced by his advocacy of Deism for the elite but recommending Christianity for tailors and chamber maids. Even though Voltaire was a man who passionately believed in clarity an reason it is unclear what reasons he had for believing that man's nature is unchangeable but then advocating the arts and humanities as ways for man to evolve. He clearly believed in freedom but was rather skeptical of self governance and was horrified at the idea of revolution..
Asked in Slavery, Voltaire

What did Voltaire think about slavery?

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He loved blacks, he thinks everyone should own one.
Asked in American Revolution, Ancient History, Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire

What did enlightenment thinkers believe?

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Enlightenment thinkers believed people should choose their own leaders.

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