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History of Australia

Parent Category: History
Questions about the prehistory and recent history of the continent of Australia.
Australia was founded in 1788, so that would make its bicentennial fall in 1988
We don't take any oath on Australia Day, only to-be citizens of  Australia take an oath when they become Australian.
The original name was New Holland, due to the dutch being the first  foreigners to find it. Before that the Aboriginals had their own  groups and land, sort of like unofficial states. Then when the  british settled it was split into colonies that had mostly the same  layout and names of the...
The First Fleet made three stops on the way from Portsmouth,  England to New South Wales.    From Portsmouth, Britain to Tenerife in the Canary Islands , off  the north western coast of Africa.   From the Canary Islands, the Fleet passed the Cape Verde Islands,  off the west coast of...
they never did and they never will they are always suppressed.
The commander of the First Fleet was Captain Arthur Phillip.
Before it became its own country, Australia was the furthest part  of the British empire. The British ruled over the far off land in  much the same way they ruled over their other lands, with  government and laws meant to benefit the crown.
In 1635 the Boston Latin school open and was the first town supported school and it established a system of local control over schools. The passage of the Massachusetts Deluder Satan Act required every town of at least 50 households to open and operate schools. The intent of the new law was to make...
Mass unemployment nationwide poverty and hunger
In any nation's quest for independence, a lot of reasons may be at  play. Refer to the expert answer by 'On The Wallaby' for a more  in-depth analysis.
The feral cat was not introduced as a feral cat, they evolved from domestic cats that escaped domesticity and went to the wild. In the wild they revert very quickly back to their natural instincts for survival. The same applies to feral dogs, pigs, goats and horses. Cats were a standard fixture on...
Greeks who came to Australia were faced with language barriers.  Australia was an English speaking country, so Greek individuals  were forced to speak the language.
  Yes ... all personal effects are returned to the parents or next living relative.
1770 marked the year Australia's Eastern coastline was mapped by  English Captain James Cook. In 1644, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman  partially mapped the North coast of Western Australia.
Western Australia is a state of Australia, and it does not have a Prime Minister, but a Premier. The 2013 premier of Western Australia is Colin Barnett. The position of Prime Minister is the one held by the leader of the entire nation.
The Australian national anthem is titled "Advance Australia Fair".  It was nearly "Waltzing Matilda". This has become Australia's  second, or unofficial anthem.
  They don't see god in the same way a European would but Yes
Although Australia's two largest and wealthiest cities were Sydney  and Melbourne, rivalry between them since before the goldrush days  essentially prohibited either city from becoming the national  capital. It was therefore decided that the nation's capital should  be situated between the two...
Ned had five sisters - Kate and Maggie are the best known.
 Mainly in Sydney and Melbourne, but there are also smaller populations in Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and elsewhere.After the fall of Saigon, South Vietnam, in 1975, there was a migration of Vietnamese refugees to Australia. They settled mostly in Sydney and Melbourne.In Sydney they live mostly in...
convict labor was used for everything that needed labor,from  laoding boat, clearing feilds.working on roads al the way up  servants in homes
A Horse. And its "steal" not "still."
Sir Henry Parkes is considered to be the father of Federation in Australia. Parkes is particularly remembered for his famous Tenterfield Oration, delivered on 24 October 1889, at the Tenterfield School of Arts. In this speech, he campaigned heavily for Federation of the six Australian colonies....
Gold was first found in New South Wales . Unofficially, traces were first found in the Fish River in the 1830s; officially, gold was first found at Ophir in 1851.
The people now known as the Aboriginal people of Australia were the  first to arrive, but not as long as 70000 years ago.
Burke and Wills were to become Australia's most famous failures at exploration, dying out in the desert, due to Burke's impatience. Prior to being appointed to the expedition, Robert O'Hara Burke was a police superintendent and William Wills was a surveyor.
Advance Australia Fair was adopted as the National anthem of Australia on 19 April 1984. Prior to 1984, Australia's national anthem was the Royal anthem God Save the Queen. The Labor Party sought to change this to reflect a more "Australian" anthem, as it consolidated its independence from...
British prisons were full to overflowing, old ships ready for the wreckers yard were filled with prisoners and anchored mid stream in the Thames.After the American Revolution America refused to take any more prisoners.One of James Cooks duties on his voyage to Tahiti to observe the transit of Venus...
The First Fleet left Portsmouth, England, in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The journey took 8 months.
Australia was colonised with the arrival of the First Fleet from  Britain, on 26 January 1788.    The convicts and officers of the First Fleet arrived at the  location they were meant to settle, Botany Bay, on 18 January 1788.  However, due to the bay not being as promising as they had been...
There are six state capitals in Australia, as well as one territory capital,and one national capital. The six state capitals are: . Sydney (New South Wales) . Melbourne (Victoria) . Adelaide (South Australia) . Brisbane (Queensland) . Perth (Western Australia) . Hobart (Tasmania) ...
The city of Brisbane began as the colony of the Moreton Bay District, and it was founded in 1824 when explorer John Oxley arrived at Redcliffe with a crew and 29 convicts. The settlement was established at Humpybong, but abandoned less than a year later when the main settlement was moved 30km away,...
Tony Keirath, whom she married in 1986. They have a family of six children.
the anzacs were the voluntary Australian and new zealnd armies sent to help Britain knock Turkey out of the war with a failed attempt to invade turkey from the dardarnlles and gallipoli.however this was a huge failure with the loss of 100 thousand deaths on the entente side (Australia,new zealand...
The Coniston massacre was the last known massacre of indigenous  Australians in Australia and took place from 14 August to 18  October 1928 in Northern Territory, Australia. The public outrage  over the incident forced government to conduct an inquiry and  criticism of the events by media both...
Kevin Rudd comes from Queensland.
The First Fleet travelled from Portsmouth, England to Santa Cruz, Tenerife in the Canary islands. After that, it journeyed to Rio de Janeiro and on to Cape Town. It sailed along the southern part of the Australian continent, around Van Diemen's Land to Botany Bay. Botany bay proved unsuitable for...
Thanks to Captain Arthur Phillip, the convicts on the First Fleet  were subjected to better conditions than convicts of subsequent  fleets. Phillip was, in fact, harsher in his discipline with the  marines and sailors than he was with the convicts. He was concerned  at all times for the...
Joseph Benedict Chifley was Australia's 16th prime Minister, serving from July 1945 until December 1949.He was born in Bathurst, west of Sydney, on 22 September 1885.Because Chifley's grandfather (who basically raised him) lost all his savings in the bank crash of 1892, Chifley developed a lifelong...
Caroline Chisholm came to Australia with her husband Archibald, and  their two sons. Her husband was ill and they thought the Australian  climate would be good for him. She has always helped those in need,  and seeing the plight of women and young girls arriving in  Australia, set out to help...
*FUN* (APEX)    Radio was a cheap source of news, music, dramas, comedy, and local  and national information. Radios were as cheap as $10 during the  Depression so most every home with electricity had one. FDR used  the radio (Fireside Chats) the way Presidents today use TV, to keep  the...
Well they brought food........ I dont know what they brought why do u think i am searching for it and i did not want to answer any questions!! Answers.com is no help to me
It took over two hundred years for Australia Day to be celebrated annually and consistently as a public holiday, Australia-wide. The first celebrations of the landing of the First Fleet were held in 1791. By 1804, 26 January was referred to as First Landing Day or Foundation Day. From that year...
At first, there were no buildings, so the convicts ate and slept out in the open. Once tents were erected, they had some shelter, but huts were not built for many months. They lived at Port Jackson, the site where Sydney now stands.
The prisons in other collonys are getting to full! - Jacqueline .H.
Australia wanted to remain close friends with the US during the cold war days, communism was creeping in thru-out regions north of Australia. America asked Australia for help, Australia answered the call.For further reading see: "The Battle of Coral", by Lex McAulay (1988 publication); ISBN 978-0...
  Tasmania began as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the Derwent River in 1803 to offset British concerns over the presence of French explorers. A year later it was moved to its current location at Sullivan's Cove. The name Hobart Town was adopted by the colony in June 1804, after Lord Hobart...
Australia technically isn't independent. The Queen is actually the head of state which is why we only have a Prime Minister not a President. Australia became a nation in 1901 to unite all the colonies. They wanted a unified law, a strong defence force from the whole country and an identity. One main...
Australia has never had an Emperor.
because Australia and its Alys had been waging war in Vietnam for many years. when they lost the war to the north Vietnamese. as situation developed where many people that cooperated with the south Vietnamese government were no longer safe in their own country so they sought asylum in Australia.
Observations by the early settlers indicated that Australia was  very different from other continents, where rivers flowed to the  ocean. Australia's rivers were very different from those of other  countries, as the rivers all seemed to flow away from the  ocean. Thus, it was assumed that they...
Ned Kelly started bushranging within a couple of years of leaving school at age 12, following the death of his father. He was "apprenticed" to bushranger Harry Power at age 15.
After the Berrima was commissioned as HMAS Berrima in August 1914,  it left Sydney on the nineteenth of that month. On September 9,  1914, it stopped at Rossel Island, Papua New Guinea. On September  11, 1914, it landed at Herbertshoehe (now Kokopo), German New  Guinea (now Papua New Guinea). On...
Hartog's ship was named the Eendracht, which is Dutch for 'unity'.
Maryann Bugg became a bushranger because in marring Fredrick Ward (Captain Thunderbolt)
Australia was colonised by convicts from England. The choice was made to send convicts to Australia so that the English could establish a physical presence in the South Pacific - and also to alleviate the problem of severely overcrowded prisons in England.The very first European settlers in...
The first one to actually colonise Australia was Captain Arthur Phillip, the Governor of the new penal colony of New South Wales. He arrived at Port Jackson with the First Fleet on 26 January 1788, although the Fleet originally sailed into Botany Bay on 18 January 1788.
At first the Aborigines regarded the strange white men in large ships as ghosts, possibly ghosts of their own ancestors. They were prepared to deal with them peacefully. As long as the two groups of people stayed out of each other's way, there was no conflict. The real problems started when...
They called it New France.
Charles Sturt is credited with naming the Murray River in 1829, buthe was not the first European to sight the river. The firstEuropeans to discover the river were explorers Hamilton Hume (accompanied by Thomas Boyd) and William Hovell , on 16 November 1824.
The flagship of the first fleet was HMS Sirius.
The Commonwealth of Australia was established on the 1st of January, 1901, at Federation.
Yes. It is estimated that the population of Australia trebled from 430,000 in 1851 to 1.7 million in 1871.
Samuel Thomas Gill was born on May 21, 1818. He was a world famous  artist from Australia. He was known by his signature S.T.G.
No, Edmund Barton was the second choice after Lyne could not gain the support of the house.
The First Fleet brought a variety of items needed to start a newsettlement, such as seed, farm implements, and farm animals.Unfortunately, a large portion of the seed brought from Englandwent mouldy or was eaten by rats on the long voyage, or simplycouldn't grow in the hot, humid Australian climate....
James Cook was the first European to explore Australia's fertile eastern coast. He arrived at the southeastern corner in April 1770 and continued north, charting the coast in some detail, before returning a favourable report to England. It was this report which convinced the authorities to colonise...
Australia was a colony of the UK, hence the British Union Flag being incorporated in the design of the Australian Flag.
The main star formation on the Australian flag, to the right of the Union Jack, is the constellation known as the Southern Cross. This constellation of five stars can be seen only from the southern hemisphere and is a reminder of Australia's geography. The star below the Union Jack is not part of...
The Tasman Sea is located southeast of Australia. A branch of the Pacific Ocean, the Tasman Sea lies between Australia and New Zealand.
The flag of New Zealand is very similar to the Australian flag, but there are clear differences when they are compared alongside each other.
The first dinosaur discovered in Australia was a small theropod. On 7 May 1903, geologist William Ferguson discovered the claw of the theropod at Cape Paterson in Victoria.
She became famous for the work that she did. People all around  began to recognize her name after all of her work.
The building of the Parliament House in Canberra began in 1981 and  was finished in 1988, with a price tag of $1.1 billion. It was  designed by Romaldo Giurgola.
A number of convicts on the First Fleet died from diseases such as dysentery and typhoid.
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is repainted continuously. There is a maintenance crew constantly repainting sections. As soon as the bridge has been repainted from one end to the other, the process begins again.
This is just some information !In the 20th Century where people who could meet the expenses to pay for household help did so because daily home life was physical work. Laundry was to be done by hand using a copper (a large container in which water was boiled), and all clothes where to be hand wrung...
Gold was found in every single state in Australia. It was also found in the Northern Territory, but not in the Australian Capital Territory.
The full name of former Australian Prime Minister Bob Menzies was Robert Gordon Menzies.
yes, I had both my father in the australian army WO1 James Murray "67-68 serve in vietnam. And my husband in the american army spec 4 Crosby Donald Coveyduck "68-70 who received both purpleheart and a bronze star for Valour whilst there! I want to agree because I hate to think that their...
From the point of view of an imperialist, colonies are regions that the mother country can exploit for their natural resources, military significance or sources of cheap labor. It also allows for a place for citizens of the mother country to move into should the mother country become over-populated....
Australian batsman Don Bradman captained Australia on 24 occasions in Test matches, scoring a second-ball duck in his second innings as captain.
well actually, the first fleet has 11 ships so it dependst on how many sails on each ship
After Botany Bay was rejected as a suitable site for settlement, the First Fleet then header some eight kilometres north to Port Jackson , the site where Sydney now stands.
ANZAC Day is named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, who landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, in World War I. Marked with a public holiday in Australia and New Zealand, ANZAC Day commemorates the landing of the troops at Gallipoli on the Turkish Aegean coast, on 25 April 1915. Due...