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History of Science

~17600 answered questions
Parent Category: Science
Find questions about the origin and important events that led to the development of the different Sciences.
The Paleozoic Era is the first and longest era in the Phanerozoic Eon, and is one of three, the two other eras being the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Paleozoic is derived from Greek and means "ancient life." The Paleozoic lasted from roughly 542 to 251 million years ago, and is subdivided into six geolog…
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Discovery of Penicillin In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus could be destroyed by the mold Penicillium notatum, proving that there was an antibacterial agent there in principle. This principle later lead to medicines that could kill certain …
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Copernicus was from Thorn, Poland. Michael Montagne, his father, was Polish and his mother was German. These countries still fight over his origin.
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Answer The Nobel prize winner who tried to extract gold from sea water to pay Germany's post WW1 debts was the chemist Fritz Haber. His main contribution to chemistry was the Haber process, which fixated then-rare nitrogen in the air for industrial use. This allowed for the creation of artificia…
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It wasn't until telescopes that people realized that the band of light reaching across the sky, called the Milky Way since ancient times, was actually made of an immense number of stars. Astronomers still did not really understand what they were seeing until the 20th century, however. Until the 192…
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Electricity was not 'invented' : its characteristics and uses have been known about and developed over hundreds of years. Static electricity produced by rubbing objects against fur was known to the ancient Greeks, Phoenicians, Parthians and Mesopotamians. Greek philosophers discovered that when ambe…
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The computer mouse, and the lazer
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ANSWER Ernest Walton and John Cockroft (1932) were the first to split the nucleus in a completely controlled manner. This was under the direction of Rutherford (see below) who, whilst at the Cavendish laboratory, Cambridge had done so but not by entirely artificial means. In doing so Walton and Coc…
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That certain objects such as rods of amber could be rubbed with animal fur and attract light objects was known to ancient cultures around the Mediterranean. Thales of Miletos made a series of observations on static electricity around 600 BC By the 1600's, many electricity-related discoveries had bee…
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The first machine was abacus invented by the Chinese between 2400 BC and 300 BC. Charles Babbage was the first to conceptualize and design a fully programmable computer as early as 1837.the need to solve larger problems faster and more reliably than human computers could.
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In 1946 there was a small number of car phone services begun in St Louis, Missouri, USA. In 1973 the first successful hand-held mobile phone was developed by Martin Cooper. Dr Martin Cooper, a former general manager for the systems division at Motorola, is considered the inventor of the first mode…
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An alchemist is a person who practices alchemy. Alchemist may also refer to: * Alchemist (band), an Australian progressive metal band * Fullmetal Alchemist, the English title of a series of manga and anime created by Hiromu Arakawa * The Neutronium Alchemist, the second book in The Night's Dawn Tri…
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Hand sewing is an art form that is over 20,000 years old. The first sewing needles were made of bones or animal horns and the first thread was made of animal sinew. Iron needles were invented in the 14th century. The first eyed needles appeared in the 15th century. The first possible patent conne…
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John Dalton did not marry.
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The actual discovery date of Mercury, and the discoverer, are not known since the discovery predates the earliest known mention of it. The first known, recorded reference to Mercury is in the Babylonian MUL.APIN tablets, in which it is named the jumping planet. The earliest copy so far discovered wa…
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Yes. Depends on the company. WWE have chairs made out of weaker metal, so this is why you might have noticed the chairs bend and twist really easily. It is the same with their ladders, and tables being made out of a soft wood so it doesn't hurt as much.
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James Clerk Maxwell discovered that light was an electromagnetic wave that could propagate through empty space. Michael Faraday had previously discovered that light rays were affected by magnetic fields, and thus showed that light was somehow related to electricity and magnetism.
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In the 5th cent. B.C. the Greek philosophers Democritus and Leucippus proposed that matter was made up of tiny, indivisible particles they called atom, or in Greek "a-tomos". The reason why they assumed this is because nothing can come from nothing. Around 1803, John Dalton (1766-1844) developed the…
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The first known cases of smallpox go back to 1350 BC and the disease has been known for a very long time. Dr. Campbell identified how smallpox is spread. Edward Jenner is credited with developing the smallpox vaccine in 1796. See the Web Links to the left for more information about the history of sm…
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Answer Jacob Bernoulli. See the Web Links to the left for more information.
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Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming, in Scotland. His research was later continued by Howard Florey and Ernest Chain in Oxford. All 3 received the Nobel Prize for this discovery in 1945.i dont know please tell me
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Bio diesel is diesel fuel made from natural, renewable sources, re-claimed oils such as cooking oils from restaurants, vegetable oils and animal fats. It is basically the same as regular diesel, just that it's natural, works the same, and doesn't pollute the environment with toxins.Bio-diesel is a r…
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April 23,1956 by Steve jobs
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Mobile phones were invented in 1946 when the first call was ever made
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According to historical records, the first mobile phone was invented by Ericsson in Sweden in the year 1956. The device came to be known as the Mobile Telephone System. The phonewas easy to use since it was automatic but its biggest downside was that it weighed about 40 kilograms. Later in 1965, an …
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Pascal was most famous for Pascal's triangle. He also invented the 1st mechanical calculator. The Pascal's Triangle is a pattern where you add the adjacent numbers from the previous line. 1 1 1 1 2 1 The 2 comes from adding 1 and 1 from the above line. 1 3 3 1 The threes come from adding 1 + 2 on …
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Isaac Newton was a physicist and mathematician who was born in 1642/3 (see related question for details) in Lincolnshire, UK. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge and obtained his degree. He went on to make major achievements in both Physics and Mathematics. In Physics he is widely considered to…
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Dark matter wasn't "discovered" by any one person or group. In fact it is still hypothetical and there is no solid proof for its existence. Various astronomers inferred the existence of dark matter from what they observed about galaxies and galaxy clusters. It is still very much a mystery and the su…
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Mercury has been observed for thousands of years, as early as the time of the Babylonians, who mentioned it in writing some 3000 years ago. The exact person who first discovered the planet has been lost to time, and is therefore indeterminate. Greek and Roman Names Known by the two names Apollo an…
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Answer Immunizations were developed by Edward Jenner in 1796, although it was first performed by a cow farmer on his family twenty years earlier. Jenner noticed that milkmaids were less likely to catch smallpox than the general population. He then noticed that milkmaids who had previously contrac…
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The 'discovery' of Oxygen is, still, one of the most hotly debated questions of the Golden Age of Natural Philosophy. The four leading claimants are as follows; Michał Sędziwój of Warsaw, a Polish alchemist and natural philosopher in the late sixteenth century (c.1592). Sędziwój realized that …
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The Discovery of Oil Natural oil seeps have been present since before the days of dinosaurs about 200 million years ago. Lighter oils evaporate in air leaving behind the heavier oils in tar pits. People have used this naturally occurring oil since the beginning of recorded human history. Oil …
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This was an immensely important discovery as it allowed for much easier and more accurate diagnosis of medical conditions and problems not otherwise visible - a whole range of things from chest diseases to fractured bones.
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Smallpox was discovered in Britain by the famous Dr. Edward Jenner in 1769, (18th centry)
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it was discovered at ?
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Issac Newton collected data connected with the moon's irregular orbit motions. He relied upon the refractory lenses he had developed.
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Faraday According to The Great Scientists(164-169) Faraday had the rudiments of reading, writing and arithmetic but, while apprenticed to a bookbinder, read voraciously. He also worked for Humphry Davy as a secretary and later travelled to many of the major scientific centers in Europe with him a…
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Dr. Martin Cooper invented the mobile phone and made the world's first mobile phone call on April 3rd, 1973.  A mobile phone can make and receive telephone calls to and from the public telephone network which includes other mobiles and fixed-line phones across the world. It does this by conn…
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Radium was first discovered in 1898 by Marie Skłodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre Curie, and Gustave Bémont, living and researching in Paris, France. Radium was discovered in pitchblende coming from North Bohemia, in the Czech Republic.
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Originally Englishman Alexander Fleming noticed the activity of penicillin when it had accidentally contaminated a culture he was working on. He made a note of it and did no further work with it. Howard florey an Australian and Ernst Chain got wind of Flemings discovery and went to work to isolate …
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Every chemical reaction need to combine in order to be stable
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The first known cases of smallpox go back to 1350 BC and the disease has been known for a very long time. Dr. Campbell identified how smallpox is spread. Edward Jenner is credited with developing the smallpox vaccine in 1796.
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He died on the 28th September 1895 at the age of 72 (due to complications from a series of strokes).
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Edward Jenner in 1796. For more information, see the related link.Edward Jenner developed the smallpox vaccine. See 'Is Edward Jenner responsible for the smallpox vaccination?' for my answer on how he did it.Edward Jennerwell....for vaccination EDWARD JENNAR introduced firstly the system of vaccin…
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Answer Radiation was discovred by Wilhelm Rontgen in 1865, more importantly he also discovered x-rays.
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he knew all about recessive traits and sex chromosomes
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Penicillin was discovered in 1928 by the Scottish scientist Sir Alexander Fleming accidentally when he was conducting experiments in his laboratory. He noticed that microbes in some of his cultures were killed off by the growth of Penicillium mold. He was able to extract the effective substances and…
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600 B.C. Thales of Miletus writes about amber becoming charged by rubbing, he described what we now call static electricity. Additionally, this is a discovery and not an invention. Electricity was not invented it is a natural phenomenon just like water and fire. Thomas Edison invented the lightbul…
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On his ship The Beagle traveling the oceans. he also went accross countries by walking and he saw 2 differant fossils which matched eachothers cracks when he put it together
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Fredrick Sanger Fred Sanger English chemist who received the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1958 for his discovery of the chemical structure of proteins, particularly insulin. He won the prize again in 1980 for studies concerning the determination of the base sequences of nucleic acids. For a complet…
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Benjamin Franklin did not invent electricity. He did some experiments with it however. One experiment (that may be only a legend) is that he flew a kite in a thunderstorm, and that this confirmed the nature of lightning as an electric phenomenon.
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Stephen Hawking is the Most famous scientist in the world and he was done alot of things, check out wikipedia.
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Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell, working independently, realized the relationship between a star's temperature and its brightness. Together, in 1910, they formed what is now known as the Hertzsprung--Russell diagram or HR Diagram. It's a scatter graph showing the relationship between a…
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He is known as the father of genetics. He crossed pea plants to determine the patterns of inheritance for certain traits.
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Many scientists worked on it over the years, however it was James Clerk Maxwell that finally developed the set of partial differential equations that fully and correctly describe their wave behavior. Albert Einstein was the first to correctly describe the photoelectric effect in terms of particles…
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Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physician, in 1754.
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The water purification device was invented bya man named Dean KAmen.
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The leader of Italy is generally considered to be the Prime Minister of Italy, formally known as the President of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Italy.
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For large celestial bodies, roundness is a product of gravity. When the leftover elements from the sun's creation scattered throughout what is now our solar system, individual particles started attracting each other together with gravity. As more and more particles gathered, they compressed themsel…
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it was invented in 1919
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Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen in 1865.
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Mercury (disambiguation): The planet Mercury, which is visible without a telescope, was known to ancient civilizations beginning with the Babylonians, Egyptians, Persians, and Chinese. The Greeks had two names for the planet: Apollo (in the morning sky) and Hermes (in the evening sky). The Romans na…
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The one that discovered Chemistry is Democritus.
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There was water for drinking, cleaning, sewage disposal, fishing, and so forth.
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whenever the Chinese came to the USA and found California and shared their paper idea. That's all I know because China invented paper so you know
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The Chinese. The earliest recorded actual use of a magnetized needle for navigational purposes is to be found in Zhu Yu's book Pingzhou Table Talks (è��æ´²å�¯è«�; Pingzhou Ketan) of 1119 (written from 1111 to 1117): The navigator knows the geography, he watches the stars at night, wa…
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the most famoust scientist is albert Einstein...and the second is Galileo galilei
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He invented the first patented can opener.
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he invented the atomic bomb
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The Brazilian Wandering spider. Bite furiously if provoked, often several times. Effective anti-venom available.
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Early uses were maritime, for sending telegraphic messages using Morse code between ships and land. The earliest users included the Japanese Navy scouting the Russian fleet during the Battle of Tsushima in 1905. One of the most memorable uses of marine telegraphy was during the sinking of the RMS Ti…
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The compass might have been invented and used earlier than 1000 BC, but it was perfected near the end of China's Tang Dynasty.
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Prof. Dr. Werner Gitt was born in Raineck, East Prussia (Germany), on 22nd of February 1937. In 1963 he enrolled at the Technical University of Hanover and in 1968 he completed his studies as Diplom-Ingenieur.Thereafter he worked as assistant in the Institute of Control Technology at the Technical U…
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The field of Physics, Sir William Gilbert is known for his work with magnetic fields. He observed that 1) Magnetic field lines around a bar magnet, which can be drawn using a small magnet and iron filings on a piece of paper and 2) Magnetic field lines drawn on a world map / globe with informatio…
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John Dalton was born on September 6, 1766.
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Centripetal Force is the force directed towards the center of an object's circular path. It makes a body follow a curved path. Sir Isaac Newton stated: "A centripetal force is that by which bodies are drawn or impelled, or in any way tend, towards a point as to a center."
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The ancient Greeks discovered electricity in 600 BC
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The Circular Saw, the Clothes Pin, The Flat Broom.
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The Sun is a star. The Sun is a yellow dwarf, one of the most common types of stars. It is 5000o C at the surface, but he inside is about 15,000,000 degrees. The Sun was formed when a cloud of dust and gas released from a supernova began to clump in the middle. It clumped so hard that the friction f…
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He studied dominant and recessive genes. He studied pea plants and the traits that they obtained from previous generations.
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Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician, physicist and chemist whose many important contributions to science (and discoveries) laid down the foundation for much of the progress in science as we know it. He was a co-inventor of calculus; he unraveled the mysteries of light and optics; he formu…
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A polar molecule. The charges are signified using δ± (delta meaning a difference or change, lowercase meaning it is a small difference, the ± denoting whether that end is positive or negative).If the same molecule contains both positively and negatively charged groups, it's called a zwitterion.A …
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Arginine was discovered by Ernst Schultze in 1886. Ernst discovered Arginine when he isolated it from the extract of a Lupin Seedling.
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Gregor Mendel was one of the first scientists to use numbers to look for patterns in experimental data.Gregor Mendel was one of the first scientists to use number to look for patterns in experimental data.
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Micheal Faraday discovered the relationship between magnetic fields and electricity traveling in a wire. This led to the brilliant work of Tesla. He is the father of modern electricity. He invented the shaded pole electric motor. Still the heart of most systems today at the house or factory. Others …
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Paper, in the form of Papyrus fibres, was first used by the Egyptians as long ago as 3500BC. It is from the name Papyrus that paper gets its name. Paper, and the pulp papermaking process, was developed in China during the early 2nd century AD by Han Dynasty court eunuch Cai Lun, although the earlie…
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The solid disolves into the water and you can see things through the solution.
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Niels Bohr Niels Bohr proposed the first model of the atom with distinct energy levels with quantized energies. He proposed this theory based on the spectra of atoms and ions.
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Yes he did. For most of his childhood his family was his uncle, Lucas Watzenrode the Younger,
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There are two theories of relativity. 1. Special Relativity (Einstein) 2. General Relativity (Einstein) Einstein's theory of relativity posits that time is a dimension in addition to space, and that space and time have relative properties to one another. This is not commonly observed because i…
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AnswerIbn Al-Naphis (Ala al-Din Abu al-A'la Ali ibn Abi Hazm al-Quraishi) of Damascus, an Arab physician of the thirteenth century (1210-1288 CE), explained the basic principles of the modern theory of the lesser or PULMONARY circulation nearly three hundred and fifty years before Sir William Harvey…
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Wind, water or ice. See the related link for more information. is the most gayest question ever and has a camal toe
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Thomas Edison did not originally invent the phonograph, another invented it before him. His name was Emile Berliner. Thomas Edison is widely acknowledged as the person who invented the phonograph.
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The liquid element mercury was isolated by the ancient Chinese and the Egyptians, probably from the mineral cinnabar (mercuric sulfide). Mercury was also refined and used in Mesoamerica by the Maya, independently of the Chinese discovery. While some early users imagined that it had medicinal proper…
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It was Lewis Nixon who invented the very first sonar-type listening device in 1906. He was seeking a way of detecting icebergs. But the sonar was not "invented", its inventor was nobody, but developed through the years. Answer Sonar had very humble beginnings, from crude instruments to advance…
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A magnet is a metalic material that is able to attracts metals such as iron and steel. The end of the magnet are called polenta In sorting the various elements for processing into tools , weapons and jewelry the natural magnetic lodestone was soon near enough to iron for the attraction and repulsio…
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