Genocide

Questions about the deliberate and systematic mass killing of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group. Famous genocides include the Holocaust, Dafur and Rwanda, and even the Crusades.

4,234 Questions
Genocide

Who is johnny massacre?

Johnny Massacre is the creator of the Twin Vulcan brand. He is a DJ, music producer, rapper, punk vocalist and novelist. He is the sole creator of Twin Vulcan's first music release, the anthem that is Ultrasound. He suffers from manic depression. His interests are women, alcohol, cigarettes and music.

And he's super awesome :O !

That's the band's website on the Related Link below.

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Sentence and Word Structure
Genocide

How do you use cultural genocide in a sentence?

The Nazi party's attempt at cultural genocide led to WWII and one result was Mr. Hitler's suicide.

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Genocide

Are there any rules about genocide in the Geneva Convention?

Here is the short version.

The Contracting Parties,

Having considered the declaration made by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 96 (I) dated 11 December 1946 that genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and aims of the United Nations and condemned by the civilized world,

Recognizing that at all periods of history genocide has inflicted great losses on humanity, and

Being convinced that, in order to liberate mankind from such an odious scourge, international co-operation is required,

Hereby agree as hereinafter provided:

Article I: The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish.

Article II: In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group;

(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;

(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;

(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Article III: The following acts shall be punishable:

(a) Genocide;

(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;

(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;

(d) Attempt to commit genocide;

(e) Complicity in genocide.

Article IV: Persons committing genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals.

Article V: The Contracting Parties undertake to enact, in accordance with their respective Constitutions, the necessary legislation to give effect to the provisions of the present Convention, and, in particular, to provide effective penalties for persons guilty of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.

Article VI: Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III shall be tried by a competent tribunal of the State in the territory of which the act was committed, or by such international penal tribunal as may have jurisdiction with respect to those Contracting Parties which shall have accepted its jurisdiction.

Article VII: Genocide and the other acts enumerated in article III shall not be considered as political crimes for the purpose of extradition.

The Contracting Parties pledge themselves in such cases to grant extradition in accordance with their laws and treaties in force.

Article VIII: Any Contracting Party may call upon the competent organs of the United Nations to take such action under the Charter of the United Nations as they consider appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in article III.

Article IX: Disputes between the Contracting Parties relating to the interpretation, application or fulfilment of the present Convention, including those relating to the responsibility of a State for genocide or for any of the other acts enumerated in article III, shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice at the request of any of the parties to the dispute.

Article X: The present Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall bear the date of 9 December 1948.

Article XI: The present Convention shall be open until 31 December 1949 for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any nonmember State to which an invitation to sign has been addressed by the General Assembly.

The present Convention shall be ratified, and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

After 1 January 1950, the present Convention may be acceded to on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and of any non-member State which has received an invitation as aforesaid. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article XII: Any Contracting Party may at any time, by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, extend the application of the present Convention to all or any of the territories for the conduct of whose foreign relations that Contracting Party is responsible.

Article XIII: On the day when the first twenty instruments of ratification or accession have been deposited, the Secretary-General shall draw up a proces-verbal and transmit a copy thereof to each Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in article XI.

The present Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

Any ratification or accession effected, subsequent to the latter date shall become effective on the ninetieth day following the deposit of the instrument of ratification or accession.

Article XIV: The present Convention shall remain in effect for a period of ten years as from the date of its coming into force.

It shall thereafter remain in force for successive periods of five years for such Contracting Parties as have not denounced it at least six months before the expiration of the current period.

Denunciation shall be effected by a written notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article XV: If, as a result of denunciations, the number of Parties to the present Convention should become less than sixteen, the Convention shall cease to be in force as from the date on which the last of these denunciations shall become effective.

Article XVI: A request for the revision of the present Convention may be made at any time by any Contracting Party by means of a notification in writing addressed to the Secretary-General.

The General Assembly shall decide upon the steps, if any, to be taken in respect of such request.

Article XVII: The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify all Members of the United Nations and the non-member States contemplated in article XI of the following:

(a) Signatures, ratifications and accessions received in accordance with article XI;

(b) Notifications received in accordance with article XII;

(c) The date upon which the present Convention comes into force in accordance with article XIII;

(d) Denunciations received in accordance with article XIV;

(e) The abrogation of the Convention in accordance with article XV;

(f) Notifications received in accordance with article XVI.

Article XVIII: The original of the present Convention shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.

A certified copy of the Convention shall be transmitted to each Member of the United Nations and to each of the non-member States contemplated in article XI.

Article XIX: The present Convention shall be registered by the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the date of its coming into force.

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History of Australia
Indigenous Australians
Genocide

What were the Myall Creek Massacre consequences?

There were trials following the Myall Creek massacre. The first trial was held on 15 November 1838, and twelve white settlers were charged with murder, but acquitted. This was a clear miscarriage of justice. Some of the men in the district who held no sympathy towards the aboriginal people rounded up support and enough funds to hire the best legal counsel to get the perpetrators let off. Squatters from all over NSW gathered at the trial to defend their right to kill any Aborigines found on their land. Another Magistrate, Mr Robert Scott, told the killers in gaol exactly what to say, and he also used his money and influence to persuade the jury to return a "not guilty" verdict.

The following were brought to trial, but acquitted.

  • Charlie Kilmeister
  • John Russell
  • William Hawkins
  • John Blake
  • John Johnson
  • Charles Toulouse
  • Charles Lamb
  • Edward Foley
  • Jim Oates (nicknamed Halls Jemmy)
  • James Parry
  • George Palliser
  • John Fleming

While initially many people celebrated, the judge to whom the "not guilty" verdict was given ordered all the accused to be arrested again. A second trial was held on November 26, and this time the twelve men were charged with the murder of just one Aboriginal child. They were found guilty, and seven of the men were hanged in December under the authority of Governor George Gipps.

Those hanged were:

  • Charlie Kilmeister
  • John Russell
  • William Hawkins
  • John Johnson
  • Edward Foley
  • Jim Oates (nicknamed Halls Jemmy)
  • James Parry

Detailed information about both the event and the trial can be found at the related link below.

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Cambodia
Political Office Holders
Genocide

Why did pol pot collect skulls?

Because he was a psycho-path who loved death

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Bosnia-Herzegovina
Decade - 1990s
Genocide

What year did the Bosnian war take place?

1992-1995

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Definitions
Genocide

What is the definition of genocide?

The Oxford Advanced Dictionary version of "genocide" is
'the deliberate extermination of a race of people' .
This was exactly what Hitler was doing to the Jews

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Rwanda
Genocide

History on rwandan genocide?

Well, there are two tribes in Rwanda, the Hutu's and the Tutu's. Both followed the same kind of traditions and looked the same.

However, when the Belgium's came to Rwanda they favoured the Tutu's to the Hutu's and therefore caused the two tribes to resent each other. The Belgium gave I.D cards to everyone so they could identify who belonged to which tribe.

The Belgium left and the Tutsi's were left to better houses, food and quality of life. (However the tribes were not completely separate and many Hutu's were still married to Tutsis and had children.) Some Hutus wanted to kill all the Tutsis. Hutu rebelions started and the president of Rwanda agreed to sign a peace contract with rebels (The president was a Hutu) However, his plane was shot down by unidentified people when he was traveling to sign the agreement. The Hutus blamed the Tutsis and two groups called the Interahamwe and the Impuza started mass killing of Tutsis.

Almost 1million people were killed over the 100 days.

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Genocide

What were two examples of genocide in the 20th century?

The Genocide by Otoman Turkey in Armenia, The Nazi holocast in Germany, The Bangladesh (East Pakistan) killing by Pakistan

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History
Genocide

What day did the ludlow massacre end?

The Ludlow Massacre ended the day it started -- April 20, 1914, a Monday. But the backlash continued until May 1. The violence didn't end until the National Guard had been routed and replaced by the U.S. Army. At that point, the striking coal miners and their supporters ended their campaign of retribution. The strike within which the violence occurred began in September 1913 and ended in December 1914, though by then the strike had been effectively lost and production from the mines had returned to near pre-strike levels.

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Genocide

What does the word genocide literally means?

Literally, it means killing a race

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Holocaust
Adolf Hitler
Genocide

Why did Adolf Hitler hate so many people?

Adolf Hitler hated so many people because he believed that "Aryans" were the people who should have been the only people to live on Earth because that was what he considered "the master race". Anyone that was not equal to a "Aryan" should not be called a human in his perspective.

--Aryan- a person from a Germanic or Christanic descendant or ancestry with pure German blood in his/her body. The features would be a white blue eyed blond that is fairly tall.

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Genocide

What were the aims of the peterloo massacre?

The peterloo massacre was an attempt by government to make an example of the working class proleteriat who sought to challenge law and authority. The working classes demanded parliamentary reform.

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Genocide

Is Chairman Mao guilty of genocide?

Genocide: systematic killing of a racial or cultural group. Probably not. He did help prop up the failed attempt by Kim Il Sung to unite Korea, leading to the deaths of many U.S. and R.O.K. soldiers and civilians, but I would put most of the blame for the Korean war on Stalin and Roosevelt/Truman/Eisenhower. Mao was responsible for the deaths of 50 Million of his own country men, however (Some estimates put that number at more that 70 Million).

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New Testament
Genocide
Boston Massacre

Is Herod's Massacre of the Innocents historical Matthew 2 v6?

There is no historical evidence of King Herod's 'Massacre of the Innocents' in Matthew 2:16-18. In fact, the first-century Jewish historian, Josephus, when condemning Herod for every wrong of which he knew, never mentions what would have been Herod's most heinous act. Moreover, Matthew's story of the young family fleeing from Bethlehem and Luke's story of the young family travelling peacefully from Bethlehem to Nazareth, via Jerusalem, can not both be true.
Modern biblical scholars say that the story of Herod's 'Slaughter of the Innocents' was actually based on the Old Testament story of Moses, in which the pharaoh ordered all the infant boys under two years old to be slaughtered.

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World War 1
Armenia
Genocide

What happened in the Armenian Genocide?

The Armenians, along with the Pontic Greeks, and Assyrians, were subject to a GENOCIDE in the Ottoman Empire during the years of 1915-1917.

The genocide was very well-organized. The first group attacked and murdered were the Armenian intellectuals in Istanbul, which were the very people who would be most attached to the Ottoman State and willing to argue against independence in their communities. Next, entire villages were expunged of the majority-Armenian, majority-Greek, and majority-Assyrian inhabitants and the names of the cities completely altered to create "theoretical" Turkish names in a process called Turkification. The Armenians were marched to Deir ez-Zur in the Syrian desert without food and water (the Pontic Greeks and the Assyrians were marched to other places). There were numerous massacres and concentration camps along the route to Deir ez-Zur. Roughly 1.5 million Armenians were killed and over half of the Armenian homeland was depopulated of Armenians.

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Genocide
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre Movies

Is Texas Chainsaw Massacre scary?

It is indeed a Horror movie.

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Africa
Sudan
Genocide
Darfur

Causes of the Darfur Genocide?

genocide

  1. The systematic killing of substantial numbers of people on the basis of ethnicity, religion, political opinion, social status, or other particularity.

  2. Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. - http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/genocide

The Islamic controlled government, located in East and North Sudan, started the genocide as an ethnic cleansing of the Darfur region in West Sudan. They "hire" militia groups known as the Janjaweed to attack villages, rape, kill and loot. I have hire in quotations because the government is not paying them, their reward is what they are able to steal.

The Darfurians are now being forced out of their lands and into neighboring Chad. So far, no government has intervened in a meaningful way. There have been treaties made with the government of Sudan that they are not sticking to. They assist the Janjaweed in the attacks occasionally with air support. Though they deny it, we know that it is the government assisting them, for they are the only ones who have the knowledge and experience to fly these helicopters as the air support.

There has been demands put on China, who has a strong trade system with Sudan as it does with the US, to cut its ties (along with ending its oppression of the people of Tibet) but that also does very little. If the US were to stop trades with China, the Chinese economy would collapse, forcing them to give in, but the US economy would collapse as well.

The UN can and has sent in peace keepers, but they can do very little to help because they cant fire unless being fired upon. And since it is the Darfurians and not the UN peace keepers the Sudanese government wants dead, then there is little if nothing they UN can do to help

In the end, the only solution seems to be military force, which the US can not currently provide due to its entanglements in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Note:

As with everything, especially contentious issues like what is happening in Darfur there are a number of answers, depending on whom you speak with and who offers comments.

In order to derive a proper, balanced, objective version of events I would suggest that you read or consult a number of sources rather than simply taking the first written piece that you find as the whole and complete truth. Dbxsoul

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Armenia
Genocide

Could the Armenian Genocide have been prevented?

This is a question asking about a "what if" scenario and counterfactuals. As a result, there is a certain amount of opinion in all of the answers. Take any answer to this question, including mine, with a grain of salt and substantive criticism.

The Young Turks as an organization were interested in creating a united Turkish identity which equated that identity exclusively with Muslim Turkish-speaking peoples. If the Young Turks had changed their ideology slightly, to advocate for a Turkish nation-state that would encompass numerous minorities who believed in the Turkish dream or a Turkish nation-state with autonomous regions for the Non-Muslim Non-Turkish minorities, the Armenians could well have rallied behind this state and be seen (as they had historically been seen by the Ottomans) as the loyal minority. This would have effectively prevented the Armenian genocide.

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History of India
Amritsar
Genocide

What did General Dyre do in the Amritsar massacre?

General O Dyer ordered his soilders to shoot on the people who were participating in the peace conference in Amritsar without any warning.

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Vietnam War
Genocide

What was the My Lai massacre?

On March 16, 1968, My Lai Massacre, Charlie Company, 11th Brigade, is on a "search and destroy" mission in the hamlet of My Lai. Something goes horribly wrong, resulting in violent death for hundreds of unarmed civilians, including women, children, and the elderly. After one and a half years, the officer at My Lai, Lt. William Calley, is brought up on murder charges. News of atrocities at My Lai doesn't reach public media until November 1969. In March 1971, Calley is convicted and sentenced to life; he is paroled in September 1975 after serving three and a half years.

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World War 1
Armenia
Genocide

How did the Armenians die in the Armenian genocide?

The Young Turks in 1915 had very nationalistic ideas in spreading the Ottoman Empire and creating a Pan Turkic nation by removing the Armenians, taking their belongings and land. While the rest of the WORLD was busy with WWI, they achieved what they set out to do by first executing any of the men that were of any importance in the community. These included lawyers, judges, doctors - the educated and somewhat powerful. Once the powerful were gone, it was time for the males in the family to be eliminated. This was done once again either by quick execution OR immediate "draft" into the Turkish army whereby they were marched to death camps and executed by the thousands, not even bothering to march them for at least a day's distance. Word came back that these executions were taking place and some areas tried resistance. In the meantime, with most of the men (by men, I am referring to boys of the age of 13 and up) gone, executed in front of their families, or killed in march - the women, children and elderly were told they had less than an hour to pack their belongings to "meet" their husbands, fathers, brothers, etc. Of course if you are told you have to leave immediately as a woman with young children or you will be executed OR you can join your husband, etc - they basically took the latter choice, not knowing that their husbands were already dead and they would be marched in exactly the opposite direction, into the Syrian desert. After several weeks of walking with literally the clothes on their back and no food, they began dying of starvation and disease. The Euphrates River along their death march was littered with bodies floating down - children were left orphaned or died of starvation, too. The young turks released hundreds of hardened criminals from their jails in return for enlistment into their gendarme regime. These criminals were enlisted into accompanying the women, children and elderly into the desert and given free reign to do as they pleased with them as long as they would not be able to come back to their goods, their property or their homeland. Armenia was reduced to approximately 20% of her original size and over 1.5 million Armenians were killed. There is not a single Armenian family that was not affected by the genocide in one way or another. Armenia was an ancient country that dates back over 8,000 years. Armenia even has Karahounge, the Armenian Stonehenge that outdates the English Stonehenge by over 5,000 years. Her original borders were the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Because of Armenia's location in the middle of Asia and Europe it has always been in the middle of conflict, but it wasn't until the Ottoman Turks in 1915 that most Armenian lives were gone and her borders shrunk by over 80%. To this day, the Turkish people vehemently deny there was ever a genocide. Not a single reparation has ever been made to any Armenian who lost their valuables, their homes, their families. Not only are Turks not allowed to admit the genocide but if any of them ever even questions the denial, they would be arrested by the Turkish government and charged with being non-Nationalistic and for the past almost 100 years their denial has been responsible for genocide being repeated in several other cultures throughout the world. As a matter of fact, the denial by the Turks is so vehement and their hatred of Armenians is so vehement that when Hrant Dink (a famous Armenian journalist & Armenian newspaper publisher who lived in present day Turkey)was assassinated in broad daylight, the shooter was hailed as a hero!

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World War 2
Holocaust
Genocide

What are some other atrocities in history like the Holocaust?

  1. When we killed of over half of the Indians in the central United States

    for example, the"the trail of tears".

  2. The Ottoman Turkish slaughter of the Armenians in 1915-17 (in World War 1)/
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Holocaust
Genocide

What were the reasons behind the genocide during the holocaust?

Hitler thought that if the people had a scapegoat, and a certain people group to hate, they would be better united, and thus be better followers in a dictatorship.

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Rwanda
Genocide

How did the Rwandan genocide end?

In defense to the ruthless killing of the Rwandan genocide, the 14,000-man Tutsi-dominated Rwandan Patriotic Front launched an offensive against the armed forces and Interahamwe orchestrating the massacres. They attempted to drive back the Interahamwe and foil their plans, but were not able to succeed until mid-July. They defeated the 35,000-man army and the militias, drove the remnants of the army and government into Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo), and took control of the capital Kigali, declaring a ceasefire. United Nations aid workers and troops arrived to maintain order and bring back basic services. A multi-ethnic government took power, led by Hutu President Pasteur Bizimunga, Hutu Prime Minister Faustin Twagiramunga, and Tutsi Vice President/Minister of Defense Major General Paul Kagame, commander of the RPF. Most other cabinet posts were given to members of the RPF.

Following the end of the genocide in July and August 1994, two million Hutu civilians fled Rwanda, joining one million already in exile. In Zaire, the destination of most refugees, sick and starving Hutu exiles were dying at an appalling rate of 2000 per day. The government encouraged them to return to the food, water and relative safety waiting for them in Rwanda, but fears spread by former government troops that Hutus would be prosecuted on return prevented many from going home. Genocide Trials did not start until the end of 1996 when many had eventually returned, but are still expected to take years to complete. In 1999, more than 120,000 citizen accused of involvement in the genocide were packed into overcrowded jails.

5/20/2012-CH

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