Factors leading to the Nazi Holocaust
Most likely not. Rudyard Kipling used a swastika on the first editions of his books, but this was before the Nazi party adopted the swastika. He used the swastika because it was the symbol of good luck. Before the Nazi party came to power he had the engraver remove it from the printing block. He did not want it to seem like he was supporting them. Hence he was probably not antisemitic or a Nazi sympathizer.
There was some controversy over this because he had made some anti-sementic remarks over the Isareli invasion of Lebennon. However, he went back and corrected what he said and apoloized for the remarks and said that it was taken the wrong way.
Roald Dahl told a reporter in 1983, "There's a trait in the Jewish character that does provoke animosity ... I mean there is always a reason why anti-anything crops up anywhere; even a stinker like Hitler didn't just pick on them for no reason." He never apologized for this horrible racist remark. It is hard to see how it could be taken "the wrong way".
His group fought pitched street battles with the Bolsheviks (90% J e w s) who wanted to make Berlin into the spearpoint of Communism for all of Europe. That was one thing. There were many more, one being the tides of pornography, produced by J E W opportunists that were being pushed into Germany after it's loss in WW1. The chief reason though was the fact that in 1933 world J e w r y declared a financial war on Germany and this is documented in a New York newspaper.
They're afraid of Israel because they fear another terrorist attack from another country.
Israel has engaged in a number of policies in violation of international law. Israel is not reticent for performing such acts and claims that it violates those laws because they are prejudicial to its rights and interests. If other countries did the same, (Iran is a great example), they are sternly reprimanded by the international community and forced to toe the line. As concerns Jews that hate Israel, there are various theological reasons to be Anti-Zionist which stem from the "Purpose of the Jew in the World" and the "Nature of the Exile".
Please also see the Related Question below, but obviously excise the Anti-Semitic Answers.
Many Egyptians are strongly Anti-Zionist. This leads to a lot of rhetoric conflating Zionism with Judaism. However, Egyptians, as Muslims, are duty-bound to respect Jews and their culture. This leads to a form of doublethink where Egyptians will believe Anti-Semitic nonsense that comes along with the Anti-Zionist feelings they have while believing simultaneously that they are respectful and courteous to Jewish people because of being Muslim. Of course, both of these opinions cannot be right. The degree to which an Egyptian truly likes Jews is directly related to how little or much of the Anti-Semitic garbage he believes.
As a general rule people who hate a particular race, religion or creed do so because of fear or ignorance. It is also encouraged by people with an agenda against that group, using propaganda, half truths and lies. Hatred also underlies much violence in the world. If people stopped exerting so much energy toward hating people who are different, they might just have the energy to rebuild this world to be a happier place.
The reasons for Jewish hatred have remained unabated. To see some of these reasons, check out the Related Question: Why do people hate the Jews?
There were a large variety of antisemitic modes and mechanisms that operated in Europe.
Religious - Christian organizations banned Jewish participation (this included everything from employment to recreational societies to salons) because they refused to acknowledge Jesus as their Lord and Savior.
Racial - Jews (even if they converted to Christianity) were in some way physically impure and therefore banned from Christian organizations
Jewish Laws - Many states had codes as to where Jews could live, whom they could marry, whom they could do business with, how efficaciously they could travel, what political aspirations (if any) they were allowed to have, and what weapons or rights to self-defense (if any) they were allowed to have.
Pogroms - Typical in Eastern Europe, violent attacks perpretrated by non-Jews against Jews resulting in both large and small massacres'
State-Led Attacks - This includes tribunals like the Spanish Inquisition that targeted Jews to Government-sanctioned ghetto-raids. Generally during wartime, it was considered "more acceptable" to plunder from a Jew than a Christian.
Financial Disadvantage - Jews were banned from a vast number of occupations and taxed to a greater extent than equivalent Christians. Jews were almost never nobles (there are rare exceptions to this, especially in the UK and the Ottoman Empire).
Note: there are far many more varieties, but this should give you a flavor.
There is no enmity between Jews and Croatians. Many Jews speak highly of Croatia, especially as a place to vacation. There is, of course, anger over the actions of the Croatian Ustaše during World War II that led to numerous Jews in Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia being sent to die in either Ustaše camps or in Nazi camps. However, most Jews either do not know about this or do not fault the current generation of Croatians for it or have forgiven the Croatians for the malfeasance.
No, they are not.
No credible sources can be found that suggest Shirley Temple was anti-gay. There is an interesting discussion on the site at the Related Link about the subject, though.
No one can truly know the mind of another person, but Emma Watson has made no statements denigrating Jews, made any negative remarks about Jews (as a group), or implied any negativity towards Jews. It is highly unlikely that she is Anti-Semitic.
I'm no Bing Crosby expert, but I've never read anything that would lead me to believe he was racist. Especially in context of the day and age in which he lived, when views on many issues were quite different than they are now.
I assume you raise the question because he performed in blackface on a few occasions. There is a clip of one instance here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tAHSTbD4A5M along with some interesting commentary below.
Some assert that Bing, like Frank Sinatra, stood up for his fellow musicians who were black. Others discuss the history the of minstrel show and blackface tradition, which they claim was actually, in some ways, a positive force for race relations. That is hard to grasp for most of us today, but I found the discussion interesting as I knew little of the tradition, which was gone by the time I was born.
In any case, Bing would probably be pleasantly surprised to learn we have an African-American president. America is supposed to be about progress, and doubtless by the time you and I are very old and gray, many things will have come to pass which we would not have dreamed.
Bing Crosby was definitely not a racist. He produced albums with Ella Fitzgerald ("Christmas Jump & Live" to name just one of them).
The big band/swing artists of that era seemed to not care about race as much as their parent's generation. Take the Rat Pack for example. Sinatra and Dean Martin would not be the rack pack without Sammy Davis, Jr., a black man.
Besides, Bing Crosby was a jazz singer. Jazz is a black tradition. He's in black territory--so he better not be racist. It'd be like a white racist from Georgia wanting to live in Harlem. Doesn't happen. Crosby was not a racist. (Neither of the two men with that name were racists.)
With the arguable exception of the(Song of the South) no Disney movie or cartoon from the heyday of the (Mousetro)- he died in l966 had Black Characters, live or cartoon. There were no Blacks in the Mickey Mouse Club Mousketeers, it should be noted these were paid cast members, unlike the so-called Peanut Gallery of the (Howdy Doody)- while Arabic locales sometimes pop up as in say, Aladdin, Blacks are nearly always out of the focus.Disney evidentally either did not like Black People or felt they were too controversial for (Clean Family entertainment) it should be noted outside of such things as (Julia) they were rare on Television sitcoms with the exception of the ubiquitous Radio operators on one service comedy, one spy drama, and a science fiction series.
Disney also produced WWII films that depicted Japanese as yellow, buck toothed idiots, and Germans as homosexual idiots.
***I find this answer kind of interesting, since you don't consider the time period or the general feeling Americans had as a whole back then. You just decide to put all the blame on Walt Disney. If he hated the Japanese so much, them why did he hire men like Iwao Takamoto as artists, right out of internment camp at Manzanar? Obviously he wasn't to racist to recognize someones talent and abilities. Maybe you should read a little further into something before you start throwing accusations around. ***
Sick and Tired of the racist word.
Anti-Semitism causing Anti-Zionism
This should be self-evident. The Logic goes thus: Anti-Semites oppose any Jewish aspiration to freedom and/or power. Zionism, the Jewish Nationalist philosophy on which Zionism was based, promotes Self-Determination for the Jewish people which is an aspiration to freedom and power. Therefore, Anti-Semites oppose Zionism. Additionally, many people who are Anti-Semitic see Jews as running some sort of international cabal to strip power from everyone else. Equipped with a country, who knows what further havoc Jews could cause.
Anti-Zionism causing Anti-Semitism
Since Israel is the "Jewish State" many of its political policies are seen by those with little knowledge of Judaism to be part of Judaism. Additionally, they note that Jews outside of Israel do not criticize these actions and often openly support them. This leads to political Anti-Zionist sentiment becoming manifest in religious and ethnic Anti-Semitism. Many of the leaders of Muslim majority states have either said Anti-Semitic statements openly or have funded the circulation of Anti-Semitic literature (such as the Protocols of the Elders of Zion) as part of their demonization of Israel and its citizenry.
Note: While there are certainly those who say that Anti-Zionism is a form of Anti-Semitism, this particular answer uses the term Anti-Semitism to refer to exclusively anti-Jewish beliefs like: Jews are Christ-killers, Jews are descended of swine and monkeys, Jews control the economy, and other such nonsense which existed prior to and has nothing to do with the State of Israel.
Pogroms were violent riots and massacres launched against Jews and frequently encouraged by government authorities.
It was, above all, Tsarist Russia that was associated with pogroms. In Russia the whole period from about 1881-1917 was charcterized by pogroms.
Nazi Germany staged the Night of the Broken Glass, but on the whole preferred to avoid public disturbances when implementing its anti-Jewish policies.
In 1941 there were pogroms in Romania, especially Bucharest and Iasi, with Jews being beaten up and killed in the street.
One of the best know pogroms was that at Kishinev in 1903. See the link.
See also the second link, which has a map of some of the places where pogroms occurred in the Russian Empire.
Because the Nazi had so much power because of Hiltler and the Germans were scared not to hate the Jews.Actually ...It wasn't that easy. Most of the German Jews were well integrated into German life till the Nazis came to power. Many Germans had dealings with Jews and found there was a huge gap between what they knew and what official propaganda claimed. The Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses in April 1933 was a fiasco, and even much later the 'Night of the Broken Glass' (November 1938) wasn't particularly popular.
Having said all this, Nazi propaganda often linked the Jews with the defeat of Germany in 1918 and with Bolshevism. This resonated much more than lurid conspiracy theories.
There was a growing resentment against Jewish refugees. Up until 1933 Poland had more antisemitic laws than Germany and the Polish Catholic clergy were encouraging antisemitism from the pulpit, as a result there were many poorer Jews arriving in Germany. With an already high unemployment it was easy for Hitler and the Nazis to say to the working/unemployed people that it was these refugees that were causing the problems.
When people went along with this they did not think that the Nazis would include those Jews who had been born or lived for a long time in Germany. (In fact Hitler himself wanted to deal with the German Jews after he had won the war).
There was no specific incident or trigger. It was the Nazis' view that the Jews were Communists and that they had caused Germany's defeat in World War 1.
well originaly Hitler wanted to be an artist, so he went to some college in austria but when he went for his interview the man that interviewed him was Jewish and he didn't give him the place at the college.
Hitler is hated because he wanted one part of the world, Germany, to dominate everything else, sending the world into a state of fear. He also wanted to kill all the Jewish people, the disabled, Travelers ("Gypsies,") homosexuals and other groups he considered imperfect.
There is really no hard, factual evidence for Hitler's anti-Semitic arguments. At that time Jews were a very small minority but were extremely successful in a high profile way and he wanted to use that against them to benefit his political ambition.
The great majority of German Jews were well integrated into German society and were widely respected, except by Jew baiters. They were '100% German' and made a huge contribution to the science, scholarship, the arts and literature in Germany. Obviously, those who had settled in Germany relatively recently (say, since about 1900) were less integrated.
Sadly they have never ended.
While the main Roman persecutions stopped in the fourth century after the Roman Emperor Constantine became a Christian himself, persecutions of Christians have never ceased
Throughout history Christians have been persecuted for their faith. Even today there are many countries - especially the more fundamental Islamic countries and some of the totalitarian communist states like China and North Korea where Christianity is illegal. In some, merely the possession of a bible is a capital offence.
It is also a statistical fact that more Christians have been martyred for their beliefs during the past 150 years than throughot the previous 1850 years.
While this answer is correct, I think the question refers to the early persecutions that were on and off from the time of Jesus Death till the time of Emperor Constantine. The Persecution were put to an end when Emperor Constantine and Licinius signed the Edict of Milan in 313 A.D.
No, Mussolini did not hate Jews. In fact, he had the support of prominent, wealthy Italian-Jewish families. However, Mussolini's ally, Hitler, was heavily anti-semetic. This forced Mussolini to abide Hitler's rules, and when Nazi Germany occupied Northern Italy, Italian-Jews were rounded up and shipped off to concentration camps.
Jewish people were killed during World War 2 because Hitler thought that they were beneath the German race. There were millions of Jewish people that were killed during this time.
Hitler was a purely psychotic person. His main reason being that he wanted to kill the Jews was to extinct their race. He had no legit reason to kill those innocent people, he was just a very racists person!