Auto Accidents

For questions and answers on these topics: determining who is at fault; insurance; accident statistics; and, trends and automotive safety issues.

4,743 Questions
Cars & Vehicles
Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

How can you find out the salvage value of a totaled car?

You can call some salvage or wrecking yards in your area and ask what they are willing to pay you for the totaled car. It is best to call several wrecking yards and then average the price they offer you. A reasonable estimate is 15-20% of the retail value of the vehicle at the time of loss. Keep in mind that a vehicle totaled due to front end damage will have a lower salvage value than the same vehicle totaled due to a rear impact.

A salvage yard will often pay you more than a scrap yard. It just depends on how badly damaged the vehicle is and what parts may be reusable. Salvage yards attempt to salvage usable parts that can be resold as is to body shops, mechanics and individuals and then the remainder is crushed and sold to be melted down. A scrap yard will generally only offer you based on the weight of the metal because they are just going to crush it all down to be sold as raw metal for recycle.

All insurance companies have different formulas and conditions for paying out on a total loss. For instance, I know of a few companies in Illinois that will formulate a value at time of loss based on the following factors: car's condition before the accident, current blue book value, current dealer re-sale prices, current salvage values, and current newspaper listing prices. Taking all these sources of info into consideration, it is difficult to say the least to compose a salvage value, until the actual time of loss, and after an adjuster examines the damaged vehicle.

There are some insurance companies out there that will not do what is right toward you, but the right companies will be fair and reasonable to you. For instance, I know that The Hartford asks you what the condition of your car was prior to the accident, the adjuster who goes out to look at the vehicle looks at any prior damage on the vehicle and any mechanical malfunctions. They then go on the market (Auto Trader is used commonly) and search for vehicles in the same category condition and base your vehicles value on that value. They then retain the salvage. I know however that if you choose to keep your salvage title, they take the market value of the car and subtract with the salvage value and that's the money you get along with keeping your car. The main point of giving you market value is so that you can go out and buy the same exact car in the same condition as your vehicle was prior to the loss. In conclusion, there are some fair companies out there. It's the consumers sometimes that keep trying to take more because they see a no fault auto accident as a way to make money.

If you think you are being low balled by the insurance company than you may invoke the policy section where disagreements about settlement value can result in an independent appraisal/mediation. You will have to pay half of the fee for this, though.

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Biology
Auto Accidents

What are the five classification of accidents?

1. physical

2. mental

3. by vehicle

4. physical activity

5. bike accident

6 ; burn and scalds

7 : radiations

etc .

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Cars & Vehicles
Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

What city has the most car accidents?

According to Allstate data, the city in the US with the highest accident rate is Washington, D.C. Second highest is Baltimore. Third highest is Glendale, CA.

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Insurance
Auto Accidents
Workers Compensation

Does company insurance or Workman's Comp cover car accidents while working?

If you were truly injured you probably are covered by your employer. Your car is a different matter though, and workmans compensation certainly won't pay for that.

You have every right to obtain an atty. w/ the expectations of a victory. Even if you are having no luck w/ the ins. co.'s your company is 100% liable for both your physical and vehicle damage loss being as though you were on the job.

I do a lot of errands where I work banking etc. my boss purchased a separate insurance policy to cover my driving while working for him. It was very inexpensive and solved a lot of problems.

you boss bought a non-ownerd auot liabilit not anything esle. this provides liability for the business when you drive.

In the UK - the answer to this question depends on how the RTA that occurs for example:

1. If the vehicle had a defect which cuased your accident your employer is liable. The car is work equipment and a employer has strict liability for accidents from such defects.

2. If the accident was caused by the employee - the employer will have insurance to cover the other innocent driver's injuries, but proabably no the employees.

3. If the RTA was caused by the other driver - the other driver's insurance will pay for the employees injuries.

ANSWER

Your employer is mandated by law to carry Worksman Comp Insurance, which covers you for all injuries on the job, unless, you commited deliberate and negligent act. In this case your claim may be denied.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

Who causes more car accidents men or women?

women

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Auto Insurance
Auto Accidents

Can you save on your future premiums if you switch to a different insurer after an accident?

No! your accident record follows you for the rest of your life like a credit report. : Once you have had an accident even if you change your insurers, your premium will be surcharged. If you have a forgiveness clause in your policy and this is the first accident you will not be charged higher. That being said it is still possible to save on auto insurances and one should be constantly on the look out for savings, since there are number of ways the premium can be saved : 1) Having higher deductible as indicated. 2) Having safety features installed - like airbags, alarm system if not already installed. 3) Decreasing the mileage - use by car pooling. 4) Online discounts 5) Placing all policies with one insurer - home and auto or all auto polices with one insurer. The insurance rates are also dependent on the claims experience of the insurance companies so shopping around is certainly a good idea.

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Auto Accidents

Who causes collisions?

Occasionally road conditions, however the overwhelming cause is driver inattention.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

How much money will you get for pain and suffering in a car accident?

If there is pain and suffering involved, it depends on the type of treatment and for how long. the best thing to do is to call your car insurance company and ask.

first of all it depends on what type of treatment you are doing and for how long.

and it is not incorrect to say that the insurance just pays for the damages to car and medical bills, but what happens is that there are claim adjusters for your PIP #( the one that you have to give for any appointments and treatment to be billed to the insurance.) that determine whether or not you should get any money...so you may or may not. but if you want to find out how much you will get call your car insurance so they can tell you.

Generally, a personal injury settlement is a lump sum and is intended to compensate the claimant for past & future medical expenses and wage loss and other, concrete damages as discussed below. What people don't often understand about "pain and suffering" is those damages are more difficult to prove because they're subjective and often unseen.

Pain and suffering is subjective and determined most often by lawyers and a judge during a trial. Insurance pays only for medical bills and repair of physical damage to your car. If you are looking for other reimbursement, you will need to speak with an attorney.

I believe if a person is in an auto accident and has pain and suffering, the compensation for that should be calculated by how long your in pain, and if any emotional or phycological probloms occured because of it. Answer

It is incorrect to say that Insurance pays only for medical bills and damage to car.

It varies slightly with each state, but the victim of a car accident is entitled to, medical, future medical, property damages, pain and suffering, lost wages, lost earning capabilities, and mental anguish. Fault affects who holds that liability. Some states also allow for compensation for damage to relationships, family inconveniences and lost ability to enjoy life.

There are lots of websites to help with "how to" determine reasonable amounts.

In the UK pain and suffering is known as general damages and is the actual pain and suffering an accident causes you. Of course - this might seem very difficult to quantify, but in truth it is not so complex. The first step is to show exactly what your injury was at the time of the car accident, the symptoms you have suffered to date and what the future holds for your recovery. This information is produced by a consultant medical expert of the correct discipline who has access to your GP and hospital notes and who examines you.

For example, if you suffered whiplash or back injury - this expert would be a consultant orthopaedic surgeon with a specialism in spinal injuries.

Your lawyer would then look at the injury describes and compare the injury to previous cases decided by the courts in the past for similar injuries.

To see examples of compensation amounts you can receive in a car accident see the link entitled "car accident compensation" and for the amounts of compensation for all manner of injury you could suffer in a road traffic accident see the related link entitled "compensation amounts".

Zero.....an accident is an unintentional act. The only way you can receive anything for pain and suffering is to prove the other driver directly intended you harm.

The term accident is often synonymously used to describe a vehicle collision which can involve cars, bikes, pedestrians, motorcycles and other motorized vehicles (ie tractors), etc.

Assuming the question above is asking how to determine pain and suffering values: Pain and suffering, although having no specific requirements would fall within a range. The range is determined by the amounts of pain and suffering paid out on similar claims. Claims are awarded in court or determined by out of court settlement amounts. Asking an experienced attorney can help you determine the value of your case.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

Do you have to report all car accidents to your insurance company?

Yes, auto insurance policy states that you are required to report all accidents (losses) immediately. There are a few reasons for this. The carrier wants to quickly see your vehicle - take photos and write an estimate. If it was a single vehicle loss, and no monies are owed to any other party, they STILL want to do this because, essentially, they are not still insuring the 'same' vehicle. It is now damaged and likely has a different estimated value. Even though damage appraisers can distinguish old damage from new, your carrier has the right to know the condition of this insured vehicle. EVEN IF you don't carry first party collsion coverage on this vehicle, you could have another accident in the future and if we view this vehicle for THAT accident, we already know the damage incurred in the prior accident. If you were in a two car or multiple car collision, your carrier needs to speak with you as soon as possible after the accident - and you should WANT to also; you certainly want both your carrier AND the carriers of any other involved vehicles to hear your side of the story. If you don't, they have only the version given by the other parties and have to make their liability decisions based on what they've heard.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

How does inertia cause injury to a person in a car accident?

When a car is moving at a certain speed, objects in the car, including people, move at the same speed as well. When a car accident happens, for example the car crashes into a wall, the car stops moving suddenly because of the obstacle it hits. The people, however, don't meet the obstacle and keep on moving at the same speed they had been moving before the accident. As a result, these people usually hit the front car glass or the steering wheel and get injured.

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Cars & Vehicles
Auto Insurance
Auto Accidents

There are usually how many collisions in a motor vehicle crash?

At least three

1. Car with object

2. Person with car

3. Internal organs with persons body

If the car bounced off an object and hit something else that would be more collisions.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

What is a pretrial conference for car accident?

The same as for ANY trial or hearing. It is a planning conference where the opposing attorneys meet with the judge and lay out the outlines of their cases so that an estimate may be made of the court time that will be necessary to conduct the case. Neither the plaintiff nor the respondent need to be present as no legal matters will be discussed.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

How much money should you get from a car accident for pain and suffering?

:Generally, a personal injury settlement is a lump sum and is intended to compensate the claimant for past & future medical expenses and wage loss and other, concrete damages as discussed below. What people don't often understand about "pain and suffering" is those damages are more difficult to prove because they're subjective and often unseen. For example, if you have difficulty sleeping due to chronic neck or back pain, it's very difficult to prove. It's simply your word, and the insurance adjuster is likely to suspect you are exaggerating. The burden of proof is on the claimant. Discussing such a situation with your medical provider, providing a receipt to prove you bought a new bed or mattress, a receipt for a prescription for pain medication or sleeping pills: these are ways to bolster a claim for "softer" damages.

Pain and suffering is subjective and determined most often by lawyers and a judge during a trial. Insurance pays only for medical bills and repair of physical damage to your car. If you are looking for other reimbursement, you will need to speak with an attorney.

For UK

In the UK pain and suffering is known as general damages and is the actual pain and suffering an accident causes you. Of course - this might seem very difficult to quantify, but in truth it is not so complex. The first step is to show exactly what your injury was at the time of the car accident, the symptoms you have suffered to date and what the future holds for your recovery. This information is produced by a consultant medical expert of the correct discipline who has access to your GP and hospital notes and who examines you.

For example, if you suffered whiplash or back injury - this expert would be a consultant orthopaedic surgeon with a specialism in spinal injuries.

Your lawyer would then look at the injury describes and compare the injury to previous cases decided by the courts in the past for similar injuries.

To see examples of compensation amounts you can receive in a car accident see the link entitled "car accident compensation" and for the amounts of compensation for all manner of injury you could suffer in a road traffic accident see the related link entitled "compensation amounts".

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Auto Insurance Claims
Credit Reports
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

Can a collection agency put a collection on your credit even though you have a police report showing the car accident was not your fault?

Collection agencies only care about one thing...collecting money. More info is needed to answer this question but if this is a medical collection, you need to find out why your insurance company did not pay it.

You are allowed to write to the Credit Bureau(s) and attach a comment that other creditors will see. Simply and briefly write your comment to explain the circumstances. Even if the collection agency won't listen, other creditors will see your explanation.

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Auto Insurance
Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

Who is responsible for hit and run damage?

Responsibility for Hit and Run Damage

The driver and the owner of the vehicle being driven are both jointly and separately responsible (liable) for the damage caused. Since it was a hit and run, I assume no coverage on their part. If you have Full coverage Insurance or at least uninsured motorists, then your policy will cover the loss. A police report is recommended.

If you have uninsured motorist coverage included on your policy, it should cover this damage. It could depend upon on policy language and state law, your collision coverage will also cover your damages minus any applicable deductible. If covered through the uninsured motorists portion of your policy, in most U.S. states there is no deductible on uninsured motorists claims but this may vary depending on your local regulations and the policy options you chose when you purchased your Automobile Insurance.

Deductibles

while you can choose varying amounts for your deductible, which will influence your premium amount, the amount you pay toward your damages due to an uninsured motorist does NOT change, allowing you to influence your premium amount. Additionally, because it was paid under Uninsured Motorist coverage, it will be clear to any potential NEW carrier, that this was NOT an at fault accident. And to further complicate matters, with some insurance carriers, you could possibly be required to identify the hit-run driver in order to trigger the UM coverage. (license plate, year/make/model/color, etc. You may not have to have name, rank, & serial number.).

More Information:

  • This is a good question, particularly since it's such a frustrating thing. The best way to look at it is this: Your deductible has nothing to do with liability. Rather, your deductible relates to the rates you pay for insurance, and how much of the damages you are willing to absorb out-of-pocket. Your insurance carrier considers your deductible the amount you agreed to pay in any accident, regardless of fault and assuming your carrier is paying for damages to your vehicle. For instance, say you're sitting at a red light, and a drunk driver comes up behind you and rear ends your vehicle. Obviously, you're not at-fault for that; however, if you choose to go through your own insurance, you'll still be required to pay your deductible when you have your vehicle repaired. Unfortunately, unlike an accident in which the other driver is known, your insurance company can't go after a hit-and-run driver (this is called "subrogation," which most insurance companies are happy to pursue when they can because they want their money back, too). So, unless your insurance policy waives deductibles for hit-and-run accidents (which is rare), you'll be paying.
  • Be careful about reporting this if the damage is minimal. Someone dented my truck overnight in a parking lot. I reported it to my insurance company, the repair was $526. I paid the $500 deductible, and they paid the $26. About 4.5 years later, I'm shopping for new insurance, and the insurance companies are adding about $130/6-months because of that 'accident'.
  • EXACTLY.. (referring to the last post).. I was in a hit and run, my car was totaled. My own insurance company paid me $5,196 for my dead Honda Civic (RIP). But the pay out was from my collision insurance. SO... that claims record shows up when I try to shop around to other insurance companies... even though my carrier (GEICO) coded the accident as me being NOT at fault... the other companies don't care! They see your claims history, and their risk algorithms return higher rates! It's crap!
  • Again, this is inevitably an insurance adjuster ploy. The only legitimate reason for which an adjuster may ask for such information is when an insured damages their own car and claims that the cause was another car which forced them off the road but did not actually strike their vehicle. (known in the trade as a "phantom" driver claim).
  • In the UK - the driver of the vehicle which causes the hit and run and in turn his motor insurance. If however the driver cannot be found or is uninsured when found the Motor Insurer Bureau will meet your claims for vehicle damage and injury compensation. see the related link entitled "hit and run accident" for more details on how to recover compensation in the UK.
  • The question is, 'who's responsible for hit and run damage?', The 'runner' would be responsible of course, but if they 'ran' chances are they may not be caught and thus made responsible for their actions. Hopefully the victim got a license plate (if that were possible and not just hit while parked and no one around to witness this accident) and this can be traced either thru their local law enforcement agency or their states DMV.
  • If you have collision coverage you can file the claim, and have your vehicle repaired (subject to your deductible) your company will attempt to subrogate the guilty party, recouping your deductible and their payout (if information on fleeing vehicle is available).
  • You do not say which state you are in, so I couldn't check that states requirements or coverage definitions directly, however I think it needs to be clarified that uninsured motorist coverage (in all but very few states that mandate UM also includes UMPD), will ONLY cover injuries and costs associated with the injury caused by a negligent uninsured driver. Uninsured motorist property damage coverage, is NOT a required, but rather optional coverage that (unfortunately), most people neither know about or have. Will cover the physcial damage to your vehicle caused by a negligent uninsured driver subject to the deductible. Most people however would not see the necessity of carrying UMPD if they have collision coverage. There is no deductible for uninsured motorist coverage.
  • I have been in the insurance industry for 11 years now in the state of VA. I am aware that coverages in each state are different but uninsured and under-insured motorist typically doe includes BI and PD. On an insurance policy the uninsured motorist bodily injury and property damage is written at the same limits as the liability coverage on the policy. Lower uninsured/under-insured coverages can be requested if a form is signed stating that the insured does not want the limits to match. Also, uninsured motorist does come with a deductible depending on your state so the above statement that uninsured motorist coverage does not have a deductible is false. Most uninsured motorist claims are subject to a $200 deductible. Be cautioned when filing a uninsured/under-insured motorist claim as you may see the insurance company pay out a small amount under this coverage and then pin the rest under collision. This is when it becomes a problem of proving fault. Whenever a claim is paid out under collision it is considered at fault and it is like pulling teeth to prove otherwise to an insurance company. Take it from me, I have a hit while parked and $300 was paid under uninsured/under-insured motorist and $1400 was paid under collision and every insurance company is listing this as a chargeable at fault claim which holds a surcharge for 3 years on an insurance policy.

Another view: At least in the US, "hit and run" is a term typically used in property damage claims. Further, it is use in the context of an individuals car being hit by an unknown person and the latter leaving the scene after causing the damage. The victim's car may have been occupied or not.

If the victim is insured, he/she should be sure to get a police report to document the occurrence. Since such reports are made after the (the officer did not see the occurrence), the report serves the purpose of documenting the occurrence for later action. If the victim had physical damage coverage on the vehicle, this will be just about the only was to give any credence to the claim. All other things being equal, the insurer should pay for the reasonable cost of repair subject to the terms of the policy.

If the vehicle that was hit was occupied and the occupant(s) sustained compensable injuries under the law of the jurisdiction, they may be entitled to recover under the uninsured motorist coverage of the policy. In such a case, they would have to prove the "value" of their injury in much the same way that they would in a third-party claim. Again, it is important that the occurrence be documented, including by a timely police report.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Transportation Accidents

Should you pay for repairs to the vehicle's owner out of pocket after a minor car accident if you are at fault?

it would be smart if stops the owner from reporting the accident

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Auto Insurance
Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

What happens if an uninsured and unlicensed person has an auto accident?

Liability of Uninsured Drivers in the USA.The at fault driver is always the primary person liable for damages from any accident they cause whether licensed, insured or not. Licensed status does not negate liability.

In the U.S. both the at fault driver and the registered vehicle owner can be held financially liable. If no nsurance is avalable, you owe personally for all the damages and may have some fines to pay as well.

Happy Motoring

Wrong Answer for USA, Perhaps valid in some other countriesIf an unlicensed driver is involved in a automobile accident, they are, by default, responsible due to the fact that they are not legally operating a vehicle. Their presence on the road is considered the first in the chain of events that lead to the accident. AnswerDepending on how serious injuries were, if any, this type of crime carries about the same weight as Driving while intoxicated. You will probably do jail time and if you ever get licensed will need an SR-22 slip often. AnswerWould you please provide me with the supporting legislation, rule or other that substantiates this. My son was involved in an accident with an unlicensed driver and the State of NJ Department of Insurance and Banking had no idea what I was talking about when I mentioned David Adam's answer which read,

"If an unlicensed driver is involved in a automobile accident, they are, by default, responsible due to the fact that they are not legally operating a vehicle. There presence on the road is considered the first in the chain of events that lead to the accident." <--- "they told you wrong."

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Auto Insurance Claims
Rules of the Road
Auto Accidents

Who is at fault in an accident when backing out of a parking space?

Backing out of a parking spaceThe person backing up is at fault, they have a greater duty the fact that the person is driving on the wrong side makes no difference. the person shoudl of waited to back out.

--yes but like all accidents like these, it is circumstantial; if person A is backing out, person B is flying by @ 20+ mph, person A checks everywhere & sees nothing and proceeds to back out. they are then hit by car A who is at fault for 'not able to control his/her vehicle'. if both are going proper speeds & it is just a bump, it is definitely A's fault, cuz B has the right of way

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Auto Insurance
Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

Are you at fault if your car was forced to hit another car?

No, if the facts of loss occurred just as you described them, you wouldn't be considered at fault. The key here is the lead vehicle driver's statement. Specifically, did he/she feel one impact (from your car being pushed into his), or did he feel two impacts (which would indicate you rear-ended the lead vehicle first, and then you in turn were rear-ended). But, just because your car made contact with the lead vehicle doesn't mean you're automatically at-fault. More input from FAQ Farmers: * Depends.... If the "Proximate Causer" can be determined and identified, he/she can be held accountable. Need to be fully substantiated as the proximate cause by non-interested witnesses. ie: Car enters your lane on one way street going the wrong way forcing you to swerve to avoid head-on collion. If you can catch and identify that vehicle they will be held accountable.

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Auto Accidents
Safe Driving Techniques

Advantages of of abs brakes in car?

In a car without ABS, if you slam on the brakes, your wheels will lock and your car will skid. ABS prevents the wheels from locking by releasing the brakes if you start to loose traction.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Homeowner's Insurance
Auto Accidents

Who is responsible if your vehicle is stolen and then chased and hit by the police?

The thief who stole the car is the responsibile party. If you have full coverage though you should have no problem getting the loss covered.

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents
Motorcycle Law

How do you obtain a driving license in India?

The procedure to obtain a Driving License is simple. Follow the below mentioned steps. Normally this is the process in any State across India. Well, Few Road Transport Authorities (RTA's) could be working as per the local governments periodic regulations.

1. Buy the Learning Licence Forms. These are Form 2, Form 1 & Form 1A(Form 1A is for people aged above

40 years). These forms are available in single click at www.drivingtest.in. Copy the following link and try.

http://drivingtest.in/rta-forms.php

2. Once you are done with filling up of forms, find out with the Road Transport Authoritie's office, if you have to book a slot for your learners license test. In Andhra Pradesh, one has to book the slot and then practice the questions to clear the test. In Andhra Pradesh the slot can be booked at the link below.

http://cfst.co.in/cfstonline/LL/TestCenter.aspx (for Andhra Pradesh only)

3. Once the slot is booked, you need to prepare for the online learners licence test which comprises of 20 questions (For Andhra Pradesh). In other cases, walk in to RTA office and pay fee and wait for your turn. The passing mark is 16 where each question carries 1 mark for AP. The number of questions may vary from State to State, however, the questions in this website are the ones normally in the syllabus. In order to practice online you may visit the following link. There are about 250 questions in this website and 10 are free sample learners licence questions. Registerto access all the Driving Licence questions.

http://www.drivingtest.in/online-driving-license-sample-test.php

4. To get a hint on the road signs and the traffic signs go to

For knowing all the Traffic Signs http://www.drivingtest.in/road-signs.php

To know about driving tips etc http://www.drivingtest.in/resources.php

5. Once you clear your learners license, you may book a slot for the permanent licence (This is in case of Andhra Pradesh) on the same website as stated above. For other states call the RTA office to find out the availability

of track to be tested for the permanent License. While learning to drive a two wheeler or a four wheeler, kindly keep the road safety and its structure in mind. Read the signs in practical driving test carefully. For further driving tips click on the following links.

http://indiahometips.com/driving-license-tips.html

http://www.drivingtest.in/driving-tips.php

http://www.drivingtest.in/road-marking.php

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Auto Insurance Claims
Auto Accidents

How much money can you get for being a passenger in a car accident and the car got totaled?

Only as much as will cover your medical expenses or "suffering" claims.

It MAY make a difference on whether you were a passenger in the striking vehicle or in the vehicle that was struck.

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Auto Insurance
Traffic Violations and Tickets
Auto Accidents

What happens to a motorist who is driving an uninsured car hits a parked car and damages city property?

The motorist is personally liable for all the damage.

Driving in an uninsured car has serious and expensive consequences.

You will receive a traffic violation. Your license can be suspended.

The police can tow and impound the vehicle. The vehicle can't be released until proof of insurance is procured. The impound fees add up quickly and the tow company can send your car to auction if the fees are not paid within the statutory time period for your state.


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Auto Insurance Claims
Rules of the Road
Auto Accidents

Who is at fault if a car is rear-ended while backing up?

According to most state traffic laws, the person backing up has the greater responsibility, to make sure the road is clear before backing up. However, this can be mitigated if the driver of the other vehicle is not exercising reasonable caution, is entering traffic from off the road, or is violating some traffic law at the time.

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