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US Civil War

~61300 answered questions
Parent Category: War and Military History
This category is for questions and answers about the American Civil War. This was an internal conflict involving the state rights, and divided the United States in a bloody struggle. It was fought after the secession of eleven southern states, and lasted from 1861 to 1865.
You cant, unless you can identify the rifle correctly. Need to know ALL the markings, barrel length, caliber, etc.
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In the first days of football when a ball carrier crossed the goal line he would touch the ball to the ground. The touching of the ball to the ground for the score was called a "TOUCHDOWN". This rule still applies in rugby, where a player doesn't score unless he touches the ball to the ground.
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� 31.0025. AUTHORITY OF COURT TO ORDER TURNOVER OF WAGES. (a) Notwithstanding any other law, a court may not, at any time before a judgment debtor is paid wages for personal services performed by the debtor, enter or enforce an order that requires the debtor or any other person to turn over the wa…
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two different issues. Paying the notes (DEFAULT) does not concern warranty issues. Contract does not say that you dont pay if it dont work.Lenders have wisely avoided getting their loans confused with warranty. Lenders loan money, warranty takes care of the problems.
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Socially I think that the great migration had a big effect on African Americans. African Americans migrated to escape the widespread racism of the South, to seek out employment opportunities in urban environments, and to pursue what was widely perceived to be a "better life" in the North {in other w…
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Answer There were many countries involved in the Korean War. United States of America sent over 5 million soldiers to Korea before the conflict ended three years later, but the war also involved service members from nations including United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, I…
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%REPLIES% Answer I don't think there is one. Our involvement was so gradual that you can't fix a date for it. We were diplomatically involved in the original rebellion against the French because of our involvement in WWII. After the establishment of North and South Vietnam we were immediately…
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North Vietnam: 500,000 to 1,000,000 dead US: 58,000 dead South Vietnam: 1,000,000   Total U.S. deaths were approx. 58,000 (about 48,000 combat-related, 10,000 non-combat-related).South Vietnamese Army deaths are estimated at over 200,000.North Vietnamese and Viet Cong deaths are estimated at …
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The Battle of Ia Drang is the subject of We Were Soldiers, Once... And Young, by Harold Moore and Joseph Galloway and is considered to be among the first "battles" of Vietnam. From the amazon.com description: "In November 1965, some 450 men of the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, under the command of L…
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The US lost this particular "battle" because what we were doing was bringing in the poorer classes of people, because the bulk of people who enlisted in the army were the guys that were poor and needed a job after dropping from high school or who couldn't get a different job. Or they didn't all have…
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There was a Camp Mason in Oklahoma and, another in Portland Maine.
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NO! The American Civil War (1861-1865) was mainly in the South. Gettysburg was one of very few battles in the North.There was a naval engagement: the battle of Portland Harbor: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Portland_Harbor
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yes there were about 75 ?
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Hardly at all, despite the efforts of some later commentators to put a Marxist "spin" on it. Many of what would be regarded as the "lower classes" felt a deep antipathy towards opposing their own King, and in contrast (on the Parliamentarian side) the likes of Lord Manchester, Sir Thomas Fairfax, th…
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It was responsible to an extent. New British historians such as Jane Ohlmeyer believe that the English civil war (or revolution) was just one of an interlocking set of conflicts across the Stuart empire. These conflicts originated from the conflict between Catholicism and Puritanism. Thus it can be …
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Battleships influenced history greatly before 1900. From the ancientMediteranean fleets of Egypt,Rome, Persia and others to the great explorers of Portugal and Spain they were tools used to project naval power and subdue unknown lands. In our own Civil War they were one of the primary reason the Sou…
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%DETAILS% Answer Well, there were a number of forts built along the Hudson river at different times and places. The most famous one though was West Point, named simply after its location. This was a critical strategic fortification during the Revolutionary War. American pssession of it made it …
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Please see the links below for mid nineteenth century maps of Manhattan.
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Confederate Forces Killed: 2,592 Wounded: 12,709 Missing: 5,150 Total: 20,451Union Forces Killed: 3,072 Wounded: 14,477 Missing: 5,434 Total: 22,983Combined: 43,434Source: "General Lee", General Fitzhugh Lee, p.302
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The South was cut off from the West after the Union was able to take control of the Mississippi River, through this decisive battle. Perhaps even more significantly, the North was then able to use the Mississippi River as a supply line and made possible the advance known as Sherman's March to the S…
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There has been a lot of debate about this subject. During the beginning of the conflict, Lincoln was still trying to find anyway to keep the Union together. He was advised by his Secretary of State to make this move without a major victory would have seemed to the outside world like the North was be…
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Fort Sumter then First Battle of Bull Run There are varying opinions on what qualifies as the first battle of the Civil War. Fort Sumter was the first conflict and it led to the Civil War. But the First Battle of Bull Run was the first major land battle of the Civil War.
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Despite the details listed below, the US Civil War ended when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Lieutenant General US Grant on April 9, 1865. Futile attempts by President Jefferson Davis prolonged final surrender agreements throughout the South.The Civil War did not end when Lee surrendered the A…
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State Rights, slavery was a factor that pushed the country to war. Actually, States' Rights was not a factor in the Civil War. That's a latter-day retroactive justification by certain Southern apologists. Slavery is indeed the primary cause of the Civil War, though not the Root Cause. The Root cau…
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The cotton gin invented by Eli Whitney helped lead to the civil war in the sense that it made cotton easier to harvest. Demand for cotton was always high both for Northern textile mills and for those abroad. To meet demand, the southern US states therefore imported more slaves. Slavery became an iss…
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%REPLIES% Answer General Ulysses S. Grant (union) -also became a US President General Robert E. Lee (rebel) General Stonewall Jackson (rebel) Answer 1.GRANT 2.LEE 3.SHERMAN Answer There were many leaders on both sides of the war. The top two leaders were Ulysses S. Grant (Union) …
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Slavery was the underlying basis for the civil war because the problem of states rights verses nations rights came to a head. While we were all "united" in a national sense, the rights of one state to have slavery legalized was in opposition to what the union believed to be wrong. The south wanted t…
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Answer I believe that in both armies soldiers had to be 17 years old but that requirement was often evaded. I think that musicians and drummer boys could be as young as 12, I'm much less certain of that though. Michael Montagne Answer According to the illustrious history, Gone with the Wind, …
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Phil, The answer to your question would vary depending on what time period you are referring to. If you mean after the first battle of Bull Run, the fact is that the Confederate forces came very close to a disastrous defeat themselves that day. They were much too disorganised to mount a pursuit and …
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Lincoln tried to implement what some people have called a "10% solution". In any Confederate territory controlled by Union forces, he said that if 10% of the population took an oath of loyalty to the union then they could elect representatives to Congress. This applied even to just parts of states. …
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Answer since the confederate had just formed in the begining of the civil war it did not have time to create a judiciary. Answer A confederate judiciary was created. See for example the website: als.edu Answer The Confederacy did have a judiciary system established. Most of this was local, …
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Name of General Lee's Horse That most noble of all steeds was named Traveller. There is a very fun book by that title. It puports to be a first person account of the war as told by the horse. More information: Although it is true that Traveller was the more famous of Gneral Lee's mounts, he also rod…
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No but in shorter tems slavery was one of the main issues and doesn't exist anymore and couldn't because of amends to the constitution and no i doubt that the union will break apart again No. The fundamental issue to which all others were subordinated was slavery. The other, which was used to pr…
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No. The fundamental issue to which all others were subordinated was slavery. The other, which was used to protect slavery was state soveriegnty. Although there are still legitimate differences over the proper constitutionally mandated roles of the federal and state governments, there is no longer an…
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The economy had been severely damaged during the war, especially in the South. It needed to be rebuilt.Foreign investment was also important. Foreign countries were able to trade with the South after the war.The Foreign Policy
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%FOLLOWUPS% Ralph, do you have any other info at all? I've done some digging and run a few searches and can find nothing at all on "Piles Guerillas." In fact, I'm not even sure a guerrilla unit would be structured enough to have 'companies' and such unless it was a large well organized unit, li…
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Answer The answer is twofold. First, a soldier directly involved in hostilites died, though primarily by what could (and to me should) be called an accident, on the day of the firing on Fort Sumter. Here's an account. "At 4:30 on the morning of April 12th, 1861 the batteries surrounding the harb…
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Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas and Texas. Border states of Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware and Maryland stayed Union, but obviously some local sympathies for the South remained. Basically the rest of the country stuck w…
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%REPLIES% Answer The geography of the South favored the defender over the attacker. In particular most of the rivers in the south run east to west. Thus as Union forces attempted to move south they had to cross all the rivers and the Confederates could defend them. Also, the fact that th…
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Answer The 11 states which were full-fledged members of the Confederacy were Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Virginia. The famous "Stars and Bars" flag of the CSA had 13 stars, because both Missouri and Kentucky had …
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I should think so Southern women pretty much ran the plantations anyway. The men just got the credit for it. The women trained the slaves, birthed babies for the slaves, nursed the slaves, kept finances, they did everything to make the man look clever. There was a clause in the Confederate draft l…
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Answer A much larger population from which to raise armies, a vastly larger industrial capacity with which to supply those armies, several times the amount of railroad mileage upon which to transport those armies and supplies to the battle fronts and incredibly more money with which to pay for …
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Actually two Confederate victories occurred at the same place, Manassas, Virginia. If you want two different places though you can consider Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville or Chickamauga, among others. Michael Montagne  Winchester, Virginia was central to the fertile Shenadoah Valley and i…
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1. capture the Mississippi river. 2.Blockade the southern ports. 3. Capture Richmond Virginia. This was known as the Anaconda plan (because it was supposed to strangle the confederacy!) The Anaconda plan was rejected as it would take too long. Later, certain aspects of Anaconda would be installed.…
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Both Britain and France were already indirectly supporting the Confederate cause by freely supplying arms, materials and even ship building.... as they both were also selling same to the Union to the first and highest bidders. Many of the European countries found this to be a profitable enterprise m…
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A Yankee, soldier or civilian, was, as far as I can tell, simply someone from the North. A Rebel or "Johnny Reb" was Southern or Confederate. I read something the other day, don't recall where (may have even been this site!): To the rest of the world an American is a Yankee;To a Southerner someone…
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There were a number of inventions, including repeating rifles, the machine gun, land mines, rotating turrets on warships, and the first military application of air power with observation balloons. A: Sorry. The turreted warship was invented by Cowper Coles, a Briton, who went to the bottom on an …
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There was a secret way to get to the north and there were several different paths to go on. Most of the beginning slaves would be mett by Harriet Tubman and she would either lead them herself, or tell them where they could run to. The first stop usually was an abolitionist house in disguise. The peo…
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It's most likely because very few people have ever even been curious about it.The Civil War fascinates me, but to be honest, I could not possibly care less about Lee's equine.It's more interesting to me to know that camels, of all things, wete used in the war!   Camels were used in the war? …
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Union States: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Oregon, California, Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri and Maryland. Note that Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri an…
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Lincoln felt that if he didn't fight the confederate states that the very soul of the country would be gone. He was fighting to maintain the United States as the "united" states. With the above said, here are more details. From the beginning of his political career, Lincoln stated that he believed …
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The South had only to avoid losing the war. The North had to conquer as much of the South as was necessary to put down the insurgency, which turned out to be quite a lot of it. The constitution has a clause that states that any rights not granted by the states to the federal government are reserve…
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We are still fighting the Civil War. It has and always be between liberal and conservative views on the constitution. If the south had one we would not have the Imperial federal government that invades most aspects of our lives and also steals our hard earned wages at the point of a gun only to wast…
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The following is a far reaching and nuanced discussion of particulars, that includes economic, political and military considerations. Numerous theories have been advanced on this subject for just shy of 150 years, often focused on the centrality of either the impossibility of Southern victory due to…
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Morally, slavery was wrong. Economically speaking, there was a bit of an incentive for Northerners who had to pay employees to oppose slavery.
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The South seceded for one reason and one reason only--to perpetuate the institution of slavery. Read all their declarations of secession, read their constitutions: it is all there in black and white. It was only years later, when slavery was abolished and had become (almost) universally condemned,…
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The first answer to my edit is based on sound reasoning. This edit will supplement what has already been written. The Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln was a strategic move to serve the his main purpose for fighting the Civil War. Lincoln always believed that the Federal Government ha…
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Yes. There were some exceptions in cases in which the drummer was not formally enlisted (and was more of a regimental mascot) but, in the vast majority of cases, any drummer, fifer, or other musician was carried on the regiments rolls as a full-fledged member of the unit, and was entitled to pay, u…
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There were many Southern / Northern crossings. One general fought with the North and changed sides to the South! One big name was General Thomas of Virginia who fought with the North. For the South, look no further than the Northerner Pemberton who surrendered Vicksburg to Grant. David Farragut …
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Battle strategy had not kept pace with development of weaponry. It seemed to be "line up and give them a big target" at that time. A 69 caliber musket ball would cause a large, gaping wound and usually remained in the body, unlike the modern 6.5 mm military round shich typically results in small en…
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Total dead, from both sides, were about 620,000 from all causes including accident and disease.
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In a 7-2 ruling, the US Supreme Court held the following: African-Americans could never be citizens of the United States or the individual states. African-Americans were chattel (property) according to the Constitution, and their owners were protected from losing their property under the Fifth Amend…
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%REPLIES% Answer It was fought over the twin issues of slavery and states rights. The south developed a view of the relationship between the federal government and the states which, if it had prevailed, would have made it almost impossible for the federal government to enforce its laws. Altho…
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The blacks, almost overwhelmingly slaves, who were pressed into service by the Confederate Army as servants, teamsters, drovers and laborers were *not* soldiers. They were not trained, were not uniformed, were not paid and were not armed. Furthermore their service was not voluntary, they did what th…
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%REPLIES% Answer Amazingly the first person to ride, break, and train Traveller was not a man, but Dorothy Ross. The teenage daughter of Commander Franklin Ross had an intense love for horses, and was in charge of hundreds of horses on the family farm. Answer Robert E. Lee's war horse Trav…
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Some Novels Based on this Premise If The South Had Won The Civil War, by MacKinlay KantorDixie Victorious: An Alternate History of the Civil War, by Peter TsourasLee at Chattanooga: A Novel of What Might Have Been, by Dennis P. McIntireThe Guns of the South, by Harry TurtledoveHow Few Remain, by Ha…
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Answer They had it very hard because the conflict was a true civil war in those states. There were supporters of both sides in every town and the territory was often not under the control of either of the formal armies. That meant law and order tended to break down as guerillas and raiding partie…
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That name doesn't sound right, are you sure you spelled it correctly.
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%REPLIES% Answer Not many, but just like the American Revolution, its very difficult to conquer an area. Essentially the South only had to muster the will to keep fighting until the North felt like quitting. That didn't happen, but theoretically it could have.the south alos was fighting on th…
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The US Civil War began on 12 April 1861 at 4:30 am when confederate forces in Charleston, south Carolina, fired on Union forces holding Fort Sumter, which was a Federal Fort located in Charleston Harbor. The bombardment lasted 34 hours and resulted in Union evacuation and takeover of the Fort by the…
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The CSS Alabama was a deadly menace for Union shipping in the US Civil War. Almost 70 Union cargo ships were sunk by this Confederate warship.
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%DETAILS% Answer I'm just guessing here but a "merciful stay" is a stay of execution for a condemned criminal for reasons of mercy rather than justice. Therefor I would guess that when the war ended stayes of execution were permitted for soldiers who had been condemned to death for assorted m…
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If the Confederacy had won their independence from the US, today it would strongly resemble a miniature USA. The main reason for that is that the South was populated by intelligent Americans. Due to the pressures of needing a free market economy to thrive, they would have taken the advice of Adam S…
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Yes, if you want a good read, Harry Turtledove's books deal with the scenario of the south winning the war. His alternate history series is a very good look at one possibility.
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Answer The main reason for the Civil War was the right of secesion. The north began to put tighter and tighter restraints upon slavery in new territories and new states. The south feared this trend would lead to their votes being worthless, as new states would be anti-slavery. The right of the st…
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Abraham Lincoln did not end slavery. Congress did with the 13th Amendment. Lincoln only created the Emancipation Proclamation to "free" the slaves in the ten states (and only those states) that were still in rebellion.
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: Over the years the exact wording has changed. President Lincoln stated that the North was fighting to preserve the Union. In order to do that, this meant all states had to remain within the Union. No state could exercise its right to secede. If it did, Lincoln envisioned a splintering of America i…
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There were many factors that contributed to the North winning the war. One could argue that primarily these were the industrial might of the North, the manpower reserves of the North and the US Navy. These three are simple, at the beginning of the war, the South had better commanders and better sold…
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The inventor of the USS Monitor was John Ericsson. It was a an ironclad warship of radical design. It was the first ironclad with a canon mounted on a revolving turret. The USS Monitor's turret was widely copied in other nations.
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The issue was more complex. Lincoln's primary goal was to preserve the Union. Although he was opposed to slavery he felt preserving the union was by far the most important thing. He said that if he could preserve the Union by freeing all of the slaves he would, if he could do it by freeing no slaves…
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It presupposes that an immigrant would choose to locate himself in a slave state where he would have to compete with 'free' slave labor.
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If the South had not still been widely practicing slavery, and basing their culture on the institution, the primary political dispute between the regions would never have occurred and there would have been no war regardless of whether the South pursued an industrial or agricultural economy. Michael …
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Yes, and they should have.thatz wut sheee sed @(*.*)@ monkey
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The Civil War showed for the first time many new elements of war. Many of which are present on even todays battlefields. Tactically speaking, we saw huge changes in battlefield tactics. Whereas before the civil war, we commonly saw lines of troops facing each other and firing (think Napolean), the C…
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%REPLIES% Answer Many different reasons, but remember that only 20 years earlier, Texas had fought against Mexico to keep her independence. For a brief time, Texas was a nation unto itself. After they had fought and died to keep their independence and freedom, there is no way anyone could…
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Economic changes before the civil war due to the introduction of the cotton gin to the united states, specifically in the southern region. Both areas of the united stated started to become equally industrialized.However, at this point in time, the north was still exponentially more industrialized…
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General Lee felt he could not lead the Federal army into his home state. States in those days were not as united as they are today. Lee was first a Virginian and reluctantly accepted his state's choice to secede from the US. His 3 sons also served as officers in the Confederate army.There are sugges…
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Answer It was the start of the civil war. Disputes actually might have been settled, if President Lincoln didn't reject to that. Answer By forcing the Union soldiers within to surrender, the seige gave the Southerners confidence that they might win a War of Secession, giving them a reason to …
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Answer The word civil does not just mean polite. It can also mean of or relating to the citizens of a country. A civil war is one that occurs between the people of a singe country rather than between two countries. Lots of countries have had civil wars. There are some people who will give you an …
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The 'compromise' lasted until the start of the Civil War. The Civil War, in essence, relates to a failure to compromise.
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I have read some of the answers to this question, and the one that stunned me was the one that suggested peaceful secession and blockading as "solutions". First of all, one of the main reasons that caused the Civil War was preserving the Union. Peaceful secession? That would be doing the exact oppos…
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The events leading to the US Civil War began on April 12, 1861 at 4:30 A.M. A cannon shell exploded over Fort Sumter. This was followed by artillery bombardments Confederate Confederate artillery on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Southern states wanted to form a new country and fo…
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Confederate General Who Died at Chancellorsville Stonewall Jackson.
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Probably not, the Regional rift had grown too deep.
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Amendments to the ConstitutionSlavery would be prohibited in all territory of the United States "now held, or hereafter acquired," north of latitude 36, 30 degrees line. In territory south of this line, slavery was "hereby recognized" and could not be interfered with by Congress. Furthermore, proper…
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Of course slavery hindered the economic development of the south. Before the Civil War, the north and south worked together to supply each other with what either region lacked. The north has a terribly short growing season, and rocky soil -- not a great way make a living trying to farm, so the north…
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The South was defending their homelands and so they had knowledge of the terrain, and had the motive to actively fight for their homeland. Said in another way, one large advantage was that the South did not have to capture the Union. To win, the only needed to simply quit the war and let the South b…
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