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Biochemistry

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Parent Category: Biology
Biochemistry is the study of the structure, composition and chemical processes in all living organisms. It covers the structures and functions of various cellular components, including proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and other biomolecules.
I wouldn't think there is any vitamin to take to Build Muscle, But some friends and I drink whey protein drinks and they are supposed to build muscle, I will say that in just a week I saw results but you have to drink them everyday and they also make you want to work out longer. I guess because they…
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Vitamin D Enriched Diet: Oily Fish (Trout, cooked) Cod Liver Oil Mushrooms (Portabello) Fortified Cereals (Whole Grain Total) Tofu (Firm, Lite) Caviar Dairy Products Pork Eggs Dairy Alternatives (Plain Soy Yogurt) Vitamin A Enriched Diet: Sweet Potato Carrots Dark Leafy Greens Squash Cos or Ro…
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Protein consists of small molecules called amino acids, joined together into long molecules called polypeptides. Each polypeptide has a very specific sequence of amino acids. Depending on the sequence, the molecule folds into a specific shape, sometimes involving other molecules, with a certain dist…
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Effervescent technology is known to provide up to 99% bio-availability of multi-vitamins. (This is much more than tablets or capsules). Mixed with water such multi-vitamin formulas produce a fizz (carbon dioxide) which helps in greater and quicker absorption of all ingredients! Answer # 2: When …
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Take good quality vitamins and minerals. You need to order them from specialist companies. Good quality multi-vitamins and minerals cannot be purchases in stores.Exercises: do puzzles, word puzzles, memory games (memorize your favorite quotes - and they have to be long quotes), reading every day - n…
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Respiration without oxygen. Anaerobic Exercise There are three energy-producing systems in the human body, one of which is aerobic (using oxygen), and two of which are anaerobic (not using oxygen): ATP-CP and Glycolysis. ATP-CP For the first few seconds you exercise you're using the ATP-CP system.…
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Safety of aspartame If you have been tested and found to NOT be phenylketonuric, go for it. If you ARE phenylketonuric, any amount of aspartame can cause serious problems. Laws in most states require that infants be tested for phenylketonurea before they are allowed out of the hospital. If you we…
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Yes, vitamins and nutrition in general affects the hormones in the body. In order for the body, including hormonal balance, to work properly, it must have the proper vitamins and nutrition that it needs. For more information visit the Related Link.
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The four nitrogenous bases in DNA are Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C), and Thymine (T). A binds with T G binds with C
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Everyone, from birth and even before, produces enzymes that allow us to digest and metabolyze and to perform the basic, chemical level activities that are needed for life.The question you MIGHT have been wanting to ask is, "what age group has active HORMONES?" Typically, sex hormones start to become…
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DNA Genes and Protein the gene is a subunit of DNA, one strand of DNA is copied into mRNA which is then translated into proteins
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Iron is the only metal that can rust. The usual term for the destruction of a metal by oxidation is corrosion, and 'rust' or 'rusting' is the term for corrosion specific to iron and its compounds.
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Hydrogen Bonds In a compound, there may be atoms with different levels of attraction to electrons. This attraction is called "electronegativity." If one atom in a compound "likes" electrons more (and has a higher electronegativity), the electrons shared between the molecules will spend more time on …
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CaffeineMinerals like potassium are often found alongside caffeine when it occurs in plant sources like coffee beans, and that could help the plant grow faster. But the caffeine itself would be unlikely to have any affect on the plant's rate of growth. I tested it and the plant grew at normal rate b…
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No; one can safely take both supplements. However, vitamin C can cause a copper deficiency with prolonged high doses (more than 20 times the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for months, for example). Unless you are taking extremely high-dose supplements, you are not likely to have this problem.…
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Answer the vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble These vitamins are stored in fat cells and are not so easy to excrete so do not abuse them!A, e, d, k.
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As I know, enzymes can be found in all plants. If no enzymes could be found in plants, there was no life.
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DNA twists because of the 3 dimensional structure of the linking molecules along its backbone. These are phosphate molecules and 2-deoxy-D-ribose molecules. The base pairs link to this backbone using covalent bonds but link in the centre using hydrogen bonds. This linking holds the strand in place a…
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Effects of Caffeine Caffeine is an example of a stimulant, which is a type of drug that speeds up the action of your brain and also makes you more alert.
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Le Chatlier's PrincipleIf an equilibrium reaction is occurring and some reactant from either side of the equilibrium is added, the reaction goes in a direction that is to oppose the addition of a reactant. For example. In the equilibrium of CO2 + H2O = H2CO3, if more CO2 is added then the equilibriu…
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It varies, but in most cases the answer is no. If the supplement is of a form of that specific vitamin or mineral that is derived from fresh foods, then yes. Some supplements of that type are available, but most are not. Some are forms that may be similar to what comes from fresh foods and readily a…
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Answer Cells in the human body can freeze if they are subjected to cold for a long enough period. Frostbite is, and has been, a known threat to individuals who are out in the cold without protective clothing.
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Bad Stuff Enzymes are denatured (their shape is changed so it doesn't work) when boiled Answer: enzymes whose optimum pH and temperature is well below the boiling point ( of water?) will be denatured and there are a few enzymes which works best at the higher temperature and hence does not get d…
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A person with this is missing half of 5th chromosome. They are born with disabilities and they will have a normal life expectancy.
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Phospholipids and triglycerides are similar except the one of the fatty acid molecules is replaced by a phosphate molecule :)
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Mitosis is the scientific term for nuclear cell division, where the nucleus of the cell divides, resulting in two sets of identical chromosomes. Mitosis is accompanied by cytokinesis in which the end result is two completely separate cells called daughter cells. Also it is the second part of the cel…
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Answer Genetic engineering is the combining of DNA from different species and can only be done in the laboratory. Traditional plant and animal breeding stay within the species to get the desired result.
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1. All non-zero integers are significant, no matter where they are. 2. Leading zeros (zeros before other numbers) are never significant. 3. Captive zeros (zeros between other numbers) are always significant. 4. Trailing zeros (zeros after other numbers) are significant only if the number contains…
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Answer The pitch of a helix is defined as the distance along the helical axis that results in one full turn of the helix. In the case of amino acid helices, this value is an average value of about 5.5 Angstroms. A-DNA B-DNA Z-DNA Right-handed helix Right-handed Left-handed Short and broad Lon…
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Cancer is a disease characterised by uncontrollable cell growth. the causative factors include genetic factors, exposure to carcinogens, etc. Carcinogenesis is the development of cancer.The gene which cause cancer is ONCO GENE.Carcinogens activate the onco gene hence causing cancer. Cancer cells a…
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Answer It depends on your size and caloric intake. For a 2000 calorie diet, the FDA suggests 65g of protein. For a 2500 calorie diet, it's 80g a day. This is for modestly active individuals. Bodybuilders attempting to build muscle and gain muscle mass need more- but not as much as some muscle …
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Phospholipids are a class of lipids, and a major component of all biological membranes, along with glycolipids, cholesterol and proteins. Phospholipids consist of a glycerol molecule chemically bonded to 2 long fatty acid chains and a phosphoester through a process called condensation. Phospholipids…
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You should drink about 8 cups a day of water. That helps everything from hydration to dry skin.
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It depends on your activity level, age , height weight and diet. If you exercise frequently e.g. Daily. The average woman need 46 grams. You would be getting enough protein if 10 to 35 percent of your calories comes from protein. Good luck. Or you can simply look up a protein calculator on the web.
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You are supposed to drink 8-10 8 ounce glasses of water per day. Although this may vary where you live it is a general rule.
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Proteins are macromolecules that are made and used by all living things, relatively big molecules (polymers) that consist of smaller building blocks (monomers) called amino acids. Each amino acid is a chemical composed of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen and some of them have other elements li…
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Giant molecules made from thousands or even hundreds of thousands of smaller molecules (Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids).
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The DNA is the longest biopolymer discovered. It is made up of two strands that are the polymers of repeating units of deoxyribonucleotides. The deoxyribonucleotides, themselves consist of three moieties:1. Deoxyribose Sugar: A pentose (5 carbon) Sugar2. Phosphate: Phosphate group imparts the negati…
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The result of growth in agricultural production in the late 1920 were things such as- construction of dikes and dams,use of fertilizers in farming, small farms to large farms, crop rotation, invention of the seed drill, farm journal-which was as newspaper, but for farmers giving them ideas on how to…
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The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic Acid or diploid.( dipliod does not mean DNA)
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A diet lacking in an essential amino acid can cause numerous mental and physical effects. A few examples include fatigue, weakness, anxiety, and changes to texture of skin and hair.
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Phenolic resins are mainly used in the production of circuit boards. They are better known however for the production of molded products including pool(Billiard) balls, laboratory countertops, and as coatings and adhesives. In the form of Bakelite, they are the earliest commercial synthetic resin
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Answer 1 It is not recommended for skin Lightening. Tationil glutathione is sometimes administered by doctors for treating Parkinson disease. Although, the injection is used in Philippines, mostly by women hoping to achieve a fairer skin. There are certain risks like heart attack that result from …
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Vitamins are nutrients that are normally found in food. In theory, eating a balanced diet gives you all the nutrients you need. However, because of varying factors like soil depletion in farmlands, storage and cooking methods, digestive issues, etc., we sometimes do not get all the nutrients we need…
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Rancidity is the chemical decomposition of fats, oils and other lipids. There are three basic types of rancidity. Hydrolytic rancidity occurs when water splits fatty acid chains away from the glycerol backbone in glycerides. Oxidative rancidity occurs when the double bonds of an unsaturated fatty ac…
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Answer 1 It is a carbohydrate(*)/sugar. It is in both plants as a result of photosynthesis and in the human body as well. Glucose is a sugar found in the bloodstream and is the body's main source of energy. Pure glucose is a solid, and will therefore not evaporate(**). If it is in a solution (gluc…
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The plant's cell wall protects the cell from damage (the plant cells are less fragile than animal cells and less flexible). Plant and bacterial cell walls provide intense strength using cellulosic materials. Some animal cells equally require this same strength yet they utilize a sugar-protein [glyco…
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Water soluble vitamins are filtered out of the bloodstream by the kidneys. They are then excreted via urine. Water soluble vitamins can also be passed out through sweat.
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Glycogen is the primary short term energy storage in animal cells. It is made in both muslces and the liver. Glycogen is basically the energy reservoir for the glucose cycle. ...........................................................................................................................…
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It allows enzymes such as RNA polymerase to attach the correct base to the new strand, and therefor conserve your genetic code (keep it the same).
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Potassium butyrate is used in food additives; but the efficacy is not confirmed scientifically, a hoax is possible.
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mRNA, the messenger that makes a copy of one of the strands of DNA tRNA, the transfer that matches the mRNA to amino acids making up a protein together rRNA, making up ribosomes
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Answer Depending on where the died fragments start, the smallest parts end up way on the other side. The gel acts as a filter and the electrical current acts as... the current to push the fragments through the gel. Being that they're small... those fragments have an easier time getting through t…
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The six characteristics of living things are: They are made up of cells. They obtain and use energy. They grow and develop. They reproduce. They respond to their environment. They have a life span.
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Because with very few exceptions (none to my knowledge!), all living organisms are carbon-based. This means that the fundamental building blocks, what living things are made of, is carbon atoms. While carbon isn't the only element (hydrogen, nitrogen and other are also essential), carbon is the buil…
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vitamin D helps your body to absorb calcium and it is stored in your body, dormant until your skin is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D is for bone&teeth development. It also keeps you healthy and makes you grow.It keeps your bones strong too! Vitamin D increases absorption of Calcium (CA) that …
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1083 degrees Celsius, 1981 degrees Fahrenheit. Note that this is the melting point of pure copper; alloys (such as brass or bronze) will have different melting points.
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The healthy amount of water to drink per day is about 9 cups a day. Unless it is a very hot day you should dink more
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Lipids are fats, that together with carbohydrates and proteins make up the main parts of cells in organic life. They are a fuel source. Cholesterol is a lipid.Fat takes longer to break down in the intestinal tract because it does not break down in water. The pancreas secretes an enzyme called lipase…
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ATP, a nucleotide, has 1.ribose sugar. 2.phosphate. 3.adenine base. DNA is a polynucleotide and has 1. deoxyribose sugar. 2.phosphate. 3. adenine base 4.A double helix shape of many monomers- ATP is a single monomer
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To survive and reproduce, organisms need a supply of raw materials (water, nutrients) and a source of energy (light, heat, or chemical energy). Carbon-based organisms are composed of carbon and hydrogen chains so they need more carbon and hydrogen, and oxygen to form or use carbohydrates. Some orga…
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It depends on your goals, for general health you can eat 1/2 grams of protein per pound of body weight.
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Take the following section with this in view: You hear a loud noise, the adrenal glands release adrenalin, your body reacts for fight or flight; and then the adrenalin is quickly removed from your System. The caffeine molecule is an analogue of adrenalin that, after it binds to the 'adrenaline remov…
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Long-range order Elements themselves are not crystalline or amorphous. Instead this describes the structure of certain elements and compounds in the solid state. For instance, a single element can be found in both a crystalline form as well as an amorphous form. A crystalline solid is on…
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Yes it can be harmful to the body. Taking to many vitamin e pills can result in bleeding.
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Gel is used for sculpting hair, and sometimes maintaining small hair flaws you cant gel down with something like a straightening iron. Gel is very popular among teenage guys so they can make there hair spiky or something. Hope this helps!
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A catalyst actually decreases the activation energy of a reaction in 2 ways: 1) By a process called adsorption, it attracts the molecules of the reactants to its surface so that they are closer together and can react more easily by colliding more successfully. 2) It creates a transition state, whi…
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The factor that will effect photosynthesis the most is light. Plants need light in order for photosynthesis to take place. Water, air, pH, and temperature will also effect photosynthesis.
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See Related Links See the Related Links for "Columbia.edu: Phosphate buffer automatic calculator" to the bottom for the answer.
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Glycolysis harvests chemical energy by oxidizing glucose to pyruvateimprovement Glucose is starting molecule for glycolysis.
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Agave syrup, Bar sugar (or superfine sugar), Bar syrup (or simple syrup), Barley-malt syrup, Beet sugar, Berry sugar, Birch syrup, Brown rice syrup, Brown sugar, Buttered syrup, Cane juice, Cane sugar, Caramel, Carob syrup, Chicory syrup, Chinese rock sugar (or rock sugar or Chinese sugar), Chocolat…
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When zinc is linked with picolinic acid (an enzyme-hormone), it becomes Zinc Picolinate. Zinc Picolinate greatly enhances the availability of Zinc and other minerals for body utilisation (copied from a product page).
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The enzynamtic pathway is made of Enzymes are biological catalysts which break down large molecules into smaller ones, so that they can be absorbed into the blood stream and thus digested. they act like chemical scissors snipping large insoluble food molecules into smaller soluble products. Enzymes …
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Glycerol is also called glycerin or glycerine They are two names for the same compound. According to the I.U.P.A.C. nomenclature, it is also called Propan-1, 2, 3-triol.
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Yes if you get bio-oil that gets rid of scars really well because it contains vit.E but it is to be applied externally-don't drink it.
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A chemical reaction starts with reactants and results in products.
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No it does not. When you die, all your life functions stop and all the cells will be decompose, decreasing your weight.
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any class of fatty acids that are organic compounds, they are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
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Protease is a protein-degrading enzyme produced in the pancreas.
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Gene mutations may occur in at least three Ways: they can be inherited from a parent, or acquired during a person's lifetime - See Epigenetics - or acquired during a person's lifetime - see Strontium 90.
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The partial pressure of oxygen will vary according to where you look. Atmospheric oxygen partial pressure is approximately 21% of the atmospheric pressure of the location at which you measure (typically around 1 atmosphere at sea level, making the partial pressure of oxygen at seal level 0.21 ATM or…
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A nucleotide is a monomer of a nucleic acid consisting of 3 parts. These 3 parts include a pentose sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. The nitrogenous bases include purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (cytosine and thymine). Sugar, phosphate group, and a nitrogen base(base p…
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The Blueprint of Life Every cell in your body has the same "blueprint" or the same DNA. Like the blueprints of a house tell the builders how to construct a house, the DNA "blueprint" tells the cell how to build the organism. Yet, how can a heart be so different from a brain if all the cells contain…
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Answer all life begins as female. No.
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Non-absorbable sugars are also called sugar alcohols. They are sweet-tasting, but are not readily absorbed from the intestine into the body. Most are manufactured for commercial use. Examples are non-caloric sweeteners, like sorbitol and mannitol, which are often used in candies and gums. Non-absorb…
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There are many branches of biological science such as anatomy and physiology, botany, histology, entomology and zoology. A person can receive a Ph. D within most of these branches.
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the branches of science are: biology chemistry physics zoology entomology thermodynamcis volconanoloy. zoology meteorology geology virology
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Chemistry (the etymology of the word has been much disputed)[1] is the science of matter and the changes it undergoes. The science of matter is also addressed by physics, but while physics takes a more general and fundamental approach, chemistry is more specialized, being concerned with the composit…
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One of the role of vitamin C is to play a role in making the protein, collagen. Collagen is found in various places such as the connective tissue (helps hold joints together for example). It is also found in bones, teeth, tendons and blood vessels. It is important for wound healing. Vitamin C is al…
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You should drink at least eight to ten 8-ounce cups of water a day.
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atoms od elements
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Chemistry comes from the word "maglahus" which means a girl discovered, sometimes that girl experimented about the life of his father, how she will be going to hell, but in the face of his father she feel sorrow for she was not able to heal her father,,and then she walked to the forest and saw a pla…
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Benedict's solution, or Benedict's reagent, is a solution used for the analysis of reducing sugars. It may be qualitative or quantitave. The former is composed of copper sulphate, sodium carbonate and sodium citrate while the later additionally contains potassium ferrocyanide and potassium thiocyana…
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