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Biochemistry

Parent Category: Biology
Biochemistry is the study of the structure, composition and chemical processes in all living organisms. It covers the structures and functions of various cellular components, including proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and other biomolecules.
the most preferred body fuel is taken from the carbohydrates, that  is easy to break into sugar molecules, which is subsequently  converted into ATP (the energy molecule). Once the sugar is enter  into the cell, the glycolysis, Krebs cycle, citric acid cycle and  finally it end up with the...
I wouldn't say that. The main purpose of respiration, that in  biochemistry is known as "oxidative phosphorylation" is to produce  ATP molecules. A complete chain of an oxidative phosphorylation  pathway goes from a molecule of glucose that is degraded into  smaller molecules, passing through...
Lipids store more energy per gram than carbohydrates or proteins.
they are in the thylakoid sac which is in the thylakoid membrane
A water molecule is added that brakes the bond between twocarbohydrate molecules.
The kidneys secrete a variety of  hormones, including  erythropoietin, and the enzyme  renin.  Erythropoietin is released in response to  hypoxia (low levels of oxygen at tissue level) in the renal  circulation. It stimulates  erythropoiesis (production of red blood cells) in the ...
Do you mean high levels of testosterone? My legs are hairy, and also my chest, what I know is that some people say that higher than normal levels of testosterone can affect hair on their heads, but I don't think that can happen to hair on legs. If you want more hair gowing on your legs, shave them...
Treatment of erythropoietin disease
something weird and cool happens to the enzyme when it is denatured. look it up yourself. i dont know the answer.
There are several weak bonds. There hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds, and van der Waals interactions.
To stimulate testosterone production, the hypothalamus releases a  substance to the pituitary gland called gonadotropin-releasing  hormone (GnRH). This hormone, in turn, causes the gland to produce  two other hormones, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and  luteinizing hormone (LH),...
Sometimes accidentally (e.g. when trying to synthesise a chemical  and mixing the wrong ones together). People might make a toxic  chemical to kill other people with, or the chemical may have other  uses (e.g. chlorine is toxic and is used to make many other  chemicals).
1. First, vents disperse hydrothermal fluids containing hydrogen sulfide into the deep ocean water. Next, microbes living around the vents consume this hydrogen sulfide, as well as carbon dioxide and oxygen. The microbes then get energy by breaking down the hydrogen sulfide. This energy is used to...
One of the target tissues for oxytocin is the myometrium of the uterus (smooth muscle )
Three hormones that act as vasconstrictors can be epinephrine,  angiotensin II, and vasopressin.
The process of (aerobic) cellular respiration combines a  carbohydrate with oxygen to release energy. This oxidation reaction  is the "reverse" of photosynthesis.
People´s Republic of China
3.4=(32/y) * 100 --------> y=941.176g so, the least molecular  weight of insulin is 941.176g
Carbohydrates are stored in organisms in the form of complex  molecules which may be hydrolysed when needed to yield energy for  metabolism. For example, in plants carbohydrates are generally  stored in the form of starch, while in mammals they are stored in  the form of glycogen in liver.
You wouldn't know unless you go to the doctor. In most cases it doesnt become a problem until you are trying to get pregnant.
Mixing some amount of NaOH to saturated or unsaturated vegetable  oils. We stir them together slowly and a thick viscous whitish  solution is formed which is soap. Its is also treated with common  salt to increase precipitation and increases the efficiency of the  process. The soap floats over...
Oxytocin is a hormone that functions to activate the mammary glands  to release milk. Prolactin is a hormone that functions to start  milk production in the mammary glands. High levels of these  hormones would lead to the mammary glands secreting milk.
Amino acids are organic molecules which proteins are build from. There are twenty. However there is two amino acids which are acidic: Aspartic acid and glutamic acid.
The uterus lining sheds - the natural progesterone drop is what  triggers menstruation, and the progesterone drop when women go from  active to inactive birth control pills is what triggers withdrawal  bleeding.
Yes testosterone is the main Protein used to build muscle mass.  however muscle can still be gained in its absence.
Keratin has both primary structure and secondary structure.
They are small, Insoluble molecules
If we are talking about distinguishing between the two solutions  then,   Carry out a Benedict's test on both solutions;   Results:   Lactose solution would give a brick-red/brown precipitate (positive  test)   Sucrose solution would give negative test result while sucrose is a  non...
Fish excrete salt, ions and urine. Fish get rid of carbon dioxide  by diffusion through their gills.
This sounds like a question from an experiment you've done in  biology class, If so look for the sample which gave the highest  amount of brick red precipitate (the one that looked the most red).
Every protein molecule sooner or later reaches the end of its  lifetime. This might be for example when oxidative damage has  degraded it to the point where it cannot fulfill its function.    The only option left to the cell in this case is to somehow get rid  of the damaged protein. A...
Catalase degrades easily at room temperature b. Glucose oxidase is  inactivated at low pH c. Glucose oxidase is only active at low pH  d. Glucose oxidase has a higher molecular weight than catalase .
Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and  glucose. Your answer is probably oxygen.
As I understand it, the dilution refers to the dilution ratio. If  you add 1 part of something to 4 parts of something else, the  dilution ratio is 1 to 4. The dilution factor counts all the parts  and expresses the same thing as 1 out of 5.
She was a famous explorer
proteins; they form a covalent bond with amino acids creating a peptide bond
Yes,visible light is used. Frequencies of blue and red absorbed effectively
I'm not sure what you mean by 'lost its 3D' but I think you might  mean when a protein is broken down or heated it becomes denatured.
Pleurodeles and Tylototriton
Photosynthesis is a process that occurs in plants, which provides food, energy and carbon dioxide, while it realises oxygen for us to breathe. In order for this process the plant need mainly sunlight and carbon dioxide.
Respiration and photosynthesis are two seoarate processes, so reversing photosynthesis would not give you respiration.However the two processes are in some ways the reverse of each other. Photosynthesis uses CO2 and produces O2. Respiration uses O2 and produces CO2.
They are selectively permeable, provides structure to cells.
it can and then it turns it into oxygen
"Plants" do not possess a diaphragm and thus lack the ability to "inhale", rather they use pores on the surface of the leaf called Stomates. Being able to open and close according to external conditions, Stomates allow plants to exchange airborne gases and play a crucial role in respiration.
Ovaries secrete two kind of hormones: estrogens and progestrogens.  The principal estrogen secreted by the ovary is estradiol  (regulates the devolpment of external sexual characteristics of  females and menstrual cycle). The main progestrogen is progesterone  which acts during menstrual cycle...
No - Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes. They  digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed  viruses or bacteria. They are not associated with cellular  respiration.
Precipitation of protein is the downstream processing of biological  products in order to concentrate proteins and rid them of various  contaminants.
It increases the blood pressure
  == The root. ==   The root, after being dried, is ground into a coarse powder and either served orally via a capsule, or steeped into a tea.
It depends which side of the arrow C6H1206 is located on in the equation. If it is located on the left it is a reactant. If it is located on the right is a product.
Treament of erythropoietin disease
  == Answer ==   if u are taking Bcomplex it should turn fluorescent color
Testosterone in males is produced primarily in the testes. In females, small amounts are produced in the ovaries. The adrenal glands in both sexes also produce a smaller amount of testosterone.
nucleolus, nucleoplasm and nuclear pores
"Enzyme reactor" is a vessel in which a chemical reaction takes  place and is accelerated by catalysts classified as enzymes.
The danger of radiation, specially ionizing radiation, is the  capacity to harm the genetic material. Ionizing radiation can break  double the strand of DNA and inactivate vital genes necessary for  living or health of the organism. Depending upon the intensity of  the radiation, the cell can...
A Natural steroid; YES.
Yes. Actually, the most important source of molecular oxygen  generated on the planet comes from microscopic algae, that are part  of the marine plankton.
From "Gibb JW, Bush L, Hanson GR. Exacerbation of methamphetamine-induced neurochemical deficits by melatonin. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1997;283:630-5." Melatonin may exacerbate the monoaminergic effects of amphetamine-related medications. Coadministration of melatonin with methamphetamine in animal...
No, ionisation energies change depending on which element you  look at and which ionisation (i.e. 1st, 2nd, 3rd...) you are taking  about.  For example, as you go across period 3, the 1st ionisation  energy generally increases.  - sodium (Na) has the lowest I.E.* as it has the lowest nuclear ...
Essential nutrients for enzymes include calcium, phosphorus,potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium.
Both men and women have both testosterone and estrogen in their bodies. Women have more estrogen than men, and more estrogen than testosterone. Men have more testosterone than women, and have more testosterone than estrogen in them. Too much of either can be bad. Too little can be bad too. The...
Their amide groups. NH3(+)
Plutonium, a radioactive metal. However, it takes some time to work. In biotoxins, it would be hard to beat the botulinum toxin.
20 to 30 seconds from what i understand.
The owl's preys may have toxins in their bodies that poison the  predator.
The functions of hormones is to regulate and control all sorts of  bodily processes.
Even enzymes are responsible for breaking down the macromolecules  for eg. Amylases, proteases
a leaf (plant) should be destarched before photosynthesis investigations because the starch already present in the plant may mislead the result .hence if a destarched plant is used for the experiment then the amount of starch present at the time of the experiment will be nil and affter the...
Divide by 200 the concentration of the solution. The result will be  the 200th unit of original solution. Take this unit and add 199  units of solvent to complete.
Plants, some bacteria, and fungi undergo photosynthesis while all undergo cellular respiration. (All organism undergo cellular respiration that's how they survive) Provided by the J-Z Soda Institution
Cells mostly metabolize sugars, fats, and protiens into energy and  other useful compounds. Carbon dioxide, water, heat, and urea, are  formed as the principal byproducts of this process.
Glycine is a non-essential amino acid
alpha ketoglutarate is essentially a glutamate molecule that has been deaminated.
Hypothalamic ("central") diabetes insipidus.It is a hormonal disorder, in what either not enough antidiuretic hormone was made by hypothalamus, or not enough was released by the pituitary gland. The result is frequent, large volume urination as the body's water (fluid) balancing ability is disturbed...