The nutritional content information is provided on the side of the label of foods you purchase at the grocery store and is required by the FDA. The figures are based on a 2000 calorie diet. The serving size is provided on the label i.e. 2 crackers or 1 cup. Included on the label that is required by the FDA will provide consumers with the Total Fat, Saturated Fat, Trans Fat, Cholesterol, Sodium, Total Carbohydrate, Protein, different vitamins and other necessary information about food content. The ingredients are also listed on the label in order from highest quantity to lowest quantity.
How much protein is there in 1 whole chicken?
Because chickens come in different sizes, it is only possible to give a very rough approximation. Begin by assuming that even an average chicken could provide at least 4 servings, and a serving is about 1 cup of skinless, boneless meat. One serving provides about 40 to 45 grams of protein, and 4 servings - assumed to be one small chicken - would total 160 to 180 grams of protein.
How much is one gram of sugar?
One gram of sugar 1 teaspoon= 4 grams therefore 1/4 teaspoon= 1 gram 1 gram = 0.03527 ounces = 0.0022 pound 1 gram of sugar equals 4 calories There are 3-4 grams of sugar in a packet of sugar More "Sugar info": One cup of granulated sugar is 200 grams According to a NY Times article about sugar content in breakfast cereals, one popular brand contains 16 grams of sugar per serving, which makes you wonder if there is any flour or other substance in the bowl other than artificial coloring.
How do taste buds help us to eat better?
Asked in Nutritional Measurement, Lettuce
What has more protein meat or lettuce?
It depends on how you measure it. If you go by the amount of food, regular ground beef has 14.35 grams of protein in 100 grams, whereas lettuce has 1.36 grams of protein per 100 grams. But for each 100-calorie serving, regular ground beef provides 4.3 grams of protein. By comparison, a 100-calorie serving of green leaf lettuce contains 9.06 grams. So lettuce provides the most protein per calorie. That's good to remember if you're watching your weight. Another view: To disregard calories, and go with nutrition by gram weight, meat (or fish) is an excellent source of protein. Lettuce has almost no protein to speak of. To eat enough lettuce to equal fish in protein would make your stomach explode. Lettuce is a very good source of vitamins and minerals. It is a lousy source for protein.
How many grams of sugar are appropriate per day for the average adult?
40 grams is the MAXIMUM amount recommended for non-diabetic people and no added sugar, such as granulated sugar, is necessary, since it adds no nutrition to the body. If you're diabetic or borderline diabetic, please see the note at the bottom. 40 grams of sugar refers mainly to added sugar, which is anything that is put into foods rather that which is naturally occurring such as in fruit. By this logic, for instance, ALL sugar in soda would be considered "added," since the beverage itself is constructed rather than harvested. More input from WikiAnswers contributors: Actually, this is a bit of a complicated question. Carbohydrates can take the form of sugar once digested, and a certain amount of sugar, as the answer above indicates, occurs naturally in food. However, the following bit from healthatoz.com, I found helpful: In petitioning for labeling changes regarding sugar, CSPI (Center for Science in the Public Interest), joined by dozens of leading health experts, also wants the FDA to set a maximum recommended daily intake (Daily Value) for added sugars of 10 teaspoons (40 grams) and require labels to disclose the percentage of the Daily Value a food provides. There are many naturally occurring sugars such as sucrose which is a combination of glucose and fructose (or fruit sugar), lactose (from milk), maltose and galactose. You don't want too many of the simple sugar glucose, but you can have a few more of the complex ones. If you digest too many simple sugars, your body gets swamped and the excess that is not used by your body gets stored as fat. Also useful to know is that sugars also enters your cells using the same pathway as Vitamin C - so, too much sugar and your body does not absorb Vitamin C as well. Too much sugar also interrupts your immune system. However, you can eat or drink natural sugars in moderation - say up to 100 grams a day (like orange juice which contains quite a lot of fructose). From a health standpoint, specifically adding simple table sugar is a favorable alternative to adding a potentially hazardous substance such as high fructose corn syrup. This isn't to say sugar itself lacks dietary benefits. Sugar, in its original state, is a naturally produced substance rich in vitamins and minerals. And if refined properly, retains these qualities (so long as it remains in the form of table sugar.) In addition, a regular intake of table sugar is important in regulating insulin productivity. There are also positive metabolic effects. Sugar is added to FDA-approved energy products for a reason--it's a safe stimulant that augments energy in a confined period of time and promotes a heart-healthy agenda. Thus, it is somewhat difficult to say exactly how much sugar per day any one person may require. For someone with a regular metabolism, that doesn't devote time to exercise, a 100g maximum should not be crossed (and in many cases not be approached.) However, athletes may consume 150% of this without seeing notable side-effects. It is important that I reiterate that in either case this threshold should not be approached. Sugar in very high doses is dangerous; if you're concerned for your health it is best to stay at a far more shallow intake than the maximum dosage recommends. Recommended amount of any food per day is always subjective to the following: a. Age b. Health conditions c. Physical activity (calorie expenditure per day) d. General food habits (based on locality of individual, he may be consuming more of one food and may be immune to bad effects of it) e. Others There are many other minor factors which may determine the amount of sugars that a person needs. So based on the law of individualism, each individual is unique and their needs are different based on various factors. Processed sugar is not necessary at all in anyone's daily diet. It should be avoided. Our body gets enough carbohydrates from ordinary foods and converts raw carbs to sugars as needed. Grains, fruits, and other carbs provide enough(sometimes too much) sugars as is. Dried fruits such as raisins are especially full of sugars. To add even more processed sugar is harmful. As a dentist, I see daily the harm done by hard candy, chocolate, soda, cough drops (98% sugar), sweetened tea, coffee (with either sugar and sometimes powdered cream substitute (contains high % sugar), pastries, pies, cakes, cookies. None of these foods are necessary and should be avoided unless it is a rare special occasion. Hope I have been of some help to you. Consult a dietitian if you disagree with anything that I have said. **NOTE FOR DIABETICS The answer is different for each individual. A much more useful answer that may save lives is: Everyone is different. If you are diabetic and worried about harming your body with sugar intake (as you should be), then it is small comfort if your intake is fine for average people but tends to cause high blood sugar for you in particular. Rather than researching grams of sugar and asking people (or even doctors) if that's harmful, you should buy a glucometer (blood glucose meter) at any drugstore, learn to use it, and find out what foods you can eat (on your current medicine and diet) that will keep your blood sugar in the safe ranges according to the link below "How to keep your blood sugar under control". Fasting blood sugar under 100 mg/dl (5.5 mmol/L) One hour after meals under 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) Two hours after meals under 120 mg/dl (6.6 mmol/L) After you have determined how much milk or sugar or carbohydrate you can eat and stay within these boundaries, then and only then are absolute grams of carbohydrate or sugar a useful thing to know.
Asked in Nutritional Measurement, Calorie Count
How many calories are in 2 slices of toast with butter?
Asked in Nutrition, Nutritional Measurement
How much saturated fat should a child have?
How can you get control of your diet and stop overeating?
Having a plan and a good shopping list will help. A balanced diet will leave you less hungry for snacks later. If you do get hungry, eat unprocessed foods (a half cup) of almonds, yogurt, an apple or something of that sort. Avoid daily intake of soda, chips, cookies, ice cream and the like: remove them from your home. A pitfall for me was food at work that people brought in: avoid this at all costs.
What sort of nutrition problem is most common in Americans today?
To sum it up in one word: Overeating. The biggest nutrition problem is obesity. Americans spend billions of dollars yearly trying to lose weight. The United States is now trying to put a larger emphasis on preventative care (such as nutrition) to cut back on the medical costs caused by diseases related to obesity and poor nutrition (such as some cancers, heart disease, diabetes, etc.). Most people in the U.S. also have one or more risk factors that predict premature death and illness: 1/3 have elevated cholesterol 1/3 have hypertension More than 30% are obese More than 65% are overweight 10% are diabetic Diseases of affluence are epidemic among people who eat the standard American diet: 1/2 die prematurely of heart disease 1/2 of men develop life-threatening cancer 1/3 of women develop life-threatening cancer Over age 60, 30% have gallbladder disease One in seven suffers with serious arthritis 60% complain of bad breath (halitosis) Most have gastrointestinal troubles (indigestion to constipation) Americans consume too many macronutrients (carbohydrates, fats, and protein) and too few micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals like antioxidants). Much of the food Americans consume has been over-processed and stripped of nutrients. Some nutrients are are added back in to some foods, but those don't necessarily make the food as healthy as a whole, unprocessed food. There is an overabundance of refined and processed carbohydrates and fat in our diets, which not only leads to dangerous weight gain, but also contributes to diabetes, which is at epidemic proportions in the US, even among children. Burgers, rolls, pizza, sodas, french fries, etc., have unhealthy levels of processed carbohydrates or fat. And with the elimination of most physical activity by both adults and children, our bodies do not need the extra calories or the extra carbohydrates. Eating junk food, including refined or processed carbohydrates, fats, and chemical preservatives, does not fill our nutritional needs, so we crave more food and we keep eating. We become addicted to refined or processed carbohydrates, often without being aware of it. Over-consumption of pre-prepared and junk foods are the biggest nutrition problem. The problem is that they bring us an excess of sugar and fat and artificial colors, flavors, additives, etc., and a lack of vitamins minerals. The standard American diet is deficient in calcium, iodine, vitamin C, vitamin E, fiber, folate, magnesium, zinc, and potassium. In fact: 98% of Americans eat potassium-deficient diets because they don't eat enough plants 95% of Americans don't get enough fiber Over 92% of Americans are deficient in one or more vitamins. That doesn't mean they are receiving less than the amount they need for optimal health. That means they receive less than the MINIMUM amount necessary to prevent deficiency diseases. Up to 80% of Americans are deficient in magnesium. Almost 75% don't get enough zinc 70% don't get enough vitamin E 50% don't get enough vitamin D 40% don't get enough iron Up to 40% don't get enough vitamin B12 37% don't get enough vitamin C Much of the food Americans consume is packaged so that it can be shipped long distances and not spoil on the shelf. Besides the fact that all that packaging and shipping hurts the environment, the food is often less healthy than fresh food. Most Americans do not eat enough fresh fruits and vegetables, leading to deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. We haven't been taught good habits. Consider the virtue of moderation, smaller meal sizes, as well as keeping meals well balanced. Meals with moderate amounts of healthy food and good helpings of vegetables are not the norm for the average American. They may have never learned to cook or how to make good food choices. Going out to eat, eating ice cream, doughnuts, chips, meat, sweets, candy, and junk food of all kinds is a problem. Go to the store and buy some oatmeal, broccoli, bananas, apples, lettuce, carrots, potato, rice, and lentils and other basic simple foods. Our food is making us sick. Too much cholesterol, saturated fat, dairy products, and sugar contribute to obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Half of men, ages to 65 to 74, and 39% of women, ages 75 and older, must take expensive statin drugs just to stay alive on the standard American diet. The more we know, the more we can fix the general nutrient-deficient diets we eat in America.
What is the recommended daily allowance of potassium for adults?
Recommended daily allowance for Potassium US RDA: 3.5g EU RDA: 3.5g The Institute of Medicine does not have a recommended daily allowance for potassium, but an "allowed intake" that they consider a daily goal of 4.7 grams to lower blood pressure, blunt the effects of salt and reduce the risk of kidney stones and bone loss.
What is primary function of vitamin B?
B complex vitamins are water-soluble and mainly participate in the cell metabolism. There are 8 B vitamins which have slightly different, specific functions in the cell metabolism. Depending upon the vitamin B we are talking about. That is, Vitamin B1 or thiamine: essential nutrient required for carbohydrate metabolism; also involved in nerve function. Thiamine is converted in vivo to thiamine diphosphate, a coenzyme in the decarboxylation of alpha-keto acids. Deficiency of thiamine causes Beriberi. Vitamin B2 or riboflavin: Is a minor but crucial component in metabolic processes. One of the is linked to the glutathione reductase activity (this enzyme catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutathione disulfide, or GSSG, to glutathione, or GSH. GSH acts as a coenzyme in several enzymatically catalyzed reductions and plays an important role in the transport of amino acids into certain cells.). Glutathione reductase has an electron-transfer prostethic group, the flavin adenine dinucleotide or FAD. FAD as all flavins, contains the isoalloxazine ring, that allows it to perform processes of sequential electron transference. Humans are unable to synthezise the isoalloxazine component of flavins, so they have to consume food with flavin content, mainly in the form of riboflavin. Vitamin B6 or pyridoxin: Crucial in aminoacid deamination, the first reaction of amino acid breakdown, to remove excess nitrogen through urea. The coenzyme pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (or PLP), a derivative of vitamin B6, is required by aminotransferases during degradation of amino acids. Vitamine B12 or cyanocobalamine: It is converted by the body into its bioactive forms, such as: methylcobalamine and cobamamide, which serves as important enzyme cofactors. Severe deficiency may result in megaloblastic anemia and/or neurological impairment.
How many mg of potassium are in a banana?
A medium banana has about 422 mg of potassium. A banana is a pretty good source of potassium. However it is not sensational. It has about the same potassium content per calorie as a potato. While it's true that the average potato has roughly as much potassium as a banana, boiling/mashing potatoes will remove a large portion of that potassium. So homemade mashed potatoes aren't as good of a source as, say, a baked potato is.
What is the recommended daily intake of fiber for adults?
35 grams According to the American Heart Association, the average American takes in 15 grams of fiber. Several organizations recommend 25 - 30 grams a day. The American Dietetic association recommends 25 - 35 grams a day. If your intake is 15 grams or less and you want to increase your fiber intake, increase it gradually. If you jump from 15 to 35 grams a day, it may cause stomach cramping and gas.