2008 Presidential Campaign

The 2008 political race for the US presidency between Obama-Biden and McCain-Palin

Asked in 2008 Presidential Campaign, Democratic Party, Celebrity Sexual Orientation

Is Jonathan Capehart gay?

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Capehart is openly gay. He was one of the journalists on a panel in 2008 sponsored by the gay advocacy group Human Rights Campaign and the gay-interest cable channel LOGO. As such, he was able to grill the six Democratic candidates for president, and was reportedly the "breakout star" of the event. For details, see: Capehart, a commentator for cable news channel MSNBC, rarely makes direct reference to his sexuality, but is "out" -- he is not secretive about his identity. Capehart is a member of the National Lesbian and Gay Journalists Association.
Asked in Politics and Government, Barack Obama, 2008 Presidential Campaign

Is Obama a majority government?

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The term 'majority government' is not generally used in the US. President Obama is a Democrat. Currently, the Republican Party holds a majority in the US House of Representatives, and the Democrats in the US Senate.
Asked in US Presidents, Barack Obama, 2008 Presidential Campaign

How did Barack Obama become president?

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The majority of the voting citizens of the United States of America voted for him on November 4th, 2008. He received 365 electoral votes, while his main opponent, John McCain of the Republican Party, received only 173. Barack Obama also won a majority of the popular vote, 52.9% (69,456,897) while John McCain only received 45.7% (59,934,814). President Obama ran on a progressive campaign of change. It is clear that is what the American people wanted. Presidential candidates must work through a long and difficult process to win the election. Stages in the Obama road to president: 1. Win the Democratic Primaries to become the Democratic candidate for president. This required defeating Hillary Clinton, among others. 2. Win the Presidential Election by the people and electoral votes. 3. Take the Oath of Office There were many factors at play: 1. Developing a group that was able to beat the Clinton machine. 2. There was large public dissatisfaction with the Presidency of George W. Bush. 2a. President Obama's team was able to promote the idea that the then Senator Obama was an 'anti-Bush' candidate, and that John McCain, despite being a self-professed 'maverick', was more closely tied to Bush's policies than he would like to admit. Obama's campaign was freely able to denounce Bush's policies and decisions. 2b. John McCain tried to distance himself from George W. Bush's decisions and policies without publicly denouncing Bush. He did not want to be labeled as a Bush supporter since the 43rd President was so unpopular as President at that time, but also didn't want to alienate himself from them either. 3. McCain (his Republican opponent) was also a huge disappointment in many ways. His 'maverick' attitude and status caused many within his party to not relate to his ideals. 4. McCain's choice of Vice President repelled many Republicans, independents, and Democrats alike. Sarah Palin's attempts at serious news interviews were disasters, causing much ridicule and many satirical spoofs. 5. President Obama was able to rise above the bigotry and prove that race was no longer a valid deciding factor for most Americans voting. 6. He came to the plate with low political baggage compared to the opponents. 7. His campaign ran on a platform of change from the ways US political processes had been being done and played to the contempt many voters felt for Washington "insiders", panderers, and lobbyists. 8. Media support: Obama quickly gained much more positive popular media support. One of many factors was the humor that was elicited by the antics of Sarah Palin, it was difficult for many audiences to consider the Vice Presidential candidate a serious contender, and that eroded confidence in McCain for his choice of her as running mate. Media attacks: False rumors constantly put up in the rumor mill with made-up attacks (like the "Birthers" with the Obama-Kenya lies, the false Obama-Muslim/terrorist claims, as well as the communist/socialist fear mongering) ran popular with some Republicans who were firmly decided in their vote. But their constant hyperbole, which was heavily covered by media, backfired. These over-the-top and non-plausible attacks left the majority of voters with distaste for the attacks, and it cost McCain, although he did eventually attempt to clear up some of the lies. But, it was too little too late and many voters already identified more with Barack Obama with sympathy for his being the object of so much hate, than they credited McCain for his attempts to squelch the hateful lies. 9. American people were largely dissatisfied with the current government, particularly the two wars, large budget deficits, and tanking economy. This enabled more disaffected voters to come out and vote, both to punish the current administration and to affect change; these people tended to vote for Obama in the election. 10. Barack Obama is an excellent orator, debater, and author, and his speeches and books struck a chord of hope for change for many people. 11. He won the presidential nomination in part because of Hillary Clinton's distracting bid. 12. People from all walks of life supported him. * His family helped him a lot. * He was able to raise a lot of money to get his message out. * The DNC' s 50 state strategy. * There was a mandate for change. * His youth, vitality and oratory skills. He was elected by the populace of the U.S. The liberal media trashed Sarah Palin and praised Obama as if he were the Second Coming of Christ.
Asked in College Applications and Entrance Requirements, Nigeria, 2008 Presidential Campaign

How can you harness the potential of Nigeria banks to meet the millennium development goals?

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How can you harness the potential of Nigerian banks for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?
Asked in US Presidents, 2008 Presidential Campaign, Elections and Voting

Why has voter turnout been higher in presidential elections than midterm elections?

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Some explanations include political efficacy, increase media coverage, election frequency. In plain English - the presidential election is a higher profile election as the job is higher profile and it's a position people more often are exposed to. The president is the international representative of the American people. In addition, the media is hyped over presidential elections. More money is spent and there is more at stake. The executive branch of the government - essentially, the president - is perceived as being on an even level with the legislative branch (Congress) and judicial (Supreme Court). Also, one congressman is important for one state, essentially. There are 438 of them for the whole country. However there is one president who is chosen by all and serves all.
Asked in 2008 Presidential Campaign, Sarah Palin, Republican Party, Grades and Grade Point Averages (GPA)

What was Sarah Palin's high school and college GPA?

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Sarah Palin's GPA has not been made public. Sarah Palin graduated from Wasilla high school in 1982 - her high school GPA has not been released to the public. Palin attended 4 colleges over a period of 5 years- her college GPA has not as yet been officially released or made public. We do know that she did not graduate with honors. Honors are typically given to those with GPAs higher than 3.5 on a 4.0 scale. The 4 colleges Sarah Palin attended: Hawaii Pacific College North Idaho Community College University of Idaho (won a scholarship from beauty pageant so she transferred to..) Matnuska Sustina Community College returned to the University of Idaho where she graduated.
Asked in 2008 Presidential Campaign, Sarah Palin, Republican Party

What are some of Sarah Palin's inaccurate statements while campaigning?

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Andrew Sullivan and others have identified some statements that Sarah Palin has stated during the campaign appear to have been lies. Her supporters argue that these statements are not accurately characterized as lies. Below are some of the places where Governor Palin may have lied and some of the information about the controversy. 1. The Bridge To Nowhere. Sarah Palin ran for office favoring it, wore a sweatshirt defending it, and only stopped supporting it when the federal congress, Senator McCain in particular, went ballistic. She also was never in a position to say "no thanks" to the Bridge to Nowhere, as Congress killed the project before she took office. She kept the money anyway and favors funding Don Young's Way, at twice the cost of the original bridge. Opposing view This is not technically a lie because, even though she initially supported the bridge, she DID change her mind and reject it. Therefore, she did, in fact, say "thanks, but no thanks" to the "Bridge to Nowhere". 2. Her firing of the town librarian and police chief of Wasilla, Alaska. Opposing view To call Palin a liar on this is a stretch. Supposedly her "lie" was when she said there was no political motivation for firing Stambaugh and Emmons (though, interestingly, the article doesn't actually QUOTE Palin saying that). The "proof" that she "lied" was in a letter to the police chief, which Sullivan claims is a letter of termination, but in fact, only informs the chief of Palin's INTENT to terminate the chief. In any event, the reason for the intent to terminate the chief is "I do not feel I have your full support in my efforts to govern the city of Wasilla". It did not say he was being fired because he didn't support her campaign for mayor. It was his lack of support of her effort to GOVERN that resulted in her intent to terminate his employment. 3. Pressure on Alaska's public safety commissioner to fire her ex-brother-in-law. She has since been found by an independent legislative panel to have abused her authority in the "Troopergate" matter. On October 10, 2008, the Alaska Legislative Council unanimously voted to release the Branchflower Report in which Stephen Branchflower found that firing Monegan "was a proper and lawful exercise of her constitutional and statutory authority," and that Palin abused her power as governor by violating the state's Executive Branch Ethics Act when her office pressured Monegan to fire Wooten. The report stated that "Governor Palin knowingly permitted a situation to continue where impermissible pressure was placed on several subordinates in order to advance a personal agenda, to wit: to get Trooper Michael Wooten fired." The report also said that Palin "permitted Todd Palin to use the Governor's office [...] to continue to contact subordinate state employees in an effort to find some way to get Trooper Wooten fired." Opposing view The link below to the Troopergate story suggests that much of this may have simply been a misunderstanding. Besides, there is no PROOF that Palin lied. It MAY be true that she lied, and the investigation by the Alaska special prosecutor will hopefully reveal the truth in this matter. But as of now, by Sullivan's own words, there is absolutely no PROOF that Palin ever lied on this issue. Sullivan himself says, in summary, "your call", clearly admitting that the case is not closed. As for the Branchflower report, the quote above is accurate and very clearly says that Palin's actions were "proper and lawful". The part that is not in quotes, however, is misleading. What the report says is that Palin likely abused her power by pressuring Monegan to fire Wooten. Fact is, Branchflower couldn't PROVE any ethics violation, but he had to come up with SOMETHING incriminating on Palin for his political masters. So he took one of the allegations he couldn't prove and added the word "likely". The Branchflower report is noteworthy in completely FAILING to be the "October Surprise" that its architects clearly intended it to be. Branchflower's political masters are the the clearly partisan Alaskan legislative council panel of 10 elected Republicans and 4 elected Democrats. (Many Republicans hate Sarah Palin just as much as, or more than, Democrats because Sarah Palin exposes and fights corruption in her own party.) 4. Her previous statements on the causes of global warming. Opposing view This charge is based on a statement in which Palin denied "ever saying that there was absolute proof that nothing mankind has ever conducted or engaged in has had any affect, or no affect, on climate change". The quote that Sullivan used to "prove" this a lie was "I'm not a doom and gloom environmentalist like Al Gore blaming the changes in our climate on human activity." This second statement (actually first in chronological order) does NOT, in fact, directly contradict the first statement. Just because she's not blaming ALL of the climate change on human activity does not mean that she is not allowing for the possibility that some small part of climate change is due to human activity. 5. Alaska's contribution to America's energy supplies. During her interview with Charlie Gibson, Palin said, "Let me speak specifically about a credential that I do bring to this table, Charlie, and that's with the energy independence that I've been working on for these years as the governor of this state that produces nearly 20 percent of the U.S. domestic supply of energy, that I worked on as chairman of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, overseeing the oil and gas development in our state to produce more for the United States." It's simply untrue that Alaska produces anything close to 20 percent of the U.S. "energy supply," a term that is generally defined as energy consumed. That category includes power produced in the U.S. by nuclear, coal, hydroelectric dams and other means - as well as all the oil imported into the country. Palin would have been correct to say that Alaska produces just over 14 percent of all the oil produced in the U.S., leaving out imports and leaving out other forms of power. Opposing view The "lie" in question here is a statement by Palin that Alaska produces 20 percent of US energy. What she actually said was "nearly 20 percent" of the US's oil and gas. It appears that Palin misspoke here by including gas in the equation. Or perhaps she meant "gas" as in "gasoline" (which, after all, is what most people mean when they say "gas"), in which case, "gas" production comes from oil production, so she really was talking only about oil and oil-based products, not "natural gas". In any event, though oil production from Alaska has decreased in the last couple of years, it did, as recently as 2005, account for 18 percent of US oil production. I think that qualifies as "nearly 20 percent". Worst case, however, it was an ERROR, not a lie. The allegation above apparently cannot distinguish between "supply" and "demand". Energy supply most certainly is not the same thing as energy consumed. In any event, as the quote clearly shows, Palin was referring to only the domestic supply of energy. So imports are not included. As for using the term "energy supply", she most likely simply misspoke, and she really meant only oil production. But, again, this is at worst an error, not a lie. 6. The actual progress in constructing a natural gas pipeline from Alaska. Opposing view This is incredibly nit-picky. The "lie", apparently, was "And when that deal was struck, we began a nearly $40 billion natural gas pipeline to help lead America to energy independence." If you want to parse the definition of the word "began", then no, actual construction of the pipeline has not yet begun. However, quite clearly, there has been a lot of planning put into this pipeline. So, yes, in some sense of the word, work on the pipeline HAS "begun". 7. When she said in her convention speech that Obama wants to "read terrorists their rights". This conflates Obama's support for prisoners having the right to challenge their detentions in court (filing a writ of Habeas Corpus, considered to be an important foundation of the rule of law) with the reading of rights under Miranda v. Arizona. Obama has never stated that Miranda rights apply to suspected terrorists. Opposing view The original entry here was that Palin lied about Obama's position on habeus corpus. And that is still what appears on Sullivan's site. (This is not the first time that the original poster has "changed" one of the "lies" when it was proven not to be a lie.) Palin didn't say anything about Obama's position on habeus corpus. And while Obama may not have said that Miranda rights apply to suspected terrorists, neither has he said that they don't. And his position on habeus corpus is consistent with the notion that suspected terrorists should be read their rights. For habeus corpus to apply in the manner that Obama says it should, a suspected terrorist would have to be treated as a suspected domestic criminal, and a suspected criminal has to be read his/her rights. So it's logically consistent that, if Obama believes in the right of habeus corpus for suspected criminals, he also believes in reading them their rights. In any event, the point of the possibly somewhat hyperbolic comment is that Obama is more concerned about the rights of people detained as suspected terrorists than about protecting America from terrorist attacks. Conservatives use "read them their rights" as a code phrase for this sort of wrong-headed thinking. 8. The use or non-use of a TelePrompter at the St Paul convention. Opposing view Palin said, "teleprompter got messed up, I couldn't follow it". No one has denied this. The closest that anyone has come is a reporter named Jonathan Martin, who stated, "the teleprompter did not break". There's a difference between "break" and "messed up". And, in any event, Martin has no personal knowledge of whether the teleprompter got "messed up", because he was not the person that was reading it. 9. Selling the plane owned by the Alaskan government on eBay for a profit. The plane was sold for a substantial loss and not via the online marketplace. Opposing view Palin said, "I put it on eBay". She never claimed that it SOLD on eBay, and she never claimed that it sold for a "profit". 10. What Alaska's state scientists concluded about the health of the polar bear population in Alaska.Palin claimed that the there is insufficient evidence to conclude that the polar bears were in danger, when state scientists concluded the opposite (See "Sarah Palin and Polar Bears" link below) Opposing view (thanks for the updated link) Palin's lie, apparently was, "based on a comprehensive review by state wildlife officials ... there is insufficient evidence that polar bears are in danger of becoming extinct within the foreseeable future". Sullivan claims that the wildlife officials "discovered no such thing", based on a story in the New York Times. But, curiously, neither Sullivan's site nor the NYT story have the text of, or a link to, the "comprehensive review by state wildlife officials" in question. The actual text of that document, obviously, is crucial to the establishment of Palin's statement as a "lie", yet no one seems to be able to produce that document. The only thing they can say is that certain e-mail messages (not the review itself) show that "state scientists had in fact agreed that the bears were in danger". It doesn't say which state scientists, nor that all of them agreed. But it is the review itself that is at issue here, not the emails. What does that review say? I don't know, and neither, apparently, does Sullivan. Because, you can bet, if he had found the text of the review, and it confirmed his opinion, he would surely have included a link to it. 11. Engaging in trade missions with Russia. In her interview with Katie Couric, Palin stated that while governor, members of her government had trade missions with Russia. However, no public records of such trade missions could be found and her spokeswoman declined to give a response. Patricia Eckert, who works in the governor's Office of International Trade, confirmed that Palin had not held meetings with Russian officials during her term. The closest interaction she cited was when the Seattle-based Russian consul general attended a reception for the diplomatic corps that Palin hosted in Fairbanks.(See "Palin's trade missions with Russia" link below.) Opposing view (again, thanks for the updated link) First of all, Palin's statement in the interview with Couric was "We have trade missions back and forth." Who is "we"? Perhaps she was referring to her state (Alaska) rather than her administration. In context, in fact, that's exactly how it appears - as a reference to her state's dealings with Russia. In any event, the statement cannot be taken as proof that Palin stated conclusively that she herself, or any member of her government, engaged in trade missions with Russia. This MIGHT be categorized as Palin (like all the other politicians) craftily dodging the question (if, in fact, there were no such missions), but it is NOT a lie. Second, the source referenced admits, and I quote, "a politician from Russia's Far East did in fact meet with Palin in Anchorage, and urged her to come to Russia." Looks like a diplomatic meeting to me, though there's no way of knowing, from this brief mention, whether the meeting included discussions about trade. Sources * See Related Links
Asked in 2008 Presidential Campaign, Sarah Palin

Is it true that Sarah Palin has made inaccurate statements?

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All politicians lie or exaggerate at some point when it is politically expedient for them to do so, and when they feel that embellishing an issue can benefit themselves or teir campaign. === === == == Also see Related Questions. Keith Olbermann is tracking and donating $100 per lie to the Alaskan Special Olympics Fund. As of September 19, he had identified 37 lies (often repeated multiple times) and donated $3,700 (see Related Links for video clip). Lies have also been verified by a former Bush supporter who writes for The Atlantic (see 12 Lies in Related Links) and other independent sources such as the Seattle Times. Other widely verified instances of Sarah Palin lies include: # She said she "told the Congress thanks but no thanks on the Bridge to Nowhere". - The truth is that she supported the bridge to nowhere while running for Governor of Alaska in 2006. Once elected, she never opposed it and the U.S. Congress eventually killed the bill. Palin kept the $223 million already given to Alaska for it. Part of it was then spent on building a road to where the bridge would have been, which is now called the road to nowhere. # She said she would cooperate with an investigation into Troopergate. Since, she has said she would not cooperate and has ignored subpoenas and had her top aides refuse to testify as part of the evidence gathering into the abuse of power investigation. # She sold a state plane on eBay. She did put the plane on eBay, but sold the plane to one of her campaign contributors. # She never asked the fired Public Safety Commissioner to fire the state trooper and the Commissioner agrees with her. The Commissioner has publicly stated that she did ask and he does not agree with Palin's version. # She took a voluntary pay cut as Wasilla Mayor. He salary actually increased. # She's not going to judge gays. She refers to it as homosexuality (a term almost exclusively used by anti-gay groups), suggests that it's a choice (it is long been medically proven as not a choice and probably genetic), and belongs to a church that promotes "gay conversion" and "pray the gay away". # She claims to be against earmarks. The truth is that as Mayor of Wasilla she obtained over $20 MM in earmarks for a town of under 9,000 people. As governor of Alaska she has requested $453 MM earmarks. These projects include more than $130 million in federal funds that would benefit Alaska's fishing industry (Palin's husband is a commercial fisherman) and an additional $9 million to help Alaska oil companies. She also has sought $4.5 million to upgrade an airport on a Bering Sea island that has a year-round population of less than 100. (Source: Wall Street Journal: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122143893857134389.html?mod=special_page_campaign2008_mostpop ) # When asked if she hesitated to take McCain's offer to be his Vice President, she claimed she didn't hesitate. She has stated elsewhere that she asked her daughters for their opinion before accepting. # The teleprompter broke during her Republican Convention speech. Witnesses have confirmed it did not. # She did not fire a chef. She did fire the chef. # She knew nothing about charging raped women for rape kits. She fired the police chief who did not charge rape victims and replaced him with the police chief who did charge rape victims. # She visited Iraq. She visited the Kuwait border. # She has foreign policy experience with Russia. She does not. Russian news media has even made run of her for this claim and openly mocked her intelligence. If she had worked with Russia in any way, they clearly came away unimpressed. # In an interview with Katie Couric, she claimed she had negotiated trade missions with Russia. Slate Magazine found no evidence that any such trade missions had taken place while she was governor though. (See the Related Link ... Trade Missions, which is a report by Salon that also references an independent report from the Seattle Times finding no active trade missions and decreased financial support for an organization that works on Russian trade.) === === ---- Her detractors say she is very inexperienced so she's probably just practicing alot so she can get as good at it as they are. ---- Since Keith Olberman is the source of this answer it needs to be said that he is not an unbiased source. In fact, he was recently removed from MSNBC because of his obvious bias against the McCain/Palin campaign. (see links) Other "sources" listed above include a gay writer who has found conflict with Sarah Palin's religious background. News sources such as the Associated Press have also been caught editing Palin's quotes and distorting her message. Another question worth asking "Is the media bias?" It might be best to research smears against all candidates thoroughly before accepting bias bloggers comments as total fact.
Asked in Banking, Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 2008 Presidential Campaign

What is the best way to harness the potentials of local banks for millennium development goals?

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Answer millennium development goals i think one way is to employ women as much as they do men to solve gender inequality and also to encourage parents to save for their children and they can add some percent to the parents account if the parents save up to some amount to combat the problem of basic education
Asked in US Presidents, Catholicism, 2008 Presidential Campaign

Why has the US only had one Catholic President?

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Even though Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination in the United States, making up about 26% of Americans, it has not been looked upon favorably by all the Christian Americans. Throughout history there have been fears of Catholics and the belief that the Pope might have control over American politics if a Catholic were to take power. There have been many attempts to block Catholics from office and even limit their right to vote in early American history. Even political parties such as the "American Party" otherwise known as the Know-Nothing Party was created to fight the massive Catholic (Irish) immigration to the United States, and ban them from office. Later there was less harassment towards Catholics yet they were still looked upon with distrust. Besides the Irish , other Catholics came in later immigrations from poor countries, had very few assets when they came to America and lived in slum areas or lived apart in their own communities, kept their own traditions, spoke their old languages and were distrusted as still being "foreigners" and different . Even when John F. Kennedy entered the presidential race, he had to first make a statement basically stating that though he is Catholic he does not represent Catholics, or the Church. After Kennedy, American's no longer feared Catholics gaining the presidency or power and many more Catholics have entered politics. Today Catholics have a strong hold in politics; most of the state governors and U.S. Senators are Catholic. Even many presidential candidates such as Rudy Giuliani, Joe Biden, Bill Richardson, Christopher Dodd, Dennis Kucinich, Sam Brownback, Tommy Thompson. Former candidate , Senator John Kerry is Catholic. So it may be possible for more Catholics to gain the presidency.
Asked in US Constitution, 2008 Presidential Campaign, US Navy History and Traditions

What is state sovereignty?

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State sovereignty is a legal principle that US states have the right to prevent the application of programs and regulations of the Federal government. The basis is the Ninth and Tenth Amendments to the US Constitution, which reserve to the states respectively, or to the people, all powers and rights not delegated to the Federal government by the Constitution and thereby prohibited to the states (e.g. the interstate commerce clause). How this principle is applied depends on whether the US can be shown to be applying laws and rules that would contravene these rights, i.e. exceeding the mandate of the Constitution. Because the control of "interstate commerce" is granted to the Congress by Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution, courts have ruled that state or local governments may be prevented from enacting laws affecting commerce. This principle is the "dormant commerce clause" and has been used to prevent states from discriminatory commercial practices. In the legal battle over enacting a national health care plan, the application of the dormant commerce clause is a major counter-argument against legislation by several states under the principle of state sovereignty.
Asked in US Presidents, 2008 Presidential Campaign, Elections and Voting

Who is Winning the election?

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Nobody has "won" the election until voting day, November 9, 2016. The opera ain't over until the fat lady sings. Anything else that we see or hear about who is winning or ahead is pure conjecture and there are no official votes supporting those figures.
Asked in Law & Legal Issues, Political Office Holders, 2008 Presidential Campaign, US Governors

What is mike huckabee's job?

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he was the gov. of arkansas. now he is a presidential candidate
Asked in 2008 Presidential Campaign, Plural Nouns, Plumbers

What does a plumber do?

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What a Plumber Does He takes care of all the sanitary and water pipelines Some of the jobs that a plumber does involve installing the water supply and fuel supply systems, for example: - Cold and hot water supply to bathrooms, kitchens - Central heating systems and gas or oil supply systems The video game equivalent of a plumber is Mario
Asked in Idioms, Cliches, and Slang, Essays, 2008 Presidential Campaign

What is a bother party?

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A very lame teen drinking party. For more detail, see related link
Asked in US Presidents, US Constitution, 2008 Presidential Campaign

New President officially take office?

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http://wiki.answers.com/Q/New_President_officially_take_office"
Asked in Political Office Holders, John McCain, 2008 Presidential Campaign

Which political figures have officially endorsed John McCain for President?

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There are many. The full list is at http://johnmccain.com/supporters/ GENERAL CHAIRMAN Robert Mosbacher Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Texas GENERAL CO-CHAIRMEN Phil Gramm Former Senator, Texas Thomas G. Loeffler Former U.S. Representative, Texas Lindsey Graham U.S. Senator, South Carolina Sam Brownback U.S. Senator, Kansas Jon Huntsman Governor, Utah Tim Pawlenty Governor, Minnesota NATIONAL FINANCE COMMITTEE Co-CHAIRS The Honorable George Argyros, California Mr. Michael Ashner, New York Mr. Brian Ballard, Florida Mr. Lawrence E. Bathgate II, New Jersey Mr. Wayne Berman, Washington, D.C. Mr. Donald L. Bren, California Mr. John Chambers, California Mr. Jim Click, Arizona The Honorable James A. Courter, New Jersey Mr. Donald R. Diamond, Arizona Mr. Ray Dalio, Connecticut Mr. Lewis M. Eisenberg, New Jersey Mr. Jon Hammes, Wisconsin Mr. James B. Lee, Jr., New York The Honorable Frederic V. Malek, Virginia Mr. John A. Moran, Florida Mr. Carter Pate, Virginia Mr. A. Jerrold Perenchio, California Mr. Fred Smith, Tennesse Mr. John A. Thain, New York The Honorable Ronald Weiser, Michigan U.S. SENATORS Sam Brownback, Kansas Richard Burr, North Carolina Susan Collins, Maine Lindsey Graham, South Carolina Jon Kyl, Arizona Joe Lieberman, Connecticut Trent Lott, Mississippi Gordon Smith, Oregon Olympia Snowe, Maine John Thune, South Dakota John Warner, Virginia FORMER U.S. SENATORS Dan Coats, Indiana Peter Fitzgerald, Illinois Slade Gorton, Washington Phil Gramm, Texas Warren Rudman, New Hampshire Mike DeWine, Ohio U.S. REPRESENTATIVES Spencer Bachus, Alabama Mike Castle, Delaware Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Florida Mario Diaz-Balart, Florida Jeff Flake, Arizona Ric Keller, Florida Mark Kirk, Illinois Ray LaHood, Illinois Steven LaTourette, Ohio Dan Lungren, California Todd Platts, Pennsylvania Chip Pickering, Mississippi Peter Roskam, Illinois Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Florida John Shadegg, Arizona Chris Shays, Connecticut John Shimkus, Illinois Fred Upton, Michigan FORMER U.S. REPRESENTATIVES Steve Bartlett, Texas Jim Courter, New Jersey Joseph J. DioGuardi, New York Chuck Douglas, New Hampshire Greg Ganske, Iowa Tom Loeffler, Texas Joe Schwartz, Michigan Dick Zimmer, New Jersey GOVERNORS Mitch Daniels, Indiana Jim Douglas, Vermont Jon Huntsman, Utah Tim Pawlenty, Minnesota FORMER GOVERNORS William Clements, Texas Tom Kean, New Jersey Frank Keating, Oklahoma Jim Martin, North Carolina John McKernan, Maine Walter Peterson, New Hampshire Tom Ridge, Pennsylvania Buddy Roemer, Louisiana Jane Swift, Massachusetts LAWYERS FOR McCAIN Dick Wiley, Chairman, Washington D.C. Stanton Anderson, Washington D.C. A.B. Culvahouse, Virginia Hayden Dempsey, Florida Thomas Leary, Washington D.C., Former Federal Trade Commission Commissioner STATE PARTY CHAIRS George Gallo, Connecticut Alec Poitevint, Georgia FORMER STATE PARTY CHAIRS Winton Blout, III, Alabama Jean Inman, Massachusetts Marlys Popma, Iowa ECONOMIC POLICY ADVISORS Grant Aldonas, Department of Commerce Carlos Bonilla, Sr VP Washington Group Jeff Brown, Associate Professor of Finance, Univ of Illinois Juan Buttari, Independent Consultant and Researcher in Development Economics Kathleen Cooper, Dean, College of Business, Univ Of North Texas Steve Davis, CRA International And University Of Chicago Graduate School Of Business Richard Dekaser, Senior Vice President And Chief Economist, National City Corporation John Diamond, Edward A. and Hermena Hancock Kelly Fellow in Tax Policy, Baker Institute Of Public Policy, Rice University Emil Frankel, Transportation Consultant And Former Assistant Secretary For Transportation Policy, Department Of Transportation Luke Froeb, Professor, Vanderbilt University Senator Phil Gramm, Former U.S. Senator From Texas Kevin Hassett, Resident Scholar And Director Of Economic Policy Studies, American Enterprise Institute(AEI) Greg Jenner, Former Executive Vice President, American Council Of Life Insurers & Acting Assistant Secretary(Tax Policy), U.S. Treasury Department David John, Senior Research Fellow, Heritage Foundation Tim Kane, Director, Center for International Trade and Economics, Heritage Foundation Melissa Kearney, Assistant Professor Of Economics, University Of Maryland Anne Krueger, Professor At The Johns Hopkins School Of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) & Former First Deputy Managing Director, IMF Adam Lerrick, Visiting Scholar For The American Enterprise Institute (AEI) And Friends Of Allan H. Meltzer Professor Of Economics For Carnegie Mellon Phil Levy, Resident Scholar for the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and Former Senior Economist for Trade on the President's Council of Economic Advisers Will Melick, Gensemer Associate Professor of Economics, Kenyon College Michael Moore, Professor Of Economics And International Affairs, George Washington University Tom Miller, Resident Fellow for American Enterprise Institute (AEI) Tim Muris, Foundation Professor, George Mason University School Of Law, Former Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission Sean O'Keefe, Former Secretary Of The Navy, NASA Administrator, & Deputy Director Of Office of Management & Budget, The White House Gerry Parsky, Senior Economic Advisor Nancy Pfotenhauer, Former President, Independent Women's Forum James Rill, Partner, Howrey LLP and Former Assistant Attorney General (Antitrust), U.S. Department of Justice Kenneth Rogoff, Professor Of Public Policy, Harvard University Harvey Rosen, Professor Of Economics And Business Policy, Princeton University John Silvia, Managing Director, Chief Economist, Wachovia Bank Aquiles Suarez, Vice President For Government Affairs For National Association Of Industrial And Office Properties & Former Special Assistant To The President For Domestic Policy Dr. John Taylor, Professor Of Economics At Stanford, Senior Fellow At The Hoover Institution & Former Under Secretary Of Treasury Anthony Villamil, Chief Executive Officer, The Washington Economics Group, Inc. & Former Under Secretary Of Commerce For Economic Affairs Joseph Wright, Chairman Of The Board For Intelsat Mark Zandi, Chief Economist For Moody's Economy.Com FORMER U.S. OFFICIALS Former Secretaries of State Lawrence S. Eagleburger, Former Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig, Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Former Secretary of State, New York George P. Shultz, Former Secretary of State, California Former Cabinet Secretaries Jack Kemp, Former Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Former U.S. Representative, New York Robert Mosbacher, Former Secretary of Commerce, Texas Peter Peterson, Former Secretary of Commerce, New York Anthony Principi, Former Secretary of Veteran Affairs, Maryland Former Governor Tom Ridge, Former Secretary of Homeland Security, Pennsylvania James R. Schlesinger, Former Secretary of Defense Former National Security Officials Tom Kean, 9/11 Commission Chairman, New Jersey Robert C. "Bud" McFarlane, Former National Security Advisor, Washington, DC R. James Woolsey Jr., Former CIA Director Robert Inman, Former National Security Advisor and Deputy Director of the CIA Former Navy Secretaries William Ball, Former Secretary of the Navy, South Carolina John Lehman, Former Secretary of the Navy, New York Former Ambassadors Chuck Cobb, Former Ambassador, Florida Sue Cobb, Former Ambassador, Florida Fred Malek, Former Ambassador, Virginia Ron Weiser, Former Ambassador, Michigan Al Hoffman, Former Ambassador, Florida FORMER POW'S Commander Ed Alvarez, (ret), Maryland Captain Mike Cronin USN (ret), Maryland Colonel Bud Day, MOH USAF (ret), Florida Commander Paul Galanti USN (ret), Virginia Lt Colonel Orson Swindle USMC (ret), Virginia Click here to read about more military Veterans who support John McCain and click here to read the endorsements of over 100 Admirals and Generals. BUSINESS LEADERS John Chambers, CEO of Cisco Carly Fiorina, Former CEO of Hewlett-Packard James Huffines, Banking Executive Frederick W. Smith, CEO of FedEx Dax Swatek, President of Swatek and Associates John Thain, CEO of Merrill Lynch ATTORNEYS GENERAL Steve Carter, Indiana Troy King, Alabama Rob McKenna, Washington Henry McMaster, South Carolina Mark Shurtleff, Utah Wayne Stenehjem, North Dakota SECRETARY OF STATE Mark Hammond, South Carolina STATE SENATE LEADERS Glenn McConnell, South Carolina President Pro Tempore STATE SENATORS Joseph Delahunty, New Hampshire John Gallus, Michigan Hugh Leatherman, South Carolina John E. Lyons, Jr., New Hampshire Michelle McManus, Michigan Randy Richardville, Michigan Robert Watson, Rhode Island STATE HOUSE LEADERS Kevin Elsenheimer, Assistant Minority Leader, Michigan Kevin Green, Minority Whip Leader, Michigan Bobby Harrell, Speaker of the House, South Carolina Jim Merrill, House Majority Leader, South Carolina Doug Smith, Speaker Pro Tempore, South Carolina Josh Tardy, House Leader, Maine Chris Ward, Minority Floor Leader, Michigan FORMER STATE HOUSE LEADERS Rick Johnson, Former House Speaker, Michigan Chuck Perricone, Former House Speaker, Michigan STATE HOUSE MEMBERS Judy Emmons, Michigan Fred King, Sr., Michigan Fred King, Sr., New Hampshire David Law, Michigan Chris Saxman, Virginia Glenn Steil, Jr., Michigan Eric Stohl, New Hampshire Robert Watson, Rhode Island Lorence Wenke, Michigan MAYORS Tommy Joe Alexander, Irondale, Alabama Carlos Alvarez, Florida George Andersen, Iowa Rick Anderson, Iowa Ron Colling, Iowa Nelson Crabb, Iowa Darrell Dobernecker, Iowa Darrell Downs, Iowa Thomas Ginger, Iowa Sandra Hatfield, Iowa Jim Heavens, Iowa Dave Kleis, Minnesota Dennis Kunkle, Iowa Virgil Murray, Iowa John Nieland, Iowa Reynold Peterson, Iowa Ruth Randleman, Iowa Steve Samuels, Iowa Bernie Streeter, New Hampshire Bob Walkup, Arizona Ed Winborn, Iowa FIRST RESPONDERS FOR McCAIN Sheriff Lee Baca, Los Angeles County Sheriff John S. Dempsey, Captain, NYC Police Department (Ret.) Tom Kean, Former 9/11 Commission Chairman Frank Keating, Former Oklahoma Governor Robert "Bud" McFarlane, Former National Security Advisor for President Ronald Reagan Mr. Edward D. Mullins, President of the Sergeants Benevolent Association of New York City Tom Ridge, Former Secretary of Homeland Security NATIONAL HISPANIC ADVISORY BOARD Mayor Carlos Alvarez, Florida Honorable Lincoln Diaz-Balart, Florida Honorable Mario Diaz-Balart, Florida Pastor Mark Gonzalez, Texas Honorable Manuel Lujan, New Mexico Mr. Tony Orlando, Florida Honorable Illeana Ros-Lehtinen, Florida Mr. Solomon D. Trujillo, Colorado Major General Freddy Valenzuela, Florida Honorable Albert C. Zapanta, Texas
Asked in Ancient History, Essays, 2008 Presidential Campaign, Syllable Count

When first bakery was open?

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what the password to open the bakey on dragonfable? open