Grammaire Francaise

Here we find questions about the grammatical rules that govern French expressions and sentences. Typically, contributors ask about verb tenses, stems and roots of words, spelling, pronunciation, and agreement of adjectives and nouns in gender (masculine/feminine) and number (singular/plural).

Asked in French to English, Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word 'bas' feminine or masculine?

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Bas in French is masculine as a noun for "bottom" or "stocking" or as an adjective for "low" even though it has no gender as an adverb for "down" or "downstairs."
Asked in French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

Is the word 'fromage' feminine or masculine?

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"fromage" is masculine : un fromage, le fromage, du fromage.
Asked in French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

What are the three parts of the french verb Avoir?

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actually there are 6 parts j'ai tu as il/elle/on a nous avons vous avez ils/elles ont
Asked in French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

What is passe compose for travailler?

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j'ai travaillé. Passé composé is constructed with one of the two auxiliary verbs, avoir or être, at the present tense followed by the verb at the participe passé form (travailler becomes "travaillé"). As a general rule, use avoir as your facilitator verb, and use être only for verbs that directly affect the subject of the sentence. for example: perdre (to lose) I lost my book: J'ai perdu mon livre (use avoir because it is the book that was lost) I lost my way (same meaning as I lost myself): Je me suis perdu (use être because it's the subject of the sentence that got lost)
Asked in English to French, Grammaire Francaise

How do you conjugate the adverb public in french?

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Conjugation is just for verbs, and 'public' is either a noun or an adjective in French. Regarding the different spellings, the noun can take an 's' as a plural mark. The adjective is spelled 'public / publics' in the masculine (singular / plural), or 'publique / publiques' in the feminine.
Asked in English to French, Grammaire Francaise

Is the word 'captain' in its French translation feminine or masculine in gender?

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capitaine can be used in both masculine (un capitaine) and feminine forms (une capitaine) in French.
Asked in English to French, Plural Nouns, Grammaire Francaise

How do you spell the plural of the French phrase 'maître d'?

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In English, the term maitre d' (restaurant floor manager) has the regular plural maitre d's. The French is "des maîtres d'hôtel" (no plural mark for 'hôtel')
Asked in Grammaire Francaise

How do you form the imperative for French verbs?

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The imperative is formed by taking the form of the present of the indicative, and removing the pronoun "tu", "vous" or "nous" ("you" singular, "you" plural or "we") Present: Tu viens - Vous venez - Nous venons ---> Viens ! Venez ! Venons ! Tu donnes - Vous donnez - Nous donnons ---> Donne ! Donnez ! Donnons ! Tu prends - Vous prenez - Nous prenons ---> Prends ! Prenez ! Prenons ! Difficulty: for first group verbs (the 'er' verbs), take out the final 's' of the 'tu' form. I.e.: present 'Tu aimes' > imperative 'Aime !' Same rule for the following verbs : ouvrir, offrir, souffrir, cueillir, aller et savoir. Except if it is followed by the pronoun or adverb 'en' or 'y', for spelling reasons, you add the "s" for the "tu" form. Example : Va te coucher ! (Go to bed!) but Vas-y ! (Go!) Cueille des fleurs ! (Pick some flowers!) but Cueilles-en ! (Pick some!) Precision: Some verbs have specific forms for the imperative, such as: Assoir - Tu t'assoies ---> Assieds-toi ! Both forms exist for the present but the usage is to use the "Tu t'assoies" form for the present and "Assieds-toi" for the imperative. Tu t'assieds is used when the order is implied (a kind of informal imperative) : Tu t'assieds et tu te tais ! (You sit down and you shut up!). When in doubt, search online for "conjugaison du verbe " + [verb]. See link.
Asked in Verbs, French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

How do you conjugate the French verb 'pouvoir'?

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Pouvoir (can/may) Je peux - I can Tu peux - You can (informal) Il/Elle peut - He/She can Nous pouvons/On peut - We can Vous pouvez - You can (formal or plural) Ils/Elles peuvent - They can For example, Est-ce que je peux promener le chien? means "May I walk the dog?" Nous pouvons aller au parc s'il vous plaît? means "May we please go to the park?" One should also note that when using inversion in the first person, peux becomes puis,so: Puis-je sortir ce soir?but Est-ce que je peux sortir ce soir? both meaning "Can I go out tonight?"
Asked in French to English, Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word 'cours' feminine or masculine?

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Cours in French is feminine when it is the plural of cour ("court of justice," "courtship," "courtyard"), masculine when it is a synonym for "(school) class," and neither when it is part of the conjugation of the verb courir ("to run").
Asked in Questions en Francais, French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

C'est quoi un courant de convection?

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C'est un courant dans un fluide (eau, air) : comme un courant marin, ou un courant d'air. Il est causé par des différences de températures (ex: l'air chaud monte).
Asked in English to French, Grammaire Francaise

What do you do to make adjectives agree in French?

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the bottom line is that they have to agree with the thing they describe. Add a "s" as a mark of plural when the things are more than one, put it in the correct gender when the subject changes from masculine to feminine or vice-versa. le mur est bleu - le mur est vert les murs sont bleus - les murs sont verts la fleur est bleue les fleurs sont bleues
Asked in English to French, Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word for eagle masculine or feminine?

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The eagle is "l'aigle", an eagle is "un aigle", which is masculine in French.
Asked in Grammaire Francaise

Is the French word sportive masculine or feminine?

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The French word 'sportive' is a feminine word. The masculine is 'sportif'
Asked in DIY Projects, Questions en Francais, French Language and Culture, Grammaire Francaise

How do you ask someone if they need something in French?

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Vous désirez? - What would you like? (Est-ce que) je peux vous aider? - May I help you?
Asked in English to French, Grammaire Francaise

Is 'photo' feminine or masculine in French?

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La photo ("the photo") is feminine in French.