Hiking and Backpacking

Hiking is going for a walk, but doing it in the wilderness. Backpacking is taking that walk one step further and refers to hiking while carrying a pack on your back. A backpack with extra gear and supplies usually implies longer trips. What you take with you and how how far you hike is up to you. Whether it is a half day jaunt along a local park trail or a week in the deep forest, hiking and backpacking improves people's physical and mental health and general well-being.

1,080 Questions
Road Running
Hiking and Backpacking

How long is a half marathon?

The half marathon is a road race distance of exactly 21.0975 km, as defined by the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF), the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS), and the Road Running Technical Council of USA Track & Field (RRTC/USATF). The conversion of this distance into Imperial units is approximately -- not exactly -- 13.10938 miles.

Half marathons such as The Disney Princess Half Marathon is a popular marathon that takes place in Orlando, Florida.

Hiking and Backpacking

Does the Musuc Selk Bag 3G Sleeping Bag have a zipper to use the bathroom without taking it off?

History of Sports
Travel & Places
Hiking and Backpacking

What is computer hiking?


Hiking and Backpacking

What does hiking help you?

John Muir said it so well, "Keep close to Nature's heart... and break clear away, once in awhile, and climb a mountain or spend a week in the woods. Wash your spirit clean." Hiking gets you closer to creation to help you recreate.

Wheel of Fortune
Hiking and Backpacking

Can you hike with rain boots?

you can but i doubt it would feel good

Hiking and Backpacking

Where to get hiking boots?

I would advise choosing a good quality company that has a good reputation for making hiking equipment. There are many companies that offer cheap products, but these are not necessarily suitable for serious hiking, and it is worth investing in good quality. Source is a company that provides a whole range of excellent products for hiking and cycling, including hiking sandals and hydration systems. I would have a look at them and see if they have something to offer you.

Meteorology and Weather
Hiking and Backpacking

What footwear if needed for different kinds of weather?

Snow weather

Hiking and Backpacking

What is a base camp?

a book

Food & Cooking
Hiking and Backpacking

What are good backpacking foods?

For lightweight food, use food that only requires adding boiling water such as freeze-dried meals (I like Mountain House brand the best!), instant potatoes, couscous, instant rice, instant oatmeal, and granola. This requires less fuel for cooking and can be made and eaten in a ziplock freezer bag so there are no dishes to clean--just zip the bag closed when you're done and pack it out. I like to drink apple cider mix or Stephen's Gourmet Citrus & Spice Wassail because they are good either hot or cold.

For eating while hiking, I like Clif Bars, Corn Nuts, Jerky, M&Ms, etc.

If I am hiking all day and need to keep my energy up, I will eat Hammer Gel during the first hour and any time I need an energy boost. Then I drink a serving of Hammer Perpetuem with one quart of water over the course of an hour or two (I add powered Gatorade Propel to the Perpetuem for flavoring). I will drink three or four servings of Perpetuem over the course of a day. I eat Clif Bars for my lunch. This keeps me going all day.

Cooking Equipment
Hiking and Backpacking

How do you sharpen knives?

Video: How do you sharpen knives? Sharpening Knives To sharpen a good quality steel knife that is new, use high quality (diamond if you can afford it) knife sharpening steel. A few strokes every time before you use it and if you are doing a lot of cutting, during use, will keep the knife razor sharp.

If the knife is very dull, a carpenter's sharpening flat stone is very good at reviving the knife's edge. Just be aware that the angle you sharpen a knife at is crucial. It's best to take dull knives to a professional sharpener, and then maintain them as noted above.

Contrary to what some people believe, sharp knives cut people far less than blunt knives. When a knife is sharp, less pressure is used to cut. Care for your knives and they will last a lifetime.

Coarse and fine ceramic stones set at the perfect grinding angle to give any worn blade the edge.

Hiking and Backpacking

How do you set up a American camper tent?

That will depend on what type of tent it is. Tents with flexible poles that go across the top of the tent are all pretty much alike. Assemble the poles and insert them through the channels on the outside of the tent, then stake down the bottom edges.

If you look at the Coleman website, you should be able to get a good idea of how

these tents work.

Hiking and Backpacking

What is the history of hiking?

it all started in 1740's a foriegh guy named philipp sussemer from badenbaden in black forest. and he set goals to be the best at what he invented.

Walking uphill = hiking. Lame.

New York
Hiking and Backpacking

How long would it take to walk from New York to California?

A healthy adult can walk about 20 miles per day. San Francisco to New York City is about 2500 miles, so about 125 days would be needed. Add some time for down time, bad weather, illness, sore feet and you might just decide to drive.

Hiking and Backpacking

How far can you walk into the woods?

Halfway. After that you are walking out of the woods.

Cooking Equipment
Hiking and Backpacking

Why a knife sharpened on a rotating wheel produces sparks?

The sharpening stone is "tearing" small particles of metal from the edge of the blade, this produces heat which makes the particle glow almost white hot, the knife also gets hot but because there is more metal it dissipates (spreads out) more, the blade will go blue, and will be much to hot to touch for a short while.

Hiking and Backpacking
Alexander the Great
Knot Tying & Ropework

How do you undo Gordian's knot?

Alexander (subsequently known as Alexander the Great) cut it with a sword!

-And subsequently ruled Asia!

Hiking and Backpacking

What form of backpack bests for heavy load recreational backpacking?

Look for an internal-frame overnight or expedition pack at REI (www.rei.com) or MEC in Canada (www.mec.ca)... go for about 60 - 80 litres size... be sure it has sturdy, supportive waist and chest straps. Everything else is personal preference.

Hiking and Backpacking

What is a mountain buggy?

a car that goes up a mountain A mountain buggy is also a brand of three wheeled stroller/push chair/baby buggy designed to cope with bumpy terrain.

Hiking and Backpacking

What are good foods to eat while hiking?

For a one night meal for example here is what I would take.

Breakfast before you leave. You want to have heaps of carbs so you have heaps of energy for your trip. This should include a good size bowl of cereal (No sugar) It would be best with some milk to keep calcium levels up as well. Make sure you have heaps of fruit and a couple liters of water before you head out.

Lunch along the way. You need light weight nutritional foods now. This could include some pita bread or Turkish bread with some dips, cheese, carrot and spinach. These foods are light weight and can last on a hiking trip.

Snacks along the way. Dried fruit is really good for you and some lollies and nuts will also help you keep a good nutritional balance.

Dinner. I have a couple of different recipes I like to use.

First one: Honnekin noodles mixed with a kang tong sauce like honey soy, Add some vegetables such as capsicum, beans and carrot sticks and if you have acces to a fridge you can put some diced chicken in.

Second: Dehydrated meals. You can buy a dehydrator of eBay for $75 and you can take any of your favorite meals with you even meat.

Hope this helps you. remember water OS much better than high sugar energy drinks. Keep your fluids up and eat lots of carbs before you go. Repackage the food into smaller sealer bags as this keeps all your meals together and reduces the amount of waste that you will need to take out with you at the end.

  • Prepackaged Tuna & Crackers are a good source of protein & nourishment.
  • Peanut butter is also a good protein to take along, again with crackers or in prepackaged form. Taking bread to put the peanut butter on is also not too hard to do. Some prefer to re-package their peanut butter in a squeeze tube (found in most sports stores in the hiking stuff) so they don't need to try to spread the peanut butter with a knife, etc. You can always use your finger to scoop and spread though (assuming it's just your and you have some good hand sanitizer to use BEFORE you dip!)
  • Fresh fruits like apples, pears & oranges are durable for packing
  • While not exactly "healthy" per say, candy bars can be a quick and good source of carbs & calories
  • Trail bars - Kashi bars are high quality - travel well and can come packed with proteins
  • Dried fruits
  • Jerky

The goal is to consume 3000-4000 calories a day, if you are hiking at a good pace and constant all day long.

Hiking and Backpacking

What are all the supplies needed for camping and hiking?

The gear-oriented style of camping (i.e. camping very near the car).

Gear-oriented campers are the people who like to be comfortable and prepared for anything. Their campsites are fully 'furnished with tables, chairs, stoves, cots and other conveniences. While enjoying and respecting the outdoors, gear-oriented campers also prefer the little amenities that make a backcountry trip safe and secure - a home away from home. Their camping checklist will be much more extensive than the minimalist's. In this article, we'll focus on the gear-oriented camping list. It's always easier to remove items from a list than it is to realize you've forgotten some crucial piece of camping equipment on a cold rainy night.

Gather the basics first.

It goes without saying that you'll need some basic items: a tent (preferably with a rain fly and at least one window), a good-quality sleeping bag, camping stove, camping food and water. Here's a list of some other gear that can make your campsite more accommodating:

Plastic sheeting for tent floor

Air mattress or pad for under sleeping bag

Large plastic boxes or buckets for food and equipment storage

Emergency blanket; also called space blanket

Tent seam sealer

Folding tables

Folding chairs

Outdoor furniture - lightweight aluminum lawn chairs are a good choice




First aid kit with blister treatment products

Tarp(s) with grommets - can be rigged for shade or used to keep firewood dry

Rope and twine or string


Small shovel


Portable toilet

Toilet paper

Moist towelette or baby wipes

Personal care items: soap, shampoo, toothpaste, etc.

Insect repellent

Tool (such as a hammer or axe) to pound in tent stakes

Backpack, daypack, or fanny pack

Towels and washcloths

Next, get ready to build a homey, welcoming fire.

Sounds easy doesn't it? Gather some wood and build a fire. If you've ever arrived at your campsite on a dreary, rain-soaked day, you know how hard it can be to get a fire going. Even though the outside of the wood may be wet, the inside of larger pieces is probably dry. So bring a small axe and be prepared to split some logs. Also, store your matches in a waterproof container, or better, carry a butane lighter. Dry kindling is harder to find than dry wood. The easiest solution is to bring a supply of kindling from home to get that first fire started without a hitch. Some campers bring a few dry logs as well. A small bow saw can also be very helpful. All these items should be included on your camping checklist.

Dining al fresco in style.

While the minimalist is content to rehydrate a pouch of dried field rations, the gear-oriented camper enjoys hearty, camp-cooked meals. There is a variety of easy-to-prepare camping foods available, but many people like cooking from scratch in the outdoors. So, a more elaborate camping stove is required - something with more than one burner and adjustable flame. Or bring some iron bars to rig a pot hanger right over the fire for slow-simmering that 3-alarm chili. You'll also need a cooler and ice or ice packs for your fresh food. Other equipment for the cooking portion of your camping checklist includes:

Can opener

Bottle opener

Cutlery for food preparation and serving - sharp knife, large spoon, large fork, ladle

Cookware - cast iron works well

Messkits or other eating vessels and implements - forks and spoons

Extra camping stove fuel

Camping recipes

Small charcoal or propane grill - a cast-iron hibachi is small and efficient

Appropriate fuel for grill

Dishrack and dishwashing detergent

Pot lifter or pot holders

Coffee maker

Cutting board





Storage containers

Plastic cutlery, paper plates, plastic or paper cups

Paper towels


Trash bags

Aluminum foil

Light up the night.

Be sure to bring several flashlights and plenty of extra batteries. A lantern or two will cast some welcome light in camp. Your lamps can run on a battery, liquid fuel or propane. Be sure to have some extra mantles on hand if any of your lights use them. Lighting is important - don't underestimate its value, especially if there are children in your party. Children should have their own water-resistant flashlights. What child doesn't remember playing camping games in their tent late at night by the glow of a lantern or flashlight? Kids also enjoy glow sticks.

More essential equipment.

If you're planning on hiking, you'll need a backpack, compass, travel guide, map, suitable shoes, extra socks and a hat. Another indispensable piece of camping gear is the multifunction pocket knife. These handy little tools often include:

Screwdriver - flathead and Phillips

Bottle opener

Can opener





One or two super-sharp blades.

One model pocket knife even comes with a reusable plastic toothpick, something you might never think of including on your camping checklist. All backpacks should contain such a knife. If you're going to swimming or bathing in a lake or stream, which often have rock bottoms, some type of waterproof footgear, like the popular "jellies," is essential.Other miscellaneous items to bring:

Duct tape

Safety pins

Sewing kit

Small battery-operated radio

Camera or camcorder with extra film and batteries

Reading material

Playing cards, checkers, chess set, etc.

Paper and pen

Battery-operated clock

Basic tools: pliers, screwdriver, hammer

Camping is great recreation.

From campgrounds that are more like resorts to the challenge of true wilderness camping, you're bound to find some "level" of camping that's just right for you. Bringing the right outdoor equipment is the best way to ensure your trip will be a memorable one. A camping checklist will streamline your packing and preparation. Although experience is the best teacher, a good, comprehensive checklist can help make the difference between an enjoyable camping trip and a disastrous one. Your checklist will be dynamic - you'll add items and remove items with every trip. Just be sure to keep it up to date. Whether you're a minimalist or a gear-oriented camper, camping provides many challenges. A thoughtfully-devised checklist will enable you to sleep dry and warm, build a welcoming fire, enjoy a great camp-cooked dinner, light your camp effectively and handle any miscellaneous small emergencies that might occur.



The above is a bit excessive in places even if you are camping by your car but you'd need to cut down considerably to the best, lightest and most minimal kit you can obtain and select if you are going back-packing with your tent etc.

Most of the above is utterly superfluous for backpacking (battery-operated clock? I use a watch!. Screwdriver and hammer?) and the original question asked about "... camping andhiking...".

Let's assume a 2-night wilderness walk in Spring-Summer conditions. Winters are more specialised if the route is above the snow-line....

Bulk Equipment: Lightweight, small, tent able to withstand the likely conditions if the weather breaks.

Sleeping-bag of insulation value appropriate to the area, altitude and weather (seasonal).

Sleeping-mat - the "self-inflating" type is best but their surfaces may be too smooth if you camp on a slope!

Good-quality rucksack that will carry everything in this list. comfortably, on your back with the weight on your hips. (The tent may have to go on top or under the sack - but consider how to share loads if sharing a tent). Jangly dingly-dangly pans outside the pack are so naff as well as so annoying to you.

Appropriate map and compass. Take a GPS too if you have one but remember, batteries can fade... Oh, and your portable phone might not have any coverage out in the hills. Small torch: LED head type the most convenient, plus a few spare cells, but be a bit discerning when choosing one from the bewildering array (!) in the catalogues..

You might want to chuck in a pack of cards or a thin novel for the evenings... but I have never found any need even for week-long hill-camps. Music? Up to you but I go out to get away from such things. The sounds of wind, streams, sheep and birds are free and don't need down-loading.

Clothes: Appropriate, lightweight, easily-dried clothing including warm jacket and water + wind-proof outer jacket and over-trousers. Proper walking-boots & socks; gaiters are optional but useful. Gloves or mittens. Suitable hat (I have a thin fleece open-face balaclava that is also ideal for wearing in bed in cold conditions. Walking-poles: If you need them use them in pairs, adjusted and used correctly, otherwise they will be a hindrance rather than help. Th e rule is 2 or 0.

Kitchen: Lightweight gas-cartridge or liquid-fuel stove and pan set. Lots of choice but think about efficiency etc. Mine is a Trangia with both meths (alcohol) and gas burners, but though very good, it is a bit bulky. Matches or lighters for same (take both / spares!). Sheet of thick aluminium foil to fashion a wind-break for open-burner stoves.

Water bottle (I litre). Mug (unbreakable), Spoon. Pen-knife. You may prefer a lightweight camping knife-fork-spoon set + pen-knife but NO MORE because you select the food whose cooking needs no more utensils than I've listed.

Small combined sponge/scourer pad. All my small bits like that travel inside the empty Trangia kettle.

Foods: see the first answer. Plan a menu. Absolute minimum, of tins & bottles. I do use boil-in-the-bag meals but they are heavy for their size. You may well expend a minimum of 3000 to 4000 calories a day walking, especially in uncomfortable temperatures or in very hilly terrain. Typical for me: Breakfast: Porage or muesli. Lunch: Small tin of sardines or squeezy-tube of savoury spreads with crispbread biscuits, sweet bars, dried fruit. Evening: boil-in-bag or dried savoury preparation with pasta or powdered potato. Dried fruit simmered a little in water, drained and with instant custard or other topping. Plus hot drinks ingredients, a small plastic (squeezy) jar of honey for eating on crispbreads and as a sweetener. Snack foods: sweet bars, boiled sweets, etc, and of course dried fruit. Milk powder.

Decant foods where you can into smaller, portion-controlled packets before your trip. If the munchy-bars come individually wrapped in a cardboard box, leave the box at home.

Hygiene: Toilet-roll (in a plastic bag to keep it dry). I also recommend a small trowel since if you have to use cat-type sanitation you will want to bury the stuff. Won't you!

A small bottle, a little bit bigger than those supplied in hotel bathrooms, filled with cheap antibacterial liquid soap, should suffice for 2-3 days. Washing your hands after the "toilet" and before handling food is essential! It does not matter about the rest of you being a bit grubby, for a couple of days.

Sun-protection and insect-repellent crèmes or sprays. Sun-glasses. Small, basic first-aid kit. You might wish to take a small ball of string and some adhesive tape for minor repairs, but you won't need the workshop specified above!

Enjoyment. Enjoy the trip!

Hiking and Backpacking

How do you avoid crevasses and sink holes?

a crevasses is kind of ike a sink hole you avoid them by finding another pathway

Cooking Equipment
Hiking and Backpacking

What is the best way to sharpen a knife?

No matter how good a knife is and how well you maintain it, in the end you have to sharpen it.

Professional chefs need to sharpen their knives on daily bases. Obviously, home cooking is less demanding.

Contrary to the popular belief, butcher's steel is not a sharpening device, but is designed to realign the deformed edge, which (deformation) is the primary reason of the knife dulling.

Knives hold a straight edge at the molecular and super-molecular level. Unless damaged by abuse, knives will dull when the fine edge becomes bent or rolled back upon itself, although the degree of bend is invisibly small. Stroking the knife's blade (both sides on European blades; Japanese blades are usually one-sided) on a honing steel at an angle of between roughly equal to the actual angle of the blade, will often renew an edge to its original sharpness by straightening the edge.

For chefs' knives, you should hone your knife nearly every time you pick it up -- 20 or so strokes will do. Note that honing an edge on a steel does not remove metal from the blade as does actual sharpening. If you must actually sharpen, the best way is to send the knife to a pro, and pay them to do it right. If you need to sharpen the blade yourself, here's the most detailed procedure I know.

You can of course omit some parts and still get good results. First, determine the angle of the edge of the blade. You can get this information from the manufacturer, or you can try and observe it very carefully. Know that the very edge of the knife is almost never the same angle you see from the back of the blade to the edge -- the edge is typically different. As a last resort, re-grind the edge to a known angle, around 20 degrees, using a grinder -- something better left to a professional.

I like to use 3 whetstones: one course carborundum water stone, a fine water stone, and an Arkansas oil stone. All of these are easily harder than the metal of the knife blade itself. Work from the coarsest stone to the finest. If you can, avoid working much with the coarser stones, as they remove a lot of metal from the knife. Wet the stone and rinse it thoroughly to make sure the pores on the stone aren't already clogged with metal. Place the stone on a damp dishcloth (s it doesn't slide), on a flat surface. Rest the edge of the knife on the stone at the angle of the edge, so that the sharp edge is pointing away from you, and place your fingertips lightly on the flat of the blade, so that you can exert an even, very gentle pressure along the length of the blade (instead of exerting all the pressure from your grip on the haft alone). Slide the knife back towards you (blade pointing away) slowly and evenly, being careful to maintain that exact angle.

Whetting the blade at too large an angle will result in a dull knife; using to fine an angle will result in a knife that starts sharp but dulls very quickly. As you draw back, be careful to follow the curve of the blade (if any) -- you don't want to change the geometry of your knife. Very few knives of any kind have a perfectly straight-edged blade. I like to do about 10 strokes, then turn the knife over and repeat for 10 more strokes on the other side. On the coarse stone, do this until the knife blade is uniformly even and sharp. DO NOT USE THIS TECHNIQUE TO REMOVE NICKS -- you can tear up your whetstones and it's almost impossible to remove enough metal to take out a nick -- that needs to be done by a pro. The coarser the stone is, the more it will leave the edge microscopically uneven. An uneven edge can cut like a micro-serrated edge, but will feel uneven, and will quickly dull as the serrations and uneven spots wear down, and the blade evens out. As soon as you can, shift gears down to a finer stone and repeat the process.

Remember throughout that your goal is to change the knife as little as possible. You want to leave as much metal on the blade as you can, and never change the curve or shape of the blade. The edge you're working towards, when viewed from the front or back of the blade, should be neither concave nor convex relative to the original shape of the knife (except for some oriental blades, which are designed as convex blades on one side, and require a different technique). The Arkansas oilstone uses a fine mineral oil instead of water, and is extremely fine. Use it to finish your blade, and feel free to spend quite a few strokes on this step. At completion, hone the knife on a sharpening steel before finishing. Note that you cannot indefinitely sharpen a knife to regain the edge. Eventually, the thickness of the remaining blade will increase as more and more metal is removed, and sharpening the knife from thick stock down to a fine edge will no longer be possible with this method. At that point, a pro will need to re-grind the blade. As this actually does change the geometry of the blade, you should start thinking about replacing the knife. Note that a professional sharpening and a re-grinding are not at all the same thing. If the knife is good quality steel and new its a case of maintenance, use a high quality knife honing steel, a few strokes every single time before you use the knife and during if doing a lot of cutting, will keep the knife razor sharp.

If the knife is already very dull (shame on you!!!) a carpenters sharpening flat stone is very good at reviving a knifes edge, just be aware that the angle you sharpen a knife at is crucial. Take it to a professional sharpener, then maintain the edge as above. Sharp knives cut people far less than blunt knives, because less pressure is used to cut. Care for your knives and they will last a lifetime.

Notes regarding the Diamond Hone. It looks like a steel but it's not. As diamond is a lot harder than steel, using a diamond hone will remove steel from the blade. Don't use this tool for honing; use it ONLY for actual sharpening.

United Kingdom
Personal Safety and Security
Hiking and Backpacking

What are five key safety points or actions when hill walking in the UK?

  1. Plan your route and tell someone where you're going, along which route and when you'll be back. Instruct them to contact the emergency services if you have not returned safely or been in contact after a certain cut off time.
  2. Check the weather reports and ensure you are appropriately dressed for the conditions. You should be aware that the weather can change very rapidly in the hills so carry warm and waterproof clothing even if it appears to be a nice day when you set off. Ensure you are wearing suitable foot ware such as a stout pair of walking boots. The RAF and Navy SAR helicopter crews and the Mountain Rescue teams don't necessarily like having to come out to rescue people who have tried to climb a mountain in winter in jeans, a t-shirt and trainers (yes, this has happened).
  3. Ensure you choose a route that is suitable for your level of fitness, skill and experience. A walk that is to physically demanding will put you at risk of injury (potentially requiring rescue) but will also feel like a slog and be much less enjoyable.
  4. Carry a map and compass and make sure you know how to use them. Otherwise they are useless.
  5. Consider carrying a whistle to help attract attention if required, an emergency bivi bag (normally a fluorescent orange plastic water and wind proof bag that can be used as a shelter in an emergency and can be bought for as little as £2), a torch, a mobile phone (even though the signal may be variable, there is a strong probability you will be able to contact the emergency services for help if required).

For further information, please see the related link.

Mycology or Fungi
Hiking and Backpacking
Food Poisoning and Foodborne Illness

How do you know if a mushroom is edible?

Ask a person that knows or look in a book about mushrooms. But if you see very bright mushrooms there is more of a chance it is poisonous.But never ever eat a wild mushroom unless you are 100 percent sure. Good luck. :)

Hiking and Backpacking

Where is the best place to go camping in Scotland?

Loch Lubnaig

I recommend the shores of Loch Lubnaig in the Trossachs, which is just a few miles north of the town of Callander. We camped there a few weeks ago and it was perfect.

The second car park, driving north, is the best spot. Although it's not exactly wild camping, as the shore is a short walk from the car park, it's not an official campsite so you can build fires. And the water's lovely for a swim. Get there early though because it's popular in the summer.

Also Barra in the western isles


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