History of Spain

This category is for questions and answers about the history of the largest country on the Iberian Peninsula of Europe, Spain. Spain is known for its rich and diverse culture, which also contributes to the well known Spanish cuisine.

6,458 Questions
Explorers and Expeditions
History of Spain
Conquistadors

Who did conquistadors conquer?

The conquistadors are best known for their subjugation of the Aztecs in Mexico (Cortes) and the Incas in Peru (Pizarro).

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Explorers and Expeditions
History of Spain
Slogans and Mottos
Conquistadors

What was the Conquistador motto?

It was God, Glory and Gold in that order. Hoewever, in most cases it turned out to be Gold, Glory and God.

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Philippines
History of Spain

The Philippines was named for which Spanish King?

Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named Leyte and Samar after King Philip II in 1542 and the name soon came to be used for the complete island chain. Magellan who discovered the Islands in 1521 called them San Lazaro.

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History of Spain
History of Islam
Amazigh Language and Culture (Berbers and Moors)

Why were the Moors driven out of Spain?

They were driven out because the Christians who were displaced in power when the Moors invaded wanted their power, lands, and lifestyle back.

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History of Europe
History of Spain

Who was the king of Spain in 1512?

Ferdinand II of Aragon was the King of Aragon and after the death of Isabel I of Castile in 1504, was Reagent for the Kingdom of Castile. In effect, he ruled all of Spain from 1504 until his death in 1516.

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Philippines
History of Spain
History of the Philippines

Conditions in the Philippines during Spanish time?

The Spaniards were brutal taskmasters who used the Tagalog Lords or datus to provide them with such laborers as they might require for allowing them to continue to live and reign as a condition of the tribute they demanded. These people were not enslaved but their lives were always at risk and the lash or fear of it got the Spaniards what they wanted.

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Mexico
History of South America
History of Spain
Imperialism

Who colonized Mexico why?

Spanish conquistadores led by Hernan Cortes, who was in search of God, gold and glory.

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History of Spain

Full name of Queen Isabella?

Isabell De Vasco De Gama

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History of England
History of Spain
Spanish Armada

What were the key events of the Spanish Armada?

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Mexico
History of Spain
Aztecs
Conquistadors

Which Spanish explorer conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico?

Hernando Cortés.
Hernan Cortes (also known as Hernando Cortez)

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US Civil War
War and Military History
History of Spain

When did the Spanish Civil War occur?

July 17, 1936 to April 1, 1939

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Elizabeth I
History of England
History of Spain

Why did the Spanish hate Queen Elizabeth?

The king asked her to marry him but she rejected and he was a roman catholic whilst she was a protestant. Also Elizabeth allowed English sailors like Francis Drake to capture and rob Spanish merchant ships, so understandably the Spanish were annoyed at having their goods stolen by 'English pirates'.

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History of Spain
Middle Ages

What was the importance of the city Cordoba during the middle ages?

At its height, during the Middle Ages, Cordoba, the capital of a caliphate of the same name, was one of the largest cities in the world, with a population estimated to be around 400,000 people. It was also among the most important cultural centers of the world and also had the world's largest library.

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Explorers and Expeditions
History of Spain
Conquistadors

What country were conquistadors from?

Los Conquistadores were from Spain.

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History of Spain
History of Islam

Why is Islamic Spain called golden period of Islamic history?

It was a period when Muslims were making significant advances in science, math, philosophy, and historiography. There was also economic prosperity and general lack of civil strife. Compared to the remainder of Islamic history, it was seen as a good time and the perfect encapsulation of what an Islamic State should look like.

Of course, this is not to say that there was not clear discrimination and repression of minorities, but it was less prominent than it would be in later centuries in other Islamic countries.

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Henry VIII
History of Spain

What clothes did Catherine of Aragon wear?

the wore gowns made of satin, velvet and silk mainly, and an english hood, a sort of headdress. the was a lot more sensible than anne boleyn, who wore gowns with very low necks. She refused to wear clothes in the French fashion as a mark of loyalty to her Spanish family, so always wore English or Spanish style clothes.

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History of England
History of France
History of Spain

Why did the Battle of Trafalgar take place?

Both were fought for Atlantic Ocean Naval superiority.

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Islam
Spain
History of Spain

What was the capital of Muslim Spain?

The answer depends on the time period. Cordoba, Sevilla, and Granada were all capitals of the Muslims at one time or another.

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History of Spain

How did pirates affect Spain's economy?

One serious way was because they seized boats which contained spices (which between the 15th and 19th centuries were incredibly rare and expensive. After the discovery of the Americas it was gold and other precious metals that were stolen. This had a major impact on Spain's economy

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History, Politics & Society
World War 1
History of Spain

What was Spain's involvement in World War 1?

They weren't. They were a neutral country.

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History of Spain
History of the Philippines

What was the encomienda system?

It was a system of colonization used by the empire of Spain.

When the Spanish conquered the natives in the Caribbean, South America, and later the Philippines, these natives were required to pay tribute or perform work for Spanish landowners. In return the Native Americans would receive protection from other tribes, education, and Christianity.

This worked greatly in the favor of the Spanish colonists who received the trusteeship over the people (an encomendado), but was little better than involuntary servitude for many native tribes.

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Catholicism
History of Spain
Medieval Religion

What happened on February 6 1481?

Catholic AnswerThe first auto-da-fé was held in Seville on February 6, 1481, this was the first official act of the newly minted Spanish Inquisition instituted by the Catholic monarchs of Spain. This inquisition only had authority over Catholics and it was primarily to root out Jews and Muslims who had "converted" to Catholicism for political reasons but had not really had a conversion of heart, so to speak-Catholic in name only.
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Translations
Explorers and Expeditions
History of Spain
Conquistadors

What does conquistador mean in English?

Conquistador means, literally, conqueror. The Conquistadores were the people sent by the crown of Spain to America for exploring and conquering the new territories. They got a lot of fame for having won many territories and empires being always much less than the natives.

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Spain
History of Spain

Who is Juan Carlos's 1 of Spain wife?

Queen Sofia of Spain.

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History of Spain

What did the Spanish get rich from in the New World?

The Spanish plundered considerable gold from the Incas and Aztecs, taking it back to Spain for the coffers of the royalty through classic mercantilism economics.

They also took back many natives to serve as slaves and took livestock back to Europe to enrich their own farms.

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