Nobel Prize Winners

Noble prize winners are chosen based on their contribution in the advancement of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. The prize given is approximately US$1 million, and is awarded by a committee of five people selected by the Norwegian Parliament.

8,131 Questions
History of Asia
Nobel Prize Winners
Rabindranath Tagore

How do you pronounce Rabindranath Tagore?

RATATATA I'M IN THE GHETTO

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Nobel Prize Winners

Who got noble prize twice in the same subject?

amarthya sen for economics

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Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

How old is Barack Obama?

Barack Obama is 58 years old. He was born on August 4, 1961.

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Geography
Nobel Prize Winners

What two Nobel Prize winners lived on the same street?

Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What education does Barack Obama have?

After graduating high school from Punahou School in Hawaii, Barack Obama attended Occidental College in LA for two years, then got his B.A. from Columbia University. He later got his law degree from Harvard Law School (where he became the Harvard Law Review's first African American president), graduating magna cum laude.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What school did Barack Obama attend?

Starting at age 6, Obama attended a Catholic school in Indonesia. At age 8, he attended a public school in Indonesia, nominally a Muslim school, which is where the "Muslim" tempest in a teapot comes from.

At age 10, he left his mother and Muslim stepfather behind in Indonesia, moving to Honolulu to live with his Mom's parents. His grandmother was a Vice President for the Bank of Hawaii and was able to afford to send him to the prestigious private college preparatory Punahou Academy, still considered the finest school in Hawaii. He attended there from 5th grade, and graduated from high school there in 1979.

Obama then attended Occidental College, a liberal arts college in Los Angeles from 1979 to 1981. He admittedly was a bit of a party animal there. He apparently got a bit more serious his sophomore year and transferred to Columbia University in New York City for his junior and senior years, graduating from Columbia in 1983.

From 1988 to 1991 Obama attended Harvard Law School,graduating magna cum laude and was editor of the Law review.

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Albert Einstein
Nobel Prize Winners

Was Oswald Avery awarded a Nobel Prize?

YES!, in 1944.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What is Barack Obama's full name?

His full, birth name is Barack Hussein Obama, II. He was named after his father, Barack Hussein Obama, Sr., who died in 1982 in a car accident in Kenya; Barack Sr. was divorced from the president's mother, Ann Dunham.

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Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

Why did Barack Obama win the Nobel Peace Prize?

This is a question that seems to call for opinions, but first, a few facts. Barack Obama was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize because the committee believed he had already demonstrated a willingness to engage in diplomacy, and to reach out to the world community, rather than just using "tough talk"-- the committee believed President Bush had been far too bellicose in his rhetoric, and they saw in Barack Obama a new era in communication between countries. As the committee stated in

their press release, he was given the award for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."

There were 205 nominated candidates for the position. The selection was handled by a bipartisan committee with 1 representative each from the "far left," the "far right," and the "Conservative" parties, and 2 from the dominant "Labour Party." The final winner was announced on October 9 2009, just 4 days after the 5 representatives had finally reached uniform consensus, and only eight and a half months after Barack Obama's inauguration as president of the United States.

According to Nobel Committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland, "He got the prize because he has been able to change the international climate... Some people say, and I understand it, isn't it premature? Too early? Well, I'd say then that it could be too late to respond three years from now. It is now that we have the opportunity to respond - all of us." Jagland highlighted that the Committee was especially influenced by a speech Obama gave to reach out to the Muslim world in Cairo in June 2009, as well as the president's efforts to prevent nuclear proliferation and climate change, and Obama's support for using established international bodies such as the United Nations to pursue foreign policy goals.

Whether the committee's decision was right or wrong, that is what they thought and that is why they awarded the prize. Mr. Obama himself expressed surprise that he won. He also believed (as did his critics) that other candidates were more appropriate. He accepted the award, but donated the prize money to several worthy charities.

Please note that what follows are the views of other contributors, some of whom may express inaccurate or harsh assessments of Mr. Obama, rather than addressing the reason he was awarded the prize in 2009.

comments, from those who believe he should not have won:

There has been no intervention on a huge scale by Obama. He has not curtailed any aggressive actions by any foreign state, or even his own. In fact he has increased military actions against the Taliban in Afghanistan. He has not been long on the international circuit and has no international reputation as a peacemaker.

In the past, winners have spent many years of dedicated service to achieve the honour, or have used high office for the furtherance of peace. President Obama has done neither of these.

Obama himself has stated that he does not feel he deserved the award, and that it must be spiritually shared by all the other nominees, but also not "as a recognition of my own accomplishments but rather an affirmation of American leadership on behalf of aspirations held by people in all nations," and "as a call to action --- a call for all nations to confront the common challenges of the 21st century."

Jagland shrugged off the question of whether "the committee feared being labeled naive for accepting a young politician's promises at face value", stating that "no one could deny that 'the international climate' had suddenly improved, and that Mr. Obama was the main reason... 'We want to embrace the message that he stands for.'"

The Norwegian tabloid Verdens Gang has later reported that Inger-Marie Ytterhorn, who represented the right-wing populist Progress Party on the committee, led the way in objecting to the choice of Obama because she questioned his ability to keep his promises. It also said the representative of the Conservative Party, Kaci Kullmann Five, and Aagot Valle, the representative of the Socialist Left, had objections. The choice for Obama was however strongly supported by committee chairman Thorbjoern Jagland and Sissel Roenbeck, both representatives of the Labour Party.

In his will, Alfred Nobel left little to guide those who award the prize. Besides directing that it be awarded by a committee appointed by the Norwegian parliament (though Nobel was a Swede), Nobel said only that it should be given to the person who "...shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."

By October 2009, when the prize was awarded to him after less than nine months in office, few would argue that President Obama had qualified for the Nobel Peace Prize -- or any other -- even under such nebulous terms. Indeed, the announcement was something of a surprise in most circles, including the president's own. Obama himself is quoted as saying, "I do not view it as a recognition of my own accomplishments." It should be considered too that the final decision to award the prize to Obama had been reached weeks or months before the actual ceremony, raising even stronger questions as to why.

Any reasonable review of the Peace Prize Committee's decisions in recent years yields the conclusion that ultra-left candidates are currently in strong favor, their tangible accomplishments -- or a complete lack thereof -- aside. Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet head of state and dedicated communist who conducted the final stages of the Cold War against the U.S. and other NATO countries, received the prize in 1990. Former U.S President Jimmy Carter received the award in 2002; despite how the Nobel committee may have viewed him, Carter, whose one term ended in 1981, is widely ridiculed and perceived as a failure in his own country. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and former U.S. Vice President Al Gore shared the 2006 Peace Prize. Neither party has ever done a single thing to promote peace in any part of the world, though both have promoted a theory of anthropogenic global warming that, while lucrative to both of them, and almost religiously popular with the extreme left, has been widely and soundly discredited.

In fact, through its long history, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to only four U.S. presidents. I've already mentioned Obama (almost before he was elected -- there are some who have opined that he would have received the prize even if he had lost the election) and Carter (21 years after he left office). The other two were Teddy Roosevelt (1906) and Woodrow Wilson (1919), indisputably two of the founders of the modern "progressive" era. No conservative U.S. president has ever won a NPP. (Yes, TR was a Republican, but hardly like today's brand of Republican. And he was certainly no conservative.)

In the final tally, US President Barack Obama won the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize largely for offering the world hope, rather than for any practical achievements, and possibly as an encouragement for what he might accomplish after receiving the prize.

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Psychology
Albert Einstein
Alfred Nobel
Nobel Prize Winners

How many psychologists have won a Nobel prize?

It depends on how one defines "psychologist." In any case, the answer is "very few," as there is no prize awarded in the field of psychology.

If "psychologist" means a professor of psychology with a degree in psychology, then only one: Daniel Kahneman. His collaborator and co-recipient, Amos Tversky, was not alive to accept the prize, which was awarded in the field of economics.*

Roger Sperry was a psychologist, but held his professorship in psychobiology. That would make two-his being awarded in the field of medicine.

If the definition would include someone with a degree in political science who later became a professor of psychology, then three, counting Herbert Simon, who won his prize in the field of economics.*

Ivan Pavlov, the physiologist whose influential work on classical conditioning has earned him a rank among the top 20th century "psychologists" (as rated by professional psychologists, citations, and references in Introductory Psychology textbooks), also won the prize in the field of physiology. If counted, that would make four.

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*: The answer also depends on how one defines "Nobel prize;" most, but not all, consider the prize in economics a true Nobel. A separate though related organization developed and began awarding the prize 68 years after the first prizes were put in place. Per Wikipedia: "The Prize in Economics is not one of the original Nobel Prizes created by Alfred Nobel's will. … Some critics argue that the prestige of the Prize in Economics derives in part from its association with the Nobel Prizes, an association that has often been a source of controversy."

Even a recipient of the award, Friedrich Hayek, argued against considering the honor as equivalent to the other Nobels: "The Nobel Prize confers on an individual an authority which in economics no man ought to possess. … This does not matter in the natural sciences. Here the influence exercised by an individual is chiefly an influence on his fellow experts; and they will soon cut him down to size if he exceeds his competence. But the influence of the economist that mainly matters is an influence over laymen: politicians, journalists, civil servants and the public generally."

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US Presidents
Nobel Prize Winners
Peace

How did Charles Dawes win the Nobel Peace Prize?

He was a financier and he won his prize for drawing up a workable plan for enabling Germany to make the retribution payment demanded from it by the victors of World War I.

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US Presidents
Economics
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What are Barack Obama's views on employment?

He believes in big government so his answer to solving unemployment is to create new jobs. Excellent in theory Mr. President but we need less government employees & MORE PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS! I hear those words come out of his mouth every day but his actions speak much louder.

What can come from big government? Communism, lack of freedom, loss of rights etc. Who's it hurting? It hurts every citizen by stifling free self expression, motivation & innovation. In order to prosper we need the profit motive. Obama's laws are forcing many employers into early retirement & while Obama is great at creating temporary government jobs in order to boost poll numbers, the key word is TEMPORARY. A few months down the road & every one is unemployed again.

Private sector jobs are our best bet for long term employment but so many bills that have passed are scaring private business owners & discouraging future ones, such as myself, from starting my own company. What will I be taxed on next? Why put all that hard work into something that will be more financially rewarding for the government than for me?

Obama is strictly a politician so his views on employment will keep changing with every new donor to his campaign. Like Donald Trump said "We don't need a good politician, We need a great leader." In this economic crisis, I couldn't agree more.

Answer

I think he believes in it. Achieving better employment percentages is difficult to impossible when so many of the people involved in creating the solution (Congress, the Fed, local government laws and regulations) have differing opinions and methods and are working at cross purposes. In addition, the American people are generally undereducated and need to sharpen up their skills and work ethics. There are jobs out there for people who can and will do the work. Generally, doing the right thing makes the right things happen.

Answer

Over 75% of the jobs created by his policies are part time jobs.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

Who is Barack Obama's wife?

His wife's name is Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama. (Robinson was her maiden name.) The two met while working together at a law firm in Chicago. They married in 1992.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

Who are Barack Obama's children?

Barack and Michele Obama have two daughters:

Malia Ann, born July 4, 1998.

Natasha "Sasha" born June 10,2001.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners
Ethnicity

What is Barack Obama's ethnicity?

Barack Obama's ancestry is multiracial and multicultural. His father was from Kenya and was black; his mother was from Kansas and was white. His father's ancestry was African; his mother's was Irish and English. The president is thus African-American.

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Nobel Prize Winners
Mother Teresa

Why did Mother Teresa win the Nobel Peace Prize?

Mother Teresa won the Nobel peace prize because she helped the poor, looked after the sick people and gave them a roof to put over their heads. She took people that were dying in the streets and put them in houses so that they could die in tranquility.

She also won the prize as she was civil and liked peace in the world even if they were a different religion to herself. She took them in and cared for them as if it was one of her own.
For her humanitarian work in ministering to the poor, sick, orphaned and dying in India and also her for charity called Missionaries of Charity. She also advocated for the poor and helpless.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What are some opinions of Barack Obama?

Opinions of Barack Obama
  • He's electable and slightly left of center. Overall he's a good man with not much experience.
  • I kind of like him, he's charismatic.
  • He was the first African/American to run the Harvard Law Review - he is brilliant. He turned down high paying Wall Street Jobs to become a community organizer in Chicago. He showed judgment by arguing against going to war in Iraq in 2002. He surrounds himself with competent people and experts from both parties.
  • One word: schmuck! He continues to backtrack about every issue he makes a comment on. I have to say that I don't want anyone whose name is Barack Hussein Obama Jr. as the guy sitting in the Oval Office. I don't care how smart he is: Bill Clinton was a Rhode Scholar, and look at what he did to the country!
  • There is only one thing to say: You can lead conservatives to facts, but you cannot make them think.
  • He is not slightly left of center... that is a lie. He is as far left as you can be. Probably the farthest left presidential candidate ever to run.
  • Barack Obama is a brilliant American man, with promises of helping the environment, and helping America to go green. He is a man who wants to stop America from being the second worst polluter on Earth, and help it level with all the other countries that want to help stop Global Warming. As well as bringing a change to America, he is America's first African American President, a change in the way the Presidency is run, for once, to show that your skin color doesn't affect your position in the Presidency.
  • Obama is leaning toward socialism. His government funded healthcare plan is going to be disastrous, and most of the American people are against it. Obama is misguided when he still pledges American support for the rapidly failing theory of global warming.
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Genetics
Nobel Prize Winners
Watson Crick Franklin and Wilkins

How did James Watson help in creating DNA?

James Watson is best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA.

Luria and Max Delbrück were among the leaders of the new "Phage Group", an important movement of geneticists towards microbial genetics. The Phage Group was the intellectual medium where Watson became a working scientist. The members of the Phage Group sensed that they were on the path to discovering the physical nature of the gene.

Watson, under the influence of the Phage Group, was aware of the

Avery-Mac Leod-Mc Carty experiment, which suggested that DNA was the genetic molecule. The experiments, which Watson had learned of during the previous summer's Cold Spring Harbor phage conference, included the use of radioactive phosphate as a tracer to determine which molecular components of phage particles actually infect the target bacteria during viral infection.

The intention was to determine whether protein or DNA was the genetic material, but upon consultation with Max Delbrück, they determined that their results were inconclusive and could not specifically identify the newly labeled molecules as DNA. Watson never developed a constructive interaction with Kalckar, but he did accompany Kalckar to a meeting in Italy where Watson saw Maurice Wilkins talk about his X-ray diffraction data for DNA. Watson was now certain that DNA had a definite molecular structure that could be elucidated.

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Iraq War
US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What has President Barack Obama done so far?

In his first week in office, Barack Obama did the following:

Na Na Na Na Na Na Batman

  • Set a deadline for the closing of Guantanamo Bay. Some of his supporters would say this is a great thing because they believe it operates as something from the Dark Ages. Others believe this characterization to not be true, and that no plan will be put place to determine what to do with the prisoners. Time will tell.
  • Fast-tracked the process to apply new fuel standards to 2011 car models AND initiated steps to allow California to set its own standards for auto emissions that are stricter than that of the Federal government. Again, this is a measure that some of his supporters hail as a grand step forward, while his detractors (or flamers) point out that it could provide an additional severe drag on the economy, especially in car manufacturing areas.
  • Signed a detailed executive order to ban torture and inhumane treatment of prisoners.
  • Asked the military leadership to engage in additional planning necessary to execute a responsible military draw down from Iraq.
  • Released the interrogation memos without consulting the Bush staff and/or Bush about it. And they were only partially released some of the information in the memos were not made public.
  • Signed an executive order that restored a 30-day time frame for former presidents to review records before they are released. It also eliminated the right for the vice president or family members of former presidents to do the reviews.
  • Signed an executive order that requires that appointees sign forms saying that they were not hired because of political affiliations or contributions. This is far from an unbeatable measure, but is an important early step towards cleaning up governmental hiring policies. It is easier to prove someone lied when their signature is right next to the statement in question.
  • Signed an order banning gifts from lobbyists and banning anyone from working in an agency they had lobbied in previous years. Promptly made the order toothless by immediately granting a waiver to a former defense lobbyist.
  • Lifted a ban on giving federal money to international groups that perform abortions or provide abortion information.
  • Granted his first TV interview as president to Al-Arabiya, a channel described as a "voice of moderation" to the Middle East. His supporters call this a very smart move to help angered nations and groups feel a bit less cast aside, and let them know that they need not resort to violence to be made a part of the world discussion. Detractors point out that this is the type of thing Neville Chamberlain would have done, though a TV interview and "the Munch Agreement" are leagues apart.

In his first 7 months in office

  • He's done quite a lot actually.
  • He has so far passed an economic recovery bill which has met mixed criticism but is slowly progressing. He has passed the AMD Stabilization and Support bill which was tailored to help stabilize and strengthen the United States Military, and has shown improvement within the standard. President Obama has also been working on other proposals, bills, and acts to be passed on topics such as Health Care reform, Education, the Mortgage crisis, the war on Al-Qaeda, and Domestic policy.
  • Promised to send additional troops to Afghanistan in March and began the pullout of troops in Iraq.
  • Passed the bailout of the auto industry and pressured their management to tow the party line.
  • Waffled on sending troops and allowed those serving no suffer from lack of support. (If you had to send 30,000 Americans to a war zone I bet you would hesitate unless I realized lives were at stake and I was in charge)
  • Refused to allow open meetings regarding health care reform as promised.
  • Passed more tax increases on middle America than any other President.
  • Encouraged Cap and trade passage to increase demand of foreign oil and raise the cost of our supply. (How does cap and trade increase demand? (See discussion))
  • Promised to make tough decisions regarding the ability to continue paying medicare payments. Cutting $400 billion from their budget.
  • Insulted police doing their jobs making the office look foolish. (How? (See discussion)

First Year:

  • Sent troops to Afghanistan but pulled troops out of Iraq (What planet? He has NT pulled out of Iraq!) we are now at 115,000 troops as of 2/11/2010! Zero actual draw down.
  • Made a more transparent form of Government (almost daily daily Facebook Q&A's with his staff) Has had more closed door meetings then any previous administration. Even his open door committee only has closed door meetings!
  • Tried several times to get the Republicans to join him and get bi-partizanship on the destruction of democracy. Republicans did not wish to contribute!
  • Passed a stimulus package that is creating no jobs across the country. This bill has given more to the rich then every previous President combined!
  • Well on his way to passing the HC bill which will ration health care to most Americans and help less then 12 million. The cost will destroy our children's and grand children's future.
  • Managed to have the two worst months for deficit spending ever. (The two Februarys he has been President)

________________________________

He became President of the United States. President Obama is also the first black President of the United States.

He also:

  1. Saved the collapse of the American automotive industry by making GM restructure before bailing them out, and putting incentive money to help the industry
  2. Shifted the focus of the war from Iraq to Afghanistan, and put the emphasis on reducing terrorism (where it should have been all along)
  3. Relaxed Anti-American tensions throughout the world
  4. Signed order to close the prisoner "torture camp" at Guantanamo Bay
  5. Has made the environment a national priority, and a primary source for job creation
  6. Has made education a national priority by putting emphasis and money behind new ideas like charter schools, but speaking directly to school children in telling them they have to do their part
  7. Won the Nobel Peace Prize
  8. Created a $789 billion economic stimulus plan
  9. Made the appointment of first Latina to the Supreme Court
  10. Pushed for attractive tax write-offs for those who buy hybrid automobiles
  11. Authorized construction/opening of additional health centers to care for veterans
  12. Renewed dialogue with NATO and other allies and partners on strategic issues
  13. Began the process of reforming and restructuring the military 20 years after the Cold War to a more modern fighting force. This includes new procurement policies, increasing size of military, new technology and cyber units and operations, etc.
  14. Provided better body armor to our troops
  15. Created the "Cash for clunkers" program that offers vouchers to trade in fuel inefficient, polluting old cars for new cars to help stimulate auto sales, save energy, and help the environment
  16. Changed the failing status quo military command in Afghanistan
  17. Closed offshore tax safe havens
  18. Deployed additional troops to Afghanistan
  19. Ended previous policy of awarding no-bid defense contracts
  20. Ended media blackout on war casualties and the return of fallen soldiers to Dover AFB
  21. Ended the previous practice of cutting the FDA and circumventing FDA rules
  22. Ended previous practice of forbidding Medicare from negotiating with drug manufacturers for cheaper drugs; the federal government is now realizing hundreds of millions in savings
  23. Ended previous practice of having White House aides rewrite scientific and environmental rules, regulations, and reports
  24. Enabled the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act that has created 2.1 million jobs (as of 12/31/09)
  25. Ended previous policy of not regulating and labeling carbon dioxide emissions
  26. Ended previous policy of offering tax benefits to corporations who outsource American jobs; the new policy is to promote in-sourcing to bring jobs back
  27. Ended previous policy on torture; the US now has a no torture policy and is in compliance with the Geneva Convention standards
  28. Launched website Recovery.gov to track spending from the Recovery Act, an unprecedented step to provide transparency and accountability through technology
  29. Ended previous practice of protecting credit card companies; in place of it are new consumer protections from credit card industry's predatory practices
  30. Ended previous "stop-loss" policy that kept soldiers in Iraq/Afghanistan longer than their enlistment date
  31. Enabled law that energy producing plants must begin preparing to produce 15% of their energy from renewable sources
  32. Established a National Performance Officer charged with saving the federal government money and making federal operations more efficient
  33. Established a new cyber security office
  34. Expanded the SCHIP program to cover health care for 4 million more children
  35. Expanded vaccination programs
  36. Allows families of fallen soldiers to have expenses
  37. Provided the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) with more than $1.4 billion to improve services to America's Veterans
  38. Encouraged Federal support for stem-cell and new biomedical research
  39. Budgeted funds for high-speed, broadband Internet access to K-12 schools
  40. Responded with compassion and leadership to the earthquake in Haiti
  41. Responded immediately and efficiently to the floods in North Dakota and other natural disasters
  42. Launched Business.gov - enabling conversation and online collaboration between small business owners, government representatives and industry experts in discussion forums relevant to starting and managing a business - Great for the economy
  43. Improved housing for military personnel
  44. Improved conditions at Walter Reed Military Hospital and other military hospitals
  45. Changed failing war strategy in Afghanistan
  46. Improved benefits for veterans
  47. Increased infrastructure spending (roads, bridges, power plants…) after years of neglect
  48. Donated his $1.4 million Nobel Prize to nonprofit organizations
  49. Increased opportunities in AmeriCorps program
  50. Provided tax credits to first-time home buyers through the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009 to revitalize the U.S. housing market
  51. Increased pay and benefits for military personnel
  52. Increased student loans
  53. Instituted a new policy on Cuba, allowing Cuban families to return "home" to visit loved ones
  54. Cracked down on companies that deny sick pay, vacation and health insurance to workers by abusing the employee classification of independent contractor. Such companies also avoided paying Social Security, Medicare and unemployment insurance taxes for those workers
  55. Limited salaries of senior White House aides; cut to $100,000
  56. Placed limits on lobbyists' access to the White House
  57. Protected 300,000 education jobs that would have otherwise been lost, such as teachers, principals, librarians, and counselors through the Recovery Act
  58. Placed limits on White House aides working for lobbyists after their tenure in the administration
  59. Pushed for the Children's Health Insurance Reauthorization Act on February 4, 2009, which provides quality health care to 11 million kids - 4 million who were previously uninsured
  60. Lowered drug costs for seniors
  61. Made more loans available to small businesses
  62. Held many more press conferences and town halls and provides much more media access than previous administration
  63. Signed the Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Act, the first piece of comprehensive legislation aimed at improving the lives of Americans living with paralysis
  64. Negotiated deal with Swiss banks to permit US government to gain access to records of tax evaders and criminals
  65. Promoted a new Afghan War policy that limits aerial bombing and prioritizes aid, development of infrastructure, diplomacy, and good government practices by Afghans
  66. Announced creation of a Joint Virtual Lifetime Electronic Record for medical records of members of the U.S. Armed Forces to improve quality of medical care
  67. Encouraged new federal funding for science and research labs
  68. Created new funds for school construction
  69. Ordered all federal agencies to undertake a study and make recommendations for ways to cut spending
  70. Ordered a review of all federal operations to identify and cut wasteful spending and practices
  71. Began the phasing out the expensive F-22 war plane and other outdated weapons systems, which weren't even used or needed in Iraq and Afghanistan
  72. Reengaged in the talks on global warming and greenhouse gas emissions
  73. Provided tax credit to workers thus cutting taxes for 95% of America's working families
  74. Reengaged in the treaties/agreements to protect the Antarctic
  75. Removed restrictions on embryonic stem-cell research
  76. Helped reverse a downward spiral of the stock market. On January 19, 2009, the last day of President Bush's presidency, the Dow closed at 8,218.22. In February 2010, the Dow closed at 10,309.24
  77. Renewed loan guarantees for Israel
  78. Restarted the nuclear non-proliferation talks and building back up the nuclear inspection infrastructure and protocol
  79. Returned to the government the money authorized for his family's refurbishment of White House offices and private living quarters
  80. Sent envoys to the Middle East and other parts of the world that had been neglected for years; reengaging in multilateral and bilateral talks and diplomacy
  81. Unveiled a program on Earth Day 2009 to develop the renewable energy projects on the waters of our Outer Continental Shelf that produce electricity from wind, wave, and ocean currents. These regulations will enable, for the first time ever, the nation to tap into our ocean's vast sustainable resources to generate clean energy in an environmentally sound and safe manner
  82. Signed national service legislation; expanded national youth service program
  83. Permitted states to enact fuel efficiency standards above federal standards
  84. Arranged for students struggling to make college loan payments to have their loans refinanced
  85. Commanded and authorized the SEALS team to gain the successful release of a US captain held by Somali pirates
  86. Pushed for the FDA to now regulate tobacco
  87. Ended the previous stop-loss policy that kept soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan longer than their enlistment date
  88. Cut the missile defense program by $1.4 billion in 2010
  89. Provided for the public to meet with federal housing insurers to refinance (the new plan can be completed in one day) a mortgage if they are having trouble paying
  90. Arranged for the closing of the "secret detention" facilities in Eastern Europe and elsewhere
  91. Implemented the US financial and banking rescue plan
  92. Commanded the US Navy to increase patrols off the Somali coast
  93. Signed the Weapons Systems Acquisition Reform Act to stop fraud and wasteful spending in the defense procurement and contracting system
  94. Visited more countries and met with more world leaders in his first six months in office than any prior President
  95. Improved relations with Iran
  96. Improved U.S. policy on climate change
  97. Set timetable for exiting Iraq and brought troops home
  98. Improved relations with Russia
  99. Improved relations with the Islamic World
  100. Made progress towards greater cooperation on limiting nuclear proliferation
  101. Created jobs with his economic stimulus plan causing the unemployment rate to decrease
  102. Drastically slowed down the recession
  103. Saved Wall Street
  104. Passed the Lilly Ledbetter Act (equal work for equal pay)
  105. Signed the healthcare reform laws

In his first week in office, Barack Obama did the following:

  • Froze the salaries for top White House staff members. This is a largely symbolic act, but might be an important one.
  • Set a deadline for the closing of Guantanamo Bay. Some of his supporters would say this is a great thing because they believe it operates as something from the Dark Ages. Others believe this characterization to not be true, and that no plan will be put place to determine what to do with the prisoners. Time will tell.
  • Fast-tracked the process to apply new fuel standards to 2011 car models AND initiated steps to allow California to set its own standards for auto emissions that are stricter than that of the Federal government. Again, this is a measure that some of his supporters hail as a grand step forward, while his detractors (or flamers) point out that it could provide an additional severe drag on the economy, especially in car manufacturing areas.
  • Signed a detailed executive order to ban torture and inhumane treatment of prisoners.
  • Asked the military leadership to engage in additional planning necessary to execute a responsible military draw down from Iraq.
  • Released the interrogation memos without consulting the Bush staff and/or Bush about it. And they were only partially released some of the information in the memos were not made public.
  • Signed an executive order that restored a 30-day time frame for former presidents to review records before they are released. It also eliminated the right for the vice president or family members of former presidents to do the reviews.
  • Signed an executive order that requires that appointees sign forms saying that they were not hired because of political affiliations or contributions. This is far from an unbeatable measure, but is an important early step towards cleaning up governmental hiring policies. It is easier to prove someone lied when their signature is right next to the statement in question.
  • Signed an order banning gifts from lobbyists and banning anyone from working in an agency they had lobbied in previous years. Promptly made the order toothless by immediately granting a waiver to a former defense lobbyist.
  • Lifted a ban on giving federal money to international groups that perform abortions or provide abortion information.
  • Granted his first TV interview as president to Al-Arabiya, a channel described as a "voice of moderation" to the Middle East. His supporters call this a very smart move to help angered nations and groups feel a bit less cast aside, and let them know that they need not resort to violence to be made a part of the world discussion. Detractors point out that this is the type of thing Neville Chamberlain would have done, though a TV interview and "the Munch Agreement" are leagues apart.

In his first 7 months in office

  • He's done quite a lot actually.
  • He has so far passed an economic recovery bill which has met mixed criticism but is slowly progressing. He has passed the AMD Stabilization and Support bill which was tailored to help stabilize and strengthen the United States Military, and has shown improvement within the standard. President Obama has also been working on other proposals, bills, and acts to be passed on topics such as Health Care reform, Education, the Mortgage crisis, the war on Al-Qaeda, and Domestic policy.
  • Promised to send additional troops to Afghanistan in March and began the pullout of troops in Iraq.
  • Passed the bailout of the auto industry and pressured their management to tow the party line.
  • Waffled on sending troops and allowed those serving no suffer from lack of support. (If you had to send 30,000 Americans to a war zone I bet you would hesitate unless I realized lives were at stake and I was in charge)
  • Refused to allow open meetings regarding health care reform as promised.
  • Passed more tax increases on middle America than any other President.
  • Encouraged Cap and trade passage to increase demand of foreign oil and raise the cost of our supply. (How does cap and trade increase demand? (See discussion))
  • Promised to make tough decisions regarding the ability to continue paying medicare payments. Cutting $400 billion from their budget.
  • Insulted police doing their jobs making the office look foolish. (How? (See discussion)

**FACTS ONLY PEOPLE**

There are some indicators of our current president's success at this admittedly early point in his presidency. On a positive note the massive $787 Billion stimulus package did bring our economy out of a recession, the economy is growing again but is not up to pre-recession levels yet. The negative aspect of this stimulus package is that the public debt is now over $13 Trillion. Another problem with our current economic state is that companies such as Goldman-Sachs have been reassured that they are too-big-to-fail and that their risky and fundamentally poor business practices will be rewarded by the government. This means that basic capitalistic economics have been abandoned in favor of socialistic practices that protect businesses no matter how well they perform. This encourages large businesses to take unsafe risks rather than produce a competitive product.

Healthcare is Obama's main concern at this point and he has dedicated a lot of time and effort into his healthcare bill. The interesting thing about this bill is that despite a democratic majority in the House of Representatives and a filibuster proof super-majority in the Senate the Democrats cannot pass President Obama's bill. This is the sticking point for the Obama administration. If a democratic bill cannot pass with a democratic president and congress then American's will perceive the democratic party as week and ineffective in governing the country. Thus a swing back toward a republican majority in congress in the mid term elections of 2010.

Obama spent several weeks early on in his term petitioning the Olympic committee for his home city of Chicago. Obama, along with Opera attempted to obtain the summer Olympics of 2016 for the windy city. This attempt brought charges from both parties that he was not focusing on the serious issues facing the nation.

Obama visited many Middle Eastern countries in the summer of 2009. He gave a series of speeches concerning the U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East. While many complimented his emphasis on peace and trust others maligned his lack of concern for national security in his presentation.

Conversely, Obama has increased the troop concentration in Afghanistan while decreasing those in Iraq. While Obama promised he would remove troops from the Middle East in many of his campaign speech this has not been the case. Troops are not being permanently removed from the region, rather they are being transfered to another country.

Most significantly Obama has spent money. He has spent more money in a shorter amount of time than any president in history. In February 2010 he and congress spent $220.09 billion. Conversely democrats anticipate that healthcare reform will save a total of $132 billion over the next 10 years. That means that during the shortest month of the year Obama spent more than his keystone legislation would save in 10 years. Where did that money go you might ask? Into the very hands that put us in an economic recession in the first place. Wall Street. I should mention that this money being spent is coming from taxpayers, not the Federal Reserve. If you question any of this information I suggest researching Obama spending on any search engine.

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

What are Barack Obama's beliefs?

First, it is difficult to answer this question: are you asking about his religious beliefs (moderate Christian) or his political beliefs (centrist Democrat)? It should also be noted that we can never really know the true beliefs of someone else. All we can do is make some assumptions based on that person's actions. Also, many people will see another person through the lens of politics: those who disagree with Mr. Obama's politics may also dislike what they think he believes. With those caveats, let me try to address some of Barack Obama's beliefs, as he has expressed them in interviews and articles.

Based on what he has said over the years, the president believes government can and should help the less fortunate; and Mr. Obama has championed policies that expand access to health care. He also believes that women should receive equal pay for equal work (he grew up watching his maternal grandmother work her way up at a bank, but men were paid more, even when she did the same work they did); so he championed the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, which passed congress and was signed into law. And he believes that it is wrong to have economic policies that mainly benefit the wealthiest Americans, so he has tried to enact policies that give tax breaks to middle and working class people.

On a personal level, we know from his writings that he believes parents (fathers especially) should make time to mentor and guide their children-- his own father was not there for him, from the time he was about two years old, and it affected him greatly; he promised himself that if he ever became a dad, he would never abandon his kids and would always find time to be with them. And on a religious level, he believes that being a Christian is not just about what church you attend or what words you say, but rather, about how you live and how you try to apply Christian teachings. Having grown up in a lower-middle class family, and having worked years later as an advocate for the poor, Mr. Obama believes that following the teachings of Jesus is about reaching out to those in need and giving them the opportunity to have a better life. Also, since he grew up in a multiracial and multicultural family, with people from many religions and cultures, he believes that tolerance and respect are essential if we are to understand each other and learn to work together.

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Economics
Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize Winners

Why did Milton friedman win the Nobel Prize?

"for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilization policy"

Click on the link below for more information.

Source: nobelprize.org

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US Presidents
Barack Obama
Nobel Prize Winners

Is Barack Obama a Christian?

Barack Obama has repeatedly stated that he is a committed Christian, and there is no credible evidence to the contrary. He was sworn into the Senate on his family Bible, and sworn into the presidency on a Bible used by Abraham Lincoln. He has regularly attended church with his wife and daughters for years. Questions have arisen due to the fact that his biological father had a "Muslim name" and was born into Islam. However, his father had long since left the religion and become an atheist by the time the future president was born. Further, Barack Obama's mother was a non-practicing Christian, so she raised her son to be spiritual and respect all religions. It was when he went to live with his maternal grandparents, who helped to raise him, that he lived in a home where a religion was observed-- Protestant Christianity.

In his writings, Barack Obama credited the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, his pastor of 20 years at Trinity United Church in Chicago as one of his life mentors, and thanked him for bringing him back to being an active participant in Christianity. Another factor was his then-girlfriend Michelle Robinson, who was a practicing Christian. When the two married, they wanted a faith to share with their future children, and Mr. Obama agreed that becoming more active in a church would be a good thing.

Although Barack Obama later resigned from his Chicago church as a result of controversial sermons by his former pastor, he continued to identify as a Christian and his family has never observed anything other than Christianity, contrary to internet myths. As president, he and his family have gone to a local church in Washington DC on a number of occasions. The family also has friends who are ministers from several denominations. That said, the president has a multicultural family, with relatives who are Buddhists, Muslims, Jews, and Christians. He respects them all.

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John Steinbeck
Literary Awards
Nobel Prize Winners

Which statesman won the 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature?

Winston Churchill

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Nobel Prize
Alfred Nobel
Nobel Prize Winners

Which Award of mathematics is equal to Nobel Prize?

Abel Prize is equal to nobel prize and it is an international prize presented annually by the King of Norway,It has often been described as the mathematician's Nobel prize

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History of the United States
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Nobel Prize Winners

When did Martin Luther King Jr win the Nobel Peace Prize?

He won it in 1964.
Martin Luther king Jr., born in Atlanta, Georgia, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, becoming the youngest man ever to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
martin king won the nobel peace prize in 1964 4years befor his assasination

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