The official language is French. It's estimated to be spoken by 80% of the country's 1.5 million inhabitats. But there are at least 40 ethic groups in Gabon. And they al…l have their own cultures and languages. The largest grouping is the Bantu. (MORE)
The earliest humans in Gabon were believed to be the Babinga, or Pygmies, dating back to 7000 B.C., who were later followed by Bantu groups from southern and eastern Afr…ica. Now there are many tribal groups in the country, the largest being the Fang peoples, who constitute 25% of the population. Gabon was first explored by the Portuguese navigator Diego Cam in the 15th century. In 1472, the Portuguese explorers encountered the mouth of the Como River and named it "Rio de Gabao," river of Gabon, which later became the name of the country. The Dutch began arriving in 1593, and the French in 1630. In 1839, the French founded their first settlement on the left bank of the Gabon estuary and gradually occupied the hinterland during the second half of the 19th century. The land became a French territory in 1888, an autonomous republic within the French Union after World War II, and an independent republic on Aug. 17, 1960. (MORE)
Facts about Gabon: .
More than 3 quarters of the territory is covered byforest. .
The capital was founded by Catholic missionaries to houseliberated slaves. .
Gabon is in …Africa. .
Its capital is Libreville. (MORE)