Ovulation is the release of a mature egg (or ovum) from one of the ovaries. It occurs about 14 days after the end of the last menstrual cycle. The egg travels down one of the fallopian tubes and is available for fertilization.

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Birth Control
Birth Control Pill

What if you miss a birth control pill?

If you take your pills each day, your odds of pregnancy are low. Of 1000 couples using the pill for birth control for a year, three couples will have a pregnancy. However, most people aren't perfect; of 1000 couples using the pill typically for a year, 30 will get pregnant.

After missing a pill, some women will have breakthrough bleeding. Even if you have bleeding or spotting, continue to take the pill as scheduled. Stopping it will only prolong the bleeding and increase your risk of pregnancy. Also, your next withdrawal bleed may be a little late or different.

If you forget a pill, follow the instructions below. This is the most current information, found at the "related link": If you're on a combination pill with 30 or 35 mcg of estrogen

  • If you missed one or two pills or started the new pack one or two days late, there is no reason to use the morning after pill, and you don't need additional protection against pregnancy.

If you're on a combination pill with 20 mcg of estrogen or less

  • If you missed one pill or started the new pack one day late, there is no reason to use the morning after pill, and you don't need additional protection against pregnancy.

If you're on the progesterone-only pill

  • Consider using the morning after pill if you're late with your pill by more than three hours. Use a backup method until you've taken two pills in two days (after levonorgestrel) or 14 pills in 14 days (if you took ulipristal for emergency contraception).

If missing a birth control pill is a frequent problem for you, or if preventing pregnancy is very important to you, consider changing to one of the highly effective methods, like the IUD or the implant, rather than the mid-level pill.

Birth Control
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What If you miss three birth control pills?

If you miss three birth control pills, you may have some bleeding (as if it's the end of your pack) and the timing of your next period may be off. If that's the case, take a pregnancy test no sooner than 10 days after the last intercourse. Follow the directions that match your pill type: If you're on a combination pill with 30 or 35 mcg of estrogen

  • If you missed three or more active pills, or started the pack three days late, or had sex before you had taken seven pills during your very first pack, be sure to take additional steps to prevent pregnancy. Use the morning after pill if you already had sex. Use condoms or abstain from vaginal sex until you've taken the pill correctly for seven days in a row (after levonorgestrel) or fourteen days in a row (after ulipristal). If you're in the last week (days 15-21) of active pills, don't skip a week (Days 22-28 or use inactive pills), go straight to the new pill packet - again 7 pills in 7 days after Plan B or Next Choice, and 14 pills in 14 days after ella.

If you're on a combination pill with 20 mcg of estrogen or less

  • If you missed two or more active pills, or started the pack two days late, or had sex before you had taken seven pills during your very first pack, be sure to take additional steps to prevent pregnancy. Use the morning after pill if you already had sex. Use condoms or abstain from vaginal sex until you've taken the pill correctly for seven days in a row (if you took levnorgestrel emergency contraception) or fourteen days in a row (if you took ulipristal). If you're in the last week (days 15-21) of active pills, don't skip a week (Days 22-28 or use inactive pills), go straight to the new pill packet - again 7 pills in 7 days after levonorgestrel, or 14 pills in 14 days after ulipristal.

If you're on the progesterone-only pill

  • Consider using the morning after pill if you're late with your pill by more than three hours. Use a backup method until you've taken two pills in two days (after levonorgestrel) or 14 pills in 14 days (if you took ulipristal for emergency contraception).
Pregnancy Symptoms
Pregnancy Tests
Pregnancy - hCG Levels

Does a missed period mean no ovulation occurred?

if you have missed one period it doesnt mean no ovulation or pregnant you could be lat starting but if you still havent started after a few days of when your period should of started go to your doctor your pharmicest and take a pregnancy test because you could be pregnant.


How do you find out what day ovulation occurs if your period is not regular?

  • My advice is to buy the Clearblue Fertility Monitor and or ovulation predictor strips to detect the LH surge. The LH surge is a hormone that surges about 36 hours before your egg pops out. Intercourse on that day increases chances of pregnancy dramatically.
  • On average a women ovulates about two weeks before her period starts.
  • I ovulate about 20 days after the start of my period and I think all women should know. I have ovulated as early as the 16th day. I highly recommend the Couple to Couple League (http://www.ccli.org). It is a catholic thing because they don't believe in birth control, but if you can get past the preachy stuff it is really helpful in learning about how your body works.
  • The ideal way of knowing when you ovulate is to purchase ovulation kits from the chemist and/or supermarket. Generally women ovulate between days 12-18. The kits have 5 testers in them, sometimes you may need to purchase two kits to know exactly when your body is ovulating if your cycles are irregular.
  • If you have an irregular period, then it is hard to predict when you ovulate. Being irregular means you could ovulate 2 times a month, have 2 periods a month, or like 2 periods a year. Physicians suggest that you should not try to predict your ovulation day if you're irregular. I have an irregular period because my cycle length is not the normal 28-day length, instead it's either, 25, 26, 27, or 29 days. For May, it was 29. April, it was 27. March, it was 26.
  • The easiest way to tell if you're ovulating is to check your vaginal mucus. Having a vaginal mucus that is clear, slippery, and stretchable when pinched with two fingers means that you're ovulating. If you have a thick, non-stretchable, egg-white vaginal discharge, then chances are you're not ovulating or you could be having a yeast infection, STD, etc.
  • It is not particularly difficult to tell when you are ovulating---the cervical mucus is more abundant, clear, and stringy. Non-fertile day mucus is scanty, cloudy, and tacky. You can tell the difference on toilet paper if you pay attention. You get fertile mucus for a few days before you ovulate, to assist sperm in getting past the cervix and into the womb. If you avoid making love during the fertile mucus times and for three days afterward, you will not get pregnant. You can have fertile mucus more than once in your cycle.
  • They sell ovulation tests in most drug or grocery stores.
  • You can purchase an ovulation test kit that is available from a pharmacy/chemist. It usually contains about five tests.
  • My best advice and what worked for me is to start with the earliest days..for instance next month start using the ovulation predictor 12 days before last months period (it don't matter if you have irregular periods) began and chart from there. You will more than likely get a positive reading sometime during that time. Hope that this helps!!

When is the best time of day to have intercourse during ovulation in order to conceive?

You ovulate 10-16 days BEFORE the start of your period. For example, if your cycle is 30 days long you will ovulate between cycle day 16 and day 20. SOME women get "egg white" cervical mucus (throughout the day - this is very different from arousal fluid and not to be confused with semen). Typically fertile cervical mucus will be present for 2-5 days around ovulation. This fluid will be clear or slightly cloudy, it will be either very wet (almost watery) or resemble an egg white. The rest of the cycle it may be creamy, sticky, pasty or dry. Taking 2g of Evening Primrose Oil (from day 1 to ovulation), daily Omega Fish Oils, and drinking 2L of water per day can improve cervical fluid. Because not ALL women notice this change in cervical fluid (often it is internal or short lived), you are ALWAYS best to follow the rule - "you ovulate 10-16days before your next period". You want to have intercourse in the 3 days before ovulation and on ovulation day - at least 2 times over this fertile period. You should lie down for 30 minutes after (with hips SLIGHTLY raised if you wish - raise them too high and you will actually prevent the sperm from entering the cervix though). Sperm quality is best in the MORNING.Typically sperm live for 24-48 hours once inside the cervix and womb. (Over 300 million sperm enter the vagina, but only 2 million will make it through the cervix). Therefore, as long as you lie down for 20-30 mins after it does not matter which time of the day you have intercourse. Every other day/every 36 hours is sufficient to improve your chances of conception. Taking your Basal Body Temperature can also tell you after you have ovulated (low before ovulation, spikes 0.5-1 degree higher the day after ovulation, drops low again the day before your period starts). Some women also use OPK, Ovulation Predictor Tests/Kits. Once you get a positive ovulation test, you are fertile for between 24-72 hours. You should have intercourse the day of the positive test and the 2 days after. Note that ALL intercourse can be attributed to intercourse during the 5 days before ovulation, although it is rare for sperm to live this long in the female reproductive tract.


When do you ovulate after stopping the birth control pill?

For women stopping the pill at the end of a pack, ovulation usually returns two to four weeks after stopping the pill. If your periods were irregular before you started the pill, they will likely return to their irregular pattern. If you stopped the pill in the middle of the pack, you could ovulate much sooner. That's because the pill-free or placebo week, in some women, can be long enough for the ovulation process to start. If you're one of those women, and then you stop the pill a few days into the cycle, you could ovulate very soon -- even before you get your first post-pill period or withdrawal bleeding.

Pregnancy Symptoms
Cramping During Pregnancy

Can cramping after ovulation be a sign of early pregnancy?

Yes it can be a sign of pregnancy.


Do you ovulate two weeks before your period?

Every woman is different but most ovulate around the 14th day of their cycle. If you want to know for sure you should learn how to chart your cycle. See related link.

Cattle Reproduction

What is the ovulation period of a cow?

The time when an ovum is released from the ovaries and moves into the fallopian tubes of the uterus. Ovulation occurs 2 to 3 days after estrus in the cow or heifer.


Can you lightly bleed during ovulation?

Yes. Once you start menstruating spotting can occur anytime in your life until menopause.


What does it mean if you ovulated late and had white or clear discharge five days after ovulation?

I don't think it means anything, Usually a whitish or clear discharge means that you are going through ovulation. Remember you can get pregnant before or right after ovulation. I believe you can have whitish (sometimes lotiony) discharge for a day or two a few days after ovulation because of estrogen surges. I just bought the book "Taking Charge of Your Fertility" by Toni Weschler---it's got a great explanation of what happens during your cycle and how to predict your fertility, whether you're trying to conceive or want to guard against getting pregnant.

It could mean that your vagina is cleansing right before your next period is due. I experienced the same thing a day after sex, and then i had a regular period. It could also mean that you're not ovulating. Ovulating is when the mucus is clear, slippery and very stretchable.

It is called spinbarkeit. It is cervical mucus that is most welcoming to sperm while you are ovulating, helping you become pregnant.

Early in pregnancy, you'll probably experience a thin, milky white discharge. Called "leucorrhoea," this substance will increase during pregnancy and is completely normal.

The clear discharge is a sign ovulation is near within the next day or two, a white discharge is a sign ovulation has passed. Don't get yourself stressed from the other answer above, discharge is NOT a sign of not ovulating and is not cleaning out you vagina for your next period. That is why we have periods is to clean everything out.


What are the chances of becoming pregnant when you have intercourse on an ovulation day?

Getting pregnant is only a 25% chance. While it is true that on average one only has a 25% chance of being pregnant, this means in any given cycle. Your chances are quite good that you are pregnant if you had sex on your first day of ovulation, and your spotting is a good indicator that you have implanted. The chances are extremely high. But don't just have intercourse on your ovulation days, continue having intercourse several days after ovulation for a higher chance of falling pregnant because the egg is continuing its way down the tube. I suggest having sex a few days before and after you ovulate. It pretty much doubles your chances of getting pregnant! Very high. even days before. Extremely high. Ovulation is the day the egg is released, which dies within 24-48 (1-2 days) if not fertilized. The egg can only become fertilized in the fallopian tubes. the only problem with this is most people don't know how long it takes for sperm to reach the egg. The chances of getting pregnant by having sex around the day you ovulate is 60% in any one cycle.


Periods and Conception

How do you count the menstrual cycle?

Day one is the day you get your period. The day before this becomes the last day of your previous cycle. For example, if your period starts on October 6th, that is day one. If your next period stars on the 3 November, the 2nd of November was the 28th day of your last cycle, and the 3rd is the first day of the next one. You count upwards from there until the next period begins - when you start all over again.


What does ovulation bleeding look like?

You shouldn't bleed during ovulation. If you are bleeding, it's probably your period. Answer Bleeding during mid-cycle does NOT necessarily mean that you are starting your period. Personally, I experience this (not every month), and the bleeding is not always the same. Usually it is rather light (only appears on the toilet tissue). Sometimes it is rather wet (enough to leak onto a pantiliner). I know this is rather explicit, sorry (I am dealing with a lot of fertility issues, so I have to take notice of every little detail throughout the month). I have noticed that the times that I experience mid-cycle pains (pain during ovulation) that seems to be when I have noticeable spotting or slight bleeding. I to answer your question.

Extremely thin, almost looks like its thinner than water. The color is very faint/ vague brown or pink/ rust never deep red. its so thin that it leaks out so fast, doesn't give you enough time to rush to the bathroom. Answer Bleeding during ovulation looks like thin pink or brown discharge. With tissues u can make out.It last for 1-2 days with lower left or right abdominal pain. Answer Mine is like a tiny thin streak of blood, and I notice it for two toilet trips - no longer than that. I believe it is due to ovulation as it is around the right time. You don't necessarily get ovulating pain, some months I do, some months I don't. This month however I had the ovu bleed, but no LH surge until the following day? Very confusing Answer It's usually a light yellow, then a brown It never lasts longer than 2 days Answer Ovulation bleeding is a real thing and can be major bleeding. it is not "just your period".


How do you no you've hit ovulation during your period?

To determine when you ovulate, you need to take your temperature at the same time every morning every day of your life. When you ovulate, your body temperature will dip and then rise and stay higher than your normal body temperature for three days in a row. You need to take your temperature at the same time every morning because your body temperature rises and changes once you get out of bed. You also need to take your temperature every morning for a few months before you will get used to your pattern and be able to identify it. Your body temperature will tell you when you have already ovulated, and will allow you to pinpoint the date, but it will not tell you ahead of time, it will only tell you after it has already happened. To be able to tell in advance when you are going to ovulate, you need to check your vaginal fluid every day. It will be anywhere from dry to sticky or milky while you are not ovulating. When you are going to ovulate, your body will begin to excrete a lot more fluid, and this fluid will be clear and stretchy like snot or egg white. When you begin to excrete this fluid, your body is getting ready to ovulate, and this is your warning. If you are trying to avoid getting pregnant, you must abstain, and if you are trying to get pregnant, this is your chance. The clear fluid is a sign that you are fertile. It protects the sperm and allows it to survive until the egg arrives. http://www.ovusoft.com/library/primer002.asp


Why would your menstrual cycle get longer?

It could mean a few things. As always you should consult your OB on this issue. However, I know of a few things that can alter your cycle.

1. Changes in sexual activity can affect your cycle.

2. If you recently started birth control pills, or you recently switched them, this could also be the cause. Your body is adjusting to the hormones.

3. Your hormones will be changing throughout your life, and especially will fluctuate with certain big events and stresses...like a wedding, honeymoon, moving, children, buying a house, getting a degree, losing someone close to you, money problmes....etc....

While your doctor and some uninformed people may tell you your cycle should be 28 days, every woman is different. Some have "normal" 23 day cycles, some have "normal" 35-day cycles. The real cause for concern should not be longer or shorter cycles, but whether you have other signs of problems. Are you ovulating? Do you get good cervical mucus mid-way through your cycle? Do you have severe cramps? Do you have super long periods or mid-cycle spotting? If you have other signs something is wrong, or are trying unsuccessfully to get pregnant, see your doctor. Otherwise, wait a few cycles and see if it evens out. Body imbalances (poor health, being overweight, smoking or drinking) can wreak havoc on your cycle as well.

Green Day

What is Karen killilea doing these days?

I had read that she is living in New Rochelle and working as a receptionist at a retreat for priests.


When does a woman ovulate?

Women tend to ovulate two weeks before their next period is due to begin. As the cycle varies between different women, this would usually mean that ovulation takes place anywhere between days 10 and 18 of the menstrual cycle, counting day one as the first day of your menstrual flow, but there are no hard and fast rules that you can apply here.

Do be aware, however, that although you will usually hear that a woman ovulates somewhere around the middle of her monthly cycle, a woman generally starts the ovulation process during the last day of her menstruation or sometimes the day after that. This means that you could become pregnant as soon as your period ends; there really is no totally "safe" time to have unprotected sex.

There are various ways to determine if you are ovulating or not. If you observe that the cervical mucus appears clear and slippery, then it is a a sign that you are probably fertile. Another way to determine ovulation is tracking your body temperature. If it increases by 1 degree, it means that you are likely to be fertile.

Alternatively, using an ovulation kit is often seen as a more precise tool to calculate ovulation. Ovulation calculators can also used if you are having regular periods.

For a woman with a cycle that is exactly 28 days, ovulation will usually occur 14 days before the start of her next menstrual period, which is exactly 14 days after the start of her last menstrual period. However, since many women don't have a period that lasts exactly 28 days, it can be somewhat difficult to know when ovulation does occur. One common misconception about when ovulation occurs is that it will always occur exactly 14 days after the start of their menstrual period. The fact of the matter is, it is more accurate to say that ovulation will occur approximately 14 days before the start of the next menstrual period. Thus, if a woman has a cycle that typically lasts 32 days, she will ovulate on day 18 following the start of her last menstrual period, rather than on day 14 following her last menstrual period.


What is the chances getting pregnant during ovulation without penetration Just using finger with a really small amount pre-ejaculate which from what i can remember I wiped on my pants before inserting?

It can be possible, but I honestly think you'll not get be pregnant.

Periods and Conception

Can you get pregnant one day before ovulation starts?

you can. sperm lives inside for 3 days or so, so you definitely got a chance


Can you change your ovulation date?

Most of the time no you can't with few exceptions. Its not unheard of for two women being very close to each other and be around each other all the time that their periods can become similar or even identical.

Pregnancy Symptoms

Is it possible to be pregnant and not see any differences in cervical fluid from the start of ovulation and after?

Yes, I think it is possible.

Medication and Drugs

Is it safe to take medication to make you ovulate?

When I was about 16, I didn't ovulate or have my period for 8 months. We finally went to planned parenthood and they gave me those pills, and they worked(sigh). It was just a hormone thing w/ me, but I wasn't trying to get pregnant or anything. But they worked and have had no bad effects in 5 years. And I only had to take them once for ten days because it kicked my cycle into working again. !

Pregnancy Symptoms

How long does ovulation cramping last?

anywhere from one day to three

Periods and Conception

When do you start counting the days in your cycle?

Count from the 1st day of your "Actual" Period From the first day of your last period until your next period, depending on how long your cycle length is. (for example, if your cycle length is 28 days, then the time you start to ovulate is around day 14. but every woman is different). For example, if ur period starts on June 1, then that's Day 1 of ur cycle. The first day of your period is the first day of bleeding, which is the first day of your cycle.


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