Service Animals

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, service animals are defined as those individually trained to perform tasks that mitigate the disability of their disabled handler. This includes guide dogs, hearing dogs, and service dogs for other disabilities. This category does not include Working Animals or Farm Animals. In this category, there are questions about ADA guidelines, laws, hearing dogs, service dogs, task training and training schools.

879 Questions
Domestic Dogs
Service Animals

Are service dogs in training allowed in restaurant?

Depends on your State Law.

In Florida, Service Dogs in Training (SDiT) have the same rights as a fully trained Service Dogs (SD).

California, is the same, with the exception that guide dog (for the blind) trainers must be qualified through the state professional board, just like a doctor or engineer.

GA, TN, and several other states require trainers to be employees or agents of a recognized service dog school.

The ADA does not cover service dogs in training, only fully trained.

Each state bridges the gap, usually by extending their disabled rights to cover trainers of service dogs, giving them the same rights as a fully disabled person with a trained service dog.

I live in Canada and Service Dogs are most welcome in any enviorment this sucks for Americans this is when I say I am extremely proud to be Canadian. I met a young woman at physician office and she suffered form epilepsy so her golden retriever is trained to alarm her. All dogs in Canada may go with owner shopping, dining and if they can see the movie theatre anywhere their heart desires even on bus HANDS DOWN for our laws


I would suggest that you look online for a site which lists State Laws for Service Dogs in Training, I've added a few links

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals

Are service dogs allowed in a doctors office?

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, service dogs and their owners are allowed to go anywhere that the public is allowed to go. That means that since the public can be allowed into a doctor's office, a service dog, as long as the owner is with it, can be allowed there as well.

Service Animals

Can service dogs be banned in certain places?

Per the ADA

Though service animals of all kinds can legally accompany their disabled handler almost anywhere the handler goes, they can be excluded from areas where their presence would constitute either a fundamental alteration of goods and services available for all or a direct threat to safety. Examples where a service animal might be excluded include:

-Sterile rooms, such as operating rooms, some areas of emergency rooms/departments,

-Some ICU rooms, some ambulances, some delivery rooms

-Clean rooms where microchips are manufactured

-Places where food is prepared, i.e. Kitchens (by order of most health departments)

Though they cannot generally be excluded from dining areas where food is present

-Open air zoological exhibits, such as open air aviaries (at the zoo's discretion)

-Churches (at the church's discretion)

-Native American Tribal Council Chambers (at the council's discretion)

-Federal Courts (at the judge's discretion)

-Private clubs (at the club's discretion)

-Private homes (at the home owner's discretion)

A service animal can also be expelled from any location when:

1) the animal is out of control and the handler does not take effective action to control it.

2) the animal poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others.

Service Animals
Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Baby Names

What is super croc common name?

The Super Croc's scientific name is Sarcosuchus imperatorwhich means 'flesh crocodile emperor'.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Dog Health
Animal Parasites

What home remedy can you use to deworm your dog?

This is an old question see link below for prior answer.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Dog Training

Is there anywhere service dogs are not permitted?

Note: "Seeing Eye" is a brand name of guide dog. This answer applies to all guide dogs and all service dogs. Generally guide, hearing and service dogs are permitted to accompany their disabled owner everywhere members of the public are allowed, but there are a few exceptions. For example, a member of the public would be permitted in the dining area of a restaurant, but not in the kitchen. Therefore, a guide dog would be permitted to accompany his disabled owner in the dining area of a restaurant. It is also an important distinction to note that it is the handler who has access rights and not the dog. A guide dog without his blind handler has no particular access rights of his own and neither does a hearing dog or other service dog without his disabled handler. "Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), businesses and organizations that serve the public must allow people with disabilities to bring their service animals into all areas of the facility where customers are normally allowed to go. This federal law applies to all businesses open to the public, including restaurants, hotels, taxis and shuttles, grocery and department stores, hospitals and medical offices, theaters, health clubs, parks, and zoos." -- U.S Department of Justice.

For clarification, contact the U.S. Department of Justice's ADA Information Line at 800 - 514 - 0301 (voice) or 800 - 514 - 0383 (TTY) In the U.S., according to the Department of Justice's Business Brief concerning Service Animals, business owners/managers can ask 2 specific questions. 1) Is this a service dog required because of a disability? and 2) What task(s) is the dog trained to perform? If these questions are not appropriately answered, the business may exclude the animal, but not the person. Though service animals of all kinds can legally accompany their disabled handler almost anywhere the handler goes, they can be excluded from areas where their presence would constitute either a fundamental alteration of goods and services available for all or a direct threat to safety. Examples where a service animal might be excluded include:

-Sterile rooms, such as operating rooms, some areas of emergency rooms/departments, some ICU rooms, some ambulances, some delivery rooms (on a case-by-case basis)

-Clean rooms where microchips are manufactured

-Places where food is prepared (though they cannot generally be excluded from dining areas where food is present) (by order of most health departments)

-Open air zoological exhibits, such as open air aviaries (at the zoo's discretion)

-Churches (at the church's discretion)

-Native American Tribal Council Chambers (at the council's discretion)

-Federal Courts (at the judge's discretion)

-Private clubs (at the club's discretion)

-Private homes (at the home owner's discretion)

So far, this discussion is centered entirely on laws of access in the United States of America. Other countries will have their own laws in place regarding the access rights of individuals accompanied by a service animal. ---- = = The most reliable source of information on this topic would be to call the United States Department of Justice's Americans with Disabilities Act Hotline toll-free at 800-514-0301 (voice) or 800-514-0383 (TDD). The ADA protects access rights of disabled service dog handlers. There are certain places where having a dog might propose a health risk and service dogs would not be allowed in these areas. These areas include Critical Care units and restaurant kitchens. A service dog would be allowed in the restaurant, but not in the food prep area. The service would be allowed in a regular hospital room but not the ICU.

Private clubs and religious organizations may also choose to not allow service dogs. This is up to the organization, they are exempt from the ADA.

By law, seeing eye-dogs are allowed everywhere. Except roller coaster I would imagine. They are allowed in restaurants and anywhere the owner goes as long as they have their service vest on.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Guide Dogs

How many guide dog users are there in the US?

There is no central registration for the Service Dogs or Guide Dogs in the USA.

Based on the number of dogs trained each year and the number of Active Dogs published from each of the schools it's estimated there are between 8,000-20,000 active GUIDE DOGS for the blind in everyday usage. And between 15,000 and 25,000 other Service Dogs in use.

Guide Dogs for the Blind added 343 new dog teams in 2009.

The Seeing Eye Graduated 274 dogs, 74 of which were new dog teams in 2009.

It's estimated that between all the schools in the US, only 1,000 Guide dogs and nearly 2,000 other types of Service Dogs were trained in 2009.

Service Animals
Guide Dogs

What is the name of the harness used on a guide dog?

Believe it or not, it's a guide dog harness. ;)

Service Animals

How do monkeys help blind people?

A monkey can be trained to be a domestic animal. It can be easily trained to help blind people find articles, do errands,warn them of dangers and even lead a blind person safely outdoors.

Monkeys are not normally trained to assist the vision impaired, dogs are. Small monkeys are usually trained as in home helpers for someone who is in a wheelchair, often someone who has no use of their arms and legs.

Service Animals
The Difference Between

What is Hypermetropia?

Defect of vision in which a person is able to focus on objects in the distance, but not on close objects. It is caused by the failure of the lens to return to its normal rounded shape, or by the eyeball being too short, with the result that the image is focused on a point behind the retina. Hypermetropia is corrected by wearing glasses fitted with converging lenses, each of which acts like a magnifying glass.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Dog Training
Dog Care

Do search and rescue dogs find lost cats?

No, not on a general basis. They are trained to find people, but will follow any scent indicated by their handler. Occasionally handlers are willing to aid in the search for missing pets, but that is up to each individual and is not a requirement of search and rescue dogs.

Other contributors have said: No, not on a general basis. They are trained to find people, but every so often if they find a dog/cat that's alive they will save them too.

Service Animals
Dog Breeds

Are labradoodles still being used as guide or service dogs?

Yes, but not as extensively as they used to be used as service dogs. I have heard of one or two service dog organizations that use Labradoodles commonly, but it isn't that common. Most other organizations either require a special request on the part of the client or refuse flat out as many organizations have preferred breeds and breeders.

As far as owner training goes, the type of dog is up to the trainer and the person with the disability. My guess is that they would be used if someone in the person with disability's family had an allergy to dog hair or if the person training the dog was partial to Labradoodles.

So I guess that the answer is yes, but not commonly.

Service Animals

How do you get a service dog?

First establish you are disabled. Only persons who are legally disabled qualify for a service dog. Next, contact an organization that trains service dogs. Service Dog Central has an article with links to several lists of service dog trainers around the world, or simply contact Assistance Dogs International for the name of a member organization nearest you. Though some in the U.S. choose to train their own service dogs or to have a dog trained privately, few have the skills to train such an advanced dog. Therefore most service dogs are from programs that specialize in training service dogs. In most countries other than the U.S. service animals are required to come from ADI accredited programs.

Discuss this first with your medical caregivers. Do they agree that you are legally disabled (under the ADA) and you need a service dog? You will probably need their support to get the medical documentation a training program would require of you.

Do you have the facilities and financial resources to care for a service dog? Do a budget. Are you able to care for the dog yourself? These are important considerations.

Make a list of the things you cannot do for yourself and write up a paragraph or two describing your lifestyle (are you active or sedentary, for example). Do this before approaching an agency so you'll be prepared to answer their questions and ask some of your own.

Start thinking about what it is that you want this service dog to do to mitigate your disability. In order to be a service dog, the animal must be "individually trained" to "perform one or more tasks which mitigate the disability."

The following do NOT count as trained tasks:


-emotional support

-companionship (even for agoraphobia or anxiety)

The dog has to actively do something, that you cannot do for yourself,

that also lessens the effects of your disability on your ability to function in the area of major life activities.

Given Credit BY:

Contact a local service dog school, there are a dozen in each state.

They will give you an application, and put you on a waiting list.

It can take several months to several years before your assigned a service dog.

Some schools charge for the service, others have donations and grants so they can provide the dogs at low cost or free.
To qualify for a service dog, you need to have a disability that substantially limits a major life activity. The dog would need to be trained to perform some task that directly assisted you with this disability, and,if it was to be used outside the home, would have to be able to meet standards of public access like those of the ADI PAT.

Many people with disabilities get their service dogs from special training programs. The quality of programs varies widely. ADI (Assistance Dogs International) sets minimum standards for service dog programs that member programs must follow, so many people look for ADI affiliation when choosing a program. Many programs are supported by donations and provide the dog at little to no cost to the disabled individual.

However, the waiting list for program dogs can sometimes be long, so some people pay a private trainer to select and train a dog as a service dog. This method is often costlier, and riskier, because sometimes dogs which initially seem suitable for service work turn out to have some problem that would interfere with their ability to perform their job. Then the whole process would need to start over, and the money that had already been spent on training and purchasing the initial animal would have been wasted. Not every trainer is qualified to select or train service dogs, so anyone taking this route should check references carefully.

Some disabled individuals choose to train their own dogs. This method is only recommended if the disabled person has extensive prior experience training dogs to the high standard required of service dogs, and if he or she is really prepared to "wash out" a dog that turns out not to be suited for the work.


There are a lot of different organizations that train service animals. Search google for the type of service animal you need (epilepsy, diabetes, hearing/vision/mobility impaired, PTSD, ...ect) or you can train one yourself.

Try to find a local school since you'll have to travel to it a few times.
Try to find a local school since you'll have to travel to it a few times.
There are several places to begin your search. Assistance Dogs International offers a list of certified trainers on their website in the members section. The Delta Society offers a search function that allows you to locate an agency or trainer in your area. The International Association of Assistance Dog Partners can also offer advice on providers.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals

What breeds of dog are used as service dogs?

This is a very complex question. Traditional breeds for service dogs have been German Shepherds (GSD), Labradors, and Golden Retrievers. But nowadays the use of unusual breeds has exploded. Mastiffs are used for mobility work. Chihuahuas are used for diabetic or seizure alert dogs. If the dog has the temperment, skills, and willingness to work; almost any breed could do certain jobs. A corgi wouldn't work out for mobility work but could work as a hearing dog. Breeds like pugs and bulldogs don't always make the best of service dogs to the pushed in noses-this leads to difficult breathing while walking and a shorter working life. While toy breeds can do some service dog jobs, they are not often taken seriously by store employees and the public, especially if dressed up like someone's child.

Smaller breeds are being used by more disabled people on a fixed income as they eat less and can live happier in a smaller home. A cocker spaniel can alert to a sound just as well as a labrador.

Bully breeds, dobermans, and rottweilers are used as service dogs. This can caused access problems in areas with breed specific legisislation (BSL) aka breed bans. Some cities require service dogs of a banned breed to be muzzled in public. Or you may not be able to purchase a banned breed if you live within city limits.

Service Animals

What is a talon?

A talon is simply a "claw" or "fingernail" usually on large birds of prey.
Talons are like claws and are mostly on birds of prey and some lizards

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals

How many service dogs are you allowed by law?

A Service Dog is defined in the Americans With Disabilities Act as "Service animals are defined as dogs that are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person's disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA.

Federal law does not put a limit on the number of service dogs (I have known people who use two simultaneously) but the ADA also talks about reasonable accommodations. It is completely reasonable to to accommodate a person with one service dog. It not NOT reasonable to for a person with five service dogs (which I would not believe are real service dogs, no one needs 5 service dogs) to expect the same accommodations.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Dog Training

Why shouldn't you pet or distract a service dog while it is working?

If you talk to or pet a working dog it will distract them. They've got enough work to do without worrying about avoiding the hands of well meaning strangers. Even when it looks like they are relaxing at their handlers feet, they are still very watchful and alert. Their handler may be depending on them for their lives.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: No matter how cute a dog may appear to be, people need to exercise restraint when it comes to petting someone else's dog. Even if the dog is not a service animal you should ask permission from the owner/handler before touching it. Every dog, like humans, has a different personality. You could get more than you bargained for from the "cute little puppy." A dog may interpret a hand moving toward it as an act of aggression and will react accordingly. You cant pet it while it is working because it cant be distracted, but you can pet it when it isn't working. Most folks who have service animals are very happy to share about how their service animal has impacted their lives. But, you should always ask if you are allowed to say "Hi". You should never touch a service animal without asking the handler first, even when it is not working.

Guinea Pigs
Service Animals

Where is a pregnant hamster's sack supposed to be located?

A hamster is not an animal that has a pouch. It carries its young in its uterus until birth.

Service Animals

What is the best seat on an airplane when traveling with a service dog?

Most people ask for bulkhead seating, and most airlines automatically offer bulkhead seating, assuming that the extra leg room will make the animal more comfortable. This isn't always the case. For those animals able to fit at least partly in the under seat storage, there may actually be more room in a regular seat. There may be additional under seat storage in the last seat on the plane, but be aware that close to the engines it will be noisy and may make some service animals uncomfortable. Once you know what type of aircraft you will be flying check with Seat Guru for insider tips on which seats are the best. Remember that service animals are not allowed in exit rows, which, unfortunately, are usually the rows with the most leg room.

Service Animals
Adolf Hitler
US Military
US Army
Army Rangers

Why does the army need vets?

Vets on a military base not only tend to the animals (the army has horses and dogs) but they also serve as health inspectors. An Army Vet can inspect civilian companys that produce items that are used to feed the soldiers. Example: A bakery that bakes the bread served in the dining halls, hospital and is also sold in the exchanges on the base.

Service Animals
Domestic Dogs

What do fire dogs do?

"Fire Dogs" are more commonly known as arson dogs, their main purpose is after a fire, to try and detect (Sniff) for any acellerants (something that may have been used to start a fire).

Service Animals

How do you register a service animal?

Most countries only recognize service animals from approved programs. In those countries approved programs register their own dogs.

In the U.S. private trainers and owners are permitted to train service dogs in addition to programs. Registration is not required as a condition of public access. However, a business does have the right to ask what the dog is trained to do and to exclude any dog that disrupts business through inappropriate behavior or poses a direct threat to others. Legally, a service animal is one that is individually trained to perform tasks that mitigate the disability of legally disabled owner. It is the severity of the impairment, not the diagnosis, which determines whether a person is legally disabled. For example, while many have vision impairments that require them to wear glasses, those impairments do not make them blind and do not make them disabled. Blindness is a disability, 20/40 vision is not.

The Registration Scam It wasn't long after the ADA went into effect that companies started popping up offering to register or certify your animal. Now please understand that we are not talking about trainers that teach dogs to perform tasks for the disabled. What we are talking about are companies that use official sounding names that in exchange for your money will certify or register your service dog. In exchange they often provide you with a registration number, certificate, patch and maybe a cheap laminated tag. Some shameless companies charge as much as $250 for "registration." These organizations have attempted to create a need for their services by trying to convince people that paying a fee for registering their animal as a service animal some how makes it official. An animal is a service animal ONLY if it meets the legal definition of a service animal, regardless of whether the owner has registration or certification papers.

Some groups place ads for their products through context sensitive ads, like GoogleAdSense. The owner of the site has no control over what ads are placed on their site. They simply agree to host the ads and Google's Ad software searches for customer pages with matching words in order to find a target audience.

There are no standards or procedures for certifying a service animal under federal law. Certification is not required as a condition of using an animal as a service animal. However, the person using the animal meets the legal (not medical) definition of "disability" and their dog is individually trained to perform tasks that mitigate the owner's disability. They also require sufficient training to behave appropriately in public (no barking, making unwanted contact with other members of the public, or disrupting business by misbehaving). Service animals who pose a direct threat to others by growling, lunging, or otherwise menacing people can be barred from public access. Animals with attack training can also be barred from any facility that bans weapons, concealed or otherwise.

Individual states, counties or cities may provide licenses in accordance with their own laws or ordinances. Service animals are not exempt from any licensing requirements of local authorities. If dogs residing inside the city limits are required to wear a city license tag, then this also applies to service dogs.

Some, but not all, localities do provide special licenses for service animals as a substitute for city licenses required of pet dogs. It is an individual choice whether the owner of a service animal gets the special license because by federal law it cannot be required. Simply apply with a program that trains service animals. All necessary paperwork is supplied with the animals they place.

You can find service dog programs in your area by consulting the lists of programs and trainers on Service Dog Central, under "how do I find a service dog?" or by consulting Assistance Dogs International. -------

Service Animals
Care of Horses
Horse Behavior

Is there unguided horseback riding in Southern California?

yes. in santa anne.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Dog Training
Therapy Pets

Is a therapy dog the same as a service dog?

No a Therapy Dog and Service Dog are very different.

A Service Dog is trained extensively to accomplish a specific task or series of tasks (like detect seizures or lead the blind). They are able to accompany their "person" anywhere.

Therapy Dogs may or may not have training or certification (depending on the State it can vary). They typically provide comfort or entertainment. They must be invited anywhere they go. Many therapy dogs visit nursing homes, hospitals, or schools but they must be invited.

Domestic Dogs
Service Animals
Military Terminology

Do military working dog handlers get to keep their dogs when there service is done?

Sometimes they keep them. Sometimes they will be placed with someone else. It depends on the dog and the handler's situation. The military dogs are treated much better now than in the past. For example, in the Vietnam era the dogs were often left behind as surplus equipment.


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