India Language and Culture

Over thousands of years, Indian literature has evolved greatly with its numerous languages and dialects. Most of Indian literature is rich with philosophy, drama and poetry. Ask questions here about the different aspects of Indian literature and languages.

2,537 Questions
Germany in WW2
History of India
India Language and Culture

What aspects of Aryan society have had the greatest impact on the history of India?

Aryans as the natives of India have affected the whole mankind and the world.

Aspects of Aryan Society -

1. Polytheism of nature-gods and worshipping.

2. Caste system based on professions as enunciated by Manu Rishi in Manusmriti

3. Use of horses and bullocks .

4. Sanctity of cow

5. Textiles and Clothing

6. Languages are derivatives of Sanskrit

7. Gurukul system of education

8. Sanctity of fire for its usefulness and sustenance of life

Impact on history-

Ayurveda Yoga and Health Sciences

Swastika (adopted by Nazis)

Invention of scythe-chariot by Ajathashatru

The Decimal number system, Arithmetic, Astronomy, Knowledge of Earth a Sphere, Geometry Formulae, Earth revolving around Sun, Evolution of Buddhism and other isms.

Gave luminaries hundreds of scholars and philosophers right from the Rishis to Chanakya

Wealth of temples attracted Islamic invaders from central Asia and then the Europeans.

Refusal to use cow/pig greased rifles sparked off First War of Independence 1857

(probably other things as well - not able to recollect top off my mind)

College Applications and Entrance Requirements
India Language and Culture
Telugu Language and Culture
English to Telugu

What is the meaning of mandatory in Telugu?

mandatory (adj) = tappanisari తప్పనిసరి

For example:

mandatory documents = tappanisari patralu తప్పనిసరి పత్రాలు

mandatory reports = tappanisari nivedika తప్పనిసరి నివేదిక

Languages and Cultures
India Language and Culture

What languages are spoken in India?


More than 1,500 languages and dialects are spoken in India. The constitution recognizes 15 regional languages. They are: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.


India recognizes many official languages. Hindi, is reported to be spoken by about 40% of the population and English is Spoken by about 25% of the population. 100's of other languages such as Gujarati, Marathi, Punjabi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Kashmiri, Kannada, Assamese, Tripuri, Oriya, Konkani, etc. Answer English, Telugu, Hindi and Bengali are the most frequently spoken languages in Inidia. Between speakers from two different states, English will be used. Hindi is reported to be spoken by about 420 million Indians (out of a total population of 1.1 billion in India). Bengali is spoken by nearly 200 million Indians. The next most frequent languages are all spoken by around 100 million people in India.

Each and every state of India has its very own state language, and it is compulsary for the students of that particular state to study the language. In Karnataka, Kannada is the regional language, Maharashtra - Marathi, Tamil Nadu - Tamil. Other languages include Urdu, and Bengali, and Telugu.


There are 22 official languages of India.

Hindi, Nepali, Assamese/Axomiya, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri

(and about 1000 others, including malayalam, tamil, sinhala, gujarati, punjabi, and English)

Standard Hindi, although many Indians are educated in speaking English, as well. In some parts of India, English is the common language. -just as a fun fact- Namaste means "to bow to you" and is used for saying hello or goodbye or as a thank you!

A few languages are recognized as official languages. Some important languages in vogue are Hindi, Telugu, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Tamil, Sanskrit, Kannada, Bengali, Malayalam, Urdu, Oriya, Assamese, etc,.


Many languages are spoken in India but some very popular languages are: Hindi,Punjabi & English but many languages are spoken in India


There is a common misconception that in India, they speak Indian. There is no language called Indian.

India is linguistically very rich. There are around 3000 languages in India (including dialects)

Hindi is the national language of India. Each state in India has its own regional language and many other languages within.

India will have the largest number of English speaking population in the world by 2010 (currently 2nd)

Major Languages

  • Assamese About 60% of the population of Assam speaks Assamese.
  • Bengali It is the state language of West Bengal. Many people in Bengal only speak Bengali and do not speak Hindi or English.
  • Gujarati State language of Gujarat.
  • Hindi This is the first language of about 20% of India. It is the first language in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. It is the official language of the Indian government.
  • Kannada State language of Karnataka.
  • Kashmiri About 55% of the population of Jammu & Kashmir speak this language. It is written in an Arabic script.
  • Konkani It is the language spoken in Goa.
  • Malayalam State language of Kerala.
  • Manipuri Spoken in northeast India.
  • Marathi State language of Maharashtra. Also spoken in Mumbai.
  • Nepali This is the main language in Nepal and Sikkim.
  • Oriya State language of Orissa.
  • Punjabi State language of the Punjab.
  • Sanskrit It is the language that the Vedic scriptures are written in and it is one of the oldest languages in the world. Very few people speak this language now.
  • Sindhi This language is spoken in Pakistan or by people that were from this area.
  • Tamil State language of Tamil Nadu. 65 million people speak this language.
  • Telugu State language of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Urdu State language of Jammu & Kashmir. Urdu was developed in Delhi and is mainly spoken by the Muslim population. It is written in the Arabic script and includes many Persian words.

India has so many languages; Invariably, each and every state has its own language and sub languages; predominently northern part of India, people speak "Hindi", while most of the other parts, people have their own language. for example, southern most state of Tamil nadu, people speak "Tamil", while in state of Kerala, people speak "Malayalam".

so many languages and even we as Indians, if we travel around in India, we would find it difficult to speak the language people use in other state.
India's main language is Hindi. All Indian people should know this language but not everyone knows Hindi. In India, students learn how to speak in Hindi. That way most Indian people can talk to each other even when they speak different Indian languages.
Indian languages are languages spoken in India.

Hindi, Malayalam, Assamese, Kannada, Bengali.
how many languges are spoken in india
English and hindi
There are 22 languages in the Indian Constitution in present 2009
India has two official languages - Hindi and English.
There are more than 750 languages spoken in India. The most widely spoken is Hindi.

If you are talking about Native Americans, there are also over 700 Native American languages, many of which are endangered.
English,Hindi And 14 Other offical Languges.
Hindi. The majority can also speak English.
Many languages are spoken in India, depending what state in particular. However, one of the main languages spoken there is Hindi, as well as Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and many more.

It would be Hindi.
Most people from India speak Hindi, but others can speak Tamil, Bengali, and Telegu depending where you go. For a full list, go to the wiki page: Languages of India.
Hindi and English are both official languages; they also use Gujarati, Bengali, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Urdu, Oryja, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi, and Bhojpuri.

India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

What is the name of Castor oil in Hindi language?

Erandi ka tel

India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

Is Pather Panchali ever published in Hindi?

Yes, Hindi version of Pather Panchali was published, I can not recall in which year it was published first time and the publisher's name. But it is an excellent translation of the original novel by Manmath Nath Gupt.

India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

Kajol's name is the movie 'kuch kuch hota hai'?


India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

Hindi title for girls in farewell party?


India Language and Culture
Tamil Language and Culture

What do you call Peacock in Tamil?


Mayuir,means Peacock.e.g Mayram -Mayiladuthurai.


India Language and Culture
Telugu Language and Culture
English to Telugu

Urad dal in Telugu?

minapa pappu

Ancient History
India Entertainment and Arts
India Language and Culture

What statement best explains the periods of the gupta empire of India the golden age of Greece and the renaissance in Italy?


Entertainment & Arts
India Language and Culture

Can you say some kadam kathakal in Malayalam?

muttathe cheppinu adappilla

ans: kinar

akashathu ethunna thotti


odum kuthira chadum kuthira vellam kandal nilkum kuthira

ans : cheruppu

Languages and Cultures
India Language and Culture

Which is the oldest language amongst Dravidian languages?

Tamil is considered as the oldest language amongst the Dravidian languages.

India Language and Culture
Shilpa Anand

Who is anand gaurav?

Anand Kumar Gaurav is well-known Hindi poet, novelist, and editor of geetpahal (, living in Moradabad, UP, India. His Works are- Mera Hindusdtan Kanha Hai (Collection of Hindi lyrics), Shoonya Ke Mukhaute (Collection of Hindi poems), Aansuon Ke Us Paar (Hindi Novel) , Thaka Hara Sukh (Hindi Novel), Sanjhi Sanjh(Collection of Hindi lyrics) , Subah Hone Tak(Collection of Hindi Gazals). He has the capacity to write and speak for the welfare of the common people. He is Also president of a society.

India Language and Culture

What does the India flag represent and symbolize?

Orange represents courage and sacrifice. White represents truth, purity, and peace. Green represents faith, fertility, and chivalry. The emblem is the Ashoka Chakra ('Wheel of the Law')

Native American Languages
India Language and Culture

How do you say I LOVE You in blackfoot Indian language?

Hamma Tenshai Kumcha

How you say I love you in blackfoot Native American language

India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

What are Hindi words which mean a tree in English?


India Language and Culture
Tamil Language and Culture

How many languages are spoken in India?

The government recognizes 21 state official languages.

  • There are a total of 1683 'mother tongues' spoken in India.
  • 850 languages are put in actual use.
  • 21 languages has been certified/recognized by the Constitution of India.
  • 15 languages are written on an Indian rupee.
  • There are 2 official languages- Hindi and English.
  • Sanskrit is considered as the most sacred language of India.
  • There are even many languages that have extincted in the past and unknown to the current generation.

Some languages are (other than Hindi and English):

1. Assamese

2. Bengali

3. Bodo

4. Dogri

5. Gujarati

6. Kannada

7. Kashmiri

8. Konkani

9. Malayalam

10. Maithili

11. Manipuri or Meithei

12. Marathi

13. Nepali

14. Oriya

15. Punjabi

16. Sanskrit

17. Santali

18. Sindhi

19. Tamil

20. Telugu

21. Urdu


National languages are 18. The spoken languages in India are 347.

Few specifics:

According to World Almanac & Book of Facts 2007: The official languages of India are English, Bengali, Hindi, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit. Popular in the north but not considered official: Hindustani, a mix of Hindi and Urdu.
There are 22 National Languages have been recognized by the Constitution of India, of which Hindi is the Official Union Language. Besides these, there are 844 different dialects that are practiced in various parts of the Country.

English Language
India Language and Culture

What is the English word for the Marathi word Dhobi?

dhobi धोबी means 'washerman' or 'washerwoman'

Native American History
Native American Languages
India Language and Culture

Does Maine mean anything in any Indian languages?

The history of the name is from an English Charter (correspondence of Captain John Mason) 1639.

I'm not aware of a Native Amreican word that sounds close to it at all (but I do not know, nor have reference sources for enough, to make that a final answer).

Drama and Acting
India Language and Culture

Eminent Indian theatre director Arvind Gaur's major directed plays?

Arvind Gaur directed more than 60 plays with Asmita Theatre Group.His major plays are Bhisma Sahani's Hanoosh,William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar , Girish Karnad's Tughlaq and Rakt Kalyan(Taledanda), Dharamveer Bharti's Andha Yug, Swadesh Deepak's Court Martial , G P Deshpande's Antim Divas, Albert Camus' Caligula, Mahesh Dattani's Final Solutions ,Tara & 3o days in September, Eugene O'Neill 's Desire Under the Elms, Dario Fo's An Accidental Death of an Anarchist, Dr.Narenda Mohan's Kalandar, Bertolt Brecht's Good Woman of Setzuan and Caucasian Chalk Circle, Samuel Beckett's Waiting For Godot, John Octanasek's Romeo Juliet and the Darkness, Neil Simon's The Good Doctor, Vijay Tendulkar's Ghasiram Kotwal, Munshi Premchand's Mote ram ka Satyagrah, Ashok Lal's Ek Mamooli Aadmi, Rajesh Kumar's Me Gandhi Bolto, Vijay Mishra's Tatt Niranjana,Dr. Harish Naval's Peeli Chht par Kaala Nissan,Bhisham Sahni 's Kabira kheda Bazar Mai , Doodnath Singh's Yama Gatha, Uday Prakash's Warren Hastings ka Saand, Soorya Nidhi's Kunti-Putra Karan (Sydney) & Harsh Mandar's Unsuni, scripted by Mallika Sarabhai.

India Language and Culture

Who lives if India dies?

Please elaborate? What do you mean?

Languages and Cultures
India Language and Culture

What are national languages of saarc countries?

  • Afghanistan = Pashto, Dari
  • Pakistan = Urdu
  • India = Hindi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Tamil, Malayalam, etc...
  • Bangladesh = Bengali
  • Sri lanka = Sinhala, Tamil
India Language and Culture
Telugu Language and Culture
English to Telugu

Tingari word in Telugu?

Tingari తింగరి means Crazy or Mad

India Language and Culture
Writing: Characters and Dialogue

How do you write a dialogue between a colonial forester and an adivasi discussing the issue of hunting in the forest?

Writing dialogue is not as hard as you're letting it seem. You have dialogue all the time -- it's called talking. If you honestly cannot think of what your characters are going to say to one another, you need to go take a break and go somewhere out in public. Sit somewhere in the middle of a crowd for one to two hours and just listen to people talking. Then, go home and write down some of the things you heard people saying. That's dialogue.

When you need to have your characters talk, just pretend it's you and a friend (or several friends), and have them say something you'd probably say in the same situation. Then imagine what your friends would say in reply, and go back and forth that way. As you become a better writer, your characters themselves will "tell" you what they want to say, because they become like real people to you.

India Language and Culture
Hindi Language and Culture

Kaun si cheez hai jo hai tumhari par istamal dusre karte hai?

Tumhara naam


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