Public Health and Safety

Ask questions about disease and infections in society and how to cure and prevent outbreaks.

8,241 Questions
Boats and Watercraft
Canoes and Kayaks
Public Health and Safety

What piece of safety equipment is required aboard every canoe?

A flotation device for every person

Infectious Diseases
Public Health and Safety

How is an epidemic different from a pandemic?

“Epidemic” refers to a sudden increase in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected. Similarly, a pandemic is basically an epidemic over a larger area—the CDC defines it as having spread “over several countries or continents, usually affecting a large number of people.”

Public Health and Safety
First Aid

How do you treat a sprained thumb?

== == First make sure it's only a sprain. If there is any doubt about torn ligaments or broken bones you need to be seen by a doctor. However, if you can move it around, there is no "crackling" with movement, and the only symptom is that it's sore, then do the following:

Use ice the first 24 hours after a sprain, then heat to the area after that.

(Reason: ice reduces swelling and any bruising when you apply it right away. It will help cut down on pain as well. Then using heat will help improve circulation to the area and promote the healing process.)

Immobilize/Rest your thumb with a splint for a couple of longer.

(Reason: give the sprained muscles, ligaments, tendons time to rest.

However, do not wear the splint longer than a couple of days or you

risk having the muscles, etc, get very stiff.)

It's easy to make a splint out of Popsicle sticks and tape. You can also buy

splints at the drugstore.

Finally, as the injury begins to heal, gently flex and extend your thumb to loosen it up. As it becomes less sore, exercise it more so you don't get a stiff thumb joint.


See your doctor immediately if your thumb becomes white and cold, or turns very dark. These are symptoms of a problem with the circulation and that is an emergency.
With a thumb injury there are a couple things to do to treat it. Alternating heat and ice to reduce swelling. Nsaids (like ibuprofen) also to help with pain and swelling. Also taping the thumb in such a way as to mimic the tendons of the thumb. The taping with give added strength and support to the thumb and reduce further injury. Be sure to tape it in, what is called, gross anatomical position. Basically act like you're holding a soda can and tape it in that position, if that makes any sense.

Public Health and Safety

Is it safe to fly with pneumonia?

Pneumonia and its slightly lesser cousin bronchitis are airborne infections.

You should not get on an enclosed plane with hundreds of other people when you have either of these.

It's bad for you, can exacerbate these conditions because you are flying at high altitude and that is not good for respitory conditions. It can also lengthen the time it will take you to recover; it can even cause potentially life threatening problems which would not be good.

Equally important is that flying would be very selfish thing because it would be potentially dangerous for every person you are around.

Both pneumonia and bronchitis are both serious illnesses that no one wants to catch and can lead to death of an older or weak fellow passenger.

Most airlines have refund policies for medical cases; you should check into it.

Body Piercing
Vital Signs
Public Health and Safety

Can you go swimming if you just got your toenail removed?

It is not a good idea to go swimming when one has just had their toenail removed because it might become infected. It also depends on where you are swimming. Swimming in chlorinated water can be painful as the chlorine will "burn" your wound and you will be in pain. Rivers, lakes, and other open water bodies contain bacteria and parasites that can infect your wound.

Pearl Harbor
Public Health and Safety
Philippines Politics and Society

What are the main functions of the dpwh?


The Department of Public Works and Highways functions as the engineering and construction arm of the Government tasked to continuously develop its technology for the purpose of ensuring the safety of all infrastructure facilities and securing for all public works and highways the highest efficiency and quality in construction.

DPWH is currently responsible for the planning, design, construction and maintenance of infrastructure, especially the national highways, flood control and water resources development system, and other public works in accordance with national development objectives.

See the link below for more information.

Medical Insurance
Public Health and Safety
Retirement Planning
Medicare and Medicaid

Does Medicaid cover eye glasses?

Yes, if medically necessary.

Public Health and Safety

What does sweat consists of?

Water and different minerals in very small amounts.

Public Health and Safety

Does Drake smoke weed?

Yes drake does smoke

Humor & Amusement
Public Health and Safety
Gastrointestinal Tract

Why do old people fart in public?

Because they can=)JK.

There are a lot of reasons that cause flatulence, from diet to diseases but mainly as you get older your sphincter muscles are not as strong as they used to be. So actually, old people fart everywhere, not just in public.

Units of Measure
Public Health and Safety

I know how to calculate Celsius to Fahrenheit and vice versa with a calculator but Is there an easier formula to do in one's head?

Here is a way from C to F that is easy to do in your head;

Say you see 28 C

Double that.. that makes it 56

Subtract 5 (actually 5.6, you are moving one decimal to the left..but leave the .6 off)

That gives you 51

Add 32

So 28 C = 83 F

(I have not found a similar way for F to C)

F= C/5X9+32= Celsius

C= F-32/9X5= Fahrenheit

Public Health and Safety
First Aid

What do you put on a broken thumb?

You would want to make a splint to keep the finger from moving and then ice it. Popsickle sticks taped to the finger work as great splints.

Public Health and Safety

Does Oxycontin cause flashbacks?

I have been given Oxycontin and have n ever had any flashbacks from it. However it can cause you to want to mix drugs with Benzos which will make you black out and later on they become a flash back to you.

Public Health and Safety

What are the safety regulations for a gym?

There are no safety regulation specific to a gym.

Public Health and Safety
Puberty and Adolescence

How do you get a really good voice?

practice singing!

Public Health and Safety

Why does saliva taste like salt?

The saliva does not necessarily taste like salt.

But it is great at the same time.

Saliva tastes different for different person, but

it usually tasted like water, but something that is

almost impossible to describe if you did not try;

like sex. But I did it; it felt really great.

Getting a blowjob was really great; it is better than

masturbation even though I have never tries it myself.

But my girlfriend did it for me.

Pregnancy Symptoms
Conditions and Diseases
Public Health and Safety

Could lightheadness and pain around your belly button be a sign of pregnancy?

While light-headedness can be a sign of pregnancy in some people, the pain is not. Get it checked out with a doctor.

Chevy 350
Math and Arithmetic
Public Health and Safety
Length and Distance
Driving Times

How long does it take to walk 4.1 km?

it depends if you have someone with you and your mode of transport

Public Health and Safety

Is there way to thicken your wrists?

Umm...why would you want to do that??

Math and Arithmetic
Public Health and Safety

What is an example of definition by negation?

Definition by negation is a solution to a right angle statement.

Public Health and Safety
Dreams and Dream Interpretation

What causes bad dreams?

what u eat

Contrary to wide-spread myths, there is no particular food that causes bad dreams. Any sort of physical discomfort can influence dreams, so any food that causes indigestion, gas or other discomfort for a certain individual could indirectly cause bad dreams for that individual.

> Most bad dreams reflect the dreamer's own fears, anxieties and stress. By venting emotional tension, bad dreams protect both physical and emotional health. They also provide a safe context in which the dreamer can experiment with various reactions to stress: running away, fighting, hiding, or discovering a resolution to the real-life problem.

Public Health and Safety
Food Safety
Product Recalls

Why are there so many recall notices involving PEG 3350?

PEG 3350 is the acronym for polyethylene glycol with a molecular mass of 3350 g/mol. This compound may also be referred to as Polyoxyethylene (POE) and Polyethylene Oxide.

This is a comparatively uncomplicated long chain molecule, chemically identical but available in a wide range of molecular masses. It has a huge number of uses, including (but not limited to):

  • Laxatives (osmotic)
  • Toothpaste (as a dispersant)
  • Sexual lubricant
  • Whole Bowel Irrigation and lavage
  • Cosmetics and make-up
  • Body armor
  • Foam cushions
  • Spandex (TM)
  • As a treatment for phenol burns (deactivation of phenol on the wound site)
  • And many, many others...

Every time any product containing PEG is involved in a mandatory recall or official warning, PEG is going to be listed as a component, even if it's not the reason for the recall.

The recent recall (July 2010) is for the Schering-Plough laxative, MiraLax. This is a voluntary manufacturer's recall and not an FDA recall. SPH indicates that the recall is purely for a cosmetic issue: The caps on the 30-unit bottle, when exposed to heat, may appear unusual. SPH further reports there is norisk with the medication at all - it's purely cosmetic.

Please check with your doctor and/or pharmacist for verified information in health matters.

Pediatric Conditions and Diseases
Public Health and Safety

What to eat with a sore throat?

It is said that eating crisps can help to heal a sore throat as the roughness of the crisps scratch the throat helping it to heal quicker as it's removing the inflamed areas.

Although if this is too painful I would recommend soft foods until you feel up to eating more solid foods so for example, soups, jacket potatoes and buttery toast.

If your in any doubt please contact your doctor or visit a walk-in-centre as they'll know the best advice for you.

Good Luck & Hope your feeling better soon.

Public Health and Safety
Medical Terminology

What is role stress?

Role stress is the stress experienced by people because of their role (job) in the organization. They assume a role based on the expectation of the self and others at work place.

Public Health and Safety

How many kids die of cancer every day?

In the United States, cancer is the second most common cause of death among children between the ages of 1 and 14 years, surpassed only by accidents. More than 16 out of every 100,000 children and teens in the U.S. were diagnosed with cancer, and nearly 3 of every 100,000 died from the disease. The most common cancers in children were leukemia (cancer of the bone marrow and blood) and brain and central nervous system cancers.


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