Libertarianism is an ideological belief of freedom of thought and action. It advocates a radical redistribution of power and defends each person's right to life, liberty, and property. This philosophy includes anarchism, minarchism, libertarian socialism, right-libertarianism and left-libertarianism with their distinct ideologies.

1,671 Questions

Who was Bob Kephart?

Bob KephartHere are answers from FAQ Farmers:
  • Bob Kephart was one of the great heroes of the modern libertarian movement, although most libertarians don't know it.
  • Years ago Roy Childs told me that Bob Kephart was one of the most important people in the modern libertarian movement, owing to his tireless efforts, which were often behind the scenes, to support various individuals, periodicals, and organizations. Having learned a great deal about the history of libertarian movements since those early days with Roy, I now appreciate more than ever the wisdom of his observation. I cannot adequately express my appreciation for the assistance and encouragement Bob gave me over the years. It was truly inspiring to associate with a person of such resolve and dedication, especially when that person was able to translate ideas into practical programs while holding fast to his principles.
  • I first met Bob Kephart in August 1994 in Aspen. At that exact time a crime bill was being voted on in Congress that had a provision in it to allow judges to ignore the harsh mandatory minimum sentences for low-level drug offenders. When we met, Bob said, "Well, it looks like your efforts to end mandatory minimum sentences have succeeded, so now you should start thinking about fixing the forfeiture laws..." I was struck by both his optimism and his certainty that I would move onto correcting another important injustice. Until that conversation I hadn't realized I was a criminal justice reformer for the long-haul. Unfortunately, his prediction of our success in changing federal mandatory sentencing laws was premature. But his prediction that I was in for the long-haul was right on target. And, thankfully, Bob stuck with us as we inched forward to federal sentencing reform. We need more true-believers like Bob.
  • Before talking about Bob, I extend our heartfelt condolences to Janet and Patrick and their families, not only from Maureen and me, but from the entire McCaffrey Clan. The Kepharts and McCaffreys go back over 40 years, first when business interests brought Bob and Neil, Sr. together. They grew to be fast and loving friends, as did Janet and Joan. We'll miss Bob, and I can't say how deeply I appreciate the help and friendship he and Janet gave me and my family over the years. I can't ever forget the support he gave my father when he was fighting cancer. And I often reread the eulogy he gave at Neil's memorial service. I smile when I read it. At that, I extend condolences to everyone who reads this. You wouldn't be here if not for a deep love for Bob and Janet. And from a distance, Jack, I marvel at the tireless help you've given both Bob and Janet. God bless you for that. Who was Bob Kephart? More important, what made Bob special? The characteristic that I saw in Bob (and I'm not alone) that made him such a fine man -- a man whom I admired and whose approval I sought -- is loyalty, a fruit of the greatest of virtues, charity. More than a few of us who come to this site owe our livelihood to Bob, or have been helped by Bob. In my case, he trusted part of his business to a young company at a time when we were struggling for clients. From that day on, Bob never missed a chance to try to help us. He recommended us to friends, he steered business our way. Thank you, Bob, for that. Many of you can make a similar statement. Whether you were a young writer trying to establish yourself within the libertarian or hard-money movement, or a fellow publisher, or a copywriter trying to make it in a competitive market, Bob helped. Loyalty. That's Bob legacy for me. I only hope that when I die, someone can make the claim that I was as loyal to my friends as he. May God rest Bob's soul.
  • Neil McCaffrey is right: Bob's foremost qualities were loyalty and charity. He was fierce in his love of liberty and always ready to go the extra step to help those in need. I remember Bob's defense of a prisoner who wrote to us offering his heart to Karl Hess because the prisoner was in for a 25-year drug rap and had no hope. Bob arranged for a post-conviction appeal for this guy, and for many others. We on the committee for the Thomas Szasz Award for Contributions to the Cause of Civil Liberty were very pleased to award the 1998 prize to Bob Kephart. Everyone who knew him knows he deserved it. I miss him so much!
  • Bob Kephart: Our Philosopher King. Bob died on June 8, 2004 just three months shy of the biblical three score and ten. His longtime friend Bill Bonner has already referred to the fact that June 8 was also the day the Lost Dauphin died. (For those of you less versed in French history than Bill, on June 8, 1795, Louis XVII, the orphan king of France, theoretically ruling from 1793 to 1795 after his parents lost their heads, died at age 10, while hiding from the mob.) But I find it even more interesting that the great freedom writer Thomas Paine also died on June 8 (in 1809). And a few years later, Andrew Jackson, the most independent-minded anti-authoritarian President of the era and the first one born outside the Virginia aristocracy, or the Adams family also died on June 8 (1845). Tom Paine was a Kephart kind of guy. Paine wrote Common Sense, the 1776 pamphlet that angered a lot of Tories and pushed thousands of Undecideds off the fence. (It sold a million copies, one third of the population then.) Common Sense was also Jack Pugsley first best-selling book title, and his newsletter title (Common Sense Viewpoint), published in the 1970s and 1980s. Jack was probably Bob's dearest friend, and the one who stayed by Bob's side to the end. Having spent the last few months of my late parents lives with them in their long fights with cancer, I know how draining that is Thank you for your loving service to the Kepharts, Jack. If you go to Google and type June 8, 2004, you will find more articles about the death of the U.S. Constitution than the death of Bob Kephart. Some are now calling June 8, 2004 The Day the Constitution Died. That was the day the Attorney General of the United States refused to provide the Senate Judiciary Committee with his Department's memos concerning the official government policy on torture. In doing so, the nations leading law officer declared that the U.S. President is not bound by U.S. law nor by international treaties. Bob would comment on this with a touch of humor, I'm sure, but the predatory nature of his birth nations government was an ever-present pebble in both shoes. For Bob, the Constitution was already a dead letter. He was more of a Declaration of Independence type of guy. In fact, he didn't even vote Libertarian. I remember his 60th birthday soiree for Murray Rothbard, in which he drafted a series of couplets ending something like this: If you claim to be an anarchist, Smarty, how come you joined the Libertarian Party? If I have to find anything positive out of Bob's shocking death, then I'll say I'm encouraged by watching the daily news, to see what monstrous events Bob does NOT have to see any more. Bob once told me that he started Inflation Survival Letter in the 1970s because he was so shocked by Nixon's dollar devaluation, wage and price controls, amidst runaway currency creation, that he had to move out of politics (he was then publishing the conservative weekly, Human Events) and into asset protection strategies. He was convinced that inflation would be the biggest economic story of the 1970s, and it was. Within a decade, Bob showed hundreds of thousands of investors how to survive financially, while the bulk of the mob was being decimated by stocks, bonds or U.S. dollar savings. For the sake of those who don't know or remember Bob's role in promoting financial freedom during his decade of active newsletter publishing (1971-81), picture this scene in the early 1970s: Inflation was raging (Producer Prices rose 18.2% in 1973), but federal regulations said you couldn't get more than 5.25% on your passbook savings. The dollar was collapsing, but it was hard to invest in stronger currencies without flying to Switzerland to open an account, which yielded negative interest rates. U.S. Money supply was increasing by an average 12% a year, and the dollar eventually fell 78% from 1971 to 1978. Stocks were careening downward. The Dow fell from 1051 to 577 in 1973-74, and Wall Street brokers had a cartel that enforced 8.5% commissions, on top of those capital losses. Due to inflation and rising interest rates, bonds were losing value just as rapidly as stocks. Gold was rising, but it was illegal for Americans to own gold before 1975. The pioneers take the arrows in the back, but they make the land safer for those who follow. A lot of what today'ss investors take for granted was unavailable in the early 1970s, when Bob helped to launch the alternative investment newsletter movement. Throughout the 1970s, Bob and a few other independent financial newsletter editors and publishers led a revolution against limited investment choice. Bob hired young writers like Doug Casey to cover gold stocks, Mark Skousen for financial privacy, Vern Jacobs for tax angles, Karl Hess for independent living, Bruce Bartlett for supply side economics, and myself. On top of that, he also had the greatest liberty-oriented library I've seen. Bob was our philosopher king, and will always remain so. When Bob's great friend Karl Hess died, Richard Nixon had the impudence to die on the same day, taking away from the glory of Karl's passage to a new realm. Bob was luckier. He was sandwiched between Ronald Reagan (on June 5) and Ray Charles (June 10). That's a rockin scene. Carry me to heaven between the Gipper and the Genius and I'll gladly go tomorrow.
  • Bob was the ideal in my mind of what a man should be. He had his faults, everyone does but more than any other man in my life he will shine through in my heart til the end of my days. Bob was my mother's boss when he owned KCI. I was raised in arms, and in his heart. I would go into work on Saturday and stay in his office until my Mom would make me leave. He was a man that I will miss to no end! He was the father I wished I had growing up. I learned to dance partially due to his help, and encouragement. Who is Bob Kephart? For those of us who knew him, he was a father, a humanitarian, liberater, husband, and most importantly of all a man who loved me without judgment or reservation. I love you Bob and you will always be the measure of man in my heart and mind. Lisa
  • Bob was a guy who truly loved his friends ... unconditionally. He possessed a complex mix of intensity, warmth, generosity, an unpredictable curmudgeon streak, and lots of fatherly advice. I lost my own dad when I was 20 and always turned away from older friends and relatives who tried to play a surrogate father role. I had one dad and didn't need another. Then I met RDK. My wife Kay was his secretary, starting right after she graduated from college with a philosophy degree. Just when Kay thought she could not take another day of traditional secretarial crap, Bob promoted her to run his list rental division. She of course had no experience, yet thrived in the challenge and launched her career in business. She was part of a long line of folks who's potential Bob spotted early on and nurtured, expecting only friendship and decency in return. I liked Bob from the moment I met him. That surprised me some. Our political and religious views didn't mesh. I cared little about the investment world. I thought he hung out with some major nut cases! It was clear from the start though that because I was married to Kay, I was his friend for life. Simply put, I loved Bob and loved being around him. We shared interests in jazz guitar, art, women folk singers and grossly inappropriate humor. Some of my fondest memories are of sailing trips with Bob and Janet. I can't exactly recall when Bob first started giving me fatherly advice. It may have been 5 minutes, or maybe it was an hour after I first met him. He was hard-wired to help people. His advice was never sugar-coated, always in the best interest of the recipient and always came with huge amounts of data to back it up! He used to ask me about my dad and he talked about his own. Before I knew it was happening, I found myself enjoying this special role he played in my life. He did the same for Kay and for many others. His concept of family extended to everyone he counted as a friend. I was struck by Jack Pugsley's comments at Bob's memorial service about how Bob questioned whether he made a difference to anybody in his life. That question captures the essence of Bob. He made a huge difference in so many lives, yet refused to believe he could be that influential ... even if you told him.
  • Bob Kephart was not only a friend but also a significant influence on my life in so many ways it's all but impossible to put what he meant to me into words without writing a book, but here's a story that captures the essence of it: In 1974, Bob took the late, great Robert Heinlein, his wife Ginny, my then wife Carole, and me sailing from Annapolis, out to the Chesapeake ship channel and back, in his 21-foot-ish sloop. The trip out was a lazy one of picnicing and talking and enjoying the salt air. The trip back was all lee-rail in the water. "Invigorating." Heinlein, then 67, sat on the windward side of the well, his feet braced against the bench opposite, showing us that he still remembered all the sailor's knots he'd learned as an Annapolis plebe (Class of 1929) and telling some great stories from his navy days as he closely watched Bob's expert helmsmanship. During one particularly dicey tack, Heinlein looked at me, smiled, winked, and said, "Your friend likes to sail close to the wind, doesn't he?" That he did -- in every way that mattered. Thanks, Bob
  • Bob was more than a man but a prophet. I made contact with him when I was in prison, telling him about my plans to start an organization called the Prisons Foundation on my release a few years down the road and asking him to serve on the advisory board. Rather laugh at me for my grandiosity and optimism, he accepted immediately. Then he critiqued my plans and helped me come up with a better design. I am out of prison now, and the project is thriving, in large part thanks to Bob.
Talk Shows

Why did WIND radio station in Chicago drop Michael Savage radio talk show?

WIND radio station in Chicago dropped The Michael Savage Show for the same reason it dropped Bill Bennett's morning talk show: they are too conservative and the station was afraid they would limit their advertising revenue. I don't think ratings had anything to do with it.


What radio stations carry The Savage Nation in Seattle?

1120 KPNW (Eugene Oregon station) 6-9pm. Heard in some seattle areas.


Was Libertarianism an variant of liberalism?

Libertarianism could be called political conservatism combined with moral liberalism

History of Ireland
Math and Arithmetic

Why after two failed attempts was the third Home Rule Bill a success?

Simply, because the Parliament Act. When the ouse of Lords rejected Lloyd George's budget the Parliament act was enforced removing the Lords power to veto. They were the ones that had opposed the Home Rule in the past as the Liberals could pass things in the commons due to superior numbers. Now Home Rule was just a matter of time.

Environmental Issues
Philosophy and Philosophers

What is the philosophy of objectiveness of the libertarian movement?

This may be asking about the philosophy of Objectivism. Objectivism is the name Ayn Rand gave to her worldview. Objectivism is an all-encompassing term for Randian ideas, including her politics, economics, metaphysics, aesthics, etc. Ayn Rand advocated laissez-faire capitalism and a strictly limited government. Those are the tenets of Objectivist politics and economics. Therefore, you could say that all Objectivists are libertarians in there politics and economics. It also happens that many, many libertarians are Objectivists. A famous libertarian book from the 1970s was "It Usually Begins With Ayn Rand," by Jerome D. Tuccille. The title alludes to the facts that many people arrive at libertarianism through reading Ayn Rand's novels, especially "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead."

Philosophy and Philosophers
Society and Civilization

How did Jean Paul Sartre try to prove libertarianism?

Deliberation. The fact that we deliberate shows that we have multiple choices or several different real options and that we use reason and thought to make our decisions. This shows that we could always take another option and therefore we are genuinely free and our choices are not pre-determined.


What Denver radio station broadcasts the Michael Savage show?

whatstation in denver

Political Theory
The Difference Between

What is the difference between hyperpluralism and pluralism?

Pluralists believe that group competition is good for democracy, while hyperpluralists believe that group competition convulses democracy.

History of India

What is the Libertarian Movement?

A movement is an effort by many people aimed at a common goal. Since the 1970's, there have been people in the U.S. (and now around the world) who define themselves as part of a "libertarian movement."

Most loosely defined, their common goal is more human freedom. More specifically, libertarians advocate a radically limited role for government and strict respect for individual rights.

The libertarian movement encompasses all kinds of organizations and individuals, including hundreds of think tanks (the largest is the Cato Institute), periodicals (e.g. Reason), political parties (e.g. the U.S. Libertarian Party), intellectuals, academics, activists, and a few politicians.

It's worth noting that many libertarians disagree with each other; some so vehemently that they disassociate themselves from "libertarianism" altogether. Most notably, fans of Ayn Rand and her philosophy of Objectivism are by any reasonable definition "libertarians," but many don't like to called libertarian.

AnswerThere are two movements that call themselves libertarian that are fundamentally different. The first libertarian movement is also called libertarian socialist. Libertarian socialists believe in a socialism where the workers are recognized as the legitimate owners of the means of production as opposed to the government. They see complete free market capitalism as being against freedom, since workers do not control the means of production and must obey orders from the boss, who often doesn't do any of the work. Anarchists don't even want a government, while council communists want a government based on a federation of worker's councils and a central committee, but they want it to have limited powers with most power residing in the workers themselves.

The other libertarian movement sees private property rights as being essential to freedom, including the right to work for a boss. They believe that a person has the right to rent their labor to others. At its extreme some libertarians, such as Robert Nozick want to make it legal to sell yourself into slavery seeing it as a voluntary exchange of one's lifetime of labor for money or some other reward. These libertarians are divided into minarchists who believe in some limited government to protect private property rights and provide some basic services such as defense and anarchocapitalists who believe that all services the government currently provides should be replaced with private defense agencies. Many socialist anarchists disagree that these are real anarchists.


Libertarian is to democratic as authoritarian is to what?


Though the question is in error, democratic countries are not Libertarian. In fact, there has never been a Libertarian country in History.

Most "democracies" today could be defined as Neo-liberal.

Environmental Issues
Civil Rights Movement

Where can you learn about the Libertarian Movement?

Here's a page about the libertarian movement's beliefs and history.

American Revolution
Paul Revere

What was Paul Revere's famous quote?

As Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem says, his historic cry was, "To arms, to arms! The British are coming, the British are coming!".

Business & Finance

What Boston radio station broadcasts Michael Savage?

WRKO - AM 680 Boston

Barack Obama

Who is in Barack Obama's family?

His wife is First Lady Michelle Robinson Obama. He has two daughters; Malia Ann born in 1998 and Natasha (Sasha) born in 2001. He has a half-sister (Maya) on his mother's side from Indonesia, and six half-brothers and their children in Kenya where his father was originally from and where he returned after being divorced from Barack Obama's mother. The President also had another half-brother on his father's side who is deceased. His parents, Ann Dunham and Barack Sr., are both deceased as are his grandparents, except for his paternal grandmother still living in Kenya. Michelle's mother Marian Robinson (the Obama girls' grandmother) is still alive; she lives with them at the White House. There is one more family member: Bo, the Portuguese Water Hound and First Dog.
Watch the movie 2016. The media doesn't talk about it but it is in select theaters now
Michelle Obama, Bo their dog and his two kids!

Famous People

Is Tzipi Livni hot?

Is Tzipi Livni hot

Canada Provinces and Territories

What are the core beliefs of a libertarian?

Maximal personal libertyThe libertarian believes that the government that governs least, governs best. He believes in maximum personal liberty and minimum government coercion and intrusion in the everyday lives of citizens. The libertarian believes in small government, especially at the federal level, and not getting involved in foreign entanglements. He believes in personal autonomy, both social and economic.

I have also heard this useful description: A libertarian is more liberal than a Liberal on matters of personal liberty, and he is more conservative than a Conservative on matters of economic autonomy.

Business & Finance
Law & Legal Issues

What does EN stand for in EN8?

European norms

History of the United States
Republican Party

What were the main goals of the Libertarian Party for the 2004 election?

Unfortunately, the Libertarian party did not have a clear set of goals for the 2004 election. The main objective was to simply raise party awareness. Many people confuse libertarians with liberals, the green party, or Ralph Nader. For the 2004 election, the Libertarian Party tried to define who they are, what they stand for, and how they differ from other political affiliations. The party however is still not organized enough to really get their message out.


Why was libertarianism created?

The word "libertarianism" was made up because progressives in America became known as "liberals", so classical liberals needed a separate label.

Religion & Spirituality
History of the United States
US Constitution

What does radical freedom mean?

Radical Freedom: a kind of freedom that is endless, untouchable...some one with radical freedom character will do anything to benefit themselves no matter what the cost, or who it effects.

This kind of freedom can be used for good and for bad. if they choose to use it for bad the person my seem very uncontentious of others feelings. They will depend on everyone else to carry them through the fire, leading on like they cant walk themselves and they need others to provide for them. They tend to be very brilliant and keen in there asking for there needs. They say "everyone else is responsible for me, because of the decision or decisions that they made to be in or around my life"

Doesn't want his girfriend to go through with a unplaned pregnancy, reguardless of what effects an abortion might have on her. Wont pay more than very minimal child support, wont work more than a few hours a week, because he is in school, expects parents to pay for his school, and apartment until he is 30, a constant surf rat, benefiting only himself. Radical freedom, is a way of getting what you want with out having to do anything but worry about your self.

On the flip side, the person may feel constantly naucious or sick and has to smoke weed or take drugs to ease the feelings of sickness, and are thought not to be related to his or her actions.

or Radical freedom could be used for good...

One could realize he or she has this power and begin to use it to an advantage to succeed in life. With time and maturity radical freedom can be used as a selling tool for a business, with a health product...or anything he or she chooses to believe in.

Sentence and Word Structure
Example Sentences

What is anarchism?

It can be defined as followed. Loss of Belief in the abolition of all government laws.

US Constitution
The Difference Between

What are examples of the failure and success of an insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom?

The greatest failure of an insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom (Libertarianism), is defining what exactly is the "widest possible degree of individual freedom" everyone has their own ideas of what a free society should have. As well as its limitations. The greatest success of an insistence upon the widest possible degree of individual freedom (Libertarianism) is in the quest for that ideal. Ideals are seldom met in any situation. So the act of searching for that (any) Ideal implies that one is trying to better themselves. This in turn implies that one is automatically bettered for the attempt. Another factor that cannot be overlooked is that every freedom must be countered by responsibility in equal measure. And once again it comes down to everybody having their own ideas about what a free society should have. As well as its limitations and responsibilities. Good Luck, E.A. Nelson

Philosophy and Philosophers
Ayn Rand

What is the philosophy of objectivism?

Objectivism is the philosophical system originated by 20th Century novelist-philosopher Ayn Rand.

In an "about the author" appendix to the novel Atlas Shrugged, she summarized: "My philosophy, in essence, is the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute." That is of course only the essence of the system -- to really understand what it is about and what it says in each of the recognized branches of philosophy requires some study. Atlas Shrugged is a great place to start; for a more technical and systematic tour, please see Dr. Leonard Peikoff's book Objectivism: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand.

Talk Shows

What radio station is Michael Savage radio show in Portland Or?

1550AM Vancouver, WA [& Portland, OR]. Poor reception. Email program director,Dennis Glasgow.

1340AM Corvallis, OR. Poor reception.


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