Medical Technologies

This topic covers various diagnostic tests and procedures. The types of questions it should include are: 'What illness does a Myelogram detect?' 'What do the letters CT stand for?' 'What are the potential risks in having frequent X-rays?' 'What is an IVP?' and 'How long does it take to do an MRI?'

Asked in Medication and Drugs, Medical Technologies

What is medimist inhalation?

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I am going to presume that you mean a MediMist Nebulizer. This is a machine used to administer medication to people in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs. It is commonly used in treating cystic fibrosis, asthma and other respiratory diseases. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebulizer
Asked in Math and Arithmetic, Medical Technologies, Scientists

Where did Rene Laennec die?

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In the year 1826. He died in Ploaré, France. (Please see the link.)
Asked in Medical Technologies, Sinus Infections

What precautions does a sinus endoscopy need?

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Insertion of the Endoscope may cause a gag reflex and some discomfort, however, no special precautions are required to prepare for nasal endoscopy.
Asked in Medical Technologies, Medical Terminology

What does diplomat refer to?

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A diplomate in medical terms is someone with board certification. Well the answer could be (see below) A diplomat is a person usually works in the system of 'Ministry of Foreign Affairs' of a particular country and who represents their government when working in a embassy abroad. They deal with matters like, issuing visas. maintaining the embassy works, come into dialogue of matters important for their respective country. There are also some special jobs as diplomats what is not directly related to the embassies such as (diplomat to UN, Special envoy to....)
Asked in Health, Medical Technologies

Why flex head forward when inserting a ng tube?

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this position helps place the Ng tube into the esophagus instead of the trachea by slightly blocking the airway and giving an open unresisting path into the esophagus.
Asked in Science, Physics, Medical Technologies, Radio, X-Ray

Why is it dangerous to be exposed to X-rays but not or at least much less dangerous to be exposed to radio waves?

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X-Rays lie at a different end of the electromagnetic spectrum to radiowaves. X-Rays are very high frequency and very small wavelength. This means they are very high in energy. As a chemist I can use X-Rays to knock electrons out from low lying orbitals or cleave covalent bonds....both are very dangerous to biological systems (kinda like being shot by tiny bullets, smashing things apart such as DNA and essential proteins). This also means we get radicals and other reactive species that will undergo unnatural reactions in our bodies (in many cases, they can be oxidising which is very dangerous in the highly reducing environment of our bodies). If X-Rays are like tiny bullets, radiowaves are like tiny pingpong balls. You get hit by one and it's not a big deal. They will transfer some energy to you....some will pass right through you. But generally do not possess enough energy to do any major harm. This is a very basic overview. If you want to dig a little deeper, look up 'electromagnetic spectrum' and note how the less harmful things appear on the low-energy (long wavelength) side of the spectrum...like IR and visible light as opposed to harmful radiation such as UV and X-Rays on the higher energy side.
Asked in Medical Technologies, X-Ray, How To

How to determine X ray magnification factor?

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Your magnification factor is SID divided by OID. [MF = SID/OID] So for example: If your SID was 40 and your SOD was 32 Your magnification factor = 40/32 = 1.25 -- This means the image will appear 25% larger than the actual object. (It's the size of 1 plus 25 percent more of the original.) Example 2 if you're trying to figure out original object size: Your object size equals your image size divided by the magnification factor (MF). [object size = image size/ MF] If you have an object on an image that measure 70 inches when your SID was 100 and your OID was 65, how big was the original object? MF=100/65= 1.54 (rounded) Object size = 65/1.54 = 42.21 The object imaged was 42.21 inches before magnification.
Asked in Medical Technologies, Cattle Reproduction, Cattle Breeds

What is the gestation period of a MRI cow?

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The Meuse Rhine Issel cow's gestation periods is really the same as any other breed of female bovine: ~285 days.
Asked in Medical Technologies, Conditions and Diseases, Homeopathy

How do you find relief from dizziness?

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Salt, Vinegar, Mustard, Nacho cheese, Pepper and Cayenne in small and equal proportions should be mixed to a cup of water and consumed. Blood circulation increases and makes you feel clearheaded and steady. A solution of Lemon juice, Black Pepper, Salt and Water is also an excellent solution for Dizziness. A mix of Honey and Apple Cider Vinegar is greatly helpful in clearing Dizziness quickly. Yoghurt mixed with orange, lemon and Tangerine peels relieves dizziness to a great extent. Chamomile tea or Peppermint when consumed restores normalcy. A massage with Lavender greatly helps in relieving dizziness. Pure ginger juice in small quantities relieves the pressure. Alternately ginger juice along with honey can be taken for better results, since honey has so many curative properties. If you want a remedy that doesn't include eating or drinks placing you head between your knees usually helps as well. You can also try motion sickness over the counter medication. If the condition persists, you should visit your doctor.
Asked in Medical Technologies, X-Ray

Who became famous because of his works on soft x-rays?

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Casimiro del Rosario became famous on his work about Soft X Rays. Del Rosario was the co-founder of the Bartol Research Foundation (Franklin Institute) in Philadelphia, an institution which did pioneering researches in physics.
Asked in Medical Technologies

What is the B-mode type of ultrasound?

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In B-mode ultrasound, which is the most common use, a linear array of transducers simultaneously scans a plane through the body that can be viewed as a two-dimensional image on screen..
Asked in Back Neck and Spine, Medical Technologies, Back Neck and Spinal Pain

What is ligamentum flavum hypertrophy?

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ligamentum flavum hypertrophy is a degenerative condition of the spine which most commonly occurs in the elderly where the tendons holding one vertebra to another thicken, decreasing the amount of room available for the spinal cord and the nerves that come off it. It may be associated with inflammation (arthritis) or osteoporosis. It is frequently treated surgically, and it can recur. This one seems a bit complex to answer easily, So if you follow the related link (Hypertrophy of Ligamentum Flavum in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis) you will find more information.
Asked in Medical Technologies, Physics, X-Ray

Why can't X-rays pass through lead?

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X-rays can pass through lead. X-rays can pass through just about everything. Therapeutic level x-rays can pass through 10 feet of concrete and lead. However, in diagnostic x-ray only 1/4" of lead in the protective aprons is necessary to block most of the x-rays at that level of radiation. X-rays actually can pass through lead. But the amount of X-rays that is blocked is proportional to the density. E.g. Water has density 1 and lead has density 11.36. Therefore water lets pass 11.36 times more X-rays than lead.
Asked in Medical Technologies, Electromagnetic Radiation, X-Ray

Which sorts of materials are transparent to x-rays?

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X rays are are able to penetrate less dense materials easily, such as muscle and skin tissue in medical situations or plastics and wood in other applications. As the material becomes more dense, the x rays penetrate less easily. Materials such as steel or bone in a medical setting are more dense along with such materials as lead and tungsten in engineering situations.
Asked in Health, Medical Technologies, MRI

How often can an MRI be performed on the same person safely?

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MRI uses high magnetic fields and radio frequency and not x-ray. The procedure is generally safe and typically repeated examinations do not cause any problems. However, some MRI scans use a Gadolinium-based contrast agent, so repeating MRI scans within a few days may expose a patient to higher-than-expected levels of the contrast agent in the blood, which can be affected by kidney function. Patients should check with their doctor before having a repeat contrast MRI scan within a few days.
Asked in Health, Medical Technologies

Is an EEG painful?

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No, Not at all. Electrodes are secured to the head with water soluble glue. The electrodes measure electrical activity of the brain and this is recorded on a tracing on paper. After the test is completed, the electrodes are removed.
Asked in Colorectal and Colon Cancer, Medical Technologies, Gastrointestinal Tract

Why can't colonoscopy patients eat before the procedure?

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The colon must be thoroughly cleansed before performing colonoscopy. Consequently, for two or more days before the procedure, considerable preparation is necessary to clear the colon of all stool.
Asked in Physics, Chemistry, Medical Technologies

What is the use of arsenic 74?

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Arsenic 74 can be used as a positron emitter in PET - Positron Emission Tomography, the scope is to identify tumors.
Asked in Medical Technologies, CT Scanning, X-Ray

What Does Radiolucent mean that it can not be seen on a x ray or an ct scan?

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Radiolucent indicates a structure which lets relatively more x-rays through than the adjoining structures. The radiolucent structure is black on film, and the radio-opaque structure is white. Everything is relative. From radiolucent to radio-opaque, in a progressive order are air, fat, water (soft tissues), bone, metal.
Asked in Medical Technologies, X-Ray

What does an overexposed x-ray look like?

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It depends on how overexposed it is. Overexposed means the image is too dark to be of acceptable diagnostic quality because some image details may be lost (burned out). Overexposed can mean it is a bit too dark, or it can mean the entire image is completely black.